Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
Light, variable winds with
little change in temperature.
See Page 4
VOL. LXXII, No. 127
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1962
General in Argentina
Denounces Frondizi for Treason
In Refusing To' Resign from Post
BUENOS AIRES (M)-An Argentine army general proclaimed
open rebellion early today against President Arturo Frondizi for
"committing treason" in refusing to resign from office.
The announcement of civil war came from Gen. Franklin Raw-
son, commander of the third cavalry division in southern Buenos
He issued his communique only moments after Frondizi defied
renewed military pressure to quit and rejected a plea from ex-Presi-
- gan Av d~rnAr.vavhnm that Frnn-
In LSA Vote
By PHILIP SUTIN
The election of Sharon McCue,
'63, as secretary of the literary
college senior class has been void-
ed by Joint Judiciary Council due
to petitioning rule violations, but
Miss McCue plans to appeal the
decision to the University Sub-
committee on Discipline.
On a complaint filed March 15
by Stuart Goodall, '63, another
candidate for secretary, Miss Mc-
Cue "was found in violation of
the senior board election rules in
that another party obtained sig-
natures for her petition and some
of those signatures were obtain-
ed in the Undergraduate Library,"
a JJC statement said.
As her,petition was invalid, Miss
McCue was not' a proper candi-
date. Therefore, her election is.
invalid, JCC chairman Robert
Berger, '63, said. '
The Council considered the case
last Thursday night, but did not
announce its decision until yes-
terday because of necessary delays
in informing MViss McCue.
Miss McCue said she never re-
ceived a copy of the election rules
as she took out her petition on
the afternoon of the deadline,
March 8, and no more copies were
"I did not learn of the rules un-
til I met with the other members
of the slate (Mark Perlow, '63,
Jeffrey Rubenstein, '63, and James
Lipton' 63) the following Tuesday
and had an opportunity to read
their copies of the rules," she ex-
Being unaware of the elections
rules, Miss McCue said she had
circulated her petition in the Un-
dergraduate Library and allowed
another member of her slate to
gain the remaining eight signa-
tures needed, as she had to attend
a Panhel meeting.
Upon learning of the violation,
she said she notified the election
authorities in an attempt to recti-
fy it, but was told it was too late
as the complaint had been filed.
In Ann Arbor
By MALINDA BERRY
Prof. Robert C. Schnitzer of the
speech department, head of the
University Professional Theatre
Program, yesterday denied the val-
idity of a New York Times article.
which hinted there was a possibil-
ity that the American premiere
of the "'Ides of March" would not
be in Ann Arbor.
The original agreement to bring
the play here was signed with
Jerome Kilty, the author of the
play, and recently the production
rights were assumed by David[
Black, and the Times "jumped to
the conclusion that perhaps there
would be some changes in the place
of premiere," Prof. Schnitzer said.
The Times reported Sunday that
"Black's assumption of reponsi-
bility for the 'Ides of March'
means that there is some doubt
now that its American premiere
will take place at the University,
as had been previously reported."
Prof. Schnitzer said that he had
been out of town and as of Sun-
day had not made contact with
Black, but he talked to him yes-
tvrdav. and ilso to Kilty. and the
dizi abandon his office to end
the 'nation's worst crisis in seven
Gen. Rawson declared' the use
of force was the only means left
for those demanding the end of
Frondizi's four-year regime.
Rawson's announcement came
as other army generals were meet-
ing at war ministry headquarters
to plan strategy in the face of
Frondizi's persistent refusals to
Aramburu, the crisis mediator
who Sunday night warned the
country it faced civil war if th
See Earlier Story, Page 3 j
crisis is not resolved quickly, de-
clared that all the armed forces
were now agreed that Frondizi
But there was no immediate in-
dication of how other military'
units would react to Rawson's
move to rebel.1
Rawson announced from the
town of Tandil that he had put
his division on marching orders
Sunday but that. he had delayed
action awaiting the outcome of1
Aramburu's mediation session.I
"Following up an earlier an-i
nouncement and in view of the
fact that the president of the na-
tion has committed treason in re-
jecting mediation of Gen. Aram-;
buru, the commander of the third
cavalry division calls upon all
commands in the armed forces to
use force as, the only means left
to safeguard honor, tradition and
dignity of the republic."
Just prior to Rawson's declara-a
tion it had been feared that Fron-
dizi's latest refusal might finally
touch off the military revolt that
has been threatening since the re-
cent election victories won by fol-
lowers of exiled dictator Juan D.
HAVANA ()-Prme Minister
Fidel Castro last night accused a
top Cuban Communist, Anibal Es-
calante, of bringing "real chaos to
all the country."
In a radio-TV address, the
bearded Cuban leader said Esca-
lante was driven by personal am-
bitions to seek to organize the fu-
ture of the United Socialist Rev-
olutionary Party along "sectarian"
Castro declared the government
had reached the conclusion Esca-
lante had "abused the confidence
entrusted in him when he was
given his job and tried to create
an apparatus to pursue personal
Escalante was named this month
to the 25-member directorate of
the powerful integrated revolu-
Castro's speech seemed to fore-
cast a dim future for Escalante,
long identified as the revolution's
leading theoretician and a close
follower of Stalinist lines.
PROF. ALPHEUS MASON
... constitutional law
By HARRY PERLSTADT
The constitutional provision of
judicial review lead to the con-
solidation of the Union and the
fall of states rights, Prof. Alpheus
T. Mason of Princeton University
Delivering the first in the week-
long William W. Cook Lectures,
Prof. Mason explained that in
May, 1781, the constitutional con-
vention approved, without debate,
a provision which gave Congress
the right to negate laws of the
state legislatures which were
against the constitution.
But later the proponents of
states rights refused to endorse the
proposal and a compromise was
reached which postponed to an-
other day the volatile states rights
The compromise was Article Six,
Section Two, the "supremacy
clause," which provides for judical
review. It was a more practical
and less offensive method of
stressing national supremacy, Prof.
The supremacy clause was sup-
ported by states-rightists and lead
Alexander Hamilton to rate the
judiciary as the weakest of the
three departments of power.
But "those who carry the states'
right banner in 1962 might ap-
praise the matter quite differently.
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme
Court achieved by judicial decision
what Congress, thanks to the
stranglehold of a handful of
Southern Senators, could never
have accomplished," he said.
The supremacy clause permitted
the federal government to move
away from states' rights and to-
wards unity. "A nation may make
a constitution, but a constitution
cannot make a nation.
The announced purpose of the
Constitution was to establish a
free government which treated the
opposition of elements such as
liberty and restraint and public
good and private rights, he con-
For the first time in history
two levels of law were recognized
and put into practical effect: the
higher law of the constitution,
which the people alone can make
or amend, and statutory law, to
be made and unmade within limits
set by the constitution," Prof.
The Princeton professor will
continue his examination of "The
Supreme Court: Palladium of
Freedom" today with analysis of
three interrelated concepts: right
of revolution, bill of rights and
judicial review and their effect
during the early years of the court.
Board Views A
Housemothers' Role - n
The Residence Halls Board of
Governors last night examined
to pics ranging from food service'
to housemothers as part of the t<5
final report of former Inter-Quad-
rangle President Thomas Moch,
No action was taken on his sug-
gestions as several of the report's_
comments drew criticism from
Picking up where they finished
last week (when they discussed the >a
first half of the report) ,'the board
members proceeded to view Moch's
proposals in the areas of associate OXFORD RD. PRO
advisors, staffmen's pay, a "pay- by fall of next year.
as-you-eat" plan, food quality and freshmen and sopho
confidential, non-academic evalu- inter-connected stru
ations. for senior women. T
Moch's document advocated the
gradual elimination of associate
advisors by not filling the house-
mother vacancies as they occur.
Sitting in at the meeting, he,
further pointed out that' the Uni- University officials
versity is the only Big Ten school yesterday the loss
to have hotusemothers in men's Vaughan hal as a w
residence halls, and that their dence unit-and then
functions of "setting a tone" and lic the plans for a
roommate-assigning were becom- residence complex to b
ing outmoded. ed starting this June.
Assistant Dean of Men for Resi- Vice-President forS
dence Halls John Hale expressed fairs James A. Lewis
the majority sentiment in defining the Board of Govern
"the tangible and intangible" ad- dence Halls that Vau
vantages of housemothers. probably be used nex
First Role semi-instructional pot
The first role is found in the
associate advisor's task in acting
as a communications center and Rom r1e
positive moral influence, as well as ney
providing continuity from year to
year for the house. Earmarki
The intangible aspect, Hale said,
is found in her role as counselor
to the men and as an aide to the oo
Moving on to Moch's recom- By CAROLINE
mendation for higher pay for the Conservative Repu
staffmen, the board agreed that C onstitutip
higher salaries were necessary to Liates at the constituti
retain good counselors. Gio a n eyn(Ro
However, it was unable to agree George Romgney (R
with Moch's proposal that the Hills) have agreedt
positions of assistant resident ad- one-eighth of the stal
visor and staff checker be com- cent sales tax for l
bined. ment, leaving the ret
Hale said he had consulted with allocated. -
Residence Halls Business Manager Romney revealed t
Leonard Schaadt about this mat- last night, as he not
ter and had found that the re- action will free $200 n
sponsibility of the resident advisor sales tax and $70 m
See BOARD, Page 8 primary school fund.
EJECT-The University will build a $2.5 million housing complex on Oxford Rd.
. Starting from the left of the upper row are the four group-living houses for
mores. In the row to the left are the two suite-type buildings, composed of two
ctures. The fifth building from the left in the upper row is the apartment house
"he building at the far right is the heating unit.
Spnun e ech Clnc1hc i urnl buligopsdoorwm
ors of Resi-
t year as a,
rtion of the
te's four per
ted that the
nillion of the
illion in the
Speech Clinic, which is currently
hurting for space.
He cautioned, however, that the
final decision for utilization of this
building will not be made until
"the needs of the total University"
are taken into account.
Another possibility, which the
board asked Lewis ,to carry to
Vice-President for Business and
Finance Wilbur K. Pierpont, is
that Vaughan could be converted
into a graduate residence hall for'
Then Francis C. Shiel, manager
of Service Enterprises, outlined
details of the new Oxford Rd.
housing complex, which is sched-
uled for completion by fall of next
This project will provide hous-
ing for 420 women with a series of
three different kinds of units.
The first type will be a struc-
ture similar to the small buildings
such as Adelia Cheever house.
There will be four of these units,
with a total capacity for 120 fresh-
men and sophomore women. All
the rooms are doubles.
Junior women could then live
in a suite-type unit. There will be
two of these buildings, with a to-
tal of 152 women. The rooms will
house four women each, and will
provide kitchen facilities.
For senior women, the Oxford
project will have one apartment
building. Composed of four-wom-
en rooms, it will have a capacity
for 148 residents. Kitchen and bath
facilities will be built-in.
Bids for the project will be ac-
cepted next month, Shiel said. As
of yet, room and board rates are
undetermined, but they will prob-
ably be above current University
housing charges and below the
average price for private housing.
Replying to Inter-Quadrangle
President Robert Geary, '63E, Lew-
is said the University wasn't de-
liberately entering into direct,
competition with private housing,
but was merely "attempting to,
provide as wide a range of resi-
dence facilities as possible."
WASHINGTON (M)-Sen. Ever-
ett Dirksen (R-Ill) has prepared
a foreign trade plan which would
give President John F. Kennedy
less tariff-cutting power than he
seeks, a source close to the Sen-
ate Republican leader said last
The plan now is being circulated
in the form of a memorandum, the
source 'reported. It has not yet
been decided when the proposal
will be introduced as a bill.
Cites Two Reasons
For Failure To Act
On Immediate Plans
By GERALD STORCH
Co-educational housing is de-
layed until September 1963.
While reaffirming the general
desirability for such housing, Vice-
President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis at last night's
Residence Halls Board of Gover-
nors meeting outlined two reasons
for his decision not to convert
Kleinstueck and Hinsdale houses
to co-ed units this fall:
1) The plan simply cannot be
implemented in time. Ninety per
cent of the housing contracts have
been sent out to this fall's incom-
ing women, and it would be im-
possible to recall all these state-
ments and renotify the women
about the revised housing selection
before the application deadline.
2)' Residents presently living in
the three houses proposed for the
switch could not be redistributed
throughout the residence halls sys-
tem without causing undue harm
Lewis emphasized, however, that
the University is still definitely
committed to co-ed housing by fall
The board unanimously voiced
its support of the general endorse-
ment, of co-ed housing and the
specific rejection for this fall.
Lewis said the administration
will begin planning immediately
for the 1963 moves. In addition,
he will head a committee com-
posed of Acting Dean of Women
Elizabeth Davenport, Dean of Men
Walter B. Rea, Francis S. Shiel,
manager of Service Enterprises,
and their representatives to study
problems which might crop up in
Also, Inter-Quadrangle Council
and Assembly Association will set
up a joint committee to study the
problems "directly concerning stu-
dents and student government" in
such a move.
The two groups will meet to-
gether when an area of common
interest is under scrutiny.
Discussion by the board was
brief as the members supported an
IQC resolution and an Assembly
Housing Committee report which
also advocated a delay in co-ed
houing until fall of next year.
By The Associated Press
Auguste Piccard, the Swiss-born
scientist who traveled to the edge
of space and depths of the ocean,
died yesterday at the age of 78.
Prof. Piccard first received
world-wide acclaim for his balloon
flights into the stratosphere in
1931 and 1932.
Later, turning to other areas of
science, he built the bathyscaphe
and with his son, Jacques, de-
scended to a depth of 10,330 feet
in the Bay of Naples.
The Legislature would be al-
lowed to allocate this $270 million
where it is needed.
.Presently, 2.5 per cent of the
four per cent levy is earmarked
for various destinations, but none
of it is set aside for higher edu-
It had been reported that Rom-
ney had agreed with the conserva-
tive coalition to earmark the en-
tire sales tax revenue for local
government, and primary, sec-
ondary and higher education. He
Observers had denounced this
proposal on the grounds that sales
tax revenue which would ultimate-
ly go to higher education would
not increase sufficiently from year
to year to cover increasing needs.
GREAT LAKES VESSELS:
U' Receives Funds To Build, Refit Resea
Free Press Source Sees
Basic Accord in Steel Talks:
DETROIT (WP)-The Detroit Free Press reported last night indus-
try and labor leaders have reached basic agreement on a new steel
wage contract in Pittsburgh.
The newspaper said formal announcement of agreement may
be delayed for several weeks. .
Edwin A. Lahey, chief of the Free Press' Washington Bureau, re-
"The area of agreement is 'non-inflationary.' In other words, the
White House feels certain that the increased employment costs for
_the steel industry cannot offer
justification for an increase in
"Advisers to President John F.
f Kennedy seemed elated at the
rc i I ij prospect of a non-inflationary
rS h ip s teel wage settlement.
"While precise figures on pro-
weather affect one another, ice posed fringe benefith are unavail-
cover and its effects, history of able, it is generally expected that
the lakes and their future, erosion the improvements in the steel con-
and deposition, and geology of the tract will cost the industry eight."
Biological Studies The Free Press said announce-
ment of the agreement is being
They also include biological delayed because 11 separate com-
studies ranging from the minute mittees of labor and corporation
organisms that help decompose executives are still resolving non-
waste dumped into the waters, to economic problems affecting each
the economically and recreation- of the corporations in the nation-
ally important fish and waterfowl. al negotiations.
Among studies scheduled this
summer will be major research on
water quality and currents in Lake Snow Cancels
Michigan. Other work will include
By MICHAEL JULIAR
The Great Lakes Research Divi-
sion of the University has receiv-
ed $233,400 from the National Sci-
ence Foundation for two Great
Lakes research vessels.
The money will be used to refit
a 114-foot ship for major research
efforts and to build a 50-foot craft
for supplementary or smaller
Both are expected to be ready
for service this summer, according
to Prof. David C. Chandler, di-
rector of the Great Lakes Research
Lewis added that the graduate:
composing Tyler - Prescott wer(
strongly opposed to being up.
rooted from their house in Easi
He also cited general dissatis.
faction by the women of Klein
stueck and Hinsdale houses it
Alice Lloyd dormitory about th(
possibility of losing priority i
choices of rooms.
The board's action last nigh
climaxes a flurry of activity dur.
ing the past week concerning co-
scientific disciplines, according to
"The Great Lakes are a natural
resource of tremendous value. Our
objective in this research is to find
out how they can be used most
effectively to answer the question
of utilization," Prof. Chandler
To the question of whether the
Great Lakes may be too polauted
for future use or may become an
inadequate water supply, Prof.
Chandler pointed out that "there
is some concern, but it is not im-
Last Monday the board adopted
the Shiel committee report advo
cating, if "administrable," co-ed
units in Hinsdale, Kleinstueck and
Tyler-Prescott this fall, and co-ei
housing in fall 1963 for sure.
By Thursday, however, the pres
idents of the houses involved had
reported opposition to the im-
mediate conversion by the resi-
dents of those units.
Coupled wtih the IQC and As
sembly motions, these opinion
helped to bring about yesterday'
Actor George Montgomery ha
been signed to star in "Toys j
the Attic," the first play of th
year's Ann Arbor Drama Seasol
The five-play season will ope
Monday, May 14, Ted Heuse
.,'.-.'.~) ~ '~"§:~ -- - -'