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Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
Windy and turning colder
with possible snow flurries
VOL. LXXII, No. 52
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1961
Council Re-elects Nohi, Martin
To Top Admnimstrative Posts
ATO ocal Grnted Permissioi
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
R em oval
Council for his second consecutive
Ona motion by Michigan Unio
Council voted last night to make
Nohl's re-election unanimous.
Counil as it wund up discussion
of non-academic evaluations in
the women's residence halls.
Nohl was elected president last
spring following the incumbent
John Feldkamp, Grad, who did
not seek re-election to the Coun-
Martin Defeats Ross .
John Martin, '62,,defeated Rob-
ert Ross, '63, for the post of exec-
utive vice-president. M~artin was
formerly administrative vice-pres-
Ross was elected administrative
vice-president on the second bal-
lot over Richard G'Sell, '64E.
Council rules provide that an of-
ficer must be elected by major-
ity vote. In the case that there
are three nominees and none re-
ceives a majority of votes on the
first ballot, the lowest nominee is
dropped and the contest is be-
tween te two highest candidates.
originally nominated for the post
of administrative vice-president
was dropped after the first ballot.
Steven Stockmeyer, '63, was
elected treasurer over William
Gleason, '63, who served in that
capacity during the last Council
The Council passed a motion by
Brian Glick, '62, recommending
evaluations in women's residence
halls in their present form and
discontinuation of non-academic
procedure. It called for optional
evaluations to 'be filled out by
members ,of the administration
and faculty whoaknow the student
outside of the classroom and whom
she herself asks to write them.
An amnendment by Robert Ross,
'63, states that the Council urges
discontinuation of the old forms
because It is coc erned ith th
pressure to -confoty an in
vasion of privacyatkeyfrepresentc
knowledge on the part of the per-
sone who fill them out .
According to the motion, the
optional evaluations would be used
solely to provide recommendations
requested by prosepective employ-
ers or other colleges and by aca-
GIVEN WIDE LEEWAY:
U Thant Tackles Congo Crisis
NEW OFFICERS-Student Government Council elected (back
row) John Martin, '62, executive vice-president; (left) Richard
NohI, 'G2BAd, president; (front row) Steven Stockmeyer, '63,
treasurer (left); and Robert Ross, '63, administrative vice-presi-
dent at its meeting last night. '
By MIICHAEL OLINICK
Five University professors threw some "Fresh Light" on the
"Problems of Highe- Education" yesterday as Michigan. educators
concluded their 15th annual conference at the Rackham Bldg.
Honors Council Director Prof. Otto Graf of the German depart-
ment reported that 90 per cent of the honors students are measuring
UNITED NATIONS VP) - Act-
ing Secretary-General U Thant
ysterasy took personal charge o
authorized United Nations forces
to take "every measure possible"
to ptdow muin bled
led by Congolese leftits. ieed
Erupting less than two weeks
since he took office, the uprising
in the troubled. nation presented
the Burmese diplomat with a new
force working against Congolese
unity and stability, which the UN
is pledged to promote.
Another major divisive force,
ince, occupied most speakers in- a
Security Council meeting on The
Congo. Ceylon, Liberia and the
United Arab Republic asked the
11-nation Council to strengthen
U Thant's powers to oust mercen-
aries from Katanga and stop arms
shipments to Katanga President
Moise Tshombe's regime.
Hears Council Debate
U Thant sat in on the Council
debate after spending most of the
morning dealing with the new up-
rising. He told UN officials in
Leopoldville to restore order in
Albertville and Kindu, in the East-
ern Congo more than a thousand
miles from Leopoldville.
Dispatches from Leopoldville
quoted diplomatic informants as
saying that Antoine Gizenga, left-
ist political heir of former Pre-
mier Patrice Lumumba, is lead-
ing the mutiny in the Eastern
C Pgoroblem for U Thant
This may present U Thant with
a serious political problem. If the
UN ends a mutiny reportedly led
by leftists and is unable to stop
the Katanga secession, the Soviet
Union and some neutralists may
try to blame the acting secretary-
The three-nation resolution in
the Security Council, prepared be-
fore thenew mutiny, is directed
duced by Nathan Barnes of Liber-
ia, who told the Council that for-
eign interests are responsible for
the Congo chaos. .
"The heart of the Congo prob-
lem is the callous pursuit of self-
interest by foreign interests, both
public and private, which have
been linked with a complete dis-
up to the special opportunities ~
DETROIT (OP-A group appear-
ed before the Wayne Statie Uni-
versity board of governors yester-
day and protested today's sched-
uled appearance of a speaker.
The group protested the sched-
uled appearance of Herbert Ap-
theker, a historian and editor of
the magazine "Political Affairs."
Aptheker is fto speak today at the
Kresge Science Auditorium -
The group was led by Ann
Byerlein, a practical nurse.
w uson Emphasizes ~eu
By CAROLINE DOW
If universities and colleges cannot cooperate voluntarily then an
outside agency will have to do it for them, Logan Wilson, president
of the American Council of Education, said in an interview yesterday.
Covering problems from fragmentation of knowledge to Health,
Education and Welfare disagreements this gentleman from Texas
covered the problems that confront higher education.
We cannot afford wasteful duplication in an internationally
comnpetitive situation, he continued. The difference between nations
given. them. "The honors student
Chas been stimulated to develop
and maintain an honors outlook
in scholarship, and in growing
The honors program-designed I
to challenge the superior student
to "the outer limit of his ability"
-enters its fifth year with 906
undergraduates. The 252 honors
freshmen boast median scores of
670 verbal and 680 mathematical
on the Scholastic Aptitude Tests
of the College Entrance Examina.-
tion Board, compared to overall I
freshman marks of 545 and 587.
Following the aim of the annual
Conference on Higher Education
to present research and surV'ey
findings, Prof. Theodore M. New-
chology dep'artments discusseds
"Wa:nronmalE C ndiins
Growth of Students?"
The "bull session" is one of the
most valuable college experiences,
Prof. Newcomb said.
He emphasized that the effects
of groups--which may be a pair of
roommates or a fraternity-have
much to do with the values and at-.
titudes which faculty members
and administrators are trying to
bring about in students.
Discusses 'Academic Man'
Visiting Associate Professor of
Higher Education Allan 0. Pfnis-
ter, director of a Ford Fund grant
relating to college teaching, delv-
ed into the academic origin of
the academic man and the rela-
tion between the kinds of in-
stitutions in which he received his
training and the kinds in which
he later assumes a professorial
while faculty member do noit
call any special emphasis during
their academic years that lead
them to view college teaching as a
possible career, the environment
of the institutions in which they
took their academic woi-k "en-
couraged in them the habits of
mind and interests which later
made college teaching a desirable
career choice," he said.
Discussing research, the studies
of different teaching methods,
Prof. Wilbert J. McKeachie of the
psychology department claimed
conclusions thatndsmall cssuare
a little better than large classes
for good students, discussion is
better than lecture for achieving
critical thinking and attitude, and
television is inferior to live think-
ing for almost any purpose of
' By HARRY PERLSTADT
Rod Beaulieu, '58, administrative assistant to Democratic State
Central Committee Chairman Joe Collins, yesterday spoke to the
Young Democrats Club on subjects ranging from state party structure
to higher education to the Cons'titutional Convention.
Speaking on higher education, Beaulieu said that the Democrats
were opposed to a tuition increase. "Education should be public and
"'The raise of tuition would eventually make it prohibitive to
certain economic levels," he said.
Points to WSU
But he also pointed out that although the Democrats control
the boards of the three universities with constitutional status, the
9Wayne State board did raise the
regard for the welfare of the Con-
golese people . . ." Barnes said.
As for the white mercenaries in
Tshombe's army, Barnes said they
support ''the forces of greed and
retrogression . . . in my view they
are no better than international
criminals and should be treated as
CAPE CANAVERAL (VP) - A
double header rocket hurled two
satellites into orbit last night as
forerunners of a space age navi-
The feat gave the United States
three sparkling new satellites in
one of its most productive days of
the space age'.
Sent aloft from this test center
at 5:26 p.m. EST were 'a transit
navigation aid stellite with a'nu-
clea generator andnaeunique
tend its length more than 10
feet in space in a satellite stabili-
zation test .
One failure marred the other-'
wise successful day. Earlier the
rocket carrying a biological ex-
periment toward a brief journey
to the Van Allen radiation belt
broke apart shortly after launch-
ing from Point Arguello, Calif.
The Cape Canaveral satellites
were clamped together in the nose
of a 50-ton Thor-Able-Star rock-
et which worked with precision
and drove the space twins into or-
bit more than 600 miles above the
A spring kicked them into sep-
arate paths, which gradually
MOUNT PLEASANT (A) - A
Cena Mihia Unrsit
are in hot water for a most un-
usual reason-they studied too
Judson F o u s t, university
president, confirmed reports
the students staged a sitdown
strike in the school library to
protest moving up of the clos-
ing from 11 to 10 p.m.
The 12 students were placed
on probation for the remaind-
er of the semester.
Their plight became known
when anonymous letter writers
deluged newspaper offices with
complaints about the discipli-
nary action. -
bee nae a. r Russel Lec-
nih yProf. Philr J. uvinof
tchmicstrdye department pres-
dtrof the University's Reseasch
dacntion o hnotdem Bosardh
fn orme useenctures Telc
tuehip cwarrde with itoue asn hn
orium bof $,. hlpJ E-n
Te Deier etuet re s-
dPrtof. Yte U iliy' delier th
forRussel Lecture etsri. The -
1961rehpcrr wh Prof Jeroe W
onniu of hemdica schol
.The lectureship was established
Aussefaand is awarded each year
of associate professor or above.
Prof. Youtie is a research pro-
fessor of papyrology which is the
study of literary and documen-
tary records, written on papyrus
papyru plant) fom Egypt pr
manl durng the Greek and Ro-
Called 'Leading Student'
Prof. Gerald F. 'Else, chairman
of the classical studies -depart-
ment, called Prof. Youtie "the
leading student of documentary
papyri in the world."
Prof. Youtie is director of the
American Philological Association,
and a member of the American
Philosophical Society. He has
contributed to numberous schol-
arly publications and theological
His book, "The Textual Criti-
cism of Documentary Papyri: Pro-
legomena," has been called the
outstanding analysis of 'the sub-
ject now in print.
February graduates have more
difficulty gaining financial sup-
port for further study, as most
foundation and scholarship agen-
cies are geared to the Septem-
ber - June academic year, En-
gineering College Associate Dean
James Mouzon reports.
This problem especially affects
the engineering school because
engineering curriculum requires
more than eight semesters. As a
result many engineers graduate in
February and then continue in
graduate work for the spring se-
mester, he said.
tuition. Wayne State was also
forced to hold admissions down
due ,to their legislative appropria-
Ho"e predicted that Gov. John B.
coming session. Swainson had tried
to work -through the Legislature
and compromise this past session.
This, however, drew criticism,
Beaulieu said. Swainson's new ap-
proach will be in the G. Mennen
Williams' tradition of "fire and
brimstone" speech before the
opening session. .
The moderate Republicans,
Beaulieu contends, did not put
their votes where their speeches
advocated "If they had broken
with the 1Republican party then
the appropriations would not have
been cut on education and mental
Oiily Sigmna Nu Left
Rule in Charter
By DAVID Mi4RCUS
The University chapter of Al-
pha Tau Omega fraternity has
been granted a waiver allowing
deletion of its bias clause.
Specifically, the waiver permits-
the local to remove its national
requirement limiting membership
to"hite males of the Chistian
local ATO President Richard
Clark, '62BAd, said last night.
"I sincerely believe that this
brings us into accord with the
University ruling on discrimina-
tion," Clark said.
Granted by .Council
The -waiver was granted by the
fraternity's High Council in a vote
taken by mail last September.
A unanimous vote of the Coun-
cil is necessary to grant such a
request, Clark said.
The local applied for a waiver
Regents Bylaw 2.14 asks an end
'to racial and religious discrimi-
nation in private organizations
recognized by the University and
makes Student Government Coun-
cil the official enforcing body.
Last December, SGC voted ac-
cess to fraternity ,and sorority
membership requirements. They
are submitted to the Committee
on Memb6ship Selection In Stu-
dent Organizations which in turn
niay recommend action to SOC.
The waiver leaves Sigma Nu the
only fraternity on campus that
has been cited as still having an
overt bias clause. Last summer,
Sigma Chi, which had previously
limited membership to "white -
only" removed the clause from
the fraternity constitution at a
natinal convention.e frit e
strictions at anumber of univer-
sities. At- Stanford, the local's
chapter was revoked for pledging
frchaptersdid ntshav a waiv
Trend in Arts
NEW YORK VP) -- Symphony
Conductor Leopold Stokowski tes-
tified yest.erday the future of the
nation's 'arts is "in great danger."
Performing ' artists must have
two professions-music and some-
thing else-to make financial ends
meet, he -said.
The conductor of the Houston
Symphony told a congressional
subcommittee opening a hearing
into the economic situation of the
"Al operas today are under-
rehearsed and not well prepared
we are having quantity in-
stead of quality. We'll have to
have quality now because compe-
tition in the Iron Curtamn coun-
tries is so great."
Stokowski added: "The Soviet
sends over the best ballets and
operas and gives attention to the.
fine arts. They realize the impor-
tance of the fine arts.
"The performing artists (in this
country) have great difficulties
because of inflation."
Stokowski suggested some form
of legislation that would make
each state responsible for the fine
arts within its borders.
Federal, state or local aid was
suggested to promote the fine arts.
in this country.
L aw on Ae
DETROIT VP)-Gov. John B.
Swainson said yesterday , ie is
hopeful the state will amend its
Fair Employment Practices Act
"to deal with age ,discrimination."
The Governor told a White
House Regional Conference panel
discussing "Opportunities for Sen-
ior Citizens" that equal opportun-
ity for employment was th o.
1 problem othsbewnte
ages of 40 and 64. '
"I am hopeful," Swainson said,
"that we in Michigan will amend
our Fair Employment Practices
Act to deal with age discrimina-
tion-to prohibit any employer
from discriminating against any
prospective employe because of his.
age, except where this might be
based on a bona fide occupational
MFav Sue Riis Line
~will be in the alertness and vigor
of the people and the answer to
this lies in education, he said.
Most Urgent Needs
cation ar the continued sourcedof
teachers and researchers and bet-
ter cooperation on all levels, he
portlynpaid professors has paid off
to the extent that salaries are
better than they were ubut they
are not where they shol b, he
-The fragmentation of knowledge
and institutional functions is a
serious problem and must be met
by proper division of labor among
schools and the return of profes-
sorial loyalty to education rath'er
than to a discipline, he said.
He rapped departmental auton-
omy a's detrimental to generalized
education. History departments
lose interest in students except
as potential historians, as do
physics and the other disciplines.
First loyalty to the discipline
should be replaced by loyalty to
eduication or the institution.
He also called for a better divi-
sion of labor among institutions,
pointing outthegre ate pogrss'
Hom1er Survives Trnsplanting ofun
By FREDERICK ULEMAN
The dog that bounded down the corridor towards his keepers
seemed like any other dog; but actually he receives much better
tr eatment than most.
Homer, a droopy-eared hound, has his own veterinarian, his own
r egistered nurse, and his own physician. These special benefits are
bestowed upon him because he's alive and breathing.
This may not seem unusual, but he's doing it with another dog's
lung. The transplant was made five months ago and, under special
treatment, Homer survived longer than the usual three weeks.
The 'Good Life'
In reality, his life at the Kresge Research Building is probably
the best he has had. Described by one person as "-just a mongrel dog,"
Homer came from a dog pound in the thumb area of Michigan.
All dogs must be healthy when they begin participation in medi-
cal research and are kept healthy during the tests, his. veterinarian
added. Paulette S. Szadaly, who is responsible for the health of all
research animals in the center, added that it is often difficult to
obtain healthy animals.
Once researchers get a supply of animals, participants are chosen
for the various experiments. The initial group is divided by size and