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October 01, 1961 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-10-01

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Seventy-First Year
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individualopinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"Oh, The Army Isn't Sponsoring-It's Just Assisting"
C o-
vi . . ,. _

Who Has the Best
Sob Story?

fraternity Life:
Two Views

Social Crutch ...

AT VARIOUS TIMES in the next two weeks,
several hundred men students will find
themselves in an upstairs room of a fraternity
house with several actives standing around
them demanding an immediate decision on
whether or not they will accept a bid. Most
of these decisions will be ill-informed and
poorly considered. Most rushees have, in fact,
little idea of the implications of fraternity
life, of the meaning of a fraternity and, above
all, of the place of the fraternity in the aca-
demic community.
This lack of understanding is only a reflec-
tion of a similar lack of understanding within
the system itself. The meaning, of fraternity
life is glibly answered with the single word
"fellowship" and the educational function of
affiliation is passed of with the phrase that
"fraternity averages are about the same as the
all men's average."
The latter rationalization, aside from its
naive equation of grade and education, avoids
an essential point. The fraternity system is
inherently opposed, if not to the goals, then
to the means of education. The premise of
fraternity life is the desirability of an econom-
ically, 'intellectually and socially homogeneous
group. It thus becomes the antithesis of re-
evaluation of one's ideas, of the "healthy
skepticism" and iconoclasm that forms the
basis of intellectual experimentation. It is
almost an impossibility, assuming the fra-
ternity actually does become the center of
the undergraduate member's college experience,
for him to differ substantially on basic ques-
tions and at the same. time remain in this
group whose initial criterion for acceptance is
largely "full compatibility."
ESSENTIALLY, this is not a rehash of the
old arguments about conformity. One
would have to be incredibly stupid to contend
that fraternity men of 1961 are all some sort
of blue-eyed blond-haired Nordic types. There
is certainly variation in personality and in-
terests from house to house.
But the fraternity remains a ghetto because
it limits the possibilities of development by
limiting the possibilites of independence. Join-
ing a fraternity is an admission that one needs
a group in which to retreat. It has been said
that strong men are not molded but developed
by the fraternity. But this is not true; men
of strong intellect generally do not join fra-
CONSIDER RUSH as a manifestation of the
true values of the fraternity system. Do the
houses really select rushees on the basis of
personal merit and interests? Certainly not.
How can a fraternity, as some .do, not invite a
rushee back after his having been in the house
for only 15 minutes? Obviously, they are
looking for certain superficial aspects of the
personality such as the clothes they wear,
manners, money, and so forth.
Pledging a fraternity therefore becomes not
a question of giving up one's individuality; it
is the acquisition of a brace in order to sup-
port one's prior ideals and modes of action.
It is a limitation of the possibilities of future
development and is hence in direct opposition
to the purposes of education in any mean-
ingful and integrated sense.
THIS IS NOT necessarily a conscious effort
on the part of the rushee. Often it is the
lure of sorority girls, beer parties. the fra-
ternity pin and rah-rah that attract him.
There does seem to be a pleasant life in the
fraternities, especially to the freshman who
knows few people. He often has no conception
of the broader educational questions involved.
He senses that when the fraternity man
talks about "fellowship" he means mutual
support. This is the reason people join fra-
ternities and the reason fraternities orginally
came into existence. It is true that, as the
fraternity man will contend, people generally
want some group identification. But there is
no need for a system of identification so com-
plete that the studen't is prevented from par-
ticipating in the rewards of the intellectual
community to which he is supposedly devoted.
No Answer

University these days, and it is natural that
telephone lines are busy as well. Even so, it's
no fun sitting for hours holding a receiver and
waiting for response when you dial NO (pardon
me)-66-31511. Maybe it's time for some sort
of study on what's wrong, where more lines are.
needed, or when extra operators should be
After all, it's discouraging to find that the
University of Michigan isn't at home.

Value for Some ...
LEADERS of the fraternity system, in an at-
tempt to make affiliated living more palat-
able to the American student and the general
public'have attempted to create an image of
the fraternity as an institution embodying all
that is good in our social system and resisting
all which is evil.
The most commonly espoused claim is that
fraternities are not only a proponent of edu-
cation but an actual educational institution.
In actual fact, fraternities are socially-oriented
living units which do not provide a compara-
tively conducive atmosphere for study. The fact
that fraternity grade averages fall .2 below the
all men's average is itself inconsistent with fra-
ternity literature's claims.
Fraternities are not religion-oriented groups.
Many of them started out as such, but now few
(if any) have any connection with churches
or even follow the moral codes to which the
chapters pay lip service to.
THE BULWARK-against Communism is not
the fraternity man-college education in
general forms the reistance. Fraternities are
conservative only because the fathers of the
members generally have enough income or sav-
ings to support their sons in fraternities, and
such families are normally right-wing.
Discrimination is also an evident part of the
fraternities, both nationally and locally. Jews,
Negroes, and Orientals are almost consistently
blackballed at "Christian" houses. There is now
a strong trend toward chapter decisions- on
this matter, but in almost every case there
need be only one dissenting brother to black-
ball any rushee on arbitrary grounds.
Most fraternity men drink (some chapters
wisely ban alcohol from house premises), and
houses occasionally stage loud and sometimes
destructive parties which remain a thorn in
Dean Rea and Dean Bingley's sides. Such drink-
ing is, of course, in violation of University and
state regulations. Fraternities have recently re-
ceived heavy fines and suspended social pro-
bation for such activities.
DESPITE these discouragements, the Greek
organization does have something to offer
the student.
A person living on campus often finds the
University large, himself small, and therefore
wants to find an enjoyable group of friends.
These the fraternity can provide, if the right
house is chosen.
Or possibly a student lacks what he considers
a good social life, caused perhaps by the ab-
sence of alcohol which he is unable to pro-
vide himself. A fraternity house, with an or-
ganized social calendar, a tradition of enjoyable
parties, and brothers above age twenty-one
are ready, willing, and able to fill such needs.
IF CLOSER ASSOCIATION with the athletes
and campus leaders is desired, the great ma-
jority of such people is found in the fraternity
Becoming a leader is less difficult if one has
a Greek house behind him. Fraternities not
only have contacts in all open campus orga-
nizations, but also provide a ready-made voting
bloc of affiliates. Few candidates strongly back-
ed by the chapters are defeated. There are few
major organizations open to fraternity men
which are not controlled by them: the list
would include the Union, SGC, the various
school offices and innumerable committees.
The only major activity not on the roster is
The Daily, with comparatively few fraternity
brothers on its staff.
A CERTAIN SPIRIT of camaraderie may be
desired by the prospective brother - a
quality usually not found in the dormitory or
apartment. A member may have the goal of
living in close contact with others and sharing
the emotions of his brothers, creating such
spirit and tradition,
One might even be searching for that elusive
ideal, "True Brotherhood." This fellowship
can be found in the right house, although large
fraternities often have problems achieving this
desirable condition, since no one can be close
to all his brothers. Of course, due to size, the
large houses are generally stronger on the other
One particularly evident deficit in fraterni-
ties, according to a number of critics, is that the

fraternity system is dying out. Such conclu-
sions are based on the fact that there are now
a number of battles pitting the local chapter
against the national organization. More and
more, the chapters are breaking with their na-
tionals over decisions on discrimination, since
many of the chaptersrhave become more
broad-minded, calling for the elimination of
antiquated bias regulations. In cases where
the national has called the chapter's bluff,
the national has consistently lost.
BUT IS THIS REALLY the death knell for
fraternities, or is it the quiet rumbling of a
rebirth? In cases where the individual chap-
fp.~ ha..e ..a.. rc . "A+ +w_- -4----, 1%

End of Pan-Arab Nationalism?

Daily Staff Writer
THE CAUSES of the revolt in
Syria are not yet fully under-
stood. But the obvious result is
the destruction of President
Gamal Abdel Nasser's United
Arab Republic and a death knell
for pan-Arab nationalism.
The revolt itself was overtly car-
ried off by several army officers
who promptly turned the coun-
try over to a conservative law pro-
fessor. Mahmoun al-Kuzbari will
become the Premier and Minister
of Foreign Affairs and Defense.
He is reportedly a friend to Syrian
business interests which have been
impeded by Nasser's socialization
program. H is also apparently
pro-West, although it is difficult
at this time to be sure.
The 'shake up in Syria drasti-
cally affects the political situa-
tion in the Mid-East and has re-
percusions in Western foreign

policy. The effect on the UAR is
most apparent. Nasser's dream of
Arab unity has suffered a defeat
and his left side of the middle
of the road neutralism has been
The stature of Nasser as a voice
of Arab nationalism and a force
in the Afro-Asian block is sub-
stantially reduced. He will con-
tinue to develop Egypt along so-
cialistic lines, but will not person-
ally be in a position to spread this
doctrine to Syria or other emerg-
ing nations in the Afro-Asian
block. If the new nations decide
on government control for capital
formation they will not look to
Nasser but find another neutral
* * *
TURKEY and Jordan have al-
ready recognized the new gov-
ernment in Syria. These two Arab
countries are interested in pre-
venting Nasser pan-Arabism from

U.S. A-Tests:*
Immoral and Stupid

dent Kennedy was so worried
about U. S. ineffectiveness abroad
in psychological and political war-
fare that he set up a Cabinet level
group to study the problem for
him. The next day he resumed
The President is concerned, as
many of us are, by the capacity of
the Russians to "get away with it"
as they did on test resumption
with a minimum of world protest.
But he makes the Russian task
easier by weakly following their
can get is that the reasons for
resumption were political. As he
did on Cuba, Mr. Kennedy de-
cided to split the difference be-
tween appeasing the rightists and
following a clear moral line. The
result is apt to be the same. In
Cuba, we got the benefit neither of
a forceful nor of a conciliatory
policy. On testing, we neither ter-
rorize as the Russians do by talk-
ing of a new monster weapon nor
win a propaganda victory by set-
ting a sharp contrast between
their policy and ours.
Two questions remain unan-
swered in the resumption of test-
ing. One is why the Russians
didn't wait, since it seemed fairly
clear that if they didn't start
testing soon, we would. The other
is why Kennedy acted so pre-
* * * ,
AT FIRST, it was said we feared
that the Russians after a short
series of tests would put us on
the spot by calling for a new
moratorium. Now the Associated
Press quotes unnamed scientists
,(C--+101ry -0n~r-ta+ +I-%- i

we are doing some wild guessing.
It would be better to base national
policy on our own conceptions of
what is right.
* * *
clarified by the Soviet resumption
of testing. One is that the fear
of secret Soviet testing under-
ground was a bogey created by
opponents of test cessation on our
side. If the Soviet Union had the
means or the inclination to secret
underground testing, it would not
be devoting so many of the de-
tonations in its current series to
weapons in the small kiloton
The second is that it was equally
deceptive to argue that the pro-
longed test talks constituted a'
plot by the Russians to keep us
from testing. In retrospect, it looks
the other way around. The mora-
torium tended to freeze a situa-
tion in which we were far ahead
of the Russians, since we had made
many more tests.
The third observation is that we
would have been better off with
an agreement even on Russian
terms, including the "troika.".
No special network is required
to detect violations of the treaty
in the atmosphere where the Rus-
sians are testing and where we
will soon be testing, too, if our
military and the Atomic Energy
Commission have their way.
* * *
testing has in no way been changed
by Soviet resumption. It pollutes
the air of mankind. It steps up
world tension. It speeds up a nu-
clear arms race that leads no-
where but mutual destruction.
It is more urgent than ever to
stop it. Are we going to drift
along in the Russian wa n.__-a

spreading. The nationalist move-
ment in these two countries could
have spread into Syria. The re-
mnants of Syrian nationalism al-
so could' not have been completely
wiped out in the period of four
years since Syria joined the UAR.
The country most pleased by the
turn of events must be Israel. Pre-
viously pinched between Egypt
on the Southwest and Syria in
the Northeast, the Israeli govern-
ment now finds two separate and
uncoordinated governments in
place of one unified political
power. As a result attacks along
the Sea of Galilee will probably
slacken off, although attacks along
the Gaza Strip will continue.
But the split in the UAR does
not necessarily mean better re-
lations between Israel and its
Arab neighbors. As long as the
Arab nations lag behind Israel
in industrial and technological
development there is bound to be
antagonism. Israeli rockets and
atomic accelerators place a for-
midable gap between them and
the Arabs, a gap which seems
almost insurmountable.
* * *
the United Arab Republic in 1958
when it appeared that Communist
infiltration threatened to make
Syria a Soviet satellite. This was
two years after Suez and the
year of American intervention in
Lebanon. The Russian interest in
Syria appears to have waned, al-
though with the set-back in Ber-
lin and the probable rejection of
the Troika Plan, Soviet foreign
policy could swing back to West
Asia and again create crisis.
But as of yesterday, the Soviet
press agency Tass was quoting
Nasser's statement that the new
government was composed of "re-
actionary imperialist forces."
Clearly the Soviets did not plan
this revolt.
THE MOST interesting ques-
tion concerns the Western role
in the Syrian revolt. Did the Cen-
tral Intelligence Agency do it
again, this time with success? Did
the French or British extend their
influence once again into West
The apparent answer is that the
CIA had little to do with the re-
volt. Although Kuzbari seems to
be the pro-Western conservative
the CIA would approve, the United
States has not extended recog-
nition to the new government.
The United States is patiently
waiting this one out.
The same holds true for the
United Kingdom and France.
Both countries had the chance in
1956 to eliminate Nasser, but
backed down to American and So-
viet demands. Both countries and
Israel are happy to see Nasser's
UAR crumble, but they, too, are
waiting before extending recog-
If Western intelligence played a
role, it was in an approving
rather than instigating manner.
Hopefully this revolt was of Sy-
rin a _I% ..- , "A f _ 'evi _

To the Editor:
[N HER FERVOR to urge con-
tinuance of "an art form that
is fast being forgotten," Judith
Oppenheim has missed the boat
and let her artistic emotions sway
her usual sense of logic and fair-
ness. I refer to her position on
the overcalendaring of the Panhel
mass rush meeting, the IQC-
Assembly Sing, and the quadrangle
Christmas dances.
Perhaps we should first consider
the reason for overcalendaring.
The Gilbert and Sullivan Society
is $650 in debt and must make
up the deficit this semester or
fold. If after all these years of
operation G&S still is in the red,
what makes anyone think that one
series of performances will al-
leviate the situation? I don't be-
lieve it.
Miss Oppenheim speaks of
people being able to attend Pina-
fore on Friday, the quadrangle
dances on Saturday, and I pre-
sume the IQC-Assembly Sing and
the rush mass meeting on the
other nights. In addition to prob-
lems with studies, I think that
financial circumstances for many
people will necessitate a choice,
and both programs will be hurt.
* * *
WE ALSO MUST examine the
rationale behind SGC calendar-
ing rules. In order to insure that
two events are not in direct com-
petition, petitions must be filed
and approved by SGC months in
advance. When this procedure is
followed by any group and its
program is calendared by SGC, the
very fact that SGC has given its
approval should be a binding se-
curity that there will be no com-
And when SGC turns in the
other direction and overcalendars
an event the philosophy behind
the whole calendar operation must
be re-examined and renewed in
the minds of the members. Or
are we to have organizations put-
ting in a petition, getting it ap-
proved, and then hoping that no
one will come along with a better
'sob story?
-Harvey M..Kabaker, '64
The Audience.
To the Editor:
CONCERNING SGC decision on
calandering - did Mr. Moch,
in his worried frenzy over the
success of the often unsuccessful
quad dances, ever stop to consider
what type of audience oui- G&S
Saturday night performance
draws? In the pre-public sale of
tickets which the cast engages
in, easily eighty per cent of the
ticket sales are made up of par-
ents, faculty, fraternity and
sorority members and elderly, out-
of-town G&S devotees, many of
whom I'm certain have never
heard of your quad dance, but all'
of whom I'm certain will be elated
that you gave them the oppor-
tunity to attend one.
Mr. Moch, if you have to depend
for financial salvation on the
twenty per cent of the small Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre audience re-
maining, I wish you all success and
congratulations for defeating one
of the oldest and best-loved forms
of entertainment on this campus
and throughout the world.
-Julie Stockwell, '62
To the Editor:
uate some day, so I suggest
that The Daily get ready for that
day and hire the writer of the
letter which criticized Herblock's
characterization of Senator Gold-
water, in his place.
The letter, praising Goldwater's
stand on the Newburgh Welfare
plan, was a compound of mis-
statement and just plain muddled

thinking. I quote: "The Senator
... does not believe that the gov-
ernment should encourage ille-
gitimate births by giving unwed
mothers lavish welfare benefits
... Why should we subsidize im-
First of all, I can hardly think
that a woman will purposely have
a child out of wedlock solely for
the welfare benefits which accrue.
A very few may do this, but the
majority are subjected to shame
and discomfort far beyond the few
dollars the state gives them. To
most women, having an illegiti-
mate child is a serious personal
matter, not a matter of "How
many bucks can I get for him?"
At any rate, even if this were the
case, should the state be so heart-
less as to "visit the sins of the
parent on the child?"
FURTHER ON, we read: "In'
New York a policeman with ten
children gets $250 a month from
the state, while it gives a woman
having ten illegitimate children
$800 a month." I do not know the
source of these figures, so I can-
not challenge them, but I ven-
ture to say that few Newburgh
women and few New York police-
men are so prolific.

Retaliation ..
To the Editor:
T WAS very disappointed with the
tone and the content of the
editorial "Two-Front War; Death
for U. S."
Mr. Kalb creates an image
which depicts the Chinese Com-
munists as giving little thought to
United States retaliatory power
when they are formulating their
plans for domination of the Far
East. In effect what he seems to
be saying is that, in a drive for
power the Chinese Communists
would, without a moment's hesi-
tation, completely annihilate the
United States with atomic weap-
ons; giving no consideration to
the fact that all that they would
have for their effort would be a
large mass of totally devastated
and highly radioactive terrain.
* * *
OUR POWER lies not in retalia-
tion but in our ability and con-
viction to retaliate. The Come
munists have backed down before
when we have stated that we are
willing and able to fight an atomic
war if we are forced into one.
They back down because they
want to be here to dominate the
world and they want a world left
to dominate.
Clearly danger is imminent but
if we place all of our hopes on
internal strife- in the Communist
block we are not standing on very
solid ground. To presume that the
United States could create aliena-
tion between China and Russia is
like believing that Russia could
create alienation between the
United States and Great Britain.
It is possible but'very highly im-
-Howard H. Postema,'63
(Letters to the Editor should be
limited to 300 words, typewritten
and double spaced. The Daily re-
serves the right to edit or withhold
any letter. Only signed letters will
be printed.)
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daly assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
General Notices
University Faculty and Staff Meeting.
President Hatcher will give his annual
address to the faculty and staff on
Mon., Oct. 2, at 8:00 p.m., in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. Ali staff members
and their wives are invited. The five
Distinguished Faculty Achievement
Awards, the four Distinguished Serv-
ice Awards for Instructors and As-
sistant Professors, and the Henry Rus-
sel Award will be presented at this
meeting. A reception will be held in
the Michigan League Ballroom immedi-
ately after the conclusion of the meet-
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, and Schools of Business Ad-
ministration, Education, Music, Natural
Resources, Nursing, and Public Health:
Students who received marks of I, X,
or 'no report' at the end of their last
semester or summer session of at-
tendance will receive a grade of "E"
in the course or courses unless this
work is made up. In the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts and
the Schools of Music and Nursing this
date is by October 16, 1961. In the
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Natural Resources, and Pub-
lic Health this date is by October 18,
1961. Students wishing an extension of
time beyond these dates should file a
petition with the appropriate official
of their school. In the School of Nurs-
ing the above information refers tq
non-Nursing courses only.
School of Nursing Students: Fresh-
man Tuberculin Testing Oct. 2, 4, 6,
3:00 to 5:00 p.m., Room 8, 4108 SNB.
BCG Program: Oct. 16, 3:00 to 5:15,
Room M, 4108 SNB.
School of Nursing Students: Sopho-
more Tuberculin Testing. Enrollment In
Sept. 1960, Oct. 4 & 5, 3:00 to 5:30 p.m..
Room M, 4108 SNB.
*Enrollment in Feb. or June, 1961,

Oct. 2, 4, 6, 3:00 to 5:00 p.m., Room
rM, 4108 SNB.
BCG Program: Oct. 16. 4:00 to 5:15
p.m., Room M, 4108 SNB.
Events Monday
Engineer Mechanics Seminar, Mon.,
Oct. 2, at 4:00 p.m. in 305 West Engi-
neering Bldg. R. M. Haythornthwaite,
Prof. of Engineering Science, will speak
on "Mode Change during the Plastic
Collapse of Beams and Plates."
Coffee at 3:30 p.m. in the Faculty
Automatic Programming and Numer-
ical Analysis Seminar: "The 709 Input-
Output Supervisor" by Robert Graham
on Mon., Oct. 2, at 4:15 p.m. in Com-
puting Center, Seminar Room.
Alco Products, Inc., Schenectady, N.Y.
--Openings for Engineers (Nuclear, De-
sign, Mech. - Development, Nuclear-
Chemical, & Project). Also Metallurg-
ist, Engineering Programmers, Head of
Instrumentation. & Control Unit, and
Chemist. All require at least BS & ex-
Miniature Precision Bearings, Inc.,
Keene, New Hamp.-Staff Accountant
with BS in Acet. and minimum of 2
years experience. Age 25-35. Opportuni-
ty for growth with increase in respon-
sibility and wages.
VA Hospital, 2215 Fuller, Ann Arbor
-Ass't Engineering Officer-Immediate
opening for graduate engineer asAss't
of Chief Engineering Officer. To be in







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