THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Allies Announce Accord
On Disarmament Project
WASHINGTO14 (A) - President
John F. Kennedy said yesterday
the United States is ready to carry
out immediately any disarmament
agreement reached at Geneva.
Kennedy pledged that United
States negotiators at the 17-nation
disarmament conference formally
opening today will seek "the wid-
est area of agreement at the ear-
liest possible date."
He called on the other nations
at the East-West parley to join
in what he termed the realistic
approach of United States dele--
gates in pushing for arms cuts
"under effective international
control" so the world can "move
forward from this time of nuclear
peril to a more secure and prom-
Kennedy's statement on the eve
of the conference opening was is-
sued at the White House by Sen-
ate Majority Leader Mike Mans-
Aides said the President was
following through on his avowed'
course of paying closest personal
attention to the Geneva proceed-
ings. In pre-conference letters ex-
changed with Soviet Premier Ni-
kita S. Khrushchev, Kennedy said
government heads "should assume
personal responsibility for the suc-
cess of these negotiations."
The President has also left the
way open for going to Geneva
himself should the negotiators
make progress. But no evidence of
hope for such progress has -yet
been noted here. Soviet Foreign
jMinister Andrei Gromyko is re-c
ported to have stuck to past Mos-
cow positions unacceptable to the
In going over the disarmament
situation with congressional lead-
ers, the President was keeping in
the picture those who would have
much to say on whether the U.S.
signs any disarmament treaty.
CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS - Senate " Majority Leader Mike
Mansfield reads a statement at the White House after a meeting
with President John F. Kennedy about disarmament talks. With
Mansfield are (left) House Speaker John McCormack, Vice-
President Lyndon Johnson and Sen. Hubert Humphrey.
Kennedy Praises Aid
As Tyranny Bulwark
WASHINGTON (P)-The annual foreign aid battle in Congress
was launched yesterday when President John F. Kennedy formally
asked for $4,878,500,000 to help other nations combat threats of Com-
munism, chaos and tyranny.
Kennedy insisted that the total cannot be cut "if the partnership
on which we are now embarked .. , is to demonstrate the advances in
human well-being which flow from economic development joined with
But Rep. Otto Passman (D-La), chairman of the House Appro-
priations Subcommittee in charge of foreign aid, said the total re-
quested is "preposterous." He
For New Safeguards
GENEVA () - American and
British officials, anxious to present
a united front, declared themselves
in accord last night on proposals
to the Russians, including Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy's concept of
safeguards against secret prepara-
tions for nuclear test explosions.
A public record of agreement
was given to newsmen following
an afternoon discussion between
Secretary of State Dean Rusk and
British Foreign Secretary Lord
David Home on the eve of the 17-
nation disarmament conference.
Earlier, an authoritative West-
ern source in Geneva reported the
United States and Britain had de-
cided against offering to the con-
ference a detailed and elaborate
proposal for guarding against se-
Test Ban Accord
After the Rusk talk with Lord
Home, however, United States of-
ficials said Britain and the United
States would go into the confer-
ence in accord on the nuclear test
ban question, and that this ac-
cord included an approach on
safeguards against preparations.
A British official also declared
there is no split between London
and Washington on this issue.
But even after this public af-
firmation of unity, one high West-
ern source said it was a fact of
life, known to the Americans and
British alike, that "it is impossi-
ble to detect preparations."
The British still felt that any
proposal to extend control and
verification machinery w o u l d
make it much more difficult to
secure Soviet agreement to a test
ban treaty, it was reported.
The United States still feels
that something should be done to
guard against secret preparations
for tests in the light of the experi-
ences of last fall. Then the Soviet
Union was secretly preparing for
its massive test series while still
negotiating in the nearly three-
year test ban conference here.
The British now have fallen in
with the American point of view,
it was reported, but still doubt that
experts can come up with an idea
for setting up practical machinery
to assure against secret prepara-
One idea being canvassed would
call for the heads of government
of the United States, Britain and
the Soviet Union publicly to prom-
ise not to prepare for tests.
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By The Associated Press
-LANSING-The sudden death
In a Senate committee of his pack-
age of civil rights bills drew an
angry protest from Gov. John B.
Swainson yesterday. Not only did
Republicans in the committee kill
the bills, Swainson said, "but they
compounded the injustice by re-
porting out two bills that would
establish a public policy in Michi-
gan for people to discriminate
against other citizens."
* * *
GUATEMALA CITY - Several
persons were wounded yesterday
as police fired on rioting univer-
sity students who tried to block
traffic in the central part of the
city. Police also used tear gas.
* * *
F. Kennedy yesterday signed the
bill lifting the national debt limit
to $300 billion, highest since the
World War II period.
NEW YORK-The stock market
advanced yesterday on late gains
in drugs, steels, motors and chem-
icals. The Dow-Jones 65 stocks
closed up .58, rails were up .44,
utilities up .13 and industrials up
promised to try to reduce it.
Kennedy's program got quick
endorsement, however, from two
top House leaders, Speaker John
W. McCormack (D-Mass) and Ma-
jority Floor Leader Carl Albert (D-
Okla). Albert said the program is
"essential to our national inter-
Congress has consistently cut
presidential foreign aid requests
-and even more deeply in recent
years. Last year Kennedy asked
for $4.8 billion and got only $3.9
Some of the amounts requested
in the message to Congress yes-
terday require authorizations be-
fore action on providing the mon-
ey. Hearings on these will begin
today before the House Foreign
Affairs Committee. C h a i r m a n
Thomas E. Morgan (D-Pa) said
the leadoff witness will be Fowler
Hamilton, director of the Agency
for International Development.
Kennedy's message followed
generally his request as outlined
in the budget message for the fis-
cal year starting next July 1
which went to Congress in Jan-
uary. The 1700 words were focused
mainly on persuading Congress,
that any cuts in the total would
"We should know by now," he
said, "that where weakness and
dependence are not transferred in-
to strength and self-reliance, we
can expect only chaos, and then
tyranny, to follow."
BERLIN (') - For the second
time within a week, Soviet planes
dropped metallic strips in the Ber-
lin air corridors in an apparent
attempt to confuse radar control-
ling Western flights, informed
sources said yesterday.
The Russians also scheduled
military flights in the air corri-
dors for the second day in a row
in an attempt to interfere with
Western air traffic. But Western
airline officials said they had no
reports of any interference and
flights were carried out on sched-
Informants said the thin strips
of metal drifted into the edges of
two of the three air corridors to
Berlin, but did not interfere with
WASHINGTON (A) -- Congress
sent to President John F. Kenne-
dy yesterday one of the bills he
has been waiting fr-a manpower
training measure designed to im-
prove the skills of United States
House passage of the $435 mil-
lion, three-year program complet-
ed congressional action on the
compromise bill, which had strong
bipartisan support in both House
and Senate. House action was by
Although its immediate aim is
to get one million workers off the
unemployment rolls, the bill's
long-range goal is to meet the
challenge raised by automation.
In this connection, one provision
authorizes the secretary of labor
to study the manpower needs of
the nation for the years ahead
and develop training, programs
that will produce the workers to
fill those needs.
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