10. 19G~~ TE MICmi AT
McGill Considers Experiment
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
By ELLEN SILVERMAN
and ARNOLD WEINGARDEN
"From my experiments I feel
that there must be a relation be-
tween time to react to a sound
stimulus and the intensity of the
tone," Prof. William McGill of
Columbia University, said yester-
Prof. McGill spoke at a psychol-
ogy colliquium on the subject of
"Loudness, Latest Model."
"One factor which must be con-
sidered in .such experiments is
that a subject's. loudness function
is repeatable," he said.
The loudness function is com-.
puted on the basis of verbal re-
sponses to tones on a scale moving
from the loudest tone heard to
the weakest. A subject is ask to
react by indicating which tones
he thinks are the "loudest" in the
In such experiments, results are
shown to be repeatable with a
single subject but vary between
subjects. The reactions of some
subjects can be plotted as linear
expressions, while with others the
graph is a curve.
Since this data resulted from
the experiments, Prof. McGill in-
dicated he had thought that per-
haps other than subjective means
could be used to measure loudness.
One method which he tried was
to calculate the reaction time of
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PROF. WILLIAM McGILL
... research on sound
subjects in response to tones
He found that in experiments
the relation between loudness and
time to react became a fairly
stable function. However, it was
then necessary to postulate what
produced the reactionytime.
Mervyn Stone, a psychologist,
analyzed reaction times and lists
three components of them, Prof.
McGill said. He noted that these
three divisions were the time for
the neurological process to take
place, the time required to decide
on an appropriate response, and
finally the time to execute it.
The times for the first and last
steps are fairly constant in the
presence of any stimuli, that is
of any sound regardless-of in-
tensity measured in decibles.
"Although the decision time
could be thought to be a simple
random variable, plotting it
against sound intensity has shown
that it varies in even steps," Prof.
He concludes, therefore, that
there must be some sort of in-
tegration process which allows the
subject to accumulate evidence in
the presence of a stimuli in order
to make a response. Consequently,
it takes more time to accumulate-
evidence in the presense of a weak
stimulus and less time in the
presence of a strong one.
For, when a weak stimulus is
presented to the subject, his sen-
sory apparatus takes time to ac-
cumulate evidence that it is pres-
ent, while with a stronger stimu-
lus the time needed for this pro-
cess is not as great.-
Prof. McGill noted that there is
a definite relationship between the
reaction time and the intensity of
the stimulus. This is due to the
Applications are now available
for National Defense Education
Act student loans.
Priority is given to those ap-
plicants who are going into public
elementary or secondary school
teaching or those majoring in
science, mathematics or a foreign
Loans are given according to
need with a $1,000 maximum.
"The Nature of the Church
Nature of our Unity."
One of a Sunday Evening Series
The Reverend Jack Borckardt,
Presbyterian Campus Pastor,
preaching at St. Andrews
Episcopal Church, discussion
Sunday, March 11-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
SATURDAY, MARCH 10
Challenge Panel: "Student Social Ac-
tion" with James A. Lewis, Tom Hay-
den and Paul Carder, at 2:30 p.m., Sun.,
March 11 in the Multipurpose Room,
Seminar in Applied Mechanics: Mon.,
March 12, 311 W. Engineering Bldg. Dr.
T. Brooke Benjamin, Cambridge Uni-
versity, will speak on "The Hydrody-
namics of Liquid Films."
Coffee at 3:30 p.m. Inthe Faculty
'Approval for the following student-
sponsored activities becomes effective
24 hours after the publication of this
notice. All publicity for these events
must be withheld until the approval
has become effective.
Mar. 19-Challenge, Organizational
Meeting, 3510 SAB, 4:15 p.m.°
Mar. 13-Challenge, Discussion, Mark
Chesler, Steve Stockmeyer, Union 3-B,
Mar. 14, 15-Young Democrats, Signa-
ture Collection for Education Drive,
Fishbowl, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.
SUMMER PLACEMENT SERVICE:
Hamilton Stores, Inc., Yellowstone
National Park - Positions as General
Salesclerks, Fountain Clerks, Grocery
Checkers, Warehousemen," First cooks,
Assistant Cooks, Waitresses, General
Clerical Personnel, Accountants & many
others. Complete information available
in the Summer Placement. Mr. Peter-
son will interview on Mon., March 12.
Douglas Bobo will interview for Camp
Easton for Boys, Ely, Minn. on Tues.,
March 13.' ositions open are, Nature
Counselor, Waterfront Director, Canoe
Guide Counselor, Athletic Counselor,.
Archery Counselor, and Camperaft
Counselor. Interviews will be held from
1:30 to 5 p.m.
ENGINEERING PLACEMENT INTER-
VIEWS-Seniors & grad students, please
sign interview schedule at 128-H West
MARCH 13 (a.m.)-
American Metal Products Co., Engi-
neering Science Div., Ann Arbor, Mich.
--AllDegrees: ChTE. BS-MS: EE, ME &
Met., Gen'l., Analyt. & Inorg. Chem.
MS: Instrumentation. MS-PhD: Nuclear.
June grads. R. & D.
The Boeing Co., Seattle, Wash., Wich-
ita, Kas. (Also limited openings in Mor-
ton, Pa. & New Orleans, La.)-All De-
grees: AE & Astro., Applied Mech., CE-
(structures), EE, EM, Instru., ME, Nu-
clear, Math & Physics. BS: E Math & E
Physics. June & Aug. grads. Both Men
& Women. Des., R. & D., Prod.
Continental Oil Co., R. & D & Manuf.
-All Degrees: ChE, EE, Met. BS-MS:
ME. Des., R. & D.
Ethyl Corp., Baton Rouge, La.; &
Houston, Texas-All Degrees: ChE. BS-
MS: Mat'ls. BS: Sci. Engrg. June & Aug.
grads. Des., R. & D., Prod., Econ. eval-
uation; Tech. Service to Manuf.
Fausteel Metallurgical Corp., All Div.,
North Chicago, 111.-All Degrees: EE &
Met. BS: E Physics, ME & Sci. Engrg.
June & Aug. grads. Des., R. & D., Sales
General Motors Corp., Cadillac Motor-
Car Div., Detroit, Mich.-BS-MS: IE &
ME. June & Aug. grads. Cost'Estimat-
ing-Ast as liaison between Engrg.,
Mfg. & Purchasing Div. In the prepara-
tion of Cost Studies for Mgmt., under
direction Divisional Comptroller.
The Martin Co., Div. of Martin-Mar-
ietta Corp., Baltimore, Orlando & Den-
ver-All Degrees: E, Nuclear-(Balti-
more), ME, Instru. MS-PhD: AE &
Astro., EM, & Physics. PhD: CE & Met.
BS: E Physics. June & Aug. grads.
Both Men & Women. Des., R. & D.,
Standard Oil (N.J.), Jersey Production
Research Co.-MS-PhD: ChE. Both Men
& Women. R. & D.
Tennessee Valley Authority, Des. Div.,
located in Knoxville, Tenn., & Constru.
sites thru-out Tenn. Valley area-BS-
MS: CE, EE & ME. June & Aug. grads.
Des., Construction, & operation of hy-
dro- & steam-electric generating plants.
Wyandotte. Chemicals, Wyandotte,
Mich. BS-MS:.Ch. MS: Instrumen-
tation. June grads. Des., R. & D., Sales
The following part-time jobs are
available. Applications for these jbs
can be made in the Part-time Place-
ment Office, 2200 Student Activities
Building, during the following hours:
Monday thru Friday 8 a.m. til 12 noon
and 1:30 til 5 p.m.
Employers desirous of hiring students
for part-time or full-time temporary
work, shold call Bob Hodges at NO
3-1511, ext. 3553.
Students desiring miscellaneous odd
jobs should consult the bulletin board
in Room 2200, daily.
-Several salesmen wanted.
1-Landscape Architect who is at least
in his Junior year. / time position.
1-Waitress to work from 11:00 a.m.-
1:00 p.m., Monday-Friday, and all
dayySaturday and Sunay.
1-Baby sitter who will help through
the dinner hour in exchange for
room and board.
-Several saleswomen wanted.
Congregational Disciples E & R Stu-
dent Guild, Seminar: "The Unfolding
Drama of the Bible,"-Rev. J. Edgar Ed-
wards, Mar. 11, 9:30 a.m., Guild House,
Graduate Outing Club, Hike, Mar. 11,
2:00 p.m., Rackham, Huron St. Entrance.
India Student Association, Film Fes-
tival (Documentary Indian Movies),
Mar. 10, 7:30, Newman Club. No charge
and refreshments will be served.
* * *
La Socedad Hispanica, Tertulia, Mar.
12, 3-5 p.m., 3050 Frieze Bldg.
1956 JAGUAR 2.4 compact sedan. Only
200 miles on completely rebuilt en-
gine. Body and chrome good. HU 3-
1960 FIAT 600. New brakes, good con-
dition, radio and heater. Reasonable.
Call 665-5980. N15
'57 VOLKSWAGEN. $695. Phone NO
FOR SALE-'61 Corvette, excellent con-
dition. 665-0230 after 6 p.m. N12
FOR SALE: Alfa Romeo Guilletta coupe.
1959. Excellent condition, recent over-
haul, new battery and generator.
Maintained for personal useg- never
raced. Forced to sell at sacrifice.
Reason-unexpected long leave from
area. $1875 or nearest offer. Call NO
HOUSE TRAILER for sale: 1958 Detrot-
er. 35x8. 2 bedroom. Reasonable. HU
PACO-STEREO TUNER and Amp-Pre-
amp. 40 watts. Electrovoice speakers.
Esquire model. Stromberg-Carlson ta-
ble and arm; G.E. cart. Phone NO 3-
1031 5-8 P.M. B5
STRING BASS for sale. 663-3283 be-
tween 5 and 7 p.m. B13
THE NEW YORK TIMES delivered daily.
Student Newspaper Agency, PO Box
241, Ann Arbor, Michigan. M10
CAMP COUNSELORS WANTED
MEN to work in boys camp located In
Cheybogan. county for 8 weeks this
summer. Need general counselors and
waterfront director and assistant. If
interested, call NO 2-9454 evenings.
MEN & WOMEN 18 and over who would
like part time work. Good salary plus
commission - Telephone saleswork
done from new Downtown office, Nat'l
product. Must have pleasant voice.
Experience essential but will train on
job. For arrangements of hours and
personal interview, dial 665-0188. H14
GERMAN Grad Student offers language
instruction at all levels. Call NO 2-
A FRIEND of mine had a score of 265
at the miniature bowling alley at the
SCHWABEN INN, 215 S. Ashley. He
also ate a great big Schwaben-Burg-
er. Meet your friends here for fun.
HI-FI, PHONO T, and radio repair,
Clip this ad for free pickup and de-
livery. Campus Radio and TV, 325 E.
Hoover. NO 5-6644.1 J24
BEFORE you buy a cla ring, look at
the official Michigan ring. Bur-Pat-
terson and Auld Co. 1209 South Uni-
versity, NO 8-8887. J11
Beginner and advanced. Individ-
ual and small workshop groups.
Classical, folk, popular. Call 663-
Finding .holes in your winter cloth-
ing? Find that the wind whistles
through and sends chills up and
down your spine? Then send them
224 Arcade NO 2-4847
"We'll reweave them to look like new"
A-1 New and Used Instruments
BANJOS, GUITARS AND BONGOS
Rental Purchase Plan
PAUL'S MUSICAL REPAIR
119 W. Washington NO 2-1834
HI-Fl & TV CENTER
Public Address Systems for rent
Style Shows, Parties, Meetings.
Operated by Professionals. Also
commentation provided if necessary.
Reasonable. NO 5-8607. J2.
Figure 5 average words
Call Classified between- 1:00 and
to o line
3:00 Mon. thru Fri.
Phone NO 2-4786
* Quick Service
STUDiO, 800 sq. ft., Music, Dance, Re-
ducing, Ceramic, large assembly room
33x15, 4 smaller rooms,, over Pretzel
Bell, 2-5 year lease. Will sell entire
building of 3 floors. Call Lansing, ED
SPRING means a new hair style and a
new permanent. Bid for yours atn the
WUS AUCTION on March 14. F13
BARBARA, Where's my Ty Klappa Pin?
TO FIG NEWTON: I can hold my liquor
if I've got the right background mu-
sic. Leslie. P12
SDT's are nice. They will serve breakfast
to. the highest bidder' at the WUS
AUCTION on Wednesday, March 14.
3:00, on the Diag. F14
1. Girls like to be called every week.
2. Girls like to go out every weekend.
3. There is a 1:30 per Sat., March 17.
4. Girls like to drink AT LEAST once
5. Girls wonder if, when, and what
you think about them-if you do.
6. Girls enjoy a moment (?) of pas-
sion every now and then. Flo
THURSDAY NIGHT. The Wolverine
'Ragtime Five. Dancing, stomping, and
listening. 9-12 at The American Le-
THE CONDOR will be here In 6 days.
LEAGUE PETITIONING NOW OPEN!I
Hurry! Pick up your petition in the
League Undergrad office. F5
RIDE WANTED for 4 FRIENDLY girls
to Boston or New England area for
spring vacation. Will share expenses
and driving. Call 3-1561, Ext. i8 or
DIAMONDS - WHOLESALE
Fine Quality at Student Prices
Robert Haack Diamond Importers
First National Bldg., Suite 504
By appointment only, NO 3-0653
FREDILY MAY GRINTHEL
Army-Navy Oxfords - $7.95
Socks 39c Shorts 9
122 E. WASHINGTON Ws
BIKES and SCOOTERS
BOYS, is the cold weather keeping
you from the Hill? Ride a bike
605 Church NO 5-6607
Nice clean three-room furnished.
Immediate occupancy. NO 2-1897
or NO 8-9577. CT
ROOMS FOR RENT-Single or double
426 Hamilton. C
WILL SHARE APARTMENT
Why live in a room when you can
share one half of a huge apartment?
Cheap! Convenient! Call NO 5-8958.
CAMPUS - HOSPITALS
Large, two bedroom apartment,
nicely furnished, located near in-
tersection of Washtenawa and For-
est Avenues. Ideal for three or
four. Immediate occupancy. Call
for appointment to see: NO 2-7787
days and NO 3-2763 evenings.
PARKING -SPACE for rent. Very close
to Frieze Bldg. Call NO 2-7274. C
LOT PARKING available. Call NO 2
WE HAVE available for the Easter holi
days-and our annual college invasio
of Fort Lauderdale-a hotel room
with private entrance and bath. Tw
double beds - will accommodate 4
$2.50 per person per night. 1 minut
from the ocean-1 block of U.S. No. 1
Get your reservations in early. Mr
and Mrs. Wm. J. Sweet, 3000 NE
21st Terrace, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. C3
CAR SERVICE, ACCESSORIES
FOREIGN CAR SERVICE
We service all makes and models
of Foreign and Sports Oars.
2 Coney Island Hot Dogs 19c ea. 38c
1 French Fries . .
. 5c ea.30ec
0 0 0
AiI.For Only 69c
N0c ROOT BEER .... ............Only 5t
Saturday and Sunday Only
Open 'til Midnight Friday, Saturday and Sunday
EAT- MOR Drive-In
Across from Arborland Shopping Centerr
A good sword nowadays is hard to find-and in olden times, too.'Many a
feudal lord saw it pointless to joust with a faulty halberd, and for worthy steel
alone the Visigoths sacked Rome.
Today, centuries later, the search for stronger steels goes on. And among those
making most dramatic strides in advancing the state of the metallurgical art
are the research teams at Ford's Scientific Laboratory in Dearborn, Michigan.
In exploring the "world of microstructure," these scientists, using methods of
extremessophistication, have been able to look at iron and steel on a near-
atomic scale. They have discovered secrets of nature leading to new processing
techniques which yield steels of ultra-high strength unknown a decade ago.
The promise of such'techniques seems limitless. As man develops the needs
and means to travel more swiftly on earth and over interplanetary reaches--
wherever economy of weight and space is required-strength of physical
materials will become paramount. This is another example of how Ford is gaining
leadership through scientific research and engineering.
The American Road, Dearborn, Michigan
PRODUCTS FOR THE AMERICAN ROADTHE FAR
. INDUSTRY . AND THE AGE OF SPACE
If I \ .r
JUST RECEIVED new shipments of these famous loaf-
ers for both Men and Women.4
We regret the long delay in receiving same, but
never in Bass's history has there been such a demand
for these shoes. There is a six to eight weeks delay
in filling all orders for Bass Outdoor footwear.
For Men For Women'
Cordovan (Color) Black or
Antique Brown Antique Brown
\A/km , +n+t +ro ,, rclf +o +kp hP.4t9 \A/~ m net nc)
SOUTH UNIVERSITY &
Mrs. E. Strachan,
Mrs. E. Strachan, housemoth
on this campus announces she w
escort. a group of girls from t
University of Michigan on a
week tour to Hawaii this summe
All University co-eds are cordia
invited to join her.
The group will join with 5(
girls from other campuses acrc
the U.S. on the well-known Ho'
ard Tour, the original Study-F
program to the Pacific. Girls ha
a choice between campus dormito
residence at the University of H
waii apartment living at Waik
Beach. The price of $569 incluc
travel by ship from California
Honolulu, a full program of soc
events including introduction pc
ties, fashion shows, dinner-danc
and cultural events, as well
boating and beach sports events
Waikiki Beach. Optional visits
the romantic outside islands c
also available and tour membe
can top their summer off with
stop-over at the Seattle Worlk
Fair on the way home.
In addition, students may enr
at the University of Hawaii sumrr
session, earning up to six units
credit, either undergraduate
Nye Motor Sak
514 E. Washington
IS OUR BUSINESS
Phone NO 3-4858
Stop in NOW for
battery and tire check-t
"You expect more from
Standard and you get it."