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May 18, 1962 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-18

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Seventy-Second Year
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Open Discussion Must Mark'
Conference on the University
YTEARS OF HOPE and months of planning de- The steering committee has provided a half
signed to break down barriers of communi- dozen ways to work toward the goals of the
cations and thought within this academic com- conference through the weekend's activities. Be-
munity culminate today in the initial session of sides the working papers, three major addresses
the first Conference on the University will be presented as well as a "summing up"
Unlike previous attempts to bring faculty speech outlining the major ideas broached in
members, students and administrators together the workshops.
for a discussion of current and long-range Uni- The 11 workshop groups will meet in informal
versity problems, this conference is well coffee hours tonight, in more structured discus-
thought out and scheduled to provide several sions and for dinner tomorrow.
different settings in which varied modes of
discussion are offered. THE MOST IMPORTANT aspect of the con-
Comprehensive working papers and factual ference-whatrhappenswhen it ends-has
materials were sent to the 165 delegates well in been provided for, too. A committee of facul-
advance of the conference meetings. The par- ty, administrators and students will be elected
ticipants should be prepared to use these ma- at the end of this year's conference to research
terials as a springboard to deeper analysis of proposals that were advanced, organize their
the basic issues underlying the transient as implementation wherever possible and "gener-
well as recurrent problems of the University. ally see to it that the ideas of the conference
do not die Monday morning."
THE AIMS of the conference are lofty and Complete reports of the discussion group will
E Abe mailed to all participants, the University
perhaps idealistic, but some semblance of President, the Senate Advisory Committee and
them must be achieved if this University is to Student Government Council.
be a great one. The conference can lead to ut a
incrase comuncatons mon grupsoftn Asupposition ef the conference is tha al
increased communications among groups often delegates are motivated by a concern for the
working in isolation and mutual hostility. University and that each was selected because
It can provide a bureaucratized means for in- he could contribute something meaningful to
stropection on the University's soft spots and its improvement.
improve planning for the campus of the future. If the conference is to achieve a minimal
It could serve to accelerate the push towards goal of giving each delegate a greater under-
the democratizations of decision-making and standing of the University and a broader
to challenge the stereotyped thoughts of Stu- knowledge of what other members of his com-
dent Government Council officers, department munity are thinking, each participant must
chairmen and University vice-presidents. give freely of his ideas and his experience.
The conference could formalize a mass means The ultimate success of this conference-and
of utilizing the imagination of the professor the ones which may follow it-depends on how
unwilling to carry administrative duties, the seriously the participants reflect on the con-
urgency and freshness of thought of the tran- ference's discussions during the other 362 days
sient student, and the continuity and knowledge of the year. Delegates have shown a willingness
of implementation requirements that the ad- to participate in a discussion of the condition
ministrator has. and direction of the University by accepting
invitations and preparing working papers.
THE TOPIC of the conference this year is
"The University as an Elite Institution," a T CARRY FORTH the aims of the confer-
subject which particularly demands study at ence, they must also be ready to speak cand-
this stage in the University's history. There are idly about the University, at least for the next
factors, within and without the institution, three days. If their expressions of opinion are
pressuring both for and against the University's full and honest ones, all the delegates should
maintaining an elite role. walk out of the conference charged with excite-
Rather than let the University drift without ment and new ideas-and there would be no
a purposeful orientation for another two dec- need to urge them not to forget about the
ades, a conference of this kind might prove to weekend when they return to their normal
be the commencement of significant and deci- duties on Monday.
sive long range planning for the campus-plan- The steering committee has set up a struc-
ning which incorporates in its result the ture which can yield this kind of conference.
thoughts of all the community's component It is up to the delegates to see that it does.


Daly Staff Writer
PART OF the intensive study of
the Office of Student Affairs
Study Committee recommenda-
tions has been done by students,
both present and past. Students
have exerted their right to evalu-
ate the Reed Committee report
and recommend their own changes
for the formation of the Office of
Student Affairs. Alumni too have
expressed their views on the or-
ganization and structure of the of-
Like the recommendations of
the Faculty Senate subcommittee,
so do these reports warrant con-
Jack Tirrell, editor of the Michi-
gan Alumnus, the alumni monthly
magazine, in a March issue edi-
torial presented the view of the
alumni. He wrote, "from a rapid
survey of documents, it (the Reed
Report) would appear to be the
most complete statement on out-
of-classroom activities in the his-
tory of the University. For this
the committee is to be commend-
BUT, TIRRELL points out, al-
though the committee concisely
sets forth a philosophy of purpose,
it must realize that "it is manda-
tory that the responsibility and
authority for nonacademic student
affairs rest with one person.
Tirrell sees the role of the vice-
president as the one of authority
within the structure of the OSA.
He claims that "it is incredible
that the lack of definition, respon-
sibility and placement of authority
has been permitted for such an
extended period."
He contends that the recom-
mendation of the Reed Committee
for a dean and associate dean of
students will further a confusing
delineation of authority in the
OSA structure.
In a discussion of rule making,
Tirrell notes that he feels "the
Regents and the administration
havenprimary authority in this
area and should not delegate rule-
making or student discipline."
* * *
SINCE students are on campus
for a shorter time than faculty or
administration, and since their
primary purpose is academic pur-
suits, there is no need for them to
"administer the institution."
Tirrell says that it is a privilege
to attend the University, Conse-
quently, the Regents, administra-
tion and faculty are responsible
for establishing all of the rules in
both the academic and non-aca-
demic areas. Those who don't
agree, he argues, should feel free
to leave.
As an alumnus, Tirrell of course
has the right to voice his opinion
and also should feel the necessity
to do so. Alumni in all walks of life
add much to the formulation of
University opinion for they have
much to contribute of their knowl-
edge of the world and of their gen-
eral fields.
However, Tirrell seems to forget
that once he was a student. In
the history of education after 1870
students have always been known
to react to their environment.
John Dewey's philosophy was
based on the assumption of the
need of the student to participate.
* *
FOR THE most part, educators
no longer align themselves to a
philosophy of mere memorization
of facts. Students today are en-
couraged to voice their own opin-
ions and discuss vital issues. This
has been true for a long time, and
just as Tirrell's generation prob-
ably did, today's University stu-
dents are debating campus issues.
Denying the right of students
to participate in activities which
vitally concern them is an ex-
tremely authoritarian position.
Tirrell has the right to join his
preferred activities and participate
in the running of them; students

ought to be allowed the sam
That the Office of Stud
fairs should be run underi
thority of the vice-preside
just contention; any office
the University structure g
ultimate authority from t
gents and must be respon
them. But some student pa
tion within an organizatio
cially designed for stud
This implicit assumption
dent participation in stud
tivities has been asserted
report by Student Gove
Council on the study co
recommendations. In its r
SGC notes "the Council
that the University, in p
its educational goals, shou
cern itself with the extr
room experiences of its s
It hopes, however, that t
not be taken to encourage i
er expansion of the insti
role in the personal lives
"NEITHER Council nor
else asks 'absolute reign' f
dents," the report notes.3
SGC recommends that
should be a single admini
officer, the vice-president,:
sible for extra-curricular
ties of the students. But S
that a council of students a
ulty be maintained to ad
vice-president concerning
and programs:
"Student Government
objects to 1) the confusion
is with what should be, 2) t
of recognition that servic
be based on social consci
Separation .. .
To the Editor:
WAS startled to learn t
Board in Control of
Publications has seen fit
into the delicate area of a
ments to The Daily staff.
The Michigan board, a
student publications boar
deniably has the power t
these or any other appoit
to The Daily staff.
* * *
HOWEVER, it has beco
ditional on most America
puses where freedom of t
dent press has come to(
all to establish and nurtur
uous but workable separe
the student newspaper
controlling body. This se
has proved necessary due
unique situation of the
press: it cannot exist inde
of the university or in ma
of the student governmen
must be free, able to oper
editorialize without fear o
al. The student press ca
compared with the con
press, as so many are won
The student press is notr
ed by profit; students do
student newspapers for t
ger pay received.
* * *
THUS, a tradition, to s
tent extra-legal, has evol
suring freedom of the
press. It has evolved beca
necessary in a free society
The Board in Control
its trust when it ar
shufiled Daily appointme
upset the traditional prote
The Daily from governme
terference. I can only ho
the Board will realize i
for it alone can rectify t
-Mark D. Acuff
National Coord
Student Editori
Affairs Confere:

e right. and that all students should be
ent Af- encouraged to interest and involve
the au- themselves in the government of
nt is a the community, 3) the lack of rec-
within ognition of the importance of stu-
ains its dent privacy, 4) the implicit low
he Re- appraisal of student capacities, 5)
sible to the delegation of responsibility
rticipa- based on the public's perception of
n espe- accountability, and 6) the distinc-
ents is tion between the University and its
students," the report notes in dis-
of stu- cussing the philosophy of the study
ent ac- committee report.
by the The Council would have pre-
rnment ferred a statement of philosophy
mmittee which is "less condescending, more
eaction, sensitive to the needs and prob-
agrees lems of students, more cognizant
ursuing of the benefits to the University
ld con- and society of extensive student
a-class- authority to make decisions and
tudents. more concerned with development
his will of attitudes of critical examination
mprop- and social responsibility."
tution's SGC recommended a structure
of its for the Office of Student Affairs
which includes a vice-president as
the sole administrator responsible
anyone to the Regents for the administra-
for stu- tion of housing, financial aid and
In fact, scholarships, counseling, rule en-
there forcement, judiciaries, student ac-
strative tivities and organizations, religious
respon- affairs, international center and
activi- health service offices.
GC asks * * *
nd fac- THIS REMOVES from the au-
vise the thority of the vice-president the
policies bureaus of registration and rec-
ords, appointments, admissions
Council and school service and the admin-
of what istrative staffs for the manage-
the lack ment of bicycles and automobiles.
e must These responsibilities, the report
ousness contends, dilute the energies of
the vice-president.
A faculty-student council, form-
ulated to advise the vice-president,
would be subject to his review. It
would formulate judicial policies
and procedures and report annual-
ly to the Regents..
A director of housing, directly
responsible to the. vice-president,
would have the authority over the
operation of all University hus-
ing. To replace the present Resi-
hat the dence Halls Board of Governors,
Student "direct channels" between the di-
to step rector of housing, Interquadrangle
ppoint- Council, Assembly Association and
the University Senate Subcommit-
s most tee on Student Relations would be
ds, un- established.
o make
ntet A director of financial aid and
scholarships would also be directly
responsible to the vice-president.
In addition there should be sep-
me tra- arate directorships for the super-
.n cam- vision of the University's investi-
he stu- gatory agencies, supervision of the
exist at International Center, Office of Re-
e a ten- ligious Affairs and Health Service.
ation of* * *
and its STUDENT Government Council
paration believes that Associate Advisers in
to the the men's residence halls should
student be eliminated. House directors in
pendent the women's halls should be re-
ny cases tained but "criteria for house di-
t, yet it rector selection and qualfifications
ate and of personnel presently holding
f repris- that position should be reevalu-
nnot be ated."
nmercial The Council also recommends
it to do. that men and women should be
motivat- permitted to live outside of Uni-
not join versity housing after the fresh-
he mea- man year, if students under 21 ob-
tain parental permission.
It further recommends that the
ome ex- University should build apart-
ved en- ments and other types of living fa-
student cilities for rental to students. Also,
use it is optional coeducational housing
. should be instituted. Both of these
violated are recommended for institution
bitrarily as soon as possible.
nts and Council concludes its report with
ction of recommendations for the revision
ntal in- of section 8.03 of the Regent's by-
pe that laws to remove the "conduct unbe-
ts error coming a student" clause. Council
he mis- would prefer to have the bylaw
imply "that rules governing stu-

dent extra-classroom conduct shall
inator - be promulgated by the faculty-
al student council and shall be de-
nce signed only to protect the facilities

of the University community and
the rights of its members."
* * *
"SGC BELIEVES that all cases
involving students accused of vio-
lating T" n i v e r s i t y regulations
should be heard by judiciaries and
that students should always be
entitled, at their option, to an open
hearing ..."
The Council's evaluation of the
study' committee report is not only
extensive but clearly defines au-
thority within the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs.
There is a clear integration of
participation in making policy
student, faculty, administration
without sacrificing the authority
the vice-president needs. Inade-
quacies existing within the pres-
ent judicial systems are eliminat-
ed. Recommendations for housing
and residence hall staffs are not
only needed but would be enthus-
iastically accepted by students who
have expressed their w i s h e s
through various surveys.
in short, SGC has shown a basic
understanding of what students
want and has, in a comprehensive
study, presented what appears to
be a workable, wholly integrated
Office of Student Affairs organiza-
tional structure.
VOICE Political Party has en-
larged upon SGC's report in its
published reactions to the Reed
Report. Voice notes that its re-
port is based on the party's philos-
ophy that "a student should be
treated as a full participant in a
community of scholars."
Voice recommends a new office
of academic programming and
counseling which would shift the
emphasis on counseling from the
classroom buildings to the resi-
dence halls in order to create an
academic atmosphere there.
Further, Voice recommends that
no student should be forced to live
in residence halls, with students
under 21 required to submit par-
ental permission for apartments.
All student hoursashould be abol-
ished, the party asserts.
Voice notes its opposition to any
form of speakers bans (a point no

other report considers) and rec-
ommends that the Regents' bylaw
8.11, preventing subversives from
speaking on campus, be eliminat-
ed. The ban is seen as an "insult
to the community of scholars."
Voice agrees with SGC that there
is a need for a formal body where
a student can go to present griev-
ances, in confidence, regarding
either University personnel or pol-
icies "which were abridging his
rights as a student and limiting
his personal right to privacy."
* * *
VOICE'S proposals further ex-
tend the rights of the student in
the University. Abolition of all
women's closing hours and re-
quired residence in dormitories
and quadrangles may assume too
much responsibility on the part of
the incoming freshman. However.
the basic premise of a student's
right to participate within the or-
ganization of the Office of Student
Affairs merely reaffirms what a
majority of the reports consider a
Reactions to the Reed Commit-
tee Report vary from the extreme
point of view that no student par-
ticipation is needed in, the OSA
(Tirrell's view) to the belief that
the student is the basic element in
the office, (Voice's view).
* * *
A MIDDLE of the road approach
is often rejected merely because it
does not take an extreme stand,
and consequently is seen as a com-
promise of everyone's principles.
However, in the restructuring of
the Office of Student Affairs, ev-
eryone must be considered and ex-
treme views can only be regarded
as those of minorities.
SGC's report reflects a sincere
effort to reflect the opinions of the
entire student body, from the rad-
ical right to the radical left. It is
comprehensive and fairly well
The authority of the University,
well integrated with the right of
the student to participate in mak-
ing decisions regarding his extra-
curricular life should be the aim
of any ideal plan. SGC seems to
have come closest to reaching it.


Gaullist Europe

'Bird' Hits a Sour 'Note
ON PAPER, Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth" is a pretty
shabby effort. Transported to the stage it doesn't come off much
better, and unfortunately the movie version isn't going to immortalize
the work either.
The fact is, in this particular gleeful probing of Southern decad-
ence, Williams is too concerned with his characters, and not enough
interested in why they are there at all.
CHANCE WAYNE'S RETURN to his small Southern hometown on
the arm of a fading Hollywood star to prove that he is about to
"arrive" makes for interesting speculation, but the love interest
between Wayne (Paul Newman) and the hometown sweetheart,
Heavenly, is so transparently constructed and so ineffectually moti-
vated that as the crux of the plot, it manages to dissipate whatever
real interest might evolve.
IF THE MOVIE is worth seeing at all,,then, it is through the
superb acting performances of a few stars.
Newman acquits himself admirably in the role of the visionary
hero, which he created on Broadway, and he gets stunning help
from Ed Begley, as the granite-faced, corrupt political boss of the
town, and from Madeline Sherwood's excellent cameo of the neglected
But without reservation the film is a tribute to the brilliant
characterization of Geraldine Page as the Princess,
FOR ANYONE who watched Miss Page portray the intensely
delicate Amla of "Summer and Smoke" a few weeks ago, her per-
formance as the Princess will come as a revelation.
Miss Page constructs her character from the ground up, totally new
in looks, mood, thought patterns, movement and inflection. Her
phone conversation with Walter Winchell in New York is a beautifully
timed, carefully delineated essay in what acting is all about.
Williams' tacky little melodrama is well worth the effort for
anyone who is curious to see one of the finest actresses of our
generation steal the show from some fairly stiff competition. Un-
fortunately, Tennessee himself isn't in the running.


Gen. de Gaulle made it quite clear that in
his mind "Europe" should be organized and led
by a Franco-German combination. The General
does not regard Britain, which he describes as
an "island," as genuinely European, and he
thinks of the United States, though its presence
is still necessary for defense, as destined even-
tually to withdraw from Europe and in the
near future to exercise a receding influence in
European affairs. The true Europe is to be led
by the Franco-Germans and not by the Anglo-
Saxons. It is to make itself sufficiently powerful
to come to terms with the Soviet Union and
thus to have "Europe" extend from the Atlantic
to the Urals.
This is a formidable conception of policy.
For the core of it, the Franco-German combi-
nation, has real substance. In spite of their
many wars there is an historical connection
between France and the western part of Ger-
many which goes back to the Roman Empire.
Economically, the two countries are comple-
mentary and in the Common Market they are
creating an economy which is so rich and so
dynamic that already it has a bargaining power
in the world which, as we shall see in the pro-
posed tariff negotiations, is superior to that of
Britain and the Commonwealth and at least
equal to that of the United States.
There are also deep but mixed bonds of
memory and of emotions which, unite the two
peoples in the belief that war, which for both
of them was a tragedy and a humiliation, must
never again come between them. There is, too,
the belief that while separately they are only
medium-sized powers, combined they will be the
core of a new great world power. In that con-
nection we must remind ourselves that although
Germany is solemnly pledged by treaty not to
make nuclear weapons, the European nuclear
striking forces, which Gen. de Gaulle wants so
much, could be created much more quickly by
Franco-German cooperation.
YET THERE is another side to the picture.
The Franco-German combination today is
an alliance between de Gaulle and Adenauer.
To say that is enough to warn us not to re-
gard the Gaullist conception of Europe as an
accomplished fact.
I shall not attempt here to say, because I do
wn# lrinT* -1e + -fil lnr~ i L',+evn .ttrt

spread. But Gen. de Gaulle has dismantled
representative government in France, replacing
it with his own personal rule nourished by pop-
ular plebiscite. Since France is not an heredi-
tary monarchy, those who are concerned with
such things are saying-not very loudly at pres-
ent-that they do not see how representative
government is to be restored and a stable suc-
cession to Gen. de Gaulle arranged.
Nevertheless, we must not make too much of
the political instability of France. It is an old
nation and with all the dreams of grandeur it
is a completed and territorially satisfied na-
tion. It has a highly educated population and
its economy is flourishing.
BUT THE INSTABILITY of Germany has pro-
founder consequences. The retirement of
Adenauer cannot be far off. Under his iron
leadership the West Germans have followed his
foreign policy, but it is most improbable that
there is any successor to Adenauer whom the
parties and the factions will follow in the same
way. The Franco-German combination, which
is the keystone of de Gaulle's policy, will no
doubt remain. But I find it hard to think from
what I learned in Berlin and Bonn that the
existing policy will be followed with the same
discipline, the same inflexibility, and the same
I say this because I am persuaded that West
Germany, which is defeated, divided from the
rest of Germany, and is still haunted by the
memories of Nazism, has not yet achieved the
kind of sovereignty, the kind of self-confidence
and self-assaurance, which enable it to make
its own national policy. West Germany has
made a brilliant economic recovery. But in
world politics it is not as yet a principal power.
It is the object of the diplomacy of the other
powers, and its inner life is pushed and pulled
from the outside.
W E CANNOT PRETEND, and we should not
try to pretend, that we believe in or would
welcome a Franco-German "Europe." We shall
not be alone in refusing to applaud it and in
promoting a wider community. Opposed to the
exclusive and restrictive Europe of de Gaulle
and Adenauer, there is a liberal party within
the whole area of the Common Market. Its
leaders are Jean Monnet himself, M. Spaak,
the foreigrn miniser o f Belium. nr.Hallstein.


-Jack O'Brien

Locke and the Founding Fathers


(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
third in a series of articles analyzing
the issue of individual freedom and
national security.)
Daily Staff Writer
CAN A democratic society permit
the advocacy of totalitarian
Can it permit the associations of
totalitarian groups?
Can it allow those who seek the
overthrow of tl'e government to
associate freely and advocate fully
their ideas?
These are questions revolving
around the issue of individual
freedom and national security.
Supreme Court justices have for-
mulatedvarying partial answers,
as we have seen.
How valid these answers are
depends to an extent on the in-
tended nature of our society. We
can get an idea as to this by stu-
dying the philosophy prevalent in
the American colonies at the time
of the American Revolition

Founding Fathers were frequently
exposed to Locke's ideas in church
Sunday mornings.
LOCKE wrote that a man unites
his person and his possessions -
life, liberty and estate - to the
body politic. In doing so a man
subjects himself to the govern-
ment and dominion of the body
politic for the purpose of the pre-
servation of property, which is
"life, liberty and estate,"
From this argument it follows
that individual "life, liberty and
estate" depend on the authority of
the body politic. In other words,
authority guarantees the security
of liberty.
Locke says that the individual,
in joining a society, gives up the
power of doing whatsoever he
wants for the preservation of him-
self and the rest of mankind. He,
gives it up to be regulated by laws
made by the society. He parts with
''as much of his natural liberty,

this is true and if they intend to
threaten our "lives, liberties and
estates," what should we do?
According to Locke, we - the
whole society - have a right to
preserve ourselves. The community
perpetually retains a supreme
power of saving itself from the
attempts and plots of anybody
who would carry on designs
against the liberties and proper-
ties of the citizens.
Locke said that if any one over-
throws the government by force
(takes away the established leg-
islative"), he thereby takes away
the umpirage which everyone has
consented to for a peaceable deci-
sion of all controversies.
* * *
EVERY MAN is born with a
double right: "a right of freedom
to his person" and a right to prop-
erty, Locke stresses. He declares
that "They (the citizens) will al-
ways have a right to preserve what

eliminate subversive elements,
then apparently the mass, if it
has the power, can rightfully 're-
move its dissidents and rebels.
* * *
"THIS I am sure," Locke writes.
"Whoever, either ruler or subject,
by force goes about to invade the
rights of either prince or people
and lays the foundation for over-
turning the constitution and
frame of any just government is
highly guilty of the greatest crime
I think a man is capable of -
being to answer for all those mis-
chiefs of blood, rapine and deso-
lation, which the breaking to
pieces of governments brings on
a country. And he who does it is
justly to be esteemed the common
enemy and pest of mankind and is
to be treated accordingly."
Would Locke, then, have sub-
versives exported from the society
under an Immigration and Na-
tionality Act? Would Locke, then,
have them prosecuted under a
Smith Act?

sons, but authority which is
founded only in the constitutions
and laws of the government, those,
whoever they be, who by force
break through, and by force jus-
tify their violations of them, are
truly and properly rebels ... (but)
the properest way to prevent the
evil is to show them the danger
and injustice of it who are under
the greatest temptation to run
into it."
* * *
SHOW THEM the danger and
injustice of their deed! Locke
seems to urge. Show them how
they threaten the peace of their
society and the property-the life,
liberty and estates - of all its
members, including themselves.
Developing this idea, how shall
we show this to the subversives
within our ,society? Perhaps, by
example. If we can permit the full-
est expression of all philosophies
and opinions, even those who are
totalitarian, and can still retain
the stability of our society, we

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