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Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, MAY 20, 1962 NIGHT EDITOR: FRED RUSSELL KRAMER
"A Bigger Boat Would Be Too Expensive"
Fire-Fakers Cry Wolf,
T 2:15 A.M. Wednesday night a fire alarm
rang in Mary Markley and dazed girls
stumbled unbelievingly out the doors. A cry of
indignation went up against the housemother
who pulled the alarm and the usual gripes
against the fire drill system could be heard.
The alarm bell rang not because the house-
mother just decided to have a drill, but be-
cause some irresponsible girls pulled a false
The logical assumption for the housemother
to make when an alarm is pulled at that hour
of the morning is that there is a fire somewhere
in the building. The usual procedure after the
alarm rings in the housemother's apartment is
for her to pull a general alram bell and evacu-,
S ELPWEEK at the Fresh Air Camp for
sorority and fraternity pledges was some-
thing of a fiasco. The plan was for the pledges
to help clean up the camp before it opens in
There were groups leaving every afternoon
this week, one at 1:15 p.m. and another at
2:15. The trip there and back takes an hour
and a half, leaving only something over an
hour to work, for those who leave at -2. How-
ever, only half this time is planned for work;
people are given a half hour of free time to
socialize. And on Wednesday afternoon most
of three busloads of people were sent out to
rake leaves with about half enough rakes to
The rest were expected to pick up sticks that
a rake could clean up twice as efficiently. We
were slightly late so we worked (those who
could get a rake) for only 20 minutes, because
of course we had to have our free time.
So we spent there hours of time to do 20
minutes work. The idea of help week was
a good one, and there were things to be done-
for example, a few people washed windows -
but no one bothered to tell those left without
a rake that there was anything else to do.
Next year either plan it better so that there is
something worthwhile to do, or call it what it
is - a big pledge picnic.
ate the building. Then various crews of girls
and housemothers look for a blaze, phone the
fire department and check on the girls out-
side the building. This false alarm is the third
that Markley has had in the last week.
The housemothers Who are practically help-
less in finding the culprits are counting on so-
cial pressure to stop this childish behavior.
But are girls who will pull a false alarm at that
hour of the morning effected by social pressure?
It is possible that they will continue their
stunts, just being a little more careful not to
be seen, since a false alarm does carry a pos-
sible jail sentence and fine under a city or-
TIE PEOPLE who pulled the alarm are prob-
ably not thinking about the numerous im-
plications of such continuous "wolf-calling."
Markley no longer has announced fire drills,
because of the group of boys who live in the
vicinity and manage to collect when the word
gets around. The more false alarms that occur,
the less willing will be girls to leave the build-
ing during a drill, the more people who will be
content to sit in their rooms as long as possible
and finally amble out of the building to be
checked in. If these false alarms continue, a
housemother may be less willing to pull a gen-
eral alarm, and just once it might be a real
emergency. What would have happened if, dur-
ing the early morning drill, the sluggish girls
had panicked and thought there was a real
fire. People trying to get out of the building
might have been badly injured in the stampede.
In a school such as the University where
students are supposed to be mature individuals,
such high-schoolish behavior is hard to tol-
erate. It was a hot night and for the people who
pulled the alarm it was probably just too hot
to sleep. Yet there were some 1,000 other girls
who were sleeping and found the alarm a rude
ONE WONDERS how girls who wish to be
treated as adults and to have all the respect
and responsibility that goes with such treat-
ment can stoop to such infantile behavior. If
this is the picture some college girls wish to
paint of themselves, it is a sad thing that the
rest of the group has to suffer because of their
FREEDOM AND SECURITY:
Strength from Diversity
The Military Porkbarrel
ONE OF THE prime obstacles to candid dis-
armament negotiations is the arms pork-
barrel - the various and sundry unnecessary
defense expenses designed to meet economic
and political consideration.
This porkbarrel, overflowing with goodies
since World War II, takes three forms - lo-
cation of bases, spending of money for un-
necessary programs, and the maintenance of
The location of bases is one of the -subtle
forms of political use of defense money. A
base is a major economic asset in a com-,
munity. Soldiers stationed there will spend
millions of dollars on necessities for themselves
and their dependents and on recreation. They
make juicy plums for Congressmen in key
armed services committee positions.
GEORGIA, WHOSE Representative Carl Vin-
son is chairman of the House Armed Serv-
ices Committee, and whose Senator Richard
Russell chairs the Senate counterpart has 19
military installations, the latest one trans-
ferred last year from Nebraska. Obviously, pol-
itics was not the only consideration in this
military concentration, but Vinson's and Rus-
sell's positions certainly helped.
Military installations are also considered
vehicles for tackling employment problems.
Last winter the Army announced it was moving
its tank arsenal command out of Detroit. A
hue and cry arose protesting the action. The
Detroit News editorially asked why Democrats
Cavanagh and Swainson had not influenced
Democrat Kennedy in Washington to keep
the base in the city. Eventually, the bases
stayed and in fact the Army announced it
would expand the facility.
REP. GILBERT BURSLEY'S idea for an Up-
per Peninsula "Cape Canaveral" on the Ke-
weenaw Peninsula, smacks of the same pork
barrel usage of military funds. The effect of
this project would be to create jobs.
The allocation of defense money for various
projects is much more controversial. Often Pen-
tagon decisions regarding projects are motivat-
ed by political considerations. Tax payers'
money is needlessly wasted in pork barrel ef-
forts which contribute little to the national
Most inter - service, Pentagon - Congress
squabbles revolve around such projects. The
RS-70 bomber in part is designed to help the
depressed aircraft industry left behind in the
missile exhaust. Los Angeles and Long Island
are two main areas severely depressed by the
demise of the airplane.
When F-105 production was cancelled at the
Martin Co. Long Island plant, Congressmen,
STOCKPILING constitutes another military
porkbarrel. After World War II the Truman
Administration, noting the difficulties of estab-
lishing war industries decided to create stock-
piles of strategic materials in case of war emer-
gency. However, such planning is unrealistic in
the atomic age where nuclear wars may be
short and final and the stockpiling program
only served to expand the non-ferrous metals
industry's production capacity out of propor-
tion to its market. In 1958 the Eisenhower ad-
ministration cut the stockpile back to three
from the projected five years supply for stra-
tegic materials. The Kennedy Administration,
while investigating possible fraud and favor-
itism in material procurement, plans further
Thus stockpiling, considered largely unnec-
essary, has cost the government billions of dol-
lars which has been used to maintain sick
Lastly, the national guard and some reserve
units have been maintained because of politi-
cal opposition. The Pentagon has been trying
for years to cut or eliminate the national guard
and streamline the reserves. Yet political pres-
sures from states which find the guard useful
for traffic duty, riot and strike control and
prestige, have scuttled all attempts to modern-
ize the guard. However, the reaction to the
mishandling of the reserves during the Berlin
crisis may push reform.
THUS MUCH defense money is used in a
non-military way to prop up economies,
enhance political prestige and reward political
Military spending is unstable and non-utili-
tarian. Technological revolution and political
change may shift defense needs. Communities
dependent on the military can be easily de-
stroyed by changes beyond their control as
the air, craft industry depression in Los An-
geles clearly indicates.
Other than distributing money, military
spending contributes little of permanent value
to the community. It provides no goods for pro-
ductive use. The terrible instruments of war are
always on stand-by alert, hopefully never to be
used, or self-consuming.
FEDERAL MONEY could be better spent to
build up depressed areas by creating new
industries suited to the long-range needs of
the region and country or in building schools,
roads, hospitals and other public facilities that
are always needed. The current defense out-
lays are already tying up money needed to pro-
vide snial serves.
(Editor's Note: This is the con-
cuding article ina five-part series
on the issue of individual freedom
and national security.
By ROBERT SELWA
Daily Staff Writer
THIS article is written on the
premise that freedom of express-
ing opinion and freedom of asso-
ciation should be as nearly abso-
lute as possible.
This means that anyone should
be permitted to advance any idea,
even the overthrow of the govern-
ment; that one can associate with
anyone without being prosecuted
by law, and that organizations like
the Nazi party and the Communist
party operate freely.
In short, let the laws of libel
and the ethics of good taste be the
only limits on freedom of expres-
* * *
THE ABOVE position may alien-
ate some of those who see individ-
ual freedom and national security
as separate values, instead of two
sides of one value. They could ad-
vance the following position:
"A body politic's prime value, a
value even greater than that of
individual liberty, is survival. Free-
dom of expression and of associa-
tion on a level as nearly absolute
as possible will threaten and may
destroy national security.
"Though the Communist party,
some argue, has few members, it
is effective at subversion and the
strength is greater than its mem-
bership would indicate.
"The survival of democracy is
dependent on the investigation,
suppression, deportation, registra-
tion and imprisonment of subvers-
ive elements in our body politic."
* * *
THE REPLY to this position is
partially that whatusurvives after
this investigation, suppression, de-
portation, registration and im-
prisonment is not democracy, but
that democracy incorporates with-
in its liberty motif the right of its
citizens to advocate its overthrow.
And if democracy cannot meet
this test, if those citizens of our
body politic who are peace-loving
and want to retain democracy
and are not numerically and mor-
ally strong enough to retain it in-
tact, then it may be that demo-
cracy does not deserve to stand
and is not meant for mankind.
Acting on the assumption that
democracy is a valid form of gov-
ernment, we may examine it's
* * *
LIBERTY is a hazardous virtue,
but its path is the rising curve of
courage and emancipation, says
former Congressman T. V. Smith
in "The Democratic Way of Life."
Liberty means not only absence
of certain external restraints, but
also a capacity for variation and
growth. And the "virtuous ensign
of growth" is toleration:
"Really to be free, men must
daily fraternize with freemen. . .
Men have learned to guard their
freedom by sharing it." And man
lives with his fellows.
* * *
HERE, then, is one aspect of
security; it depends on the good
dangered even more, than before
the suppression of ideas.
We have examples of this. The
Smith Act has driven the Commu-
nists underground and made them
nore militant, just as persecution
by the Roman Empire drove the
Christians underground and united
them. The Sedition and Espionage
Acts of America's first period of
intolerance inspired anarchists and
socialists to greater efforts.
* * *
IT FOLLOWS that a polariza-
tion of the liberty-security issue
may be a false approach; even
though it is advanced in the Su-
preme Court's clear and present
danger test for free speech and in
Justice Vinson's declaration that
"the societal value of speech must,
on occasion, be subordinated to
other values and considerations."
(The members of a community
"will always have a right . . . to
rid themselves of those who invade
their fundamental, sacred and un-
alterable law of self-preservation,"
according to John Locke.)
* * *
WE MAY reply that liberty and
security are interdependent and
These values foster each other
because Americans govern them-
selves. Sovereignty rests in the
people: It is exercised by Con-
gressmen and a President on be-
half of the people, and its source
is a citizenry exercising the fran-
"When men govern themselves,
it is they-and no one else-who
must pass judgement upon unwis-
dom and unfairness and danger,"
writes Alexander Meiklejohn. "And
that means that unwise ideas must
have a hearing as well as wise
ones, unfair as well as fair, dan-
gerous as well as safe, un-Ameri-
can as well as American."
IN ORDER to govern ourselves
best, we need to know as much as
possible. Individual liberty is the
method by which we gain our
knowledge: The freedom to think
and to explore helps satisfy our
curiosity and helps widen the
scope of our information.
"If a nation expects to be ig-
norant and free in a state of
civilization, it expects what never
was and never will be, Thomas
"No one can be a great thinker
who doesn't recognize that as a
thinker it is his first dudty to fol-
low his intellect to whatever con-
clusions it may lead," John Stuart
Mill points out. "Truth gains more
even by the errors of one who
through due study and prepara-
tion, thinks for himself, than by
the true opinions of those who
only hold them because they do
not suffer themselves to think."
It is the ideal of a nation of citi-
zens who think for themselves and
who contribute original ideas so
as to achieve new solutions to new
and old problems that a self-gov-
erning people can subscribe to and
* -* *
THIS APPEARS to be the way to
counter what Prof. William Eber-
stein of Princeton University cites
as "the growing trend toward con-
them, the result is the kind of
malaise conducive to the emerg-
ence of a tyrant.
It follows from this argument
that it is in divergence that a
self-governing society finds its
strength; Divergence stimulated by
an atmosphere of complete intel-
* * *
HOW WIDE this divergence?
Wide enough for the law to in-
clude in its protection those who
advocate the overthrow of the
"The greater the importance
of safeguarding the community
from incitements to the over-
throw of our institutions by force
and violence, the greater the
need to preserve inviolate the
constitutional rights of free
speech, free press and free as-
sembly in order to maintain the
opportunity for free political dis-
cussion, to the end that govern-
ment may be responsive to the
will of the people and that
changes, if desired, may be ob-
tained by peaceful means.
Therein lies the security of the
Republic, the very foundation of
Supreme Court. Chief Justice,
Charles Evans Hughes'Jwords in
the De Jonge case need re-affir-
mation today, for they are the
key to the liberty-security issue..
IThey indciate that tolerance of
all viewpoints can keep men secure'
-the tolerance accentuated in the
poem Thomas Jefferson sent to
Whatconstitutes a State?
Not high-raised battlements,
or labor'd mound,
Thick wall, or moated gate;
Not cities proud, with spires
and turrets crown'd;
No: men, high-minded men;
Men, who their duties know;
But know their rights; and
knowing, dare maintain.
These constitute a State.
To the Editor:
IN HIS LETTER to the editor,
Ralph Kaplan suggests estab-
lishing an Office of Academic Af-
fairs under the Office of Student
Affairs. By no means do I feel that
this should be done.
Academic affairs should not be
subordinated to non-academic af-
fairs at this University. I propose
that as an alternate plan an office
of academic affairs be established
to oversee non-academic offices
such as the Office of Student Af-
fairs which would be placed under
The purpose of this new office
would be to see that the offices
under it acted in the interest of
the academic aims of the Univer-
sity, not against them.
-Jerome Starr, '63
EVERY FOURTH year the University School of Music is host to
the annual Midwestern Student Composers Symposium. This week-
end a program of five concerts was presented by students from the
four participating schools which are State University of Iowa, Univer-
sity of Illinois, Northwestern University and the University.
Innovators in geographic, scientific, and medical discovery have
had to endure ridicule from their contemporaries as have innovators
in the fine arts. Mozart, Beethoven, and Franck are just a few of the
many now-revered composers whose music has been labeled with such
terms as noisy and dissonant by critics of their eras.
a*a * *
UNDER THE conducting of Josef Blatt and David Sutherland, the
University Symphony Orchestra launched the concerts with perform-
ances of orchestral works by composers of each of the schools. With a
minimum amount of rehearsal time (a common obstacle of contempor-
ary music) the orchestra gave convincing readings of pieces ranging
from Robert James' easy-to-listen-to "Ballet Music From 'Land Ho!'
to the more cerebral "Five Pieces For Orchestra" by Arthur Hunkins,
both graduate students of this university.
A "Symphony In One Movement" by Louis Coyner of Iowa opened
the program. The clarity of structure and dramatic events made the
conservative work rewarding to hear.
Thanks are in order to members of the orchestra for spending val-
uable end-of-the-semester time in rehearsing these works. One hopes
that they were rewarded by sight-reading experience which is so neces-
sary in professional playing.
YESTERDAY each of the four schools presented chamber music
by their own composers, which was followed by a panel discussion. The
range of expression extended from the conservative Iowa school to
the more forward-looking products of this school. Graduate composers
such as David Maves, Gregory kosteck and Roger Reynolds are writing
some significant music here on this campus.
Scientific advance is not the only progress being made here. I
predict that Roger Reynolds' music will be increasingly widely known,
if we live long enough.
ANN ARBOR'S entire musical community, performers, merchants and
music school faculty members have collarborated to produce a free
concert of masterpieces of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries,
"Thesauri Veteris," at 8:30 p.m. tonight in Hill Auditorium.
"Thesauri Veteris," loosely translated as "time-honored master-
pieces,' 'will consist of a program of the compositions of Gabrielli,
Purcell, Dencke, Telemann, Pachelbel and Mozart.
Leading Ann Arbor citizens have paid for the advertising, pro-
grams and rental of Hill Auditorium; merchants have provided musical
scores, a harpsichord and rehearsal facilities.
* * * *
THE CONCERT was conceived and organized by Felix A. Pap-
palardi, Jr., who will conduct the orchestra and vocalists for all
numbers on the program. Pappalardi is known to Ann Arbor audiences
for his recent successes as conductor of the Gilbert and Sullivan
Society's 1961-62 programs, "H.M.S. Pinafore" and "Patience."
Under his direction, outstanding soloists and performers have
been recruited to volunteer their time, energies and talents in order
to make a concert of such a scope, diversity and ambition possible.
The first number will feature a brass ensemble performing the
first and second Canzoni of Giovanni Gabrielli. Gabrielli became
famous during the Baroque era for his work at St. Mark's Cathedral
* . * *
WILLIS PATTERSON, bass, will continue the program with a
rendition of "Unto Thee Will I Cry" by the great English composer
Henry Purcell (1659-1695). Patterson was heard. earlier this year
with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra.
A song follows by Jeremiah Dencke, (1725-1795) an American-
Moravian, "I Speak of the Things," edited by Prof. Hans T. David of
the music school. This song in the folk-style features Lavetta Loyd,
soprano, premiering this work in Ann Arbor. Miss Loyd was last
heard in the title role of Gilbert & Sullivan's "Patience."
Fourth on the program is a Cantata by Georg Philipp Telemann
(1681-1767) in the recitative-aria tradition, featuring Gary Glaze,
tenor, and Walker Wyatt, baritone.
* *, * *
THE FIRST HALF of the concert closes with Johann Pachelbel's
Cantata, "What God Ordains is Always Good" for full chorus and
chamber orchestra. The German Pachelbel, who lived 1653-1706, set
an important musical precedent with his harmonization of the chorale
of this same title, later reset by J. S. Bach.
After intermission, the brass ensemble will open with another
Canzona by Gabrielli, and another anonymous work for brass com-
posed circa 1684.
* * * *
THE CHAMBER ORCRESTRA, with soloists Prof. Louis Stout
of the music school and Noel Papsdorf, will perform the first move-
ment of Telemann's Concerto for Two French Horns. Prof. Stout was
principal horn solist with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra for over
a decade and is considered one of the foremost interpreters of horn
literature. Miss Papsdorf is an outstanding student of Stout.
* * * *
THE CONCERT concludes with Mozart's eloquent Concerto No. 2
in E-flat Major for French Horn and Orchestra, with Prof. Stout
--Robert Paul Molay
AT 8:30 P.M. tomorrow, Auditorium A, the Michigan Kabuki Music
Study Group will give its first performance. Both the group and the
music they ,perform are unique in several ways.
First of all, the members of the group have not played Japanese
music before coming to the University of Michigan. In addition, most
of the members have never been to Japan and many of them are not
music majors. The guiding principle behind this unusual organization is
that one can learn best about a non-western music by actually play-
With this in mind the members have taken up various instruments
and gradually become aware of the musical structure and aesthetic
beauty of kabuki music by the process of actual tactile contact with
* * *
THE MAIN music of the popular Japanese kabuki theatre is called
nagauta, literally long song. The orchestra used to play this which
consists of a three-stringed plucked shamisen, two kinds of flutes, and
three kinds of drums.
Each instrument requires a special type of music notation and in
some cases the music was learned entirely by rote methods. The instru-
ments are combined in a variety of ways depending on the form and
function of the piece. The specific manner in which this is done will
be explained in the lecture-demonstration that is part of the program.
Since one of the important functions of this music is to accompany
dance, the program will end with a kabuki dance performed by Mrs.
Joyce R. Malm to the accompaniment of the group.