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January 04, 1962 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-01-04

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;,

, JANUARY 4,1962

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE T

JANUARY 4,1962 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE 1

....

Report I
To Offer

ndonesia

Ready

Compromise

ALGERIA:
Terrorists
Begin Wave
Of Violence
ALGIERS (JP)-An uprising of
terrorism pitting European settlers
against Algerians shook t h i s
strife-torn North African terri-
tory yesterday, killing 37 or more
persons and injuring 62.
In the midst- of the terrorist
wave the French right-wing se-
cret army organization-fighting
adesperate battle against inde-
pendence for Algeria - posted
handbills last night calling for a
general mobilization of settlers.
The purpose of the handbills
were not immediately clear but
the organization in the past has
urged all settlers to consider
themselves enlisted in the battle
against independence.
Mobilization Notice
Posting of notices on official
billboards is the customary way
ofordering wartime mobilization
in France. The secret army, how-
ever, lacks the necessary organi-
zation to handle any military-type
call-up.
The day's terrorism included
knife attacks and calculated at-
tempts at mnass murder.
Two grenades were tossed into
a crowd leaving a movie theater
in Constantine, killing three and
wounding 30. First reports said six
persons had died and 35 were
wounded, but officials later revis-
ed the toll, downward.
Wave of Violence
During the first three days of
the new year, the wave of violence
has left about 60 persons dead
and 133 wounded, according to
unofficial tabulation.
The European secret army or-
ganization, leading the resistance
to government plans for an inde-
pendent Algeria, broke in on Al-
giers radio to predict victory in
1962 and to add this cryptic mes-
sage:
"The cigarettes are lit."
Independence Formula
There is a growing belief that
France and the Algerian national-
ist regime may soon reach agree-
ment on a formula for independ-
ence.
The Moslem nationalists, it is
- believed, want to make a show of
strength as the secret talks pro-
gress. And the European under-
ground wants to demonstrate its
resistance to letting Algeria break
loose from France.
Rap Katanga
For Bribery
WASHINGTON ()-The State
Department suspects that Katan-
ga Province has attempted to buy
diplomatic recognition as a sov-
ereign nation.
Press Officer Lincoln White,
who made the accusations, said
that Michael Struelens, President
Moise Tshombe's New York rep-
resentative, made the offer to Cos-
ta Rica.
Denies Charge
In New York Struelens issued
a statement saying that "as far
as the allegation of Lincoln White
pertains to me, personally, it is
absolutely without foundation.
"Even if the story were true,"
he added, "which it is not, I can-
not understand why the United
States would be so concerned
about diplomatic efforts made by
another government."

Answers Reports
White, in a statement volun-
teered at his news conference, said
he was answering press reports
that "Struelens might have been
involved in an attempt to pur-
chase recognition for Katanga as
a sovereign nation."
One published report said an
investigation was under way into
reports that 41 million had been
offered to Costa Rican officials to
recognize the rebellious Congolese
Province. That account did not
name the agents said to have made
the proposition, but discussed
Struelens' activities in other areas
as an agent of Tshombe.

DEMOCRATS-John McCormack (D-Mass) and Carl Albert (D-
OkIa) are now slated to take over House leadership positions
unopposed since Richard Bolling (D-Mo) has dropped out of
the ,race for majority floor leader. Hale Boggs (D-La) is being
mentioned as a successor to Albert as party whip.
House Leaders Approve
Creation of Policy Group
By The Associated Press
House Democratic leaders reportedly have given approval to the
creation of a policy committee which would give liberal Democrats a
greater voice in leadership decisions.
As a result, no one is expected to contest the bid of Rep. John
W. McCormack (D-Mass) for House speaker and Rep. Carl Albert
(D-Okla) for Democratic floor leader. Rep. Richard Bolling (D-Mo)
dropped out yesterday as candidate for majority floor leader be-

Hope To- End
New Guinea
Land Dispute,
Call Plan Concession
To U.S., Australia
JAKARTA (P)-Indonesia was.
reported by a high government
source last night to be ready to
offer a compromise in its dispute
with the Netherlands over primi-
tive West New Guinea.
An informant said the Indo-
nesian government was prepared
to drop its claim to sovereignty
and to offer the 700,000 Papuans
there the right of eventual self-
determination if the Netherlands
hands over administration of the
territory to Jakarta.
The informant said Indonesia's
willingness to accept administra-
tion instead of sovereignty over
West New Guinea was a conces-
sion to pressure from the United
States and Australia, which ad-
ministers the eastern half of the
island. He said this reflects "the
most liberal stand" Indonesia can
take.
Dutch View Offer
At the Hague a Dutch official
said privately the reported com-
promise offer was very interesting.
But in his official capacity the
Dutch spokesman would say only,
"we would very much like to be
informed through the proper dip-
lomatic channels and not through
press reports."
The report followed a statement
by Foreign Minister Subandrio de-
claring Indonesia would negotiate
with the Dutch only if the Neth-
erlands agreed in advance to
transfer the 159,000 square miles
of jungle and mountains to Ja-
karta's control. Otherwise he said,
Indonesia would have to resort to
force.
Seek Transfer
"We do not object to bilateral
negotiations with the purpose of
transfer of the administration of
Nest Irian (Dutch New Guinea)
to Indonesia," he said.
His statement, by insisting on
prior agreement to Indonesian ad-
irinistration, constituted rejection
of the Netherlands' latest offer to
negotiate without any advance
conditions.
The informant said the Indo-
nesian position is that the Pap-
uans should be given an oppor-
tunity to experience Indonesian
administration before deciding on
their future.
The source noted that the Dutch
long have been in control of
West New Guinea. "Now it it our
turn to show the natives what we
can do," he said.

Citizen,
By MICHAEL HARRAH
Special To The Daily
BERRIEN SPRINGS-Outstate
citizens are concerned with legis-
lative apportionment; Michigan
State University President John
A. Hannah (R-East Lansing),
chairman of the constitutional
convention's committee on legis-
lative organization, believes.
At the invitation of delegate Lee
Boothby (R-Niles), the committee
met here on Dec. 20 before an
overflowing crowd of nearly 1,000
in the Berrien County F a i r
Grounds. An earlier hearing in
Detroit barely drew 200.
The witnesses were virtually
unanimous; they want the Legis-
lature left just the way it is.
Nord Reacts
Only delegate Melvin Nord (D-
Detroit) refused to acknowledge
the firm stand for the present out-
state system. "They need a lot of
education," Nord quipped. "Per-
haps they've already learned,"
Boothby retorted.
Speaking for the Berrien Coun-
ty Board of Supervisors, former
state senator Robert Faulkner of
Coloma called for "the fairest pos-

Army Units
Made Ready
PALM BEACH (RP) - President
John F. Kennedy ordered yester-
day the immediate activation of
two new regular army divisions--
one armored, the other mechaniz-
ed infantry.
This will increase the regular
Army from 14 to 16 divisions and
will permit the release later this
year of two National Guard divi-
sions called to duty Oct. 15. The
Pentagon said creation of the
new units is not expected to re-
quire any increase in draft quo-
tas.
Reserves to Remain
However, guardsmen and re-
servists called up to help deal with
the Berlin crisis won't be heading
home soon.
While White House Press Sec-
retary Pierre Salinger declined to
speculate on the timing, all signs
pointed to them being held on
active duty for at least several
:months.
The announcement said the two
National Guard divisions, the 32nd
of Wisconsin, stationed at Ft.
Lewis, Wash., and the 49th of Tex-
as, training at Ft. Polk, La., "will
be released this year as the inter-
national'situation and the readi-
ness status of the two new divi-
sions permit."
Result of Talks
Kennedy's announcement of
the activation of the two new Ar-
my divisions was described as a
direct result of two days of con-
ferences with Vice-President Lyn-
don B. Johnson and top defense
officials.
The press secretary said he an-
ticipated this would be the only
public announcement to come out
of the defense talks at the tem-
porary White House.
Cuba Indicted
As Communist
WASHINGTON (P)-A United
States white paper said yesterday
that Cuba has become a "bridge-
head of Sino-Soviet imperialism"
posing a serious threat to the se-
curity of the American republics
and to non-Communist nations
everywhere.
The indictment, depicting Cuba
as a Communist bloc appendage,
was set forth in a 32-page book-
let presented Dec. 6 to the Inter-
American Peace Committee in-
vestigating alleged human rights
violations and subversive activi-
ties by Fidel Castro's Havana re-
gime.

view

Apportionmen

"cause "I do not have a chance to
win."
He termed his decision a defeat
for the liberals in Congress. This
left the field apparently wide open
to Albert, who describes himself as
a moderate. Bolling's announce-
ment seemed to close the door on
any open fight over the House
leadership when Congress recon-
venes a week from,yesterday.
Bolling said he was not a candi-
date to replace Albert as majority
whip and would not accept the
job. Rep.dHale Boggs (D-La) has
been prominently mentioned for
appointment as the party whip.
The Democratic policy, or steer-
ing committee, may be headed by
Bolling.
McCormack has not publicly
committed himself on the subject
of establishing the committee but
members of the study group claim
he will not oppose the idea.
Both McCormack and Albert
are in line to move up as a result
of the death of House Speaker
Sam Rayburn (D-Tex). McCor-
mack is now majority leader and
Albert -is majority whip. Also
mentioned as a candidate for the
position of party whip was Rep.
John E. Moss (D-Calif).

Betting Laws
Re-evaluated
Special To The Daily
GRAND RAPIDS - The same
old arguments for and against
legalized gambling were dragged
out on Dec. 19, as the constitu-
tional convention committee on
legislative affairs heard pulIic
testimony on the issue.
Four proposals are currently be-
fore the convention: 1) to remove
all reference to gambling from the
constitution, 2) to prohibit all
forms of gambling in the consti-
tution, 3) to legalize bingo with
various restrictions, and 4) to al-
low charitable or fraternal orga-
nizations gambling privileges on a
local option basis.
In general the veterans and
fraternal organizations favored
legalizing gambling, while the
church groups opposed.
Bird Urges Passage
Chief advocate for legalization
was Ralph J. Bird, executive sec-
retary cf the Michigan Fraternal
Order of Eagles. He told Stanley
M. Powell's (R-Ionia) committee
that the state would do well to
follow the example of New York,
where gambling is strictly con-
trolled among fraternal and char-
itable organizations.
He suggested a $10 license fee
and restriction of bingo to three
nights a week.
Opposing the legalization, Mrs.
H. D. VanderEide, speaking for
the Grand Rapids-Kent Council
of Churches, said that she could
think of "all sorts of interesting
ways" to bring money to the state
and local treasuries, rather than
to resort to gambling.
Protestants Object
Rev. Walter Peterson of Grand
Rapids warned the group that
"the Protestant churches would
arise and defeat a constitution
permitting gambling, just as they
did in 1954." Speaking for the
Baptist church group, he minced
no words about opposing the en-
tire document and said that "all
Protestants would be unalterably
opposed to it.",
The session ended on a young
and positive note, however, as 14-
year-old Jack Greene of Grand
Rapids told the committee that
some of the speakers were "mixing
church with state."
"' "i1 .FS":'1.ilL"1w1'l'.: t t".A ^":n 2M 1 :4:i^..

sible representatoon for all the
state," and recommended "hold-
ing the present line" in the House
and Senate.
Calling for complete represen-
tation on a population basis, Nord
asked Faulkner whether it was
"moral to deprive people of their
birthright."
Minority Protection
"Protection of the minority is
the greatest right," Faulkner re-
plied.
"Then how about protecting
minorities like Negroes and Jews,"
Nord came back.
"In Berrien County; we consider
all people Americans; we don't
break them down into racial fac-
tions," Faulkner said.
Harry Nye of Royalton, repre-
GOP Meets
On Finances
Special To The Daily
LANSING-Republican legisla-
tors agreed on Dec. 16 that Mich-
igan needs more money and 'new
taxes are probably the only solu-
tion.
Speaker of the House Don R.
Pears (R-Buchanan) said that the
GOP has not yet settled upon their
legislative course for 1962, but he
felt generally that the party would
continue to oppose a statewide in-
come tax. Republicans will meet
Jan. 9, on the eve of the coming
session, to come to an accord on
specific legislative goals.
GOP Reviews Plans
In their first pre-session caucus
in many years, the GOP lawmak-
ers reviewed the demands for ad-
ditional funds for mental health,
higher education, public health
and encouragement of the tourist
industry.
Pears said that "it is obvious
we need new tax revenue, but as
yet we have no idea where it will
come from. Sen. Clyde H. Geer-
lings (R-Holland) told the legis-
lators that re-enactment of the
nuisance taxes which expired last
June could raise revenues some $73
million.
Income to Decrease
Pears said that this fiscal year's
income is expected to fall some $8
million short of the $462 million
estimated needed by GOP tax ex-
perts. Gov. John B. Swainson has
estimated that $477 million will
be needed.
But Swainson expects "no love
meeting" between the statehouse
and the Legislature. He told the
Democratic State Central Com-
mittee that his program would be
"even stronger than the one
whicl-the Legislature blocked last
year."

SENSATIONAL
TYPEWRITER SALE
at
MORRILL~S
ELECTRIC TYPEWRITERS ARE
SELLING BELOW COST!
REGULAR TYPEWRITERS ARE
SELLING AS LOW AS $5!

senting the American Horticulture
Society, pointed out that since
World War II, Michigan's voters
have never differed in their opin-
ions with the state Senate. He
said that on statewide referenda
the voters have always concurred
with the Senate and that they
have often differed with the
House.
Honest Opinion
"If we honestly look at the
record we will find that the state
Senate truly represents the will of
the majority," Nye concluded.
He told Nord to forget about
"one area trying to dominate the
other. This attitude only makes
matters worse."
Only two witnesses spoke in fa-
vor of representation strictly on
the basis of population. Robert
Feldman of Grand Rapids, whose
statement was read in his ab-

sence, called upon the committee
to "move fearlessly in the direc-
tion of the most democratic gov-
ernment. There is no need to mis-
trust our urban friends," he said.
Teacher Testifies
Thomas B. Kingsley of Buchan-
an, a social science teacher, testi-
fied last. He said that he "felt
the committee was left with the
impression that outstaters are sel-
fish."
He said that the people in the
area would support an apportion-
ment based solely on population.
"They shouldn't cling to an un-
democratic system of representa-
tion just because it works to their
advantage," he said.
Don Marlin of Niles, a profes-
sional wrestler and Democrat-re-
cently-turned-Republican, scored
the Democrats for "dictating a
single stand to their delegates."

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WorldNews Roundup

By The Associated Press
VATICAN CITY-Prime Minis-
ter Fidel Castro and high officials
of his pro-Communist regime have
been excommunicated from the
Roman Catholic Church.
* * *
BEIRUT-The government an-
nounced yesterday 400 more ar-
rests in its massive roundup of
suspects following the New Year's
weekend coup that failed.
* * *
WASHINGTON-Democrats ex-
pect President John F. Kennedy
to campaign actively from New
York to California in this year's
Congressional contests.
LONDON-The Soviet govern-
ment in a statement published
yesterday blamed the West for
ending the moratorium on nu-
clear tests and claimed its own
proposals provide "a good basis for
an early agreement' on a new'
ban.
-* * *
PICAYUNE, Miss.-Charles P.
Stratton,.. was reported in good

condition after bailing out of
flaming U-2 plane last night.

a

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Sat., Jan. 6-' 14-12 and 2-4
Sun., Jan. 7--2-4
SIGN UP AT THE LEAGUE UNDERGRAD OFFICE

* * *
CAPE CANAVERAL-Technical
trouble with the Atlas booster yes-
terday forced a one-week post-
ponement of an attempt to rocket
American astronaut John H.
Glenn into orbit around the world.
* * *
ALBANY, New York-Gov. Nel-
son A. Rockefeller presented the
opening session of the 1962 legis-
lature yesterday a program tailor-
ed for an election year but never-
theless pointing to a budget in-
crease of more than $200 million.
* * *
WASHINGTON -- Confidential
United States feelers put out in
Brussels to bridge the gap be-
tween United States and Belgian
policy on the Congo have met with
little if any success, thus far, dip-
lomatic sources said yesterday.
NEW YORK--The stock market
rallied in moderate trading, yes-
terday, with Dow-Jones Industrial
average up 1.30.

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