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EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIvERSrTY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHOmUTY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN AxRon, MICH. " Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
"The Packaging Isn't Nearly
As Confusing As The Labeling!"
From Bach's Time
, MARCH 14, 1962
NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAML HARRAH
Joint Judic Grants
Due Process at Last
ANGRY DAILY EDITORIALS backed up by
the Office of Student Affairs probe have
inally compelled Joint Judiciary Council to
produce something substantial from its periodic
self-evaluations: major policy changes guaran-
eeing "due process" for students.
If adopted, the new procedure will allow a
student to offer witnesses on his behalf, em-
>loy the assistance of a "student advisor" and
have his case heard in public session. It would
also avoid "double jeopardy" and stiffen the
riteria for admissable evidence.
THESE CHANGES are an important theo-
retical revision of current policy, even if
hey mean little practical change in the coun-
il's actual sessions. Council members believe
few students, for example, would want an
>pen hearing as few have ever requested one
n the past. But at least they have the oppor-
tunity to be treated almost like a citizen in
a civil court.
Council members also fail to express any,
eal belief that these changes are necessary
>r even desirable. They point to a "vocal minor-
ty" who clamot for such rights and feel their
new policy will- satisfy this group while not
seriously impairing judic's operations. And
hey state that there are "certain educational
values" attached to these new changes.
Joint Judic should be congratulated for
aking these steps-whatever motive lies be-.
hind themefoi they will give the campus
ommunity a better chance to receive that
lusive and perhaps indefinable thing, justice.
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE deserves high
praise; what remains to be done requires
ontinued work. The council should encourage
idoption of "due process" by the dozen or so
>ther types of judiciaries at the University.
roint Judic should also consider the possibili-
ies of setting maximum penalties for certain;
'ule violations rand preserving a consistency
n application of fines. The relation of the
epresentatives from the deans' offices to the
ouncil must be seriously investigated.
Although the actual "trials" may be fairer,
[nequities may continue to occur in the closed
deliberation sessions. It is here that Joint
Judic decides whether or not a student is
guilty of improper conduct and also, picks but
certain crimes with which to charge him.
Since the council's basic attitude toward the
student defendant has not changed, one can
not hope for major reforms in this area, at
least for the present. Judic members still feel
that "conduct unbecoming a student" is the
phrase which is to govern campus behavior.
This phrase, in all its vagueness and am-
biguity, has been and can continue to be used
by administrators at least to justify punishing
student A for Deed Z and not punishing, stu-
dent B for precisely the same activity. The
rationale behind this is that under certain
conditions (appropriations time at the Legis-
lature for example), certain students (an es-
sential athlete, for, example) can do more to
compromise the University in the eyes of the
public than other students of less renown in
less crucial days.
THE COUNCIL believes such phrases are
necessary to protect the University from
unpredictable actions of its students. The
council has an exaggerated view of what effect
student misbehavior has on legislative appro-
priations, faculty loyalty to the institution and
value of a University' diploma.
It has the naive belief that stiff fines and
explusions will curb illegal drinking and panty
If the council wants to have a role in chang-
ing student mores, iI must discover what con-
ditions in the residence halls and what policies
of the OSA foster such illegal behavior.
MANY of the problems of Joint Judiciary
Council derive from the council's confused
image of itself as sometime counselor and
sometime judge and executioner.
Strides have been made in improving joint
judic as a court. More must be done. But, more
important, the council has to reevaluate its
role as a peer counselor to see it makes its
greatest contribution to the students in this
*4p- yy' ;
s r l"
c 'ADDID RAL
- 14 Oo GQ
TIE BAROQUE TRIO, all four of them, delighted a ludicrously small
audience last night with always good and occasionally excellent per-
formances of works by contemporaries of J. S. Bach. Two questions are
unavoidably suggested, one concerning the performers; the other, the
IS THERE A DIFFERENCE in quality between the Baroque Trio
and an ensemble comprising some of the top rank professional soloists
of the day? Well, yes there is. But the. difference is slight, especially
when one considers that the Trio must make its preparations outside
of full-time academic schedules.
Further, there is a compensation in the fact that a group of pro-
fessional soloists would probably not have so much experience play-
ing with each other. It was in the ensemble pieces, involving both flute
and oboe, that last evening's concert was at its best.
The balance between the two wind instruments and between them
and the two continuo players was unfailingly excellent: the phrasing,
though at times a trifle sugare, was well thought out and superbly
executed; the simultaneous trills were models of perfection.
In the works for single wind and harpsichord the weaknesses
of the performers were most evident. In the Marcello'concerto for oboe
and harpsichord, Mr. Mueller exhibited a slight rigidity of phrasing
which inhibited the curious romanticism of the work.
IS THERE A DIFFERENCE in quality between the music of J. S.
Bach and that of his contemporaries? Yes-Programs such as last
night's are, apart from their musical enjoyability, valuable in two
ways: they illustrate the fact that J. S. Bach was not writing in a
vacuum, that his style was that of an era, that others could use his
tricks in various combinations. In fact, thpy show that they are not
really his tricks. But also such programs let us know that old J. S. was
pretty much head of his class.
A TRIO SONATA by Stoelzel opened the program. This was the
most interesting piece of the evening contrapuntally. A great deal of
stretto imitation was employed which was well designed and neatly
written. But this seemed the only device at the composer's disposal.
The Bach Sonata for Flute and Harpsichord was one of the more
interesting works, yet one frequently had the feeling that his ornamen-
tation interferred with the melodic line instead of reinforcing or accen-
I cannot close without mention of the fourth member of last
night's trio, Mr. Clyde Thompson, double bass. His contribution for most
of the evening was quiet and reserved and impeccable. During the
Passacaille, where his part was a bit more important, he was superb.
t -J Philip Benkard
SIDELINE ON SGC-:
Sigma Nu Focuses
GOOD, BAD EFFECTS:
Alumni Power Must Be Watched
Unequal Funds for Research?
3ERIODICALLY the complaint is voiced by
terary college that while the biological and
teraly college that while the biological and
hysical sciences are being enriched by re-
arch grants and scholarship funds, the social
ciences and humanities are left to "wither
ri the vine."
On the surface this appears to be just con-
emnation of University research policy. The
terary college receives but 10 per cent of the
niversity's total sponsored research budget.
ut upon closer inspection the complaint
elds a revealing paradox.
Educators in both the social and natural
,iences agree that the largest share of re-
arch money given to a particular depart-
ent is used for graduate education. Graduate
udents are expensive. It costs four times
lore to educate a graduate student than it
oes to train an' undergraduate, University
Therefore, since it is true that the major
rtion of University research funds is being
ven to the physical and biological sciences,
nd since it is equally valid that most of the
search money in all departments goes toward
ie education of their graduate students, it
ould follow that the natural sciences ought
be turning out more graduates than the
cial sciences and the humanities.
?)UT this is not the case..
On the other hand,d, Vice-President for
esearch Ralph Sawyer'reports that there has
een a larger percentage increase of graduate
udents in the social sciences and humanities
ian in the natural sciences during recent
If the social sciences and humanities are
ot receiving their fair' share of research
oney, how are they able to do this?
There are two obvious alternatives: either
ie graduate students in these fields are of
comparatively poorer quality than those
:oduced in the natural sciences, or else it
lust cost less to educate them.
Clearly those who are waging the complaint
ill be among the first to agree that the
>rmer possibility is incorrect.
So they will have to admit that the dif-
rence in the cost of education between the
atural sciences and humanities, and the
cial sciences is the only answer to the
'HE VALUE of research funds cannot be
measured in terms of dollars and cents. It
)sts virtually nothing to make available a
priceless collection of books for the English or
history scholar. But the tiniest mechanism on
a piece of equipment used by the nuclear
physicist may cost hundreds of dollars .
It is the aim of the University to try as
much as possible to direct the research funds
which it has available to the places where
they are most needed. But while it is true
that more and more money is being put into
the natural sciences, this does not mean that
University research administrators have for-
gotten the social scientist and student of the
Equally desirable things are not necessarily
equally expensive. This motto should be borne
in mind by persons who think they are being
SO YOU THINK the federal government
I did, but the whole business was a bit
abstract to me until this morning when I
opened The Daily's mail.
The first letter was from the Navy Depart-
ment's Fleet Home Town News center at Great
Lakes, Ill. It contained a bland announcement
that a University naval ROTC cadet had been
introduced to naval aviation by an early
February visit to the Pensacola Naval Air
Training Station in Florida. The duplicated
release contained a glossy . photograph, and
a plastic "Fairchild" engraving of the picture
for use in newspapers.
S FAR so good.
But I looked again and there were 29 more
envelopes the same as the first. A random
check indicated they were all the same-
a release, glossy print and Fairchild engraving.
The Daily does not usually print such news,
and today would be no exception. So the Navy
.Department had wasted a bit of money in
BIT OF MONEY, you say?
A bit more than that. According to The
Daily's production schedule, one one-column
Fairchild cut costs, conservatively, $1.50, the
largest cost being the plastic base. Thirty times
$1.50 comes out to $45, to which must be
added the cost of the photographs, releases
The whole business probably cost more
The Navy Department likely sent the re-
leases to all of the cadets' home town papers
too. And there are many hundred cadets.
By NEIL COSSMAN
Daily Staff Writer
AT THE CORE of the Alumni
cil conflict is the question of how
much control alumni should have
over University policies. Alumni
are valuable in providing the Uni-
versity with money and a good
public image; but they can be
equally effective in stifling the
University's freedom. -
The recent recommendations of
a University committee should do
much to get cooperation in alumni
fund-raising between the associa-
tion and the council. But a con-
stant evaluation of the good and
bad effects of such cooperation
will still be necessary.
When a group of alumnae de-
mands that the position of Dean
of Women be kept, and when
alumni pressure the University to
keep women guests out of quad-
rangle rooms, they are using in-
fluence that could readily be ex-
tended to other areas. This
control is even more possible when
alumni help the University raise
* * *
BUT STRONG, active alumni in-
terest in the University is essen-
tial, despite the danger of alumni
control. Alumni support does more
than provide funds from the alum-
ni themselves. Industry and pri-
Railroads * *
To the Editor:
I EXPRESS my thanks to Robert
Selwa for his comments on rail-
roads. His review of the Presiden-
tial Commission on work rules was
detailed yet clear.
I think the article reveals the
seeds of another realization: That
the government has perhaps for-
gotten what a truly efficient rail-
road system could do for this
nation. Oh, I know the politicians
pride themselves in pointing out
federally financed highways, fed-
erally financed airports, or locks
and dams for bargelines to use
free of charge, but look what this
has done to the railroads. Well, so
The answer to this question lies
in the fact that those things called
railroads which are built and
maintained by private enterprise
(something I guess his nation
believes in) can still haul a ton
cheaper than their competitors if
given the chance.
, Railroads are fighting every day
to lower freight rates on various
commodities These rates are fre-
quently denied by the Interstate
Commerce Commission. Why?
Granting that the public might
benefit, the commission denies the
rate because rail competitors
might lose business.
Shouldn't the government, in
the face of competition from
abroad plus a desire to be more
efficient at home, develop a trans-
portation policy which would al-
low the efficiency of the flanged
wheel on the steel rail to perform
-Mike Martin, Sr.
vate foundations prefer to help
a, university with strong alumni
support. The Legislature listens
to alumni: both individuals with
influence and numbers of 'them
with votes. And active local alumni
groups can rally support from the
public in dollars and opinion.
Since 1958, when John E. Tir-
rell became Alumni Association
General Secretary, the association
has campaigned to be part of the
Development Council's alumni
fund-raising program. Last year,
the Alumni Association endorsed
a report outlining a working re-
lationship between the association
and the Development Council.
This report had been drafted
by a joint subcommittee with two
representatives from each group
and former Director of University
Relations Lyle Nelson as members.
After the Alumni Association en-
dorsed it, members of the Develop-
ment Council objected to some
of the recommendations and asked
for the University's opinion.
* * *
TO PRESENT the University's
opinion, a committee was formed
last fall. Members are University
Executive Vice-President Marvin
L. Niehuss, Vice-President for
Business and Finance Wilbur K.
Pierpont, and Director of Univer-
sity Relations Michael Radock.
Last week, this committee finished
its evaluation of the original re-
The University committee ob-
jects to several proposals in the
original report. Most of the pro-
posals it objects to, and one that
it doesn't object to, give the
Alumni Association more power.
First, the committee opposes an
original recommendation that no
new annual alumni funds be or-
ganized in behalf of University
units without the approval of the
Alumni Association. The Univer-
sity report objects to this, as did
the Development Council, because
it would give the association veto
power and deny the basic respon-
sibility of the council for raising
IT SHOULD have been evident
from the start that ultimate de-
cisions affecting the welfare of
the University should not rest with
an organization legally indepen-
dent of University control. The
leadership of the Alumni Associa-
tion would be the first to stress its
independence. But although its
help is welcome and valuable, its
control is unwelcome and poten-
The second area of difference
between the University report and
the original one concerns financ-
ing the Alumni Association and
the Development Council. There
is general agreement that the
Alumni Association should be par-
tially financed by the University
with unearmarked funds from
alumni. The association now gets
some money from the University.
How much money and whether it's
allotted as a per cent of proceeds
from alumni or as a flat amount
are the disputed questions. The
University favors an absolute
amount with provisions for special
* * r
THE UNIVERSITY endorses an
original recommendation to in-
crease the Alumni Association's
representation on the Develop-
ment Council Board of Directors
(urrently three seats on a 37-
ings at least twice a year by the
executive committees of the two
groups. With these recommenda-
tions, th'e University committee
resolves the immediate conflict
and offers a good foundation for
unified alumni action.
* * *
BUT THE QUESTION of where
the Alumni Association's ambi-
tion is taking it remains unan-
swered. Before Tirrell took over
the association was quite willing to
let the University take care of
itself. Incorporated in 1897, the
tradition-bound organization had
been more of a social club. The
members were more interested in
the nostalgia of their own college
days and the fortunes of the foot-
ball team than in supporting the
academic side of the University.
This was not a desirable attitude,
though it caused no problems.
Tirrell has changed this. The
association's magazine, The Mich-'
igan Alumnus, is free with its
criticism of University policies.
The organization has an en-
thusiastic concern with the oper-
ations and future of the Univer-
sity. The University needs alumni
support and can benefit from
alumni ideas. But it's the respon-
sibility of the association and the
University to maintain a fence
between criticism and control. As
the association becomes more in-
volved with fund raising and pub-
lic relations, the University must
remember the association's legal
independence and guard against
overreliance on its support.'
By CYNTHIA NEU
Daily Staff Writer
TIMEIS running out for Sigma
The report from the Committee
on Membership in Student Organ-
izations released yesterday asks
that if the local chapter does not'
succeed in getting a valid waiver
of its bias clause from the na-
tional that the house's recogni-
tion be withdrawn at the end of
the semester. That is, it may be
kicked off campus.
The deadline was proposed for,
a specific purpose. Sigma Nu has
no hope of getting a waiver un-
less there is a definite time by.
which the group can be suspended
from activities. Even if a waiver
is granted, the Committee will
have to rule on its validity and
the Council could take action
against the chapter.
The question of whether Sigma
Nu is in violation of the Univer-
sity Regulation has been answered
in part by the local, which inter-
prets its membership requirements
as being in violation, according
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to'
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 14
Applications for the Selective Service
college qualification test are now being
distributed at the Ann Arbor Selective
Service Board, 103 East Liberty. Appli-
cations must be in by March 27, 1962.
Residence Hall Scholarship: Women
students wishing to apply for a Resi-
dence Hall Scholarship for the academic
year 1962-63 for Helen Newberry Resi-
dence may do so through the Office of
the Dean of women. Applications must
be returned complete by March 31. Stu-
dents already living in this residence
hall and those wishing to live there
next fall may apply'. Qualifications will
be considered on the basis of academic
standing (minimum 2.5 cumulative
average), need, and contribution to
Faculty, College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts: The freshman five-week
progress reports (all grades) will be
due, Fri., March 16, in the Faculty
Counselors office for Freshmen and
Sophomores, 1213 Angell Hall.
Laboratory Playbill Series presents
"The Women at the Tomb" by Michael
Ghelerode. Trueblood Aud., Frieze Bldg.
Thurs., March 15 at 4:00 p.m. Admission
University Lecture in Botany: Dr. D.
J. D. Nicholas, head Department of
Plant Biochemistry and Chemical Mic-
robiology, University of Bristol, Eng-
land, will speak on "Metabolism of In-
organic Nitrogen and its Compounds
in Microorganisms" on Thurs., March
15 at 4:15 p.m. in Aud. A.
.nn . iC f7i -".7.tY . _TtA .[. ' nPT e
B. Danson will interview for Camp
Winnebagoe, Maple Lake, Perry Sound,
Ontario, Canada. All positions for men
& women counselors. Interviews held
Thurs. & Fri., March 15 & 16.
Miss A. Bishop; Camp Maqua, Bay City
YWCA, camp for girls, will interview for
positions as counselors & camp special-
ists. Camp located at Hale, Mich. In-
terviews from 9 a.m. to noon on Sat.,
D. Salisbury or J. Roberts will inter-
view for summer camp positions at Ne-
Kana, rprivate boys camp. Interviews
held from 9 am. to, noon on Sat.,
J. Parsons, Dir. of Camp Chick-A-Mi,
will interview Sat, morning from 9 a.m.
to noon for counselors & camp spe-
cialists. All positions for girls except;
Sailing Instructor (male only) & Water-
front Dir. (male or female). This is
girls' camp located at Levering, Mich.
Beginning March 19 the following
schools will interview for 1962-63 school
MON., MARCH 19-
Albion, Mich.-Elem.; Engl., SS, Fre/
Span., Math, Gen. Se., Comm., Ind.
Arts, Cons. Elem. PE & Elem. Arts/
Crafts, Vist. Teach., Sp. Ther., Typ.
Detroit, Mich. (Redford Union)-
Elem., Vocal. PE (Man); Jr. HS libr.,:
Engl./SS. Sci/Math, Sci., Math, Ind.
Arts; HS Engl./German, Engl./Pre.,
Angl./Hist., Chem/Phys. or Math, Fre/
Span., Home Bec., Comm.. Ind. Arts,
Swim/Coa., Football Coa.; Biol., Diag.
La Due, Mo. (St. Louis)--Elem.; Jr.
HS Math, Lang. Arts/SS, Sneech, Latin/
Engl./SS, Vocal, Libr.; HS Encl., SS,
Math. Pbvs, Sci., Span., Art, Ind. Arts/
Dr. Ed.; Elem. Art.
Pelham, N.Y.-Elem.,. Sch. Nurse: Jr.
HS Engl., . C. Math,, Girl's PB, Set.;
HS Math, Girl's PE; Spec. Ed. Brain-
Damaged. 5 yrs. train. & 2 yrs. exper.
TUES.. MARCH 20-
Battle Creek. Mich.-Elem.; Jr. .HS
Enzl/SS. Engl/Latin, Gen. Se., Gen.
Math; HS Engl/Sneech, Math, ScI/Biol.,
Girl's PE; Sn. Corr.
Detroit, Mich. (So. Redford) - Fields
not yet announced.
W1 ren Woods, Mch-Kdg., Elem.;
Bakersfield. Calif.-'HS Art. Bus. Ed.,
to the membership committee's
* * *
IN A STATE supported univer-
sity, an organization which is in
violation of the regulations of the
university and the provisions of
the student governing' body can-
not hope to have this forgiven and
forgotten. But the problems Sigma
Nu faces in getting a waiver may
be common to other groups which
could come before Student Gov-
ernment Council in the future.
While the ideal solution would
be to remove the clause, the im-
mediate problem could be solved
if the national simply granted a
waiver. However, fraternities with
a large number of southern chap-
ters, which may be convinced that
such a measure would hurt their
rush, may find waivers very hard
to get. And the national may be-
lieve it is better to lose one
northern chapter rather than
harm the strength of their strong
THIS LEAVES a local like Sigs-
ma Nu in the middle of the battle.
Under northern norms, which at
least give lip service to equality
and generally support civil rights
legislation, the local is forced to
abide by a ruling which is ac-
tively discriminatory and indel-
ibly written down.
The individual members of any
given local may or may not be
prejudiced themselves. Their per-
sonal judgments and values cannot
be .legislated. But SGC does not
have the right to condone dis-
criminatory practices, any more
than it has the right to hinder
freedom of thought-even dis-
Actively practiced discrimina-
tion is illegal. The Council must
recognize this. They can't support
a group which violates the law. So
if a waiver is not granted, the
group must be suspended.
There are other courses of ac-
tion, but they must be taken by
the local chapter.
" The national can grant a
waiver, the whole thing will rest in
peace, and the group can con-
tinue to select members on what-
ever criterion they wish, includ-
ing discriminatory practices which
the public woudn't know about.
Unwritten discrimination pis vir-
tually impossible to substantiate,
a point which indicates the futility
of membership control.
* The local chapter can dis-
affiliate from the national and
avoid the sanctions of the 'na-
tional's bias clause, and also lose
the benefits it now derives from
being in the national organization.
f The local can become purely
a private club, without participat-
ing in University activities, without
gaing financial support or the
benefits of University facilities,
without taking part in rush, and
without carrying the name of the
University of Michigan.
* * 9
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