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May 11, 1962 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-11

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CAMPUS ILLUSTRATED'S
'ILLUSTRATIONS'
See Page 4

Y

S 6fr-43U1

:43 xiiy

CLOUDY

High-60
Low-45
Few scattered showers expected,
in late afternoon.

Seventy-One Years of Editorial

Freedom

VOL. LXXII, No. 160 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 11, 1962 SEVEN CENTS

SIX PAGES

I

I

d-

fi7

GOP Nuisance Taxes'
Pass Third Reading
Bill Meets Small Debate Opposition;
Plan To Provide Additional Funds
By MICHAEL HARRAH
Acting City Editor
Special To The Daily
LANSING-House Republicans yesterday passed their 5-point, $69
million nuisance tax package to third reading with a surprisingly small
amount of trouble and set them up for passage next Tuesday.
But the legislators almost bogged down in a roaring debate on a
Senate-approved resolution which would extend the current legisla-
tive session indefinitely.
Under the previous rules, the Legislature was scheduled to ad-
journ today, but the new resolution, finally adopted by a 57-31 mar-

-,.
-

PROF. KENNETH BOULDING
... seven steps

0Boulding Asks
Wider Agenda
To Cut Arms
By HELENE SCHIFF
The world agenda' of action to
prevent a drift towards nuclear
disaster must be widened, Prof.
Kenneth Boulding of the econ-
omics department said last night
at the second Voice Symposium on
the arms race.
He proposed seven steps to find
"the genuine road to survival."
First, Prof. Boulding called for
acceptance of general and com-
plete disarmament and peaceful
competition between the two world
systems as a national goal of all
countries.
Accept Goal
At present the United States
and Russia have accepted this
goal verbally and officially but
not emotionally.
His second step proposed uni-
lateral action by the United States.
"The Administration should re-
assure the, Russians that it will
not support any revisions of fron-
tiers in Eastern Europe, and in
particular, will not support any
revision of the boundary between
East Germany and Poland."
Prof. Boulding suggested a
World. Peace Research Agency un-
der the United Nations as a third
proposal. One of its functions
would be to serve as an informa-
tion center and to collect and pro-
cess, scientifically, an enormous
mass of information regarding the
international system.
A fourth step would be to ne-
gotiate with the Russians for. a
World Economic Development
Decade. This would be like the
Inter-National Geophysical : year
with everyone working together
on the technological aspects of
e c o n o m i c development, Prof.
Boulding explained.
As a fifth proposal, he urged
placing Civil Defense under the
World Health Organization. Civil
Defense at the present, serves only
as a de-stabilizing factor and
should be removed from the arms
race, he said.
Strengthen Institutions
The sixth step proposes
strengthening the institutions of
world law by making the world
court system more specialized.
"The fear of an overall infringe-
ment of national rights by a sys-
tem of world law may be lessened
in marine law, air law, boundary

$gin, will allow the lawmakers to
"meet until we have finished the
business at hand," according to
House Majority Floor Leader Alli-
son Green (R-Kingston), who
backed it.
Small Opposition
Chief pilot of the tax package,
Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-Ann
Arbor) said that he was encour-
aged at the relatively small opposi-
tion the nuisance tax package re-
ceived in debate.
It was, renovated and amended,
according to Green's proposals an-
nounced Wednesday, without too
much difficulty.
The GOP beat down various
Democratic attempts to amend the
package, including a proposal that
would have slapped a 20 per cent
tax on commercial advertising, of-
fered by Rep. Alexander Petri (D-
Ecorse).
Democrats Objected
Various Democrats objected to
the package "as patchwork meas-
ures and illegitimate stopgaps," but
Bursley retorted "there's hardly
anything illegitimate about this
package. It's just as legitimate as
any other tax."
Rep. E. D. O'Brien (p-Detroit)
asserted that the GOP would
"never find its 56 votes for final
passage, and they won't get them
from us."
(The various taxes passed to
third reading with anywhere from
41 to 53 affirmative votes, indi-
cating parts of the package have
almost enough votes for passage.
Green has requested all Republi-
cans be ordered into attendance on
Tuesday, when the House will next
consider the package, and the sev-
eral Republicans absent yesterday
could supply the necessary win-
ning votes.)
Reiterates Stand
Minority Floor Leader Joseph J.
Kowalski (D-Detroit) reiterated
the stand the Democrats took on
Tuesday, that they will not sup-
port any tax program except the
Governor's, which has been scut-
tled in the Senate.
This could lead to an indefinite
impasse, if the Republicans can-
not muster all 56 of their mem-
bers on all five taxes.
Conservatives
Suffer Defeat
LONDON (AP) - Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan's Conservatives
suffered a severe setback yester-
day in local elections that tradi-
tionally serve as indicators of the
national climate.
With the count from more than
400 cities and towns in England
and Wales finally in this morning,
the conservatives conceded they
had lost control in 36 towns with
525 of their candidates unseated.

Leslie Tells
Of Relation
To National
By BARBARA LAZARUS
Assistant Dean of Women Eliz-
abeth A. Leslie explained Panhel-
lenic Association's dual role in re-
lation to the University and the
sorority nationals in dealing with
membership statements last night.
Speaking as a member of a Jun-
ior Panhellenic Association panel,
Dean Leslie said that "there is a
difference in the minds of the na-
tionals and the University as to
whether the sorority is' a student
organization."
She stated that the nationals
question the right of a student
organization, such as Student
Government Council, to have ac-
cess to a sorority's constitution.
Delegated Authority
Dean Leslie said that the Re-
gents have delegated authority to
SGC to recognize and withdraw
recognition from student organi-
zations.
She explained that "it is Pan-
hel's function to be a conferring
body for the benefit of sororities,
and therefore it does not make
decisions 'for the individual sor-
orities as a whole on campus."
"Every student here is both a
sorority member and a University
student. Therefore a girl is loyal
to both her University and na-
tional."
Question of Authority
Dean Leslie said that when
there is a question of authority in
the mind of the national organiza-
tion, the local affiliate finds her-
self in a difficult position.
"Panhel stays in the middle and
recognizes both relationships of
belonging to the University and
the national," she said.
Inter-Fraternity Council went
so far as to make a statement that
they did not support bias, Susan
Stillerman, '63A&D, last year's
president of Panhellenic, said.
No Public Statement
Miss Stillerman said that "Pan-
hel has chosen not to make a pub-
lic statement, but has worked con-
scientiously to effect a satisfac-
tory solution to the problem."
Dean Leslie explained that Pan-
hel is making every effort to ex-
plain the commission given to SGC
by the Regents to the national or-
ganization.
She said that Panhel is not a
place where policy is made, and it
does not impose any policies on
individual sororities.
Careful Discussion
"If a sorority should be in vio-
lation of the By-law there would
be careful discussion and judicious
consideration by the SGC Com-
mittee on Membership."
Miss Stillerman said that "Pan-
hellenic can represent the houses
involved and can speak for them
as University women, but not as a
national group. The biggest aid it
can give is to provide information
and clarify issues."
Presently members of National
Panhellenic Associationnare visit-
ing the campus and conferring
with the administration and Pan-
hel.
Dean Leslie described Panhel as
a liaison group between the na-
tional officers and the individual
sororities. Panhel can help con-
vey any recommendations from
national to the locals.
The discussion was part of a
panel which explained various as-
pects of sorority living and or-
ganization to members of pledge
classes.

'Committee
Voids Vote
By EDWARD HERSTEIN
The. Subcommittee on Discipline
decided yesterday to change part
of Joint Judiciary Council's rul-
ing on the election of senior of-
ficers of the literary college.
The body reversed Joint Judic's
invalidation of the election of
Robert Walters, '63, to president
and Sharon McCue, '63, to secre-
tary while upholding the Council's
ruling to void the election of Mark
Moskowitz, '63, to vice-president
and James Lipton, '63, to treasur-
er.
A statement issued by the sub-
committee explained that their
decision was based on the grounds
that while there were clearly vio-
lations in the election proceedings,
they were not great enough to
change the outcome of the elec-
tion of Walters and McCue, but
"the vote was so close as to indi-
cate very serious doubt whether
the result would have been dif-
ferent if the irregularities had not
occurred" in the case of Mosko-
witz and Lipton.
The committee pointed to sta-
tistics showing that Walters had
received 55 per cent more votes
than his nearest competitor and
McCue 77 per cent more votes
than her only rival, while Mosko-
witz won by only 11 per cent over
his lone competitor and Lipton
polled only 11 per cent of the to-
tal votes cast. It also added that
one of the candidates who was
running for treasurer was not
In several places the committee
made it clear that fault for the
poor administration of the elec-
tion lay with Student Government
Council.
They said that Miss McCue's
violations "were made possible by
the negligence of SGC" and add-
ed, "if campus elections in partic-
ular and student government in
general are to continue at Michi-
gan, Student Government Coun-
cil must immediately develop more
sensible, workable procedures .. .
in future elections."
Student Riots
Rock Madrid
By The Associated Press
Approximately 1,500 students
demonstrated at the University of
Madrid yesterday protesting the
arrest and fining of other students
during previous riots last weekend
in support of striking miners in
northern Spain.
In Lisbon, police in a dawn
swoop today arrested an estimated
1,000 students and members of
their families in a crackdown on
university demonstrators.

The President, initiated into
pared the sources of American

AID DEVELOPING NATIONS:
Hatcher Challenges Leaders
Arguing that "developing" nations will need vastly more help from Eb
the United States than mere money if they are to grow, a concerned
but optimistic University President Harlan Hatcher last night called
upon young American intellectuals to bend their growing social, politi-
cal and economic knowledge to the task of building better societies
around the world.
President Hatcher spoke at the Phi Beta Kappa initiation ban-
quet, which saw 163 University students join the honorary academic:
society, almost double last year's totals.

Romano Gathers
Bi artisan Votes
Says Schools Agree To Decrease
Number of Out-of-State Students
By DAVID MARCUS
Special To The Daily
LANSING-The University, Michigan State University and
the Michigan College of Mining and Technology at Houghton
have all agreed to start cutting down the proportion of out-of-
state students, Rep. William D. Romano (D-Warren) and
House Majority Floor Leader Allison Green (R-Kingston) said
yesterday.
Romano said that agreement came about through a meet-

F
s

Phi Beta Kappa 40 years ago, com-
ociety's strength to other nations'
weaknesses. He recalled Ralph
Waldo Emerson's Phi Beta Kappa
speech of 1837, inwhich Emerson
told Americans they would have to
make an intellectual life of their
own to develop the American ideal
society.
New Gauntlet
Conscious of Emerson's chal-
lenge, President Hatcher threw
down a new gauntlet.
Pointing to national success
that would surprise even the op-
timistic Emerson, P r e s i d e n t
Hatcher said the source of United
States strength have been politi-
cal stability, great and devoted
national leadership, and a belief
in equal opportunity for all, made
possible by a strong educational
system.
And, as Emerson knew would
happen a "great body of highly
intelligent, creative people" shar-
ing the fruits of their scholarship,
contributed mightily to the na-
tional growth.
Contrasts Societies
On the basis of his recent trip to
Venezuela and Peru, and other
foreign trips, President Hatcher
contrasted American society to the
problem-ridden under-developed
nations.
In Venezuela, for instance, there
is not a tradition of purposeful
national leadership but of domin-
ation by the military and a desire
for personal profit.
There is also an absence of
"what we take for granted" - a
corps of democratic, personally
honest public administrators.
Huge Gulf
A third problem is the huge
gulf between the educated and
cultured wealthy classes and the
"80-70-60 per cent" allegedly poor
illiterate people, without hope for
'the future.
Finally, there is an inadequate
educational system. There is no
provision for the "mass of youth"
who are demanding learning to
better their lot. And the students
in the universities have little sense
of public responsibility or desire
to push back. their intellectual
horizons, to aid their societies and
to understand themselves.
Broad Attack
Warning against hoping for an
"overnight transformation," Pres-
ident Hatcher said a broad attack
must be made on all the problems
of the developing nations. Uni-
versities are needed, for instance
but this requires more high
schools and grammar schools,
which means economic develop-
ment and social change are
needed.
American scholars, simply as in-
tellectuals, have a role to play in
this broad development. Although
the United States cannot export
its culture bodily, and should not
need to, it can stimulate each na-
tion "creativity and desire to de-
velop its own culture."
Among these contributions will
be in the "neglected fields" of po-
litical and social study, knowledge
comparable to the technological
skills of modern society.

PRESIDENT HARLAN HATCHER
... Latin American trip
1962'
.Asks GOP
Motivation
By JAMES NICHOLS
Republican State Committee
Chairman George Van Peursem
praised the Ann Arbor and Wash-
tenaw County Republican commit-
tees last night, but urged an even
greater effort for the 1962 elec-
tions.
Speaking at the Honors Dinner
of the Ann Arbor Republican City
Committee, Van Peursem said
"you have a tremendous reason to
be-proud." Washtenaw County Re-
publicans, he said, are.organized
"in every possible way that you
can effectively organize." .
He cited the importance of this
year's election and sought means
of motivating the party workers
to greater efforts. "I would hate
to predict the result of not win-
ning in 1962," he said.
Van Peursem suggested fear and
anger as motivations. A person is,
capable of more when he is afraid,
and a little fear among Michigan
Republicans would help to "get out
of this hole that the Republican
Party has been in for 14 years."
If it is true that "nice guys
never win," then "the Republicans
of Michigan have been 'nice guys,
long enough."
He associated the Democratic
program with Khrushchev's stat-
ed intention of encouraging "little
doses of socialism" in the United
States, until the nation "wakes up
and discovers it has Communism."
He cited various welfare and
trade regulation policies of the
Demrocatic administration as ex-
amples of "little doses of social-
ism."

ing between University officia
Commission last March. He.
added that the agreement was
on an informal basis and that
no institution had promised to
reduce non-Michigan enroll-
ment to any specified ratio.
Out-of-State Figures
Currently, 31.3 per cent of the
University's enrollment is from
out-of-state. At MSU and Tech
the figures are 19.1 per cent and
27.8 per cent, respectively.
The University is currently en-
gaged in an intensive study of out-
of-state enrollment problems.
Romano last year co-sponsored,
with Green, a rider to the Univer-
sity's- appropriation which would
have set a 15 per cent limit on
out - of - state enrollment. The
amendment failed by four votes.
Enough Votes
Romano and Green, noting that
this year they have enough votes
in a bi-partisan coalition to pass
a jlaw limiting non-Michigan en-
rollment, cited statistics showing
the geographical breakdown of
out-of-state enrollment at the Uni-
versity.
At the University, according to
figures gathered by the Legisla-
tive Audit Commission, there are
1,326 students from New York,
343 from New Jersey, 1,075 from
Illinois and 1,039 from Ohio.
"Although we have the votes to
pass a law this year limiting out-
of-state admissions, we feel it is
best to cooperate with the univer-
sities instead of having an open
conflict between these institutions
and the Legislature."
The University, as a constitu-
tional body, might well not be
bound to follow a state law limit-
ing enrollment.
Romano continued that the ed-
ucation of out-of-state students at
the three institutions cost the state
only $5,000 more than the total
operation of Western and Central
Michigan Universities.
He added that he felt the Leg-
'slature would gladly appropriate
extra money to state institutions
of higher learning to make up for
the money lost from the higher
fees of non-Michigan students lost
in any reduction.

SGC Adopts
Daily Motion
By GAIL EVANS
Student Government Council
passed the motion concerning The
.Daily in a 10 to 1 vote with 3 ab-
stentions at 2:05 a.m. yesterday
morning. I
Also early yesterday morning
Council adopted a motion estab-
lishing a procedure for consider-
ing requests for extensions of the
sixty-day deadline requirement for
sororities' and fraternities' state-
ments on membership selection
practices.
SGC discussed the probable tui-
tion hike. A motion introduced by
Fred Batlle, '64A&D, proposed that
Council should urge the University
not to raise out-of-state tuition
disproportionately so as to cut
down on out-of-state enrollment.
Derogates Value
It suggests that a raise which
sharply discriminates against out-
of-state students could only be
constructed as an attitude which
derogates the value of these stu-
dents to the University. The mo-
tion urges that any raise be as-
sessed proportionally equal upon
all students.
The Daily motion affirms the
principle of editorial freedom and
states that the Board 'in Control
of Student Publications should not
reject the senior editor's staff rec-
ommendations unless the Board
considers the recommended edi-
tors to be "clearly incompetent to
publish The Daily."
Richard G'sell, '62BAd, intro-
duced a motion which Council
added to the main motion to in-
cl.'de a statement saying that SGC
takes no position as to whether
"there was a violation of freedom
of the press in the current contro-
versy."
Must Ask Extension
The policy on adequacy of
statements extension will be that
groups whose statements are due
in May, must ask for an extension
by May 15 and for organizations ,
facing a June deadline by May 22.
Requests must state substantive
reasons why the extension is nec-
essary and include any relevant
correspondence with national and
alumni groups pertaining to why
the group needs more time.
The president of SGC shall no-
tify all fraternities and sororities
whose statements he has deemed
inadequate in terms of University
regulations on the policy concern-
ing extensions.
New Law Deals
With Lockouts
By The Associated Press
It is now a misdemeanor in
Michigan to hire professional
strikebreakers or to repeatedly of-
fer onself as a substitute for em-
ployes affected by a strike or lock-
out. ,
The law, signed Wednesday by
Governor John B. Swainson, also
forbids employers from hiring any-
one not aware that a strike or
lockout is in existence. Empoy-
ment agencies are not allowed to
refer workers to an employer with-
out notifying the prospective em-
nove that such a condition exists.

Als and the Legislative Audit

I

Munson Reviews Dutiest
Of V oluntary Agencies
By ANDREW ORLIN
Business organizations spend millions of dollars to buy the type
of loyality-that volunteer groups freely receive frdm their members.
Prof. Fred Munson of the School of Business Administration at
a leadership conference noted that the volunteer organization has
a "built-in commitment" of its members and that this dedication canI
only be easily destroyed by poor leadership. People join volunteer
groups because they have a com-
mon goal which individually they
cannot achieve. The authority for
leadership in these groups must
come from the members. Since
there is such dedication, the abuse
of power by the leaders willse-
verely damage the organization.

THOMAS MODERATOR:
SRoss, Madden Debate Issues of .

By ROBERT SELWA
William Madden, 64L, and Ro-
bert Ross, '63, debated issues of the
House Un - American Activities
Committee last night.
Prof. Norman C. Thomas of the
political science department mod-
erated the discussion.
He introduced the debate by
explaining that over 1000 Congres-
sional investigations of various
natures have been conducted since

the Communist party is part of
a general conspiracy directed from
Moscow and that it intends to
overthrow the government.
Madden urged that "more intel-
ligent people," especially liberals,
join the Committee to provide it
with a better balance of political
viewpoints.
"If anyone should be well equip-
ped to be on the Committee, lib-
erals are," he went on. "They
f~iil3+ 13m -nm itni~e fr R

to First Amendment freedoms.
The result is an atmosphere that
causes timidity.
"Our University-a lovely, status
quo institution-is a victim of such
an atmosphere," he commented.
Ross drew a line between con-
spiracy of thought and conspiracy
of action. He said thought should
be as free as possible, but that
the distinct possibility of action
-as the definite ability of a con-
c --in fnrt oln,, a m hnhin th

Prof. Munson said.
If, members are made to obey
a seemingly stupid order, they will
quickly lose their priceless en-
thusiasm for the group. But, Prof.
Munson added, if you give them
valid reasons for obeying this
order, you will have the person
following it because he wants to.
It's much better to get people
working directly for you, instead
of having them working for you
but not for your goals. This is the
hn.; _ -v.n _ m 4h _ C1H _ _ fH-

massanammasswom

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