- THE MICHIGAN, DAILY
5, 1961 - THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAt~
Significant Elections Near
WASHINGTON (}P - A signifi-
cant and perhaps close race for
governor in, New Jersey, where a
"battle of the presidents" sparked
an otherwise dull campaign, holds
the spotlight in Tuesday's state
and city elections in a handful of
President John F. Kennedy and
former President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower have tested their influence
in the New Jersey governor's race
by personal visits'into the state to
speak respectively for Democrat
Richard J. Hughes, Secretary of
Labor under Eisenhower.
Eisenhower said a victory for
Mitchell would be a good omen for
the 1962 Congressional elections
and for the philosophy of govern-
ment the former President repre-
Kennedy said a Hughes victory,
would insure continued coopera-
tion between Democratic admini-
strations in. Washington and New
Kennedy and his White House
predecessor also made personal
forays into New York City to sup-
port their favorites in the may-
oral race between Democratic
Mayor Robert F. Wagner, seeking
a third term, and republican Louis
J. Lefkowitz, state attornrey gen-
fWagner is generally expected to
win over Lefkowitz and city Comp-
troller Lawrence E. Gerosa, a
Democrat running as an independ-
ent. The split in Democratic
ranks was brought out in the open
again Wednesday when Democrat-
ic state chairman Michael H.
Prendergast endorsed Gerosa. Out-
A new Congressman is being
elected to fill a seat in the first
district, Wayne' County, where
Democrat Rep. Thaddeus M.
Machrowicz resigned to become
a federal judge.
Lucien N. Nedzi, Hamtramck
attorney, is regarded as an easy
winner over Republican Wal-
ter Czarnecki, a Budd Co. em-
ploye, in a district that invari-
ably goes Democratic by big
going Tammany leader Carmine
de Sapio also said he would not
vote for Wagner.
If any indicators for 1962 and
1964 turn up in Tuesday's elec-
tions they most likely will be seen
in New Jersey, a swing state in
the last 10 years. The voting there
and elsewhere will be the first si-
multaneous test of sentiment in
more than one state since the
1960 general elections.
Four vacancies have been filled
in the House and one in the Sen-
ate since Kennedy's election, with
one party overturn resulting. That
was in the special senate race in
Texas last May won by Republi-
can John Tower.
Only one other state is electing
a governor Tuesday. Virginia is
choosing between Democrat Albert
S. Harrison, former attorney gen-
eral, backed by the Democratic or-
ganization led by Sen. Harfry F.
Byrd, and Republican H. Clyde
Pearson, 36-year-old Roanoke at-
torney. Political observers say
Harrison will win by at least a
Other elections Tuesday involve
a statewide judgeship race in.
Pennsylvania in which the Demo-
cratic entrant is a woman; state
legislators in New Jersey, Virginia
and Kentucky, and contests for
mayor in scores of cities, includ-
ing Buffalo, Cleveland, Pittsburgh,
Detroit, Louisville and Houston.
Constitutional amendments and
referenda to be voted on include
three amendments in New York
to put the state's credit behind
$650 million in bonds for college
dormitory construction, industrial
development loans, and purchase
of passenger-commuter cars for
lease to yrailroads.
SAN ANTONIO-P)-State Sen.
Henry B. Gonzalez, a liberal Dem-
ocrat, moved ahead in the race for
San Antonio's congressional seat
last night and a Republican official
conceded the election.
With 40 of the city's 170 pre-
cincts reporting, Gonzalez had
14,202 votes to 10,871 for Repub-
lican John Goode Jr.
Three other Democrats polled
a handful of votes each.
Gonzalez moved ahead as re-
sults of the precincts began coming
in to the county election center.
Goode led in the absentee voting
2,727 to 1,327 for Gonzalez.
Officials of both parties watched
the outcome closely for indications
of two things:
1) Whether Texas became a two-
party state when Republican John
Tower was elected to 'the United
States Senate last May.
2) And whether the vote would
give any indication how other
congressional races might go next
Texas has 20 Democrats and one
Republican in its House delegation.
Malaysia May Pose. Problem for West
By SID MOODY
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
A new problem is sprouting in
the crisis-rich lands of Southeast
This is the Greater Malaysian
Union, so far only an idea, but al-
ready one that could have deep
repercussions, either good or bad,
to the West's position in the un-
Malaysia is the brainchild of
Tengku Abdul Rahman, prime
minister of Malaya. He has pro-
posed a confederation of Singa-
pore, Malaya, North Borneo, Bru-
nei and Sarawak.
While separated by water, the
territories have common bonds
with the fast-disappearing Brit-
ish Empire as well as economic
and racial similarities. But it is the
status of the big British base at
Singapore as well as possible Com-
munist infiltration into the pro-
posed union that are causing con-
Britain's naval base at Singa-
pore is one of the key points of
the Southeast Treaty' Organiza-
tion's military system. Neither
Malaya nor Singapore are SEATO
Malaya, self-proclaimed as "non-
aligned" although it has a defense
treaty with Britaiji since becom-
ing independent in 1957, says Bri-
tain can use the base only to
implement that treaty and to pro-
tect Singapore. Singapore is self-
governing, but Britain handles its
defense and foreign affairs.
Lee Kuan Yew, Socialist prime
minister of Singapore, is putting
pressure on Great Britain to dis-
continue use of the base for SEA-
TO purposes. Lee, who says his
government is non-Communist but
not anti-Communist, holds a thin
-one-vote majority in the legisla-
ture and presumably adopted an
anti-SEATO attitude under pres-
sure from- the strong pro-Com-
Britain has said it will honor its
committments to its SEATO al-
lies and will make this clear to
However, the vulnerability of a
fixed base in nuclear warfare has
caused England to seriously con-
sider abandoning its ancient poli-
cy of naval bases in favor of a
more self-sufficient mobile fleet.
This could ease the Singapore
Plan To Visit
BONN (A)-The re-election of
85-year-old Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer was virtually assured
yesterday and he announced plans
to visit Washington as soon as he
forms a new government.
The iron-willed chancellor's elec-
tion to a fourth term became
all but certain when his Christian
Democrats in parliament voted to
accept a compromise agreement
with Erich Mende's Free Demo-
crats to form a coalition govern-
ment. The smaller party, like its
senior partner, is conservative.
Eugen Gerstenmaier, president
of the lower house, last night is-
sued a provisional summons to
parliament to meet Tuesday to
elect a chancellor.
The call was provisional be-
cause Gerstenmaier had not yet
received a letter from President
Heinrich Luebke nominating Ad-
enauer. But this formality was
expected by tomorrow.
Political observers felt sure Ad-
enauer, West Germany's only
chancellor in its 12-year history,
would be chosen over the opposi-
tion of the Social Democrats and
perhaps. a few delegates from the
new coalition partners.
The Christian Democrat- Free
Democrat coalition commands 309
votes in the Bundestag, or lower
house, while the Social Democrats
hold. 190. The Christian Demo-
crats have 242 seats.
To Visit Kennedy
Adenauer told newsmen he will
go to Washington this month for
talks with President John F. Ken-
nedy on the German and Berlin
situation as soon as he has dis-
cussed international policy with
his new cabinet. He said it would
take another eight days to com-
plete the government.
Foreign office officials said they
believed Kelnedys invitation al-
ready was in the hands of United
States Ambassador Walter C.
Dowling and would be handed over
to Adenauer as soon as he is
Adenauer had been quietly pres-
sured by his allies to settle the
coalition problem so West Ger-
many could join in consultations
on the next move in the Berlin
The acceptance by the Chris-
tian Democrats of the compromise
ended a seven-week struggle. Ad-
enauer's battle for his political
life began Sept. 17 when his party
lost its parliamentary majority in
general elections. He had to seek
outside help to stay in power.
The Free Democrats first re-
fused to serve in a government
under him. They backed down
down when he threatened to seek
a coalition with the Socialist Dem-
In the bargaining that followed,
Adenauer promised he would not
serve out the full four-year term
"We carry a complete line
of HARDING programs"
Congo Strife First
Issue for U Thant
UNITED NATIONS (M)-Strife
in the Congo became the first big
issue for the United Nations' new
acting secretary-general, U Thant
of Burma, yesterday as the case
was carried to the Security Coun-
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian A. Zorin, president of the
Council this month, called. on U
Thant to discuss a new request he
had for a council meeting on the
Congo situation. They talked for
half an hour in the secretary-gen-
The request reached Zorin late
Friday night in a letter from
Ethiopian, Nigerian and Sudanese
delegates. They asked him to con-
vene the 11-nation council '"to
consider the situation prevailing
in the province of Katanga, Re-
public of Congo (Leopoldville),
caused by the lawless acts of mer-
cenaries." He was expected to call
a meeting for tomorrow or. Tues-
Ambassadors Tesfaye Gebre-Egzy
of Ethiopia, Muhammad Ngileruma
of Nigeria and Omar Abdel Hamid
Adeel of Sudan did not say, in
their letter to Zorin, what kind of
resolution they wanted the council
But Emperor Haile Selassie had
laid down Ethiopia's position in a
cable he sent Wednesday to Mongi
Slim of Tunisia, president of the.
UN general assembly.
The emperor said Congolese cen-
tral government forces "and the
Xatanga mercenaries have clashed
in combat." He called the situation
The Security Council, he said,
must act promptly to end hostili-
ties and "to ensure the integration
of Katanga into the Congolese
"Clear and unequivocal direc-
tives must be given" to the UN
force in the Congo, he added, and
the council must call for UN pres-
sure on "those colonialist nations
which continue to support the
The present UN position, as laid
down in past resolutions, is in
favor of a unified Congo-in oth-
NEW YORK (P)-Trucks driven
by upstate dairy farmers rolled
into this milk-starved city yester-
day and raised a threat that a milk
strike here would spread through
The president of the state Team-
sters Council criticized the eastern
milk producers cooperative for
sending four trucks with 15,000
packaged quarts to Staten Island
for public sale.
"If they (Eastern) keep inciting
trouble, they may have the whole
state of New York tied up," Coun-
cil President Rocco Deperno said.
er words, against Katanga's seces-
sion. But there is no special di-
rective authorizing the UN force
to use arms to end the secession.
by The Associated Press
LISBON-A law creating a com-
mon market between Portugal and
its overseas provinces was an-
nounceO yesterday by the cab-
inet of .Prtemer Antonio De Oliv-
WASHINGTON - The Soviet
Union set off a nuclear explo-
§ion of " several megatons early
yesterday, the Atomic Energy
, , ,.
GEORGETOWN, British Guiana
-Prime '.Minister Cheddi Jagan
said .yesterday the United States,
Canada, the Inter-American Bank
and United Nations agencies will
provide British Guiana with all
economic assistance the country
CAIRO - President Gamal A.
Nasser last night outlined plans
for broad changes in his govern-
ment, including elected local coun-
cils and a national congress to
rewrite the constitution.
The move obviously was taken
to head' off criticism stemming
from last summer's sweeping
measures of nationalization-Nas-
ser calls it "Arab socialism" -
and September's Syrian revolt in
which Egypt lost its partner in
the United Arab Republic.
LONDON (A)-Prime Minister
.Jawaharlal Nehru of India yester-
day discussed world affairs with
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
after declaring the Berlin crisis
seemed to be easing.
Here for 24 hours before making
an official visit to the United
States, Nehru told newsmen he
saw the outline of an East-West
agreement already in being over
He listed three features:
1) Acceptance of East and West
German regimes as normally func-
2) Preservation of West Berlin's
ties--and access routes--with the
3) Recognition of Germany's
postwar frontiers-including the
Oder-Neisse river line in the East.
Nehru hinted India might recog-
nize East German statehood -
something Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev asked him in vain to
do-if this would help a settle-
Nehru and Macmillan discussed
the 22nd congress of the Soviet
Communist Party in Moscow where
Khrushchev assailed Stalin and
won endorsement for his professed
policy of peaceful coexistence.
Nehru by all accounts appeared
to believe there was little signifi-
cance in everyday international
terms in Khrushchev's congress
triumph. He was said to have told
Macmillan that Khrushchev in
his view, always was and always
will be'ready for' serious negotia-
Macmillan, on the other hand,
put the view of his advisers that
Khrushchev, because of his con-
gress successes, might be more
difficult to deal with in the im-
mediate problems ahead, notably
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PROBLEM CHILD-The proposed Greater Malaysian Union could have an important effect on the
West's position in the troubled Southeast Asia area.
IDietrich. uxtehude Abendmusik
Cantata "Jesu, Meine Freude"
problem. But Malaysia poses long-
er range difficulties.
While broadly supporting the
Union, Britain is apprehensive
that Singapore with its 75 per cent
Chinese population, might some
day turn from the Commonwealth
to the Communist bloc.
Furthermore, a federation be-
tween Malaya and Singapore
would give a slight population
edge to the Chinese, a cause of
worry also to Malaya.
Britain thinks the addition of
Brunei, North Borneo and Sara-
wak to the federation would pro-
vide a mediating balance. For-
eign policy decisions, for instance,
would be on a majority basis.
But the Borneo territories them- came an English protectorate in
selves are divided. Sarawak's 750,- 1888 and was ceded to the United
000 people are about half native Kingdom in 1946 by its third.Ra-
Dyaks, a third Chinese and the jah, a descendant of Brooke.
rest Malays. Sarawak exported rubber, pep-
Dyak spokesmen fear federation I per, oil and other commodities
now would mean economic control worth about $150 million in 1958.
by the Chinese as well as growing Adjacent Brunei, population
Communist agitation financed about 80,000, is a substantial oil'
from Chinese Communist sources producer. Rubber is its only cash
in Singapore. The majority Dyaks crop of any size. All citizens over
also are apprehensive of a merger 60 get a $7 monthly pension for
which would bring cultural and which they contributed nothing.
religious pressures from the Mos- North Borneo is a rubber pro-
lew Malays. ducer somewhat smaller than
Long Association South Carolina populated by 500,-
The Borneo territories have long 000 persons of numerous tribes. It
been associated with the British is heavily forested and it has a
crown.rSarawak and North Bor-mountain range reaching over
neo are British colonies. Brunei 13,000 feet.
is a sultanate under British pro-
tection. It's' n r too late to sub-
Sarawak, about the size of Mis-
sissippi, was the personal kingdom scribe to the Daily. Only
of James Brooke, the famous 7.00 now for the rest of
White Rajah, for a number of the year.
years in the 19th Century: It be-
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