FRIDAY, MAY 18, 1962
THlE MICHIGAN DAILY
U.S. Marines in
In S.E. Asia
WASHINGTON gP) - President
John F. Kennedy said yesterday
he is seeking a peaceful, diplo-
matic solution to the Laos crisis
to insure that United States troops
need not fight in the jungles of
Southeast Asia, but he cannot now
say how long American armed
forces must stay in Thailand.
At his news conference, Kenne-
dy gave his -first in-person, public
account of United States South-
east Asian goals since his Tuesday
order assigning 5,000 American
combat troops to Thailand.
He said his troop order put the
United States "in a position to
fulfill our obligations" under the
Southeast Asia Treaty Organiza-
tion pact calling for defense of the
area against Communist threat.
Thailand is a SEATO member and
United States ally.
"We are continuing to hope that
there will be a national govern-
mient of national union for an in-
dependent, neutral Laos. That is
our object;" he said.
Asked whether he could say
when and under what conditions
the American forces would be
pulled out of Thailand, Kennedy
"I cannot reply at this time. The.
troops have only been in there for
a very short while, and we can't
/tell when they will come out. It
will depend a good deal on what
conditions are in Thailand and
the neighboring countries."
Commenting on the diplomatic
front, Kennedy said:
1. Indications are that the three
feuding Laotian princes - pro-
b West, neutralist and Communist-
will engage in conversation short-
ly" to form the nationwide gov-
ernment which is Kennedy's dip-
2. Latest reports show the Com-
munists have not further breached
the cease-fire, which Washington
says is a necessary precondition
for the princely negotiaions.
3. "We have to wait and see
whether. the Communists really in-
tend to maintain a cease-fire.
4. The SEATO allies have been
asked to fill their obligations and
several have shown a "favorable
"This is a decision for them, but.
we have responded and met our,
obligations," Kennedy said.
BOARD PLANE--Fully equipped United States.
a plane en route to northeastern Thailand. They;
1,800 Marines sent there by President John F.
the collapse of the royal Laotian forces in neigh
14 so As Another Ko,
LONDON UP)-Moscow Radio said last night L
into a crisis worse than the Korean conflict.
"The participants in the intervention that is
standing on the very edge of an abyss," Moscow Radi
step could be fatal."
The statement said the Southeast Asia Treaty O
ars are "embarking on a dangerous adventure" in
forces to arms in Southeast Asia. "The consequencesc
4 in Laos would be
Offer 'Token Unis'
BANGKOK (P) - United States
Marines set up their first camps
last night along the edge of Thai-
land's Mekong River in a strong
position to prevent any Commun-
ist attempt to seize Southern Laos.
Marines set up camp at Nong
> Lahan, 20 miles east of Udon. The
camp is 40 miles southeast of Vien-
tiane, the Laos administrative cap-
ital across the Mekong River.
Exposed to Infiltration
This is more than 200 miles
southeast of the segment of Thai-
land's far northern border that
was exposed to infiltration by the
recent offensive of pro-Communist
-AP wirephoto Pathet Lao forces in northwest
Marines board Laos. The implications were that
are the first of the United States was making no
Kennedy fafter threatening gesture.
Kboring Laose The Americans, it was expected,
will soon be given an international
color by the arrival of at least
token units from other SEATO
members, including Britain, Aus-
tralia and New Zealand.
RAF To Be Sent
r i British Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan announced that Royal
Air Fcrce units would be sent if
they are requested. The British Air
aos could explode Ministry said rocket-equipped jet
fighters were standing by at Singa-
being plotted are pore ready to come to Thailand.
io said. "The next The Thai Secretary-General of
SEATO, Pote Sarasin, called the
rganization pow- American landing a "good thing"
summoning their because it showed determination to
sumonig teirresist aggression, and said the
of an intervention Philippine Vice-President Emman-
much more seri- uel Pelaez had given assurances
ituated on a pen- of aid if called upon.
center of South- Following the Marines, Lt. Gen.
is surrounded by James L. Richardson Jr., com-
e radio said. manding the new United States
ded by Red China combat force in Thailand, flew in
d, Cambodia and from Honolulu to assume charge
ny intervention in Gen. Paul D. HArkins, who has
be contravention overall charge of the combat com-
be onravntonmand in Thailand told newsmen
va Agreement on the newly landed force is not on
an aggressive ac- an offensive mission and whether
people of Laos. it went into combat "depends on
erring to Britain's the people on the other side" -
in itraidtinin Laos.
Smilitary aid to "Troops are going into Thailand
d, the radio said: because of the situation in Laos,"
Surprise he said, but "they are not going
tion . . . causes in to invade."
se. After all, she The first reaction in Moscow
to the Geneva and Peiping, backers of the Laos
cover, her repre- Rebels, to the American landing
ne of the joint was noncommittal. Reports here
Geneva Confer- said Peiping broadcasts and the
Soviet news agency Tass report-
t Britain bears a ed the arrival of the Marines fac-
ility for the ful- tually, without comment.
Geneva Agree- The first Marines filed off two
ships at Bangkok's Klong Toey
In OAS Raids
ALGIERS (A') - Five Europeans
were killed yesterday in what 'po-
lice believe were Secret Army at-
tacks on people suspected of work-
ing against the underground ter-
All five died in European sec-
tions, where Moslem gunmen sel-
dom operate except from speeding
Police sources said they believed
the attacks on the Europeans were
in reprisal for the arrest Wednes-
day of a Secret Army unit of 14
ous. Laos is not s
insula but in the
east Asia andi
many states," the
Laos is surroun
Moscow said ar
Laos now would
of the 1954 Gene
tion against the
decision to send
Thailand if aske
was a signatory
sentative was o
chairmen of the
"It follows tha
fillment of the
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World News Roundup
By The Associated.Press WASHINGTON-President John
BERLIN-The United States and F. Kennedy said yesterday the
Soviet commandants in Berlin met government is studying the break-
for three hours yesterday at Pots- off of rail labor negotiations in
dam, the Soviet base outside Ber-
lin. A United States spokesman Chicago to determine whether
said the generals exchanged views there is any action it can ap-
on contacts between themselves propriately take.
and their headquarters but that The nation's railroads broke off
no agreements were reached. talks yesterday morning with five
WASHINGTON-President John rail operating unions representing
F. Kennedy said yesterday the FBI about 200,000 workers who man
and other government agencies the moving trains.
are pressing their investigation to *
determine "whether any Federal CAPE CANAVERAL - Prepara-
employe or member of Congress tions for Astronaut Malcolm Scott
was involved" in the Billie Sol Carpenter's orbital flight progress-
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