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April 25, 1962 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-04-25

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_ Seventy-Second Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
- uNDER AUTHORITY oFBOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Trut W111ons reaFree STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLG.e" ANN ARBOR, Maic. Phone NO 2-3241

UNION-LEAGUE:
Merged Facilities,
Operations Ahead

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

ESDAY, APRIL 25, 1962

NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAEL HARRAH

HUAC*and Free dom-
Mutually Exclusive

PODAY'S demonstrations against the House
'Un-American Activities Committee once
rain recall the need for the abolition of the
ommittee and what it stands 'for.
The commaittee, through its investigation of
ivate individual opinions, has put fear and
spicion into political, social and economic
,bate. There can be no free'exchange of ideas
a society where people hesitate to speak for
ar of investigation leading to public embar-
ssment and misrepresentation; To undermine
e inquiry and exchange is to undermine the
sis of a democratic society and the traditions
ibodied in the First Amendment to the
iited States Constitution.
The site of the committee hearings has varied
rough the years but the methods and results
ve remained constant throughout the coun-
y, People are abused and misrepresented for
eaking freely. The courage to voice an un-
pular opinion becomes rare, especially when
small committee arbitrarily defines "unpopu-
'" as "un-American."
HUAC has misused its constitutional power
investigation for legislative suggestion and
tended that power to subpoena people from
most all liberal and reform groups in the
untry. Time and again it has called and
dgered the same group of witnesses.
It has subpoenaed these people on the hunch"
at something in their beliefs, or in their
ganization, is "un-American', meaning not
agreement with the committee. The commit-
then treats these witnesses as if they were
deed "un-American", here meaning some-
ing undefined and terrible, and translates
contempt for .liberal ideas to the public
rough open and public persecution.
The committee misrepresents its witnesses in
der to defame liberal ideas and people, to
st doubt upon their character and to dis-
dit the associations. to which they belong.
e intimidation of free expression is disas-
us to democratic traditions and cannot be
lowed to continue.,
The unsubstantiated red-baiting which is de-
ned expressly to silence all liberal demo-

cratic ideals in this country has no place in
the American tradition of freedom. It is a'
clear violation of the First Amendment. It is
especially disgraceful when such repressive in-
timidation of free speech is undertaken by a
.Congressional committee.
If HUAC is truly interested in gaining in-'
formation for legislation, why has it so often
insisted upon calling before it the same people,
each of whom it knows from previous experi-
ence to be unresponsive? The committee is ob-
viously using its legislative authority to em-
barrass a portion of the nation's thought.
Much misrepresentation of witnesses stems
from their refusal to answer any question put
to them by the Committee. Such refusal is
equated withe intent to hide some "un-Ameri-
can activity."
Such a blanket charge is absurd. It neglects
an important means of protest, the refusal to
cooperate, which is a type of passive resistance
to the, actions of a disagreeable committee.
The people who refuse to cooperate often do
so because they feel the committee has no right
to pillory a witness for thinking and speaking.
Their refusal has nothing to do with hiding.
In fact, the witness has been subpoenaed be-
cause he was an outspoken liberal.
The fact that the committee indulges in such
underhanded methods of discrediting people is
made still worse by public approval and ex-
tension of the condemnation.
As long as the public continues to support
the committee by not registering active dis-
approval it can expect HUAC to continue its
waves of intimidation until no liberal voice will
hope to speak effectively in defense of free-
dom.
Only through strong action for the aboli-
tion of the .committee will Americans ever
achieve safety and integrity of free thought.
The danger presented by such a committee
threatens every person regardless of his politi-
cal outlook. The committee exercises the power
to define "un-American". Today that term is
applied to liberals, pacifists and many groups
left of political center. There is no reason to
believe that tomorrow it will not be "un-Ameri-
can" to be a rightist.
If anything is "un-American' it is exactly
this silencing of any segment of thought. It is
"un-American" because it abrogates immedi-
ately, not potentially, the guarantees of the
First Amendment.
The committee claims to be protecting the
United States from Communist domination.
Presumably it feels 'that Communist control of
the nation would lead to the downfall of Amer-
ican freedom. It wants to ferret out the Com-
munist agents and "sympathizers" in the false
hope that the fall of this country will thereby,
be postponed.
'In fact the committee has violated the very
freedoms which it suspects will be overturned
in the distant future Communist America.
Those who support the committee to preserve
freedom actually bring about the very imme-
diate loss of it. HUAC is in fact the subverter
'of American freedom and civil liberties. There
is no room in democratic tradition for such a
committee. It must be abolished immediately,
and public pressure on the Congress to effect
that abolition must be relentless until it is vic-
torious.
-MICHAEL ZWEIG

By GERALD STORCH
Daily Staff Writer
SOME DAY the Michigan Union
and the Michigan League will
merge into one organization, in
one building, thus ending a long
and unfortunate tradition in which
the University ha been the only
campus in the United States to
maintain separate student centers
for men and women.
All the evidence seems to point
strongly towards this new develop-
ment:,
Both the Union and the League
are undergoing financial difficul-
ties. The Union's Facilities Com-
mittee report announced last Jan-
uary that that "today's operation
is so close to the break-even point
that rising costs of labor and ma-
terials can upset the balance . ."
* * *
WHAT PROVOKED this com-
ment was the Union's declining
food and lodging facilities. The
dining services last year rang up
a loss, while the Union's hotel
business, its chief source of rev-
enue, has been sloughing off in
the face of private competition.
The League's position is not ideal
either. It does not have enough
hotel rooms to provide a large
income, and its dining facilities
also are being hurt from compe-
tition.
Although both buildings have
been modernized somewhat in past
years, and even with the Union
about to engage in an extensive
updating of its plant, it is still very
likely that a consolidation into
one building would improve the
fiscal situation of a student center.
Private competition could be bet-
ter met as efforts at economic
improvement are coordinated and
focused centrally.
Another impetus for a merger
is the new philosophy for the.Of-
fice of Student Affairs which in
all probability will be adopted by
the Regents. The OSA Study Com-
mittee Report, asking for an end
to "artificial" differentiation on a
man-woman basis in an educa-
tional community, specifically' cit-
ed the Union-League separation as
one example of the sexual dif-
ferentiation.
BUT MOST IMPORTANT of all,
some people in positions of in-
fluence are finally urging such a
junction. At least three of the
Regents are known to favor the
move. Student officials in the
League have no basic objections.
The'Union seniorofficers, revers-
ing a 58-year tradition, are lending
cautious support to preliminary
steps toward merger.
So the wheels start to turn.
About five years ago, Dean of
Men Walter B. Rea recalls, the
student activities wings of the two
groups established a joint com-
mittee to look into the possibili-
ties and complications of a junc-
ture.
But little except the changing
of the all-male Union Opera into
MUSKET and the assimilation of
men into Soph Show came out of
this committee. "Neither cede
could compromise or agree; the
meetings soon broke up and the
Union and the League continued
on their separate ways."
* * ,
LAST FEBRUARY the case was
reopened when the Union Board
of Directors under some prodding
decided to "establish a committee
to investigate possibilities of such
integration."
No appointments were made to
the committee, though, as the mo-
tion first had to be sent to the
League for parallel action. But
when the proposal got there, it
was relayed only to the League
Council, and not also to the Board
of Governors.
The next two months saw efforts
to resolve this situation, plus other

delays, compromises and letters
back and'forth. But it appears that
at long last the mandate and com-
position of the committee have
been settled, with only an ad-
ministrative or faculty man yet
to be found to chair the joint
group.

WHEN THE COMMITTEE fin-
ally gets going, it will be con-
fronted at the start with several
major obstacles that will have to
be overcome before a merger can
be attained.
One involves the two groups'
student activities wings, which in
the past have been somewhat an-
tagonistic toward each other,
The Union committeemen being
nurtured in the concept of learn-
ing to act like businessmen, take
their projects seriously. They tend
to see little value in expending
their energies on joint programs
with the League workers, who are
much less concerned with the
necessarily business-like aspects of
the projects.
The cool feeling is usually mu-
tual. But it will have to be con-
quered if a merger is going to
succeed, because the first steps
toward such a joining will prob-
ably involve greater coordination
and contact between the student
committees.
ANOTHER stumbling block to
merger is the incredibly compli-
cated series of financial and legal
transactions which must take
place. Regents ,Bylaws will have
to be amended. Mandatory smdent
fees will have to be revised, as at
present he League gets $15 and
the Union $12 from a year's tui-
tion.
The League is saddled with a
student-powered League Council
to supervise the activities corn-
mittees and a faculty-administra-
tor-alumnae-dominated Board of
Governors to run the building as
a whole.
The most serious obstacle, how-
ever, lies in determining what to
do with each building. Dean Rea
says it is financially impossible
to keep both buildings under a
merger. Hence one of the units
will become the central student
union, and the other will have to
be converted into something else.
Present indications point strong-
ly to the Union's becoming the
student center, with the League
changed over into a faculty cen-
ter.
There is ample land around it
for expansion. Thisconsideration
was highlighted two years ago,
when the University accepted an
offer by the Kellogg Foundation
to construct a conference center
on the property currently weighted
down by the Sigma Chi house.
BUT FOR REASONS still un-
known, the foundation withdrew
its offer, and left the University
still searching plaintively for an-
other conference center possibility.
The offer for expansion would
never have been made for the
League. The city owns almost all
of the land surrounding the build-
ing. The League does not have the
hotelor dining facilities to handle
the increased number of student
customers to be -derived from a
merger.
Meeting rooms in the League
cannot be rebuilt without pro-
hibitive, cost. They are large and
expansive, much better suited for
faculty office space than for the
more compact student meeting
areas.
* *.*
BUT WITH the steadily increas-
ing base of student, administra-
tive and Regental support, they
are not insurmountable by any
means.
And there is hardly any philo-
sophical objection to a Union-
League tieup. The old, tradition-
minded alumni are dwindling
away and losing their influence.
No one argues any more that the
maintenance of an irrational, edu-
cationally harmful differentiation
in academic role between men and
women students is a good thing.

Therefore, the need now is for
much better communication be-
tween the basic parties concerned.
The need is for a sounder commit-
ment and firmer dedication 'to
the goals and ideals of a Union-
League merger.

/ '4

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:

Urge Protest Against HUA

dLdb...e

Michigras time is probably the biggest gala
mt on the University Campus.
The bells ring and signs, hammers, and stu-
its swing. For the worthy cause of charity,
tdents are distracted into frivolity for relief-.
d in the meantime engage in teamwork and
ativity. However, even lichigras with all
benefits, cannot ignore the ground rules of
onmunity. It did so yesterday.
The Michigras Central Committee played
k 'n roll on a loudspeaker on the Diag
oughout the lunch hour. This seems trivial
less it is recalled that classes meet during
ich. At least one class, probably more, had
adjourn because the lecturer could not be
ard above the din. Spring study breaks are
e, but it should not be forgotten that a Uni-
'sity is dedicated to communicating knowl-
ge, not noise.,
T'he theme of Michigras 1962 is "ad lib", to-
Dw floats to carry famous sayings. I suggest
e Golden Rule for the Michigras Central
mmittee display. It might float.
-C.D.

To the Editor:
YESTERDAY the House Un-
American Activities Committee
began a four day hearing in Los
Angeles, California.
Those hearings, the first out-
side of Washington since the 1960
hearings in San Francisco, em-
phasize once more the anti-
democratic nature of the com-
mittee's activities ,and the danger
of such an organization in a demo-
cracy.
The list of organizations which
the witnesses belong to makes it
clear that the Committee uses its
powers of investigation for the
purpose of discrediting legitimate
labor, civil rights, civil liberties
and peace activity. The fact that
many of these groups are critical
of the committee's purposes and
tactics obviously makes the com-
mittee anxious to smear these or-
ganizations.
**
THE INVESTIGATIONS, which
emphasize sensational publicity,
allegations, information about
previous political activity that is
of questionable. relevance to an
individual'scurrent beliefs and
similar pressure tactics, all make
criticism of the Committee a risky
undertaking.,
This is the atmosphere the com-
mittee must create in order to
continue its existence. The image
of an internal Communist menace
must be continued. Naturally the
Communists are - enemies of the
committee. Therefore all those who
oppose the committee are Com-
munists, fellow travelers or Com-
munist dupes.
We are writin'g this letter as
individual students and not as
spokesman for the organizations
to which we belong. Our exper-
ience in student organizations,.
however, has enabled us to ob-
serve the political apathy of the
University community. Anyone
who has ever circulated a petition
is aware of the fear, the indiffer-
ence and the uneasy cynicism
which greets such activity.
The work of this committee, and
other forces in our society, has
made such activity seem "con-
troversial, dangerous and radical,"
and hence activity that must be
avoided at all costs. The student
body, therefore, becomes an in-
tegral and a well-adjusted part
of the national climate of political

AS STUDENTS in a community
that is ideally based upon free-
dom of thought, we urge opposi-
tion to a committee that limits
such freedom.
We protest the Committee's Los
Angeles hearings. We urge al
members of the University com-
munity to join us in this protest.
We urge all members of the Uni-
versity community to support the
Voice Party-Young Democrats
rally, scheduled for the Diag on
3 o'clock today.
-Robert Ross, '63,
Voice Party Chairman
-=Paul Heil, '63,
Young Democrats Chairman
--Bea Nemlaha '62,
Women's League President,
'61-62
--Mary Beth Norton, '64
Assembly Association
President
-Kenneth Miller, '64
Student Government Council
Administrative Vice-
President
-Michael Olinick, '63,
Michigan Union Board of
Directors
-Ralph Kaplan, '63
Challenge Spokesman

THERE IS PROBABLY no sub-
ject more constantly . being
analyzed by foreign observers in
Moscow than the tendency of So-
viet society to move from the
haremlike security and harassed
conditions of the late Stalin days
to a rather breezy and freewheel-
ing atmosphere of the Khrushchev
regime.
So far, the main results of the
process seem to be psychological.
Russians feel more at ease with
themselves and with foreigners
and their conversations have be-
gun to acquire the normal varia-
tions and contradictions which
are found in any healthy social
system.
But so far nothing has happen-
ed to the basic elements of the,
system. The government is still a
dictatorship albeit a far less harsh
one than 'Stalin's.
-Harrison Salisbury in The
New York Times

14

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

WATCH ON THE POTOMAC:-*,
Kennedy and Civ*I Rights

i

(Continued from Page 2)
be withheld until the approval has he-
come effective.
May 10-voice, Lecture, Kenneth
Boulding, Multipurpose Rm., UGLI,
7:30 p.m. k
May 18-Union, Little. Club, Outdoor
Dance. Ad Bldg. Parking Lot, 8:30 p.m.
April 28-Michigras, Social Weekend,
Yost Field House, 7 p.m.-1 a.m.
April 27 and 28-Michigras, Kiddie
Carnival, around Yost Field House, 10
a.m.- p.-m.
Events Thursday
Sigma Xi Lecture: Prof. A. Geoffrey
Norman, Director, Botanical Gardens,
will discuss "The Uniqueness of Plants"
on Thurs., April 26 at 8 p.m. in' the
Rackham Amphitheater. The public is
invited.
Applied Mathematics Seminar: Prof.
C. L. Dolph will speak on "The Extant
Non-linear Mathematical Theory" of
Plasma Oscillations" Thurs., April 26,
in 2084 East Engineering at 4:00 pan.
This is a preview of a talk to be given
on Mon., April 30, at the Non-linear
Mathematics Conference, Army Re-'

search Center, Madison, Wis. Refresh-
ments in 274 west Engineering at 3:30
p.m.
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics
will meet Thurs., April 26, at 4 p.m.
in 3201 Angell Hall. Prof. L. J. Savage
will continue his discussion of "Half
rsolved Problems in Bayesian Statistics."'
Automatic Programming and Numer-
ical Analysis Seminar: Data P'rocessing
in the U.S.S.R." by Prof. Michail Karo-
lev, Moscow Institute of Economics &
Statistics, Thurs., April 26 at 4 p.m. in
3209 Angell Hall.

-5

By ROBERT G. SPIVACK

EN. SAM J. ERVIN Jr. of North Carolina
and chairman of the Senate Subcommittee
Constitutional Rights personifies Southern
ractiveness of manner and personality. But
is more than just a Southern gentleman, he
a member of the Senate's inner circle, a
werful man on Capitol Hill.
Sen. Ervin articulates the views of the Old
uth and sometimes rationalizes its inade-
acies. He is one of the small band of highly
elligent but essentially conservative law-
kers with whom the John F. Kennedy ad-
nistration has made accommodations at the
ne time the President is moving forward in
realm of civil rights.
Vashington, therefore, observed with some
onishment the recent exchange between
bert Kennedy, the Attorney General, and the
ierated North Carolinian. In the course of
Justice Dept. campaign to get more Ne-
es the vote in the South, young Kennedy
ssed Ervin harder than was expected.
'n fact the feeling here is that Kennedy not
y handled himself well in their debate over
racy tests, but that he actually came off
ter than the Senator, himself no mean par-
mentarian, about the issues involved in the
il rights debate.
HERE IS, however, a less obvious develop-
ment in the administration's approach to
il rights that was also reflected by the dia-
ue between the Senator and the Attorney
neral. What is not generally realized is that

there such discontent among Negro leaders?
There are several reasons.
When the Kennedy administration took of-
fice the top strategists decided not to press for
any new civil rights legislation. The theory was
that more could be accomplished by "executive
order" than by long and bitter fights in Con-
gress.
THERE IS NO doubt that much has been
accomplished by executive order and several
prominent Negroes have been named to im-
portant federal posts. But the fact is that a
great deal more remains to be accomplished.
Aside from housing, the area of greatest dis-
appointemnt is in the work of the President's
Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity
and its so-called "Plan for Progress." There
are some 21 firms, which now discriminate,
that are said to be planning for progress. Negro
leaders say they would be impressed with more
progress and less "planning."
A few years ago many of these leaders were
convinced that the only hope of securing equal
treatment was to pass new laws. Now many
of these same people, partly because of the per-
suasive Kennedys, have come to feel that real
hope lies in the "executive order." They are
bewildered to find a reluctance by the admin-
istration to use executive orders and instead
unexpectedly to resume the fight on Capitol
Hill.
Sterling Tucker, a spokesman for the Urban
League of Washington, a moderate group, has
given expression to the way many Negroes feel
about recent developments. He finds an absence
- vy. 41V I .Js11 Cl4L...n.aa.ll4cc te.

Doctoral Examination for K1ang Ohao,
Economics; thesis: "Indexes 'of Indus-
trial Production of Communist China,
1949-1959", Thurs.. April 26, 205 Econ-
omics Bldg., at 4:00 p.m. Chairman,
Morris Bornstein.
Placement
Announcements:
Foreign Service Meeting -- 4:00 p.m.
(today), Angell Hall, Aud. C. Represen-
tative from U.S. State Dept. will .talk
to all students interested in Foreign
(Continued on Page 5)

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