EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
" UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. e ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorial; printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
, OCTOBER 28, 1961
NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAEL OLINIC
ias No Purpose
ECAUSE THE UNIVERSITY is large and
diversified, it is forced to organize itself
into committees and other groups. But each
group must have a purpose, or its existence
within the sphere of the University is un-
One such organization, supposedly formulated
to express women's opinion on the campus,
is Women's Senate. Yet this body's purpose
is nebulously stated and not actively initiated.
Women's Senate, an organization comnposed
of one representative from each housing unit,:
operates under the auspices of the Women's
League. Senate functions as an organization
without legislative power or control over de-
cisions. Its existence as an organization of
the University is certainly unjustified.
T HE LEAGUE conceives of Senate as an
organization which attempts to channel
the opiniori of individual women and serve
as an influential pressure on faculty, ad-
ministration and student groups.'
It is'also seen as a means, of investigating
problem areas of general concern to women.
This year the chief project of Senate will be
the investigation of opinion in regard to future
This may be an admirable task, but the'
channeling of women's opinion does not, and
should not, come from such an organization.
Both Assembly Association and Panhellenic
Association have the opportunity and facilities
to ascertain women's opionion. In fact, when
Senate investigates it is forced to initiate
its surveys through residence halls and sorority
houses which are the precise areas of jurisdic-
tion of both Panhel and Assembly.
THE' INFLUENTIALPRESSURE Senate
wants to exert would certainly have more
strength if it were voiced by Assembly or
Panhel since these groups have legislative
power. And the opinion of the three groups is
the same since it represents the same people.
..The areas ,which Senate investigates are
important enough to warrant attention but if
Senate did not exist certainly other organiza-
tions would feel the necessity to investigafe
in the same areas and the loss of Senate would
not be great.
The reasons for Senate's existence are mere
rationalisms for the existence of a purposeless
body. The action which is taken by the or-
ganization can be handled through other
groups. Senate ca't justify its own existence.
"It Seems ThEY'VE Decided To Start Influencing US"
Joan aez Improved
AST NIGHT at Ann Arbor High, Joan Baez presented the en-
thralled audience the exciting experience of listening to a talented
young folk artist in the process of maturing. Here is a young lady
with the potential to develop into one of the finest female balladeers
on the folk music scene.
It must be remembered that Miss Baez is nqt an ethnic musician.
This is not meant as criticism but to point out that the process of
assimilating her material is necessarily intellectual as well as emo-
tional. It is this aspect of Miss Baez, her artistic progress In
developing a powerful personal style, that is most exciting. Her
performance was a wonderful example of this process of maturing;
most of it was good, some approached the truly great, and some of
it still showed a definite need for improvement.
SEEN OUSTIDE the football stadium: a stu-
dent selling mimeographed lists of the
players' numbers for a dime.
(The athletic department this year discon-
tinued free distribution of such sheets to
When the government fails, free enterprise
Universities Under Attack
MISS BAEZ'S GREATEST ASSET is her voice. It is a lovely
soprano with the power and range to convey emotion without the
operatic or oversweet qualities that make folk".music sound artificial
or forced. It is to her eternal credit that she does not try to work
the voice and the music into such a stultifying mold.
Her technique with the guitar is not that of a virtuoso in-
strumentalist, but is competent, largely in good taste, and improved
over her earlier work. At times it has a forced mechanical feeling
and a tendency to . be inappropriate, thus detracting from the per-
It is the inseparably intertwined areas of arrangement and taste
that show both the greatest improvement and the greatest need
for improvement. It is not enough to sing accurate imitations of
other people's (Bob Gibson, Odetta) imitations of folk music. But in
spite of this failing at times, Miss Baez also presented the audience
with profound and moving renditions of other numbers.
AT THE CAMPUS:
"yOU RUN AWAY from trouble and it hits you over the head." This,
in essence, is the theme of Two Women.
The "trouble" in this depressing film is war-torn Italy and the
problemsit creates for a desperate mother and her 12-year-old daugh-
ter. The two flee from bomb-plagued Rome only' to encounter far
greater and more lasting danger in a small village.
The story is set just before and during the German retreat from
the onrushing Allies. Needless to say, any countryside filled with bit-
ter Italians, panic-stricken Germans and victorious American GI's is
a poor place to bring up a daughter, even if you're Sophia Loren.
What success the film does achieve results from a surprisingly
sensitive performance by Miss Loren and photography which depicts
expertly the personal agonies of war. Despite occasional snatches of
great effectiveness, however, the story is far from an integrated whole,
as it limps along at times with no apparent direction.
At one moment, the Italian refugees are brave and warm-hearted
people, banding together in the face of destruction and death. In
the next scene the same group is no more than a pack of frightened,
grasping animals, trampling decency and human values beneath their
* * * *
MISS LOREN is no more consistent in her characterization.
Throughout the movie her concern for her daughter is genuine and
convincing, but the first major, event in the stpry shows Mama in-
dulging in a little daytime adultery with the kind of man she is de-
termined her daughter will never run into.
This ironic double standard of morality adds depth and com-
plexity to the film, but the mother's frequent references to her be-
loved "Giovanni" at times seem a little out of place as more pressing
problems present themselves. She is, evidently, most eager to return
to the- kind of life she can't bear to see her daughter exposed to.
The scene in which both mother and daughter face the ultimate
consequences of their flight from danger, though impressively shock-
ing, does not seem a logical culmination of the plot. It is, unfortunate-
ly, far more sensual than meaningful.
The film is undeniably much more important than Miss Loren's
usual performance would seem to indicate. One sees in it a great deal
of man's reaction to a condition of terror and; dispossession. (Lest this
inducement be insufficient, .however, you also see a great deal of
World of Man
IT IS AN INTERESTING experience to shake
hands and talk with a man who is a high-
ranking and undoubtedly dedicated, Com-
munist. Dr. Marian Dobrosielski, Counselor of"
the Embassy of the Polish People's Republic
in Washintgon is, however indirectly, con-
nected with an established organ of domina-
Nominally, he discussed United States-Polish
cultural exchange. But he brought to his dis-
cussion the reality of dictatorship, in spite of
Poland's growing liberalization since the Poz-t
nan riots, just as Americans carry with them
the U-2 incident and the Cuban "invasion," in
spite of democracy.
But Dr. Dobrosielski made a special trip
from Washington to attend the performance
of the Mazowsze Polish song and dance com-
pany at Hill Aud.
W HEN HE EXPLAINED the attitude of the
Polish government towards cultural ex-
change, he was careful to mention that "of
course, the government program has the com-
plete consent of the, Polish people." Americans
may "see red" at his statement. Certainly we
have the right to be proud that no U.S. pro-
gram has the complete consent of the American
people-because no such consent is possible
in a free society.
Nevertheless, anyone who saw the Mazowsze
performance must realize that no govern-
ment can completely destroy certain of the
most beautiful aspects of human existence.
The people of Communist-dominated coun-
tries are human beings. Among them are the
Mazowsze dancers and Dr. Dobrosielski. More
than upon any government, the future of this
planet. depends upon the continued human Life.
Only nuclear war can destroy that future.
By JILL HAMBERG
Daily Staff Writer
SPEAKER POLICIES on college
campuses throughout the coun-
try are undergoing attack and
subsequent change-but not us-
ually in the right direction.
The president of Queens Col-
lege early I this month rescinded
an invitation extended by the stu-
dent Marxist Discussion Group for
a campus speech by Benjamin J.
Davis, National Secretary of the'
The same week, Hunter-an-
other city college-refused to con-
tinue renting its assembly hall to
William F. Buckley, Jr., for a
series of symposiums dealing with
"The National Review," a rec-
ognized rightist periodical.
The two cases demonstrate
clearly theludicrous and incon-
sistent attitudes of college ad-,
ministrations on the free ' ex-
change of ideas.
LAST APRIL, the presidents of
each institution of New York's
new City University system lifted
a ban onthe use of college facili-
ties by persons convicted under
the Smith Act. Davis was the first
such person to be scheduled to
speak since the ban was lifted.
Harold W. Stoke, president of
Queens College, said his reasons
for nullifying the invitation to
Davis were "developments which
have taken place" in international
affairs and "recent decisions of
the Supreme Court which are per-
tinent to the standing of the
Communist Party in the United
-The ban was temporarily ex-
tended to the other municipal
colleges the next day and made
pernanent two days ago.
STUDENT REACTION has
ranged from hearty approval to
extreme indignation. For the most-
part, however, protests against the
move are widespread.
The Student Association presi-
dents of the city colleges have
drafted a tentative resolution con-
demning the reimposed ban. It
reaffirmed that "the principle of
academic freedom demands that
the college and university provide
the forum for open debate and
discussion in accord with the ideal
of free inquiry and confrontation
of ideas, toward the end of see-
ing the truth.
"The substitution of In Loco
Parentis expediency or legal guess-
work cannot be accepted as ex-
cuses for strictures against aca-
demic freedom and the right to
*. * *,
AFTER CALLING for "indoc-
trination'' of students by their
professors and lashing out against
"the mystique of academic free-
dom" when he spoke here in Ann
Arbor last month, William F.
Buckley received a little of his
own medicine when the authorities
of Hunter College declined to per-
mit him use of their facilities.
The college claims that its
reputation is damaged by "The"
National Review" using the as-
sembly hall. They feel strongly
enough on this point to warn that
they may impose a blanket pro-
hibition on rentals for concerts,
plays and all other outside gather-
ings if that is the only legal way
to keep Buckley out.
As was expected, the American
Civil Liberties Union openly op-
posed both moves. It is represent-
ing Buckley in his contesting of
the Hunter action.
lireb over Tea
OSTLING, Associate Editorial Director
PLACID, MIDDLE-AGED MAN sat at his
desk in a palatial home which graced a
)etroit suburb. His tone of voice, that is, was
lacid. His thoughts rumbled with the ferocity
f the hailstorm we were watching outside.
"Many colleges have had nothing but Con-
nurists as speakers. Only about 10 per cent.
f the people really think. The others Lust
ccept propaganda," Vernon P. Johnson, a '
ell-to-do doctor and a member of the Com-
dittee of Endorsers of the John Birch Society,
Nevertheless, Johnson relieved, Red speakers
ni campuses are all right as long as both
des are heard.,
Endorsers are selected by the Society as
rpical members whose job is to explain the
roup to interested outsiders. But on speaker
ans, he is not a typical reactionary, it seems.
OHNSON WASN'T SUPRISED that so many
students were at the other end of the
olitical spectrum-after all, students only
ear the liberal side in classes. These days,
iat is. Things weren't so bad when he grad-.
ated from the University in the Twenties.
"Michigan's colleges tend to be very liberal,
ry socialistic-they are no worse, however,
an colleges in the rest of the country." His
n, who had graduated from a state junior
llege the year before, listened to our con-
'rsation, and now and then he nodded in
After reading Time's account of the Birch
'ciety, I thought the local chapters should
called "cells" instead. Johnson painted a
fferent picture of the Detroit chapter, des-
bing it as a study group in which people
arn about Communism and other issues
the day so they can inform their friends.
OHNSON APPEARED to be the antithesis to
outspoken Robert Welch, founder of the
ciety, and apparently he can get away with
But he takes issue with Welch's emphasis
on religion in the "Blue Book." "There is
no necessary correlation between religion and
conservatism. Religion .shouldn't be men-
tioned at all." He said many members have
criticized Welch for this. And in a mood which
contrasted sharply with Welch's, he said "lib-
erals are as sincere as we are. We're all
Americans, after all."
FOR THE RAMPANT reactionary cabal it
has been s.pictured to be,Mthe Society is
certainly loosely organized. Members of the
Detroit group apparently know nothing about
other chapters, and it has no interaction with
other rightist groups.
He described the society as an educational
movement, working on a person-to-person
basis. By writing letters and through informal
contacts, members try to influence friends
and national figures. Individual members us-
ually support politicians who have Birch-ian
ideas. "We are not a third party. We work
within our own major parties." I tried to
picture .him kibitzing with Swainson or Reu-
ther, but the image died quickly.
As we talked, a web of his ideology formed.
On the state colleges' financial problems-
"It's too bad the state cannot afford to run
the colleges to their capacity, but the federal
government doesn't leave enough money to the
Summit conferences-"don't accomplish any-
Integration-"The situation in the South is
'unfortunate, but demonstrations such as the
Freedom Ride are not the way to solve the
problem, since they stir up bigger feelings.
There will be integration, but unfortunately
you can't legislate it."
Communists - Their danger is present
throughout the country, although ultra right-
wingers like the American Nazi Party are no
threat. It's hard to cite evidence of this Com-
IN THE LIGHT of the above, it
would indeed be wise-and no
doubt suprising-to take a second
look at our own speaker policy.
Much of the Regent's Bylaw
reads like a relic from the past:
i) Recognized student organiza-
tions may be granted permission.
to use University facilities for
lectures or meetings, provided that
the group guarantees that there
will be no advocacy' of the sub-
version of the United States nor
the state of Michigan.
2) "No addresses shall 'be al-
lowed which urge the destruction
or modification of our form of
government by violence or other
unlawful methods orwhich ad-
vocate or justify conduct which
violates the fundamentals of our
accepted code of morals."
* * *
WHAT DO THESE provisions
imply and, moreover,'what exactly
are "the fundamentals of our ac-
cepted code of morals?"
Are they the certain truths that
Buckley claims have been dis-
covered and accepted by the major
philosophers of the past (although
Buckley never did pin down
specifically just who these philos-
ophers are or what the "intellec-
tual and moral patrimony of past
generations" actually is)?
In a world of constant change,
a specific set of morals is im-
possible to determine. If we ac-
cept this premise, then it becomes
obvious that the anachronistic
"morals" phrase must be altered,
if not abolished.
* * *
THE CONTROVERSY now rag-
ing' in New York is whether or
not any person should be allowed
to speak before a student group,
while at the University vague lines'
are being drawn in order to dis-
tinguish who qualifies as an "ac-
ceptable" speaker and who does
One might argue, as did a pro-
test to New York's Mayor Wagner
from the New York State Council
of the Knights of Columbus, that
"our public institutions should not
be allowed to be used as a forum
for the dissemination of the evil
menace of Communism which,
threatens to destroy us."
However, one must also consider
the statement by the New York
Times that "the recent 5-to-4 de-'
cision of the Supreme Court that
the Communist Party must regis-
ter as an agency controlled by a
foreign power does not suppress
the party or strip it of its right
In addition, in the restrictions
upon speakers, we again see symp-
toms of In Loco Parentis that NSA
so firmly condemned-this summer.
Does the University seek to shield
its students from so-called "un-
acceptable" speakers and thereby
maintain a "parental" influence
over its students?
* , ,
IT MUST BE realized that stu-
dents possess enough integrity
and maturity to choose intelli-
AT THE MICHIGAN:
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
IN A MOMENT of truth, Susan Hayward delivers, in chesty tones,
a choice piece of philosophy: "Funny thing about life, all the
old cliches are true."
This is the thesis developed as Back Street unfolds.
It all begins in Lincoln, Neb., where Rae Smith (Miss Hayward)
is just a girl-whom.life has destined to become a success fn New
York, London, Rome and Paris as a fashion} designer. But fate is
cruel as well as' bountiful; it also plans to inflict upon the heroine
an unhappy passion that meets countless barriers. At first, men fail
to understand that Rae really wants to be a fashion designer. Her
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be'
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28
School of Music Honors Program: Ap-
licatlons now are being received for
the second semester, 1962. Forms are
available in the School of Music Of-
fice, Lane Hall. Deadline for receipt
of applications, and supporting state-
ments, by the Honors Council, Wed.,
Engineering Seniors qid Graduate
Students: The 1962 College Placement
Annual, official occupational directory
of the College Placement Associations,
is now available free to seniors and
graduate students at the Engineering
Placement Service, 128-H West Engi-
Approval for the following student
sponsored activities becomes effective
twenty-four (24) hours after the publi-
cation of this notice. All publicity for
these events must be withheld until
the approval has become effective.
Nov. 2-voice, General Meeting, lrm.,
3511 SAB, 7:30 p.m.
r __ _ . 'y
Approved: Minutes of the previous
Appointed: As delegates to the Unit-
ed States National Student Association
Michigan Regional Fall Assembly to be
held in Ann Arbor on September 27, 28,
29, 1961: Susan Stillerman, Brian Glick,
John Vos, Ken McEldowney, Robert.
Ross, Sharon Jeffrey, Carol Cohen,
Appointed: To the Student Govern-
ment Council-Chamber of Commerce
Student-Business Relations Committee,
term to expire in the fall, 1962: Julie
Adopted: That the Student Govern-
ment Council representative to the
Student Activities Building Administra-
tive Board be filled by the Treasurer
of the Council.
Accepted: Financial Report for Fis-
cal Year Beginning July 1, 1961 (Treas-
Adopted: That Student Government
Council abolish the Finance Commit-
tee in its present form and structure,
this committee to be superseded; by a
Budget Committee which will meet an-
nually or when deemed necessary, with
the Treasurer, in consultation and con-
sideration of the proposed budget.. The
Budget Committee will retain the same
composition as the present Finance
Postponed: Motion that the Student
Government Council National Student
Association Coordinator assume the
role of campus distributor of "Current"
magazine and organize a subscription
Adopted: That Student Government
Council send the following telegrams:
1} To Attorney General Robert Ken-
dream is to come true in time,
but first she meets Paul Saxon
.(John Gavin) who delivers her out
of the .clutches of a Mr. Bannen,
who has designs but does not un-
On a picnic the discovery is
made:"When you love somebody-
that's it." It is fraught with an-
guish, as the faces of Hayward.
and Gavin try to tell us. For.
custom, nature and technology
vie to frustrate the fulfillment of
a great passion. There is the
missed airplane :onnection, the
jammed telephone line and the.
fact that Paul is married to a
villain-Leslie (Vera Miles), a
hard woman and a harder drinker.
VERA MILES is a superb cliche,
as a woman who lives to torture:
"A divorce? don't be a fool; I
worked too hard getting you."'
Rae and Paul meet in secret'
at an Italian villa on the sea ("the
beach house") and at a country
estate outside of Paris ("our
house"). Also, their affair is un-
SOC Report ...
To the Editor:
W HEN THE DAILY reports, the
campus should be able to re-
ceive an accurate picture of all
that has happened. That which
Miss Oppenheim's article con-
tained about the S.G.C. Open
House at the Women's Senate was
factually accurate, However, more
occurred than that she has pre-
sented. When comparing the ar-
ticle to notes, and more than one
set, taken during the meeting, it
appears that much information
Miss Oppenheim, also, failed to
relate that the candidates had
reasons "why" they believed what
they do and supported them. It,
-, ., , , I - - -- . . . k ,.