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May 09, 1962 - Image 3

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-09

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Laotian Royalists

Report

Loss of Outpost to Rebels

Report Says
Red Chinese
Press Attack
McNamara Inspects
Thai-Laos Border

By The Associated Press
VIENTIANE-The royal Laotian
army yesterday disclosed the loss
of two more positions to advancing
Communist rebel forces.
A government communique said
Red troops coming from Muong
Sai Monday captured Muong Nga,
35 miles north of the royal capital,
of Luang Prabang in northern
Laos.
In southern Laos, the communi-
que said, Red forces drove an out-
numbered royal army unit from
the outpost of Saravane, which
Acting Foreign Secretary Sisouk
Na Champasak warned newsmen
lkely would be the next major goal
of the rebels.
The communique also said that
two Communist Chinese and one
Communist North Vietnamese bat-
talions were pressing on the heels
of the royal army garrison which
was defeated at the provincial cap-
ital of Nam Tha over the weekend.
Control Land Routes
They already command all Laos'
frontier with Red China and Com-
munist North Viet Nam and con-
trol some land routes into South
Viet Nam, where Communist guer-
rillas are warring on President Ngo
Dien Diem's United States-backed
government.
United States authorities have
disputed previous reports that Red
Chinese were involved, suggesting
that the troops in question were
Chinese-speaking Lu tribesmen of
North Laos.
Te government kept secret the
strength of its garrison at Houei
Sai. Sisouk told newsmen this in-
formation "would benefit only our
enemies."
Pretty Good Fight
Col. Edwin Elder, a United States
military adviser, estimated from
1,000-3,000 of the 5,000 men run
out of Nam Tha were involved in
the fight at Vieng Phou Kha. Eld-
er told newsmen reconnaissance
pilots witnessed the action.
The colonel said the garrison
troops had faced a well coordinat-
ed and well planned attack at Nam
Tha, but they "put up a pretty
good fight and I am proud of their
battery firing." Elder and 11 other
American advisers got out by heli-
copter.
The developments came as Unit-
ed States Defense Secretary Rob-
ert S. McNamara visited Thailand,
an ally of the United States which
is concerned at the possibility of
Communist infiltratior from Laos
in the revived civil war, to inspect
the situation on the Laotian bor-
der.
McNamara and Gen. Lyman
Lemnitzer, chairman of the U. S.
Joint Chiefs of Staff, took off
from Bangkok, the Thal capital,
on a 900-mile swing through cen-
tral and eastern areas of that na-
tion. ,

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The President indicated that whether some in business and labor
like it or not he is responsible as chief executive for maintaining wage-
-price stability, and intends to do so. "I believe it is the business of
Othe President of the United States
to concern himself with the general
H ouse Grouwelfare and the public interest,"
House roup e said.
A-

Approves Bill
On Teachers
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-A House edu-
cation subcommittee yesterday ap-
proved President John F. Kenne-
dy's five-year, $745 million pro-
posal proposed to better the qual-
ity of teaching in United States
schools.
The bill, approved 3-2, was one
of two new education requests sent
to Congress by the President this
year. Its chances, beyond expect-
ed approval of the part House
Committee on Education and La-
bor, were not considered bright
this year.
The teacher quality bill would
aid both individual teachers and
schools in an effort to improve
classroom instruction standards.
The feature which attracted the
most attention was a proposal for
about $70 million worth of one-
year scholarships. These would
permit promising elementary and
secondary teachers to return to
college for additional training in
their special fields.
There would also be grants to
teacher colleges and universities
to improve their programs of
training teachers.

A New President
"And if the people believe that
it is not, then they should secure
the services of a new president of
the United States."
Kennedy said he did not pro-
pose to handle his job as merely
"the honorary chairman of a great
fraternal organization" and con-
fine himself to ceremonial func-
tions.
"That isn't what the Constitu-
tion says," the President said. "And
I did not run for president to ful-
fill that office in that way."
The President said he expects
to continue to stress to labor and
management their wage-price ob-
ligations to the American public.
Aware, of Effects
"It is the responsibility of the.
president," Kennedy said, "not to
seek to compel, but to seek at least
to be sure that the parties involv-
ed in these great decisions are
aware of the effect . . . upon the
national interest and the national
security.
"No president . . . should do less
and I intends to meet my respon-
sibilities."
Kennedy spoke in this resort
city's giant-sized convention hall
before a crowd of more than
10,000 including U.A.W. delegates
and the general public.

U.S. Appeals
To Kremlin
On Ceasefire
WASHINGTON WP) - United
States officials sought help yester-
day from an unusual quarter-the
Kremlin-in trying to squelch the
new Communist offensive threat-
ening Laos.
Informed sources said American
as well as British diplomats in
Moscow are under instructions to
contact the Soviet 'government
about restoring the cease - fire
shattered by rebel seizure Sunday
of the royal Lao government
strongpoint of Nam Tha.
Diplomatic Maneuver
United States hopes for success
in this diplomatic maneuvers stem-
med from Russia's performance
over the past year demonstrating
what has been interpreted here as
a genuine desire for an independ-
et and neutral Laos.
Official reports reaching Wash-
ington said Red rebels in sizable
force are pursuing government
troops retreating in good order
from Nam Tha in the direction of
the border of Thailand, an in-
creasingly apprehensive United
States ally. State Department
Press Officer Lincoln White de-
clared that the artillery-preceded
attack on Nam Tha had been "well
planned and professionaly execut-
ed by the Vietminh and the Pathet
Lao."
The Vietminh are Cmmunist
North Vietnamese. The Pathet Lao
are Communist-led Laotian reb-
els. Washington has no confirma-
tion of Red Chinese involvement,
White said.
Seeking Reinstatement
White declined to say whether
the United States, in seeking re-
instatement of the cease-fire pro-
claimed at Geneva a year ago, will
demand that the Reds give up Nam
Tha and other areas seized in their
current drive.
United States strategists are
caught in an unhappy squeeze.
They don't want Laos gobbled up
by the Reds, nor do they want to
plunge the United States militarily
into the distant southeast Asian
country where logistics favor the
Communists and the local popu-
lace seems unwilling to fight in its
own defense.
It is estimated here that rebel
forces already control more than
half of Laos and have the force
to seize the rest of the country if
they want to.
Low Turn-Out
In Primaries
WASHINGTON (M)-Voters gen-
erally showed little enthusiasm
yesterday as they selected party
nominees in primary elections in
Ohio, West Virginia, Indiana and
New Mexico.
Florida, however, had several
hard-fought primary campaigns
and record turnouts were expected
as voters nominated candidates for
the United States Senate and
House of Representatives.
Rain and chilly weather further
cut down expected low voting to-
tals in Ohio and West Virginia.
In the south, politicians bent an
ear toward Florida for signs of
voter reaction to President John F.
Kennedy's Medical Care for the
Aged Program which he plans to
finance through social security.
Former Sen. Claude Pepper, try-
ing a political comeback in a race
for the House in one of Florida's
four new congressional districts,
has used in his campaign a letter
from Kennedy thanking Pepper for
supporting the President's medical

care and federal aid to education
proposals.

Chancellor
Calls Talks
Indecisive
BERLIN (A')-Chancelor Konrad
Adenauer of West Germany last
night declared himself openly in
conflict with the British-backed
United States policy of going
ahead with the inconclusive Ber-
lin talks with the Soviet Union..
"I see no ground for continuing
the talks," he told a news confer-
ence on a visit to this Communist-
encircled city.
"Do you think there is no dan-
ger in continuing talks indefinitely
without result?" he asked a ques-
tioner.
Pause Discussions
He suggested a pause now in the
discussions conducted in Washing-
ton.
Adenauer's open split was voiced
while Secretary of State Dean
Rusk was en route home-by way
of Australia and New Zealand-
from a NATO meeting in Athens
at which he apparently had won
the confidence of all the 15 mem-
bers on the way he was conduct-
ing the probing talks.
On his return to Washington he
has been expected to continue the
present phase of discussions with
Soviet' Ambassador Anatoli Dob-
rynin. The talks are designed to
see if there are prospects for a
final settlement of the Berlin cris-
is.
Immediate Reaction
The 86 - year - old Adenauer's
statements caused immediate re-
action in Washington and London.
United States State Department
spokesman Lincoln White invited
Adenauer to submit his own ideas
on how to break; the deadlock over
Berlin, and said the United States
was wedded to no,"particular for-
mulation" of proposals to Moscow:
A foreign office spokesman in
London said Britain "fully agrees"
with the way the talks have been
handled by Rusk.
The United States and Britain
began consultations. United States
Ambassador David Bruce called on
British Foreign Secretary Lord
Home in London, and British Am-
bassador Sir Ormsby-Gore was
asked to make another assessment
with State Department officials in
Washington.
Adenauer again made it plain
he does not think much of a re-
ported American proposal to put
access to Berlin under the control
of an international authority of
13 nations.

MOSCOW (M)--The Soviet Un-
ion yesterday agreed to give Indo-
nesia more arms to fight the Dutch
in West New Guinea and reassert-
ed its sympathy with the Indones-
ian campaign to add the territory
to its sprawling islands.
Soviet policy was outlined by
Alexei Kosygin, a first deputy pre-
mier, in a brief speech at a recep-
tion for the Indonesian visitors.
The agreement on arms was con-
firmed in a speech by Foreign Min-
ister Subandro of Indonesia.
Peaceful Settlement
(In Canberra, where he is at-
tending a meeting of members of
Terrorism
Continule/s
ALGIERS (A)-Death struck at
quarter hour intervals among Mos-
lems of Algiers for a while yester-
day in the European Secret Army's
methodical campaign of terrorism.
Secret Army gunmen staged at-
tacks at the rate of one every 15
minutes in the heart of the capi-
tal, doing most of the shooting at
point-blank range.
The violence here was coupled
with gunfights with police at the
Western cityrof bran, chief base of
the Secret Army.
By nightfall 28 persons had been
killed. These included two Mos-
lem women, a barmaid and a house
servant, who were shot in the head
at close range on their way to
work. The killers calmly walked off
and onlookers continued on their
way.
Two of the dead were European
men suspected of working with
French and Moslem authorities
against the Secret Army. The body
of one was found in the Bab el
Oued neighborhood witha card at-
tached saying he had opposed the
Secret Army. The other's body was
found in his insurance agency of-
fice.
At least 15 others,.allbut one of
them Moslem, were.wounded.
In Oran, gun fights between po-
lice and the Secret Army broke
out near the center of the city
twice, once near the prefecture of
police and again near the Place de
la Bastille, one of the main
squares.
There was no immediate report
of casualties.

the Australia - New Zealand-Unit-
ed States pact, Secretary of State
Dean Rusk expressed concern at
the Soviet buildup of arms in In-
donesia. He said the United States
wants the dispute settled peace-
ably.}
Neither Kosygin nor Indonesian
officials would indicate how much
aid is being given or what types of
arms are being supplied.
There was speculation that some
sort of sea craft will ,be included
by the Russians to move invasion
forces to New Guinea.
We Have Rockets
Ganis H o r s o n o, Indonesian
spokesman, when asked if the
equipment would include rockets,
said "we already have rockets." He
said these were in earlier ship-
ments. He said no Russian military
mission would accompany the
weapons.

NYC, Pennsy Stockholders
Clear Plan for Rail Merger'
By The Associated Press
ALBANY-Shareholders of the New York Central and the Penn-
sylvania Railroads yesterday voted approval of a merger of their
two lines into a $5 billion, 22,000-mile railroad system.
The next requirement is approval by the Interstate Commerce
Commission. Labor unions and some government officials opposing
th e p la n a re e x p e c te d to sw in g + t h ei rwei g h tag ai n stitat_ _ _ _
their weight against it at ICC
hearings. I

If it materializes, the combined
system will have assets of about
$5 billion, 20,000 miles of rail
routes and 120,000 employes. The
merger is the biggest ever propos-
ed.
The Pennsy is the country's NQ.
1 rail carrier in assets. The Cen-
tral ranks third, having been pass-
ed last year by the Southern Pa-
cific.
Pennsylvania stockholders en-
dorsed the plan at their annual'
meeting in Philadelphia. Approval
of Central shareholders came two
hours later at their annual session
in Albany; N.Y.
Opposition was of token propor-
tions at both places.
Alfred E. Perlman, president .of
the Central, was asked by newsmen
what would happen if the ICC re-
jected the merger application.
r"I don't see how it could fall
through," he replied. "I don't
think the administration would
want to cripple public transporta-
tion."
Perlman and James M. Symes,
board chairman of the Pennsyl-
vania, view the proposed new com-
pany as part of an emerging pat-
tern for three "competitively bal-
anced" rail systems.

World News Roundup

There were indications from
Western sources that the Indones-
ians were a little disappointed at
the amount of the material, but
none of this came into the open.
Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev
tspent nearly two hours with the
delegation, and Subandrio said the
talk was very satisfactory.
At the reception, which was at-
tended by a large body of diplo-
mats and Soviet officers, Kosygin
tdeclared:
"Indonesia has tried by peace-
ful means to get a settlement, but
Holland answered with rejections
and provocations. It is clear to
all that the measures are directed
by the Dutch to reasserting colon-
ialism in Southeast Asia. They
want to use New Guinea as a
springboard against Indonesia and-
as a base of aggressive blocs."

ARMS AGAINST DUTCH:
Russians To Aid Indonesians

PETITION NOW
for 1962,,
HOMECOMING
POSITIONS
Publicity
Alumni Relations
Finance
Secretarial
Display
Booklet
Tickets
Special Events
Deadline
Friday, May 1
Contact General
Co-Chairmen:
Susan Brockway
NO 2-4514
or
Charles Mann
NO 2-9574

By The Associated Press
CAPE CANAVERAL-A power-
ful Centaur space rocket exploded
in flight yesterday about 50 sec-
onds after blasting off on its maid-
en test flight. It was designed as
a workhorse vehicle for lifting 4%/
ton payloads into orbit and send-
ing large probes to the moon, Mars
and Venus.
WASHINGTON-President John
F. Kennedy proposed to Congress
yesterday specific legislation to
give him standby power to cut in-
come taxes in times of business re-
cessions. It would permit him to
reduce individual income tax rates
by up to 5 percentage points for a
maximum of one year. At present
income tax levels this would
amount to a cut of about $10 bil-
lion in over-all taxes.
DETROIT-Historians took over
supervision of digging at a build-
ing construction site yesterday
after workmen turned up parts of
a British fort built in 1779.
WASHINGTON-A Civil Aero-
nautics Board examiner recom-
Coeds:
"Let us style a
FLATTERING HAIR-DO
to your individual needs."
- no appointments needed --
The Dascola Barbers
near Michigan Theatre

mended yesterday that the Hughes
Tool Co. (Toledo) be allowed to
take over control of Northeast Air-
lines as the only alternative to
bankruptcy for the carrier.

U

r

UN Commission Reports on Crash

By MILTON BESSER
Associated Press Staff Writer
UNITED NATIONS-A United
Nations inquiry commission has
revealed that Dag Hammarskjold's
death in a plane crash could have
been caused by sabotage or other
hostile action, but it found no evi-
dence to prove this.
The five-member commission re-
jected pilot error as a probable
cause. One of its own experts and
a Rhodesian inquiry commission
had concluded human failure was
the most likely cause. Thus the
UN inquiry failed to resolve the
mysterious circumstances sur-
rounding the tragedy.
The commission examined as
possible causes sabotage, attack
from the air or ground, pilot er-
ror, structural defects in the air-
craft and instrument failure, and
concluded none could be ruled out.
Requested Report
"The commission has carefully
examined all possible causes of
the accident," the ,8-page report
requested by the General Assem-
bly said. "It has considered all
possible causes of the accident. It

has considered the possibility of
sabotage or of attack and the ma-
terial or human failures which
could have resulted in the accident.
"It has found no evidence to
support any of the particular
theories that have been advanced,
nor has it been able to exclude
the possible causes which have
been considered."
In regard to the possibility of
sabotage, the commission express-
ed concern that the plane, under
charter from a Swedish company,
was left unguarded for several
hours at Leopoldville before it left
for Ndola. The commission voiced
regret also that no responsible
UN official was informed of the
route the plane was to follow.
Contributing Cause
"Though it has no reason to be-
lieve that either of these omissions
was a contributing cause of the
crash," it added, "it considers that
both were potentially dangerous."
The commission found no evi-
dence that a Katanga jet fighter
which had been operating against
UN forces was in the vicinity of
Ndola the night of the crash. But
it said also that since no radar

watch was maintained in the area
the possibility that unknown air-
craft were involved could not be
ruled out.
Holes in the plane were found
not to be caused by bullets, and
experts reported the plane had not
been hit by rockets.
As for pilot error, the report
said examination of the crash site
and wreckage appeared to estab-
lish beyond all possible doubt that
except for its altitude, the plane
was in normal approach position
to the airport at the time of
crash.

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OFF BROADWAY
Cloak and Hokum

G EORGE M. COHAN'S "The Tav-
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zard s performance is so buoyant and

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THE MICHIGAN- MEN'S
GLEE CLU-B CONCERT

11

neient that it is hard to imagine
anyone else in the role.
He gets first-rate support. I par-
ticularly admired Rosemary Harns, as
the governors daughter, a lisping, win-
some girl, whose flirtation with the vae-
abond makes the funniest scene of the
evening.
The company, under Ellis Rabb's di-
rection, performs Cohan with the same

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Saturday Night, May

12th . . . 8:30

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