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February 24, 1962 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-02-24

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Seventy-Second Year
EDITED AND MANAGED SY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSIT OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
reth ii e Fee STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
ditorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

CHA

-4 0

il

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Y, FEBRUARY 24, 1962

NIGHT EDITOR: CAROLINE DOW

This Week's SGC Fiasco:
Politics Blurs the Issues,

I'ER THE TRADITIONAL Wednesday,
dght fiasco, Student Government Council
urmed at 12:30 a.m., the members tired
in some cases discouraged.
ley all should be discouraged. This Council
n admirable record of failures and bungles.
nesday night they again failed, this time
the National Student Association. Last
by passing a referendum on whether or
SGC should remain in NSA, Council got
into enough trouble to warrant visits by
A national and a regional officer, a Young
icans for Freedom national officer, and
Feldkamp, who came out of retirement
ve the day.
Wednesday night, Council had decided to
ad the referendum. The same group which
week had decided the student body was
nsible enough to decide the fate of NSA
his campus, this week thought, in Paul
er's words, that "SGC believes that a
us-wide referendum is foreign to the
apt of USNSA as a confederation of stu-
governments ... "
tunately, for the sake of Council's repu-
n, it woke up in time to strike that sen-
out of Carder's motion.
mination of the sentence did not end the
>. The entire tone of the meeting was, as
ird G'sell put it, "a circus."
i HEIGHT of irrationality was reached
hen Council voted 'against accepting a
in by Robert Ross. Ross' motion to rescind
rSA referendum was substantially the same
arder's. The motion offered by Ross was
led as a substitute motion which would
rate Carder's charges of extremism leveled
SA without proof. Ross' motion cut out
r's charges of weakness and failure to
out the purpose of NSA, which were
d at the past national 'officers.,
s' motion eliminated a section in Carder's
n which limited the number of delegates
e national congress to 11, and it in-
d in the delegation chairmen of the
il's standing committees, chairmen of the
n Relations Board or the Committee on
ership, and the Senior Editors of The
gan Daily. Carder's motion gave considera-
o SGC members only as delegates, while
said SOC members shall have highest
ty.
s' motion, on the whole, was more clear,.
landerous and unsubstantiated and more
gently stated.

Ross' motion was defeated.

COUNCIL THEN TOOK Carder's motion and
made it into Ross' motion, a process which
required three hours of meeting time which
could have been used for discussion of adequacy
statements and the Office of Student Affairs
report. It cut out the sentence condemning
past NSA national officers. It took out the
embarrassing sentence on the referendum,
making it read "SGC believes that a campus-
wide referendum presents the opportunity for,
extremist groups to exploit, for their own
partisan purposes, the positive concern of SGC
with USNSA." This new sentence was exactly
the one already in Ross' motion. Council took,
out the clause limiting the number of delegates
to 11. It added to those who could go as dele-
gates chairmen of the standing committees and
SGC members of the Regional Executive Com-
mittee of NSA. It excluded chairmen of the
Human Relations Board and Committee on
Membership and Daily Senior Editors.
WHAT DO THESE deletions and additions to
Carder's motion show?
1) They show Council was intelligent enough
to clean up a vaguely stated motion which
made unproved charges.
2) They show Council was pigheaded enough
to refuse to pass Ross' motion, yet went right
ahead and substantially changed Carder's mo-
tion into Ross'.
WVAT IS THE MORAL of this story?
Once upon a time there was a Student
Council divided into two warring factions. The
conservative power elite and the angry but small
liberal group waged bloody war, until all traces
of reasoning were lost in a maze of politics
and personal grudges. This Council proceeded
to pass legislation on NSA until the Council
became as confused as the issues it attempted
to legislate.
The Council could not pass legislation writ-
ten by a liberal member, although it thought
the legislation was better than that written
by one of their own faction. Instead, it took
the liberal motion, defeated it, and made the
conservative motion.into that same liberal mo-
tion (except it had Carder's name on it).
Eventually the Council looked so foolish and
contradictory that no one paid any attention
to it. Perhaps like all good story-book villains,
it may heave a sorrowful sigh and die.
-MARJORIE BRAHMS

Juilliard Quartet Gives
'Superb' Concert
SAY THAT THE JUILLIARD QUARTET played a concert of fine
chamber music superbly last night would be to understate the case.
Starting with a late Haydn fragment, moving through a late Bartok
quartet to a late Schubert work, the Juilliard gave every measure of
music an importance that revealed hours of concentrated study of the
music. But almost as amazing as the thought behind the performance
was the performance itself, in which, the players showed an almost un-
believable ability to transfer the thought to their fingers, producing a
clean-cut, united, and technically nearly perfect sound.
EACH WORK represented an interesting, significant phase of its
composer and period. The Haydn, a late work (Op. 103) showed a seri-
ous and rather intense side of the genial composer. The Bartok, with
its beautifully symmetric structure, its motivi unity, which goes be-
yond nere quotation of theme and allows each movement to be an in-
dependent unit while related to the whole, and its technical novelties,
was substantial meat for the quartet.
Here the ability of the Juilliard to convert complex rhythms (such
as the compound meters in the Bulgarian scherzo), extremely difficult
devices of technique, and dense amounts of contrapuntal writing into
a compact, well thought-out, and lucid whole was overwhelming.
The Bartok work features such unusual directions as "strong pizzi-
cato so that the string rebounds off the finger board," "with the nail
of the first finger at the upper end of the string," features triple-stop
glissando pizzicati, and has an "Allegretto, con indifferenza" which
outdoes Mozart's "Musical Joke."
THE CLIMAX OF THE EVENING-if there was one-came after
intermission, when the group turned to the great d minor quartet of
Schubert, subtitled "Death and the Maiden." The sheer concentration
of effort and beauty of sound would have been enough to awaken even
a staid Rackham audience, but added to these qualities were an equal
concentration of thought and a beauty of control that almost (perish
-forbid!) brought the audience to its feet. For once the interrelatedness
of the movements was brought into sharp focus; the pathos (to use an
almost dead word) of the second movement combined with the drama
of the opening and final movements, and united with the scherzo to
form a unit of real coherence.
In short, it was quite a concert.
--Mark Slobin
AT THE MICHIGAN:
Lover': Smas h Sequelt
T IS NOT PARTICULARLY surprising that a film as successful as
"Pillow Talk" should be followed by a similarly patterned sequel. It is
a surprise when the sequel surpasses the prototype. Such is the case
with "Lover Come Back."
This movie had every excuse for being a disappointment. The appeal
of Doris Day and Rock Hudson is such that a 2-hour cinemascopi chess
game between them would no doubt play to jammed theaters. When a
well-devised story line and'script are added to this volatile combination,
however, the result is remarkably fine entertainment. Fortunately, both
elements are provided.'
The outstanding performance in the film is turned in not by Rock
or Doris but by Tony Randall, whose comic sense approaches pure
genius. As the rich, neurotic inheritor of a cut-throat advertising agency
("I demand to know what's been going on since I took over.") he is
superb.
Mr. Hudson, whose dramatic ability improves with time, turns In
a thoroughly polished portrayal of the slick operator whose pursuit of
Doris is riotously unique. Whether or not the Day will be saved is, at.
times, a serious question.
DORIS, FOR HER USUAL astonishing wardrobe and energetic
innocence, is neither better nor worse than usual. Her performance,
while not brilliant, is adequately attractive.
The only weakness in the production is an occasional tendency
toward redundant dialogue. That many of these "now here's what makes
this situation funny" lines are buried beneath laughter is effective testi-
mony to the fact that they're not necessary.
"Lover Come Back" is a pleasant product 'of Hollywood at its best.
It's a refreshing experience to find close attention to the art of comedy
in a film which probably would have been a financial success anyway.
Maybe somebody out there likes us after all.
-Ralph Stingel'.

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Crux of the Farm Problem

r 1

Dolarsand lomas

.

..J

By PETER STUART, Magazine Editor

RE AND MORE, higher education may be
depicted as a sruggle between babies,
elor degrees and bucks - a struggle in
i the demand posed by the first two cannot
et with a supply of the third.
e "babies" are the bumper crops of post-
hildren-thousands of them,-who are now
nig college age. ,Michigan's total college
university enrollment is expected to in-
e more than 33 per cent in the decade
1960 to 1970 (from 140,000 to 200,000)..
uch states as California, Arizona and
la the total enrollment is expected to
chelor degrees" refers to the growing
ement of a bachelor degree as a pre-
ite for all but the most menial of occu-
as. In 1910, only four per cent of college-
oung people felt it necessary to seek a
e, but today upgraded jobs and a more
ex society have rendered the bachelor
almost as much of a necessity as the
school diploma once was.
CKS" ARE THE billions of dollars which
Iigher education costs on a national level.
4 billion price tag it bore in 1960 will
bly be Jacked up to $10 billion or more
70. But already the country has shown
rked inability-or unwillingness-to pay
er-rising price.
e governments are now paying the largest
of higher education costs, and perhaps
could do even better. One who believes
ould is Prof. Merritt M. Chambers of the
ion school, who supports his contention.
inting out that today states spend an
e of. four to six per cen~t of their total
Editorial Staff
JOHN ROBERTS, Editor
IP SHERMAN FATTH WEINSTEIN
ity Editor. Editorial Director
FARRELL................Personnel Director
SrTART ..................Magazine Editor
EL BURNS... ........Sports Editor
)LDEN ..............Associate City Editor
RD OSTLING.....Assnciate Editorial Director
ANDREWS ........Associate Sports Editor

annual expenditures for higher education, as
compared with 10 per cent 45 years ago.
Yet today most states are stretching their
tax bases to the limit, requiring either a
broadening of already wide tax bases or a
shuffling of various expenditures for any dras-
tic increase in the higher education allocation.
Thus the states' ability to step-up their sup-
port of higher education is definitely limited.
W HAT'S THE ANSWER? The most obvious
one is that a little federal help is needed
to take up the slack. And that's where the
dilemma begins.
Most everyone is familiar with the potential
evils of federal aid; There's the control prob-
lem: nearly all federal aid includes at least a
minimal amount of federal control, and as the
aid grows (as it invariably does) the control
becomes more and more complete. There's the
waste problem, too: blanket aid systems ad-
ministered by the vast federal bureaucracy
have a reputation for costly waste.
Most proposals for federal aid to higher
education try to avoid these evils, but the one
which probably does it best is the 1959 plan
of the Committee for Economic Development.
This plan calls for refunding federal tax
revenues to states which have the greatest
per-pupil need and show the greatest per capita
effort on the local level.
Yet even this conscientious plan doesn't
satisfactorily rule out the possibilities of federal
control and waste.
I7H E WHOLE DILEMMA posed by federal aid
is well summed up in the problem of federal
higher education scholarships.
WASTE: President Kennedy, in his education
message to Congress, stated that last year
200,000 students in the upper 30 per cent of
their graduating classes didn't attend college,
one-third to one-half of them because they
couldn't afford it. Then he asked for 200,000
scholarships, making (by his earlier statement)
at least half of them excessive-wasted.
FEDERAL CONTROL: In addition, too large
a federal scholarship program-with too much
federal control-could perform the disservice
of undercutting many important private schol-
arship programs, like the Citizens' Scholarship

I
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By WALTER LIPPPMANN'
BOTH WE AND THEY, the free
societies and the Communists,
are contending with a farm prob-
lem. But their problem is how to
produce enough and our is what to
do with too much.
They are finding that under
regimentation and control the
farmers lack the incentive to pro-
duce. For some thirty years we
have been using government con-
trols and subsidies to hold up
prices in an effort to protect the
farmers' incomes from the con-
sequences of too much supply and
too little demand. The over-all
result has been still more supply
resulting in lower incomes for
most farmers and huge, costly and
unmanageable surpluses in the
government's hands.
** *
THE FARM PROBLEM as we
have known it since the time of
Coolidge and Hoover is not con-
fined to the United States. It exists
in Western Europe and it is the
most difficult of all the issues
which will have to be settled if
there is to be 'a degree of eco-
nomic unity in the free world. It
is the agricultural questions which
make it most difficult to work out
some form ofxeconomic union-for
the six countries in the Common
Market, the so-called Outer Seven,
the British Commonwealth, the
United States, Latin America and
Japan.
The movement towards free
trade in industrial products is
achieving great momentum, and
there do not appear to be any
in rable difficulties to a wide
free trade area market. But a
wide common market for agricul-
tural products, both temperate
and tropical, faces obstacles which
will not easily be overcome.
* * *
IN DEALING with unsolved
problems, the first step towards
an eventual solution is to isolate.
and define the crux of -the prob-
lem. The economists have done
that. But it may be some time
before public men, who have to
face the voters, will think it pru-
dent to publish the bad news from
the economists.
The bad news is that there are
more farmers trying to, make a
iving on the land than our mod-
ern scientific agriculture requires.
Underneath the crop surpluses
here is a surplus of farmers. The
ssence of the farm problem is
how to take care of the farmers,
who, because they are not needed,
annot make a decent living.

In his farm message on Jan. 31,
the President ventured onto this
new and politically dangerous
ground. He pointed out that out of
our three and one-half . million
farmers, one and one-half million
produce 87 per cent of the total
production. They could easily pro--
duce also the 13 per cent which is
now produced by the other two
million farmers.
We are faced, then, with the.
brutal fact that there are two
many farmers. There are nearly
twice as many farmers ,as are
needed for efficient production.
And in the years to come, as more
and more scientific means are
applied to agriculture, the number
of farmers that are needed will
decline 'still more.
* * *
I HAVE CALLED this a brutal,
fact even though it means that
for us an age of plenty has ar-
rived. It is a brutal fact, because
farming is not only the production
of food and fiber. It is a way of
life which Americans have always
believed nourishes the spirit. Yet
just as the cities are swallowing
the villages, and the metropolis
is swallowing the cities, so the
industrial farms with their ma-
chinery, and ,technology are swal-
lowing the traditional farms. We
are in the midst of an agricultural
revolution which is epochal in its
consequences.
This revolution cannot be stop-
ped. or turned back by any farm
program that Congress could vote
or that the Treasury could pos-
sibly afford. In view of the many
demands on our national strength,
we cannot, even if we wished, in-
dulge in the waste of precious
human resources represented in
the production of crops at high
prices for storage. We need that
energy spent on real work, not
make-work. Gradually, we shall.
have to recognize. the fact that
the true purpose of a farm policy
is to reduce the hardships of the
victims of the agricultural revolu-
tion, and to protect and help the
unneeded farmers in changing
over to other occupations.
* * *
IF WE CALL things by their
right names, a realistic farm policy
is not an attempt to rig the mar-
ket, or to insulate it from compe-
tition. In reality it will have to
be a welfare program for the
retiring farmers and their child-
ren, and for the lands which must
also be retired from agriculture.
We need to encourage the young
people from less productive rural

areas to leave farming for other,
occupations.
Education plays the leading role.
Direct incentives can be offered to
encourage the shift away from
farming; Denmark, for example,
gives special scholarships to young
people from the country. As in-
dustry becomes more evenly dis-
tributed among the states, a move
from farming to another, industry
will less often entail a geographic
move. A rural redevelopment pro-
gram can help provide new uses
for the land and new jobs for
people retired from farming, sof-
tening the impact of the techno-
logical revolution in agriculture.
The prospect of more food from
less crop land offers us a new
freedom to use land as we wish,
to use it. We have hardly begun
to realize the opportunities opened
to us by the new processes of agri-
culture-the opportunity to con-
serve the soil and wildlife and to
reforest and to set aside for rec-
reation# and for esthetic purposes.
So, the farm problem should be
approached not as an annoying
and somewhat tragic muddle, but
as a great opportunity.
(C) 1962, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.

°,

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Retaliation-Love Is More Than Sex

To the Editor-
AM A GIRL. I also am probably
Blake Patterson's intellectual
equal.Irhave this to say about
his letter:
In every person there elements
of both intellectuality and emo-
tionality. If we are to achieve any
comprehensive insight into mo-,
tives and/or behavior, we must
take both into account. To neglect
the one necessarily means an un-
realistic understanding, since man
lives in an ordered society, and
can therefore not behave entirely
on emotional impulse. There can-
not be a purely intellectual ra-
tionale for dating because boy
meets girl is too often an emotion-
al experience.
And how do you explain love?
Do you feel that love is merely
a victorian rationalization iwr sex-
guilt, a conditioned response to
sex? I disagree. We have a double
standard which effectively.reduces
sex-guilt in the American male.
Why then does he fall in love?
And what about the relatively
promiscuous girl? Why does she
fall in love with, say, boy No. 10?
What happened to 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
'7,,8, and 9?
I AM WILLING to concede that
relationships are largely selfish,
that "like" and "love" are often
substitutions for the word "en-
joy"-that you may like someone
because you enjoy them. I also
would never deny the importance
of sex in all coed relationships. I
do not really believe in the exist-
ence of mutually platonic love,
except as an outgrowth of a pre-
viously sexual friendship. But to
call sex a motive, it seems to me,
is an oversimplification.
V~vvr~a"if%"nnrn~ nin t±H - n"

natural to like certain types of
people-regardless of which sex
they happen to be-and to thus
seek their company. Thirdly, there
are a few of us around who enjoy,
occasionally, a little non-sexual
affection-from someone a little
more intelligent than the "aver-
age" dog. .
I can only conclude that the
procurement of sexual satisfaction
is not the only natural justification
for dating.
--Marge Schuman,'65
Demonstrators .,..
To the Editor:
AM MORE than a little dis-
turbed by the tone of some of
your editorial coverage of 'last
weekend's student lobby. In par-
ticular, I should like to take issue
with Dave Marcus' implication'
that for, the most part, those of
us who went to Washington were
emotionally driven and poorly in-
formed, and that consequently the
project had little meaning.
First of all, I shbuld emphasize
that perhaps the major thing we
learned as a result of this project
was the necessity for us to greatly
intensify our efforts at self-
education and public education
concerning the complexities of the
cold war, the arms race, etc. In
fact, we have already begun to
develop a highly elaborate program
directed to this end.
* * *
HOWEVER I believe that fol-
lowing points need to be made:
The major goal of this project
was fulfilled beyond anyone's
fondest expectations. The goal, I
believe, was to have such an im-
pact, both in Washington and

We are all clear about the ,fact
that this movement must deepen
its understanding of the basic is-
sues, and broaden its political
sophistication. But it is also clear
to us that supposedly well-inform-
ed politicians and officials must
also deepen their understanding
and increase their sophistication.
For the most sobering experience
we had was to confront men in
high places ,who were shockingly
ignorant in areas of their supposed
competence. One of our highest
ranking disarmament officials told
us that he had never really con-
sidered the proposals now emanat-
ing from the academic community
for unilateral American Initiatives
to reduce tensions, and then pro-
ceeded to present and criticize a
grossly distorted version of these
proposals. A respected liberal sen-
ator told a group of students that
we would. rather vote appropria-
tions for civil defense than for
the Disarmament Agency, on the
grounds that civil defense would
protect fifty-eight million Ameri-
cans, whereas disarmament was
probably not a realistic way to pro-
tect our population.
FINALLY, although this may
simply be a matter of taste, I per-
sonally prefer to see large num-
bers of students displaying strong
emotional responses to the in-
creasingly likely prospect of nu-
clear holocaust, than to observe
the passive acquiescence of many
of their peers in the face of our
present drift toward war.
I think it more beautiful to see
a two-mile line of silent students
walk with tears in their eyes past
Arlington's graves, than to "witness
the cold-blooded participation of
some (very well-informed) intel-

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SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 24
General Notices
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least half of Spring Semester fees, is

Camp Counselors: Men & Women
who wish to be camp counselors should
register at the Summer Placement Serv-
ice by March 2nd, 1962. Your applica-
tion will be taken to the meeting of
the American Camping Association, in
New York City. There will be camp
directors from all over the United
States who will see these applications.
They may contact you. You may have
the qualifications for which they are
looking. March 2 is the deadline.
ENGINEERING PLACEMENT INTER-
VIEWS-Seniors & grad students, please
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