SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1 1964
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATUDAYFEBUAR.1,1_4.ilEIC -GAN _AIL
Goldwater Links A-Tests
To Missiles' Reliability
KANSAS CITY - Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz), challenged Sec-
retary of Defense Robert S. McNamara yesterday to explain how the
reliability of long-range missiles can be demonstrated without nuclear
tests in the atmosphere.
The Arizona Senator said McNamara himself has expressed uncer-
tainty about whether United States missile sites could withstand
an enemy attack. Goldwater said the Russians almost certainly are
"studying missile reliability, and it
is "incredible that anyone would
suggest that we deprive the Amer-
ican people of an equally careful
study and perfectly clear answers."
icnpNot Too Reliable f
WASHINGTON (P) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson appears to be
making considerable headway in
his efforts to enlist influential sup-
port in the South for an elective
try for the Presidency.
Latest to join the ranks of those
urging Dixie Democrats to remain
loyal to their party are Senators
John Sparkman and Lister Hill of
Sparkman and Hill have lined
themselves up publicly against a
proposal by Alabama's Gov.
George C. Wallace for the selec-
tion of unpledged presidential
electors in the state's May 5 pri-
Wallace has been arguing that
if the Southern states choose rep-
resentatives free to vote for whom
they please in the electoral col-
lege, the South can wield the bal-
ance of power in the selection of
the next President.
Wallace, who began his cam-
paign against the late President
John F. Kennedy, has been at-
tempting to carry it forward
against Johnson. He has talked of
entering some primaries in north-
ern states in an effort to demon-
strate that there is opposition
there to the administration's civil
But he has encountered opposi-
tion at home in his effort to have
Alabama's 20-vote nominating
convention delegation pledged to
him as a favorite son.
Sparkman and Hill said in sep-
arate statements they are going
to back the regular Democratic
presidential nominee in November.
Both' urged the choice of party
electors pledged to support the
TUSKEGEE, Ala. (P) - The
Macon County School Board
closed desegregated Tuskegee High
School late yesterday in compli-
ance with an order by the state
board of education.
The action came at a special
meeting attended by state Atty.
Gen. Richmond Flowers who had
advised local school authorities
that the state board was within
its legal rights ordering the school
Gov. George Wallace had said
that he would take whatever ac-
tion was necessary to shut the
doors if the county attempted to
operate the school Monday.
The state board had ordered
closing of the school, but the in-
stitution held classes as usual yes-
terday. Flowers advised the coun-
ty school superintendent, C. A.
Pruitt, that the county board of
education should follow the clo-
He insisted that intercontinental
ballistic missiles "are not as reli-
able as our national security de-
Goldwater pressed the missile
question as he took his campaign
for the Republican presidential
nomination into the Midwest for
the first time.
Meanwhile in Nashua, N.H., New
York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller
stepped up his campaign for the
Republican presidential nomina-
tion by announcing he would en-
ter the West Virginia primary and
by intensifying his criticisms of
President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Fourth For Rockefeller
The West Virginia primary May
12 is the fourth in which Rocke-
feller will seek support.
He challenged Goldwater and
any other aspirants for the GOP
nomination to tangle with him in
the West Virginia fight.
West Virginia Republicans,
Rockefeller said: "have a right to
expect those who seek their par-
ty's nomination to explain in per-
son what they will do about un-
employment, about revitalizing
West Virginia's industry, and
about our muddled foreign policy."
Rockefeller was in New Hamp-
shire for a seven-hour round of
campaigning highlighted by a
prepared speech in which he said
that Cuba was "a symbol of fail-
ure" of the Democratic adminis-
Describing Cuba as "a Commun-
ist bastion," Rockefeller said that
only the Republican party could
provide "real solutions to the
tough problems confronting us at
home and abroad."
He charged the national admin-
istration with "failure to antici-
pate international events, failure
to rally the forces of freedom, and
failure to follow through after the
crisis of the moment has passed."
Campaign aides said the gov-
ernor was planning a five-day
fast-moving campaign that would
cover much of New Hampshire be-
ginning on Feb. 19. That will be
his longest single campaign visit.
Goldwater also has entered the
New Hampshire primary. In. addi-
tion to New Hampshire and West
Virginia, Rockefeller has entered
primaries in Oregon and Cali-
WASHINGTON (P) - United
States officials said last night that
they consider the shooting down
of an American jet trainer plane
over East Germany a closed inci-
dent, so far as its effect on larger
East-West policy issues is con-
Officials still are mystified as to
why American ground control offi-
cers were unable to contact the
plane and call it back when they
realized it was off course in fly-
ing toward the East German bor-
der last Tuesday. The mystery
may never be solved. The three
officers aboard were killed in the
Information now available here
is that strenuous efforts were
made by the Air Force to get the
jet fighter trainer crew to turn
aside before crossing the border.
These efforts, it was reported,
included sending up two United
States fighters to intercept the
trainer. But they were unable to
reach it before it was sent over
United States officials have been
told that a Russian fighter which
intercepted the trainer first
waggled its wings in a signal that
the trainer should land and then
fired warning bursts in front of
the aircraft to force it to land.
The judgement of United States
policy makers is that there was no
excuse for the Russians actually to
shoot the plane down and that
their efforts should have been con-
tinued to force it to land safely or
to turn it back.
However, since the Russians
have expressed regret at the inci-
dent and returned the bodies of
the airmen as well as the wrecked
aircraft, the view of officials now
is that no worthwhile purpose can
be served by continuing to make
an issue of what they consider an
extremely unfortunate but closed,
Plan Spurs Hope
Of Final Settlement
ATHENS (MP-A four-hour post
midnight emergency meeting of
top cabinet ministers, military
leaders and party heads called by
caretaker Premier oannis Paras-
kevopoulos approved an allied
peace force for the troubled island
of Cyprus, informed sources re-
ported early this morning.
Premier Paraskevopoulos said
that the meeting was called to
study carefully the Anglo-Ameri-
can proposal for a combined North
Atlantic Treaty Organization force
to preserve the peace on Cyprus.
"Our reply has been made," he
Request Greek Approval
Friday night, American Ambas-
sador Henry Labouisse and Brit-
ish envoy Sir Ralph Murray vist-
ed Premier Paraskevoloulos and
requested the Greek government's
approval of a combined force to
aid the British forces now main-
taining a shaky peace on the Med-
The Greeks were known to fa-
vor any scheme - even a tem-
porary one - that would once
again bring peace to Cyprus.
Meanwhile, a reliable source
said that Greece continued to keep
several units of her armed forces
in a state of readiness. Premier
Paraskevopoulos, at an impromp-
tu news conference two days ago,
confirmed that certain measures
had been taker by the country in
case of an attack by Turkey cn
Cyprus. He refused to elaborate.
tUnder the proposal, 10,000
troops from NATO countries -
including 000-2000 United States
lMarines-would be sent to the
troubled Mediterranean island for
They would keep the peace while
efforts are made for a long-term
political solution of differences
between the Greek and Turkish
Makarios Must Agree
United States Ambassador David
Bruce had insisted American par-
tiipation depends in particular on
the agreement of President Ma-
karios' government, dominated by
the Greek-Cypriot majority. Unit-
ed States and British officials out-
lined the plan to Makarios, the
Greek Cypriot leader, in Nicosia,
the Cypriot capital.
Key elements of the United
States plan were listed as:
1) Stationing on Cyprus of a
lpeace-keeping force composed of
troops from a number of NATO
countrieswith a Briton in com-
S2) The outside force would be
withdrawn in three months. This
period was deemed sufficient to
calm things down enough so that
an effort for a long-term solution
of the problems between Cyprus'
Greek majority population and
Turkish minority could get under
3) The parties involved would
agree on appointing a mediator to
bring about a Cyprus solution.
The mediator would not be an
American or from one of the three
powers guaranteeing Cyprus' in-
dependence - Britain, Greece or
WASHINGTON (P) - A union
attorney told the United States
Court of Appeals yesterday that
the lengthy dispute over railroad
jobs and work rules "seems to be
headed back to Congress."
Attorney Max Main made the
comment in asking the three-
judge court to throw out the rul-
ing of an arbitration board creat-
ed by Congress. The arbitration
ruling eventually would wipe out
many thousands of railroad jobs.
The court took under advise-
ment the appeal of four rail un-
ions from a lower court ruling that
upheld the arbitration award in
the more-than-four-year-old dis-
Railroad attorney Francis M.
Shea said that if the gradual elim-
ination of jobs ordered by the
arbitration board was overruled
in court, the railroads would be
free to eliminate the jobs imme-
An estimated 50,000 jobs are in-
volved in the dispute, which ex-
hausted all measures of the Rail-
way Labor Act, a special presi-
dential commission and Labor De-
partment mediation efforts before
Congress stepped in last summer
with emergency legislation.
The unions have said they will
take the arbitration appeal to the
United States Supreme Court if
they lose in the Court of Appeals.
There was no indication of when
the appeals court will hand down
Union attorney Lester P.
Schoene, replying to Shea's argu-
ments, said the unions realize the
railroads could put the job-elim-
ination proposals into effect im-
mediately if the courts overrule
the arbitration decision.
Schoene said in that event the
unions would be free again to
A strike situation could also
arise Feb. 25 when all provisions
of the emergency rail legislation
expire except for the arbitration
rule, which is to stand for two
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press Special Correspondent
The new military coup in South
Viet Nam may be regarded in
Southeast Asia, with some justifi-
cation, as an indication that the
United States cause in that stra-
tegic area is beginning to look
When Southeast Asia begins to
feel the Communists are winning,
the whole political picture can
change. Ultimately, the United
States effort to save South Viet
Nam - at a cost of many Ameri-
can lives and half a billion dollars
a year-may fail.
The announced intention of
those who mounted the new coup
was to prevent neutralization of
the country. They implied French
President Charles de Gaulle's gov-
ernment was plotting with rank-
ing officers of the deposed military
junta to bring this about and drive
out the United States.
The fear may have been genuine
enough to make de Gaulle the
villain of the piece. He has advo-
cated neutralization, and his rec-
ognition of Red China seems part
of an attempt to reassert France's
influence in her lost Indochinese
empire. But hunger for power
among Viet Nam's generals also
seems to have played a major part.
The coup has piled confusion
upon confusion. The impression
is created that no one in South
Viet Nam is really strong enough
to rule. It raises critical morale
problems which strike at the core
of the United States effort.
Morale, civilian and military,
was the biggest South Viet Nam
problem before the military junta
headed by Maj. Gen. Duong Van
Minh brought to a bloody end the
rule of President Ngo Dinh Diem
and his brother Nhu.
There were hopesthen that
Minh's coup, welcomed by the
United States, would permit the
army to mount a serious drive
against Communist guerrillas in-
festing the Mekong Delta area,
the country's rice granary and
most populous region.
Not much came of these hopes.
Perhaps politics and the business
of getting a new regime organized
interfered. The South Vietnamese
public itself was not wholly happy
with the new regime, which re-
DUONG VAN MINH
tained remnants of the Diem gov-
ernment. Generals went in for
politicking for power rather than
for earnest warfare against the
Viet Cong guerrillas made the
most of the confusion. They
mounted heavy attacks, battered
army outposts, overran strategic
hamlets and reaped propaganda,
victories. Now there is new con-
fusion and the Communists will
take full advantage again.
The Communists , exultantly
claim their potential has been
greatly increased in recent
months. Today they can use effec-
tive antiaircraft and artillery.
Their attacks are in greater
strength than ever.
They now attack in daylight as
well as at night. They can launch
a number of attacks at one time.
Viet Nam: Is U.S.
They even have their answer to
the government's strategic hamlet
program of defended villages. The
Communists call their version the
"fighting village," defended the
same way with ditches, sharp
bamboo spikes, nail traps and de-
They profit by peasants' memor-
ies of being driven out of their
homes by government forces who'
burned villages to force people
into defended hamlets.
Fences Need Mending
With de Gaulle taking an active
role in attempting to shape the fu-
ture of Southeast Asia, and with
the fortunes of the United States
in South Viet Nam looking shakier
all the time, governments in the
area will be thinking of mending
their fences with Red China before
it is too late.
The battle in South Viet Nam
has been uphill. Today the hill
seems steeper than ever.
Move To Allow
LANSING (MP) - There was pre-
liminary skirmishing in the Senate
Thursday over a resolution to ask
Congress to permit prayers in pub-
lic schools, but a showdown vote
was postponed until Tuesday.
The resolution, sponsored by
Sen. Milton Zaagman (R-Grand
Rapids), has 19 other signers,
more than enough for passage. It
asks Congress to propose an
amendment to the U. S. Constitu-
tion or to call a convention to add
an article providing that "the free
exercise of religion shall include
the right to offer prayers in pub-
CARRIERS TO DELIVER
re M g tn 4:)tt4lP1U
Saturday, Feb. 1, 9-1 a.m.
(stag or drag)
1-3 P. M.
DANC I NG, REFRESHMENTS
ISA-UN ION co-sponsors
C J u RCH
A 3 ArLi
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- The United States yesterday recognized the
newly-elected government of the African republic of Dahomey. The
State Department announced the action and said that the govern-
ment at Cotonou had been informed by United States Ambassador
Robinson Mcllvaine. The previous government was overturned last
October. The United
homey in 1960.
BONN - A member of West
German Chancellor Ludwig Er-
hard's bodyguard was arrested
yesterday on war crimes charges,
a government spokesman said last
night. Other sources said the
bodyguard, Ewald Peters, was with
Erhard on his late December visit
to President Lyndon B. Johnson's
ranch in Texas.
NEW YORK - The Scripps-
Howard newspapers said yesterday]
that evangelist Billy Graham may
run for President. "Despite his fre-
quent denials, he is giving 'earnest
and prayerful consideration' to the
idea," Scripps-Howard said in a
dispatch from Houston, Tex.
NEW YORK - Stubborn invest-
ment demand for selected blue
chips pushed the stock market a
bit higher yesterday. Closing Dow-
Jones averages showed 30 indus-
trials up 1.90, 20 rails down .55,
15 utilities down .19 and 65 stocks
Interviews will be held
on February 12, 1964
on the campus. See your
placement office nowI
ST. ANDREWS CHURCH and the
306 North Division
Phone NO 2-4097
8:00 A.M. Holy Communion.
9:00 A.M. Holy Communion and Sermon
Breakfast at Canterbury House
S11:00 A.M. Morning Prayer and Sermon.
7:00 P.M. Evening Prayer and commentary.
9:15 A.M. Holy Communion.
7:00 A.M. Holy Communion.
12:10 P.M. Holy Communion.
FIRST UNITARIAN CHURCH
1917 Washtenow Ave.
Rev. Erwin A. Gaede, Minister
Church School & Services - 9:30 a.m. and
Sermon-"Is the Church School Obsolete?"
U-M Student Group, 7:30 p.m. Discussion on
Bus service available morning and evening.
Sunday Evening Forum, 8:00 p.m. Dr. Calvin
Michael, "Your In Our Society."
THE CHURCH OF CHRIST
W. Stadium at Edgewood
Across from Ann Arbor High
John G. Makin, Minister
10:00 A.M. Bible School
11:00 A.M. Regular Worship
6:00 P.M. Evening Worship
7:30 P.M. Bible Study
Transportation furnished for all services-
Call NO 2-2756
ZION LUTHERAN CHURCH
1501 West Liberty Street
Ralph B. Piper, David Bracklein,
Fred Holtfreter, Pastors
PACKARD ROAD BAPTIST CHURCH
Meeting in the Ann Arbor Y.M.-Y.W.C.A
at 5th and Williams
Rev. Jesse Northweather, Pastor
9:45 a m. Sunday School.
S11:00 a.m. Morning Worship.
6:30 p.m. Training Union.
7:30 p.m. Evening Worship.
BAPTIST STUDENT UNION
Meeting in Room 528D
in basement of S.A.B.
Wednesday-7:30 p.m. Devotions.
LUTHERAN STUDENT CENTER
(National Lutheran Council)
Hill Street at South Forest Avenue
Dr. Henry O. Yoder, Pastor.
9:30 a.m. Worship Service & Communion.
11:00 a.m. Worship Service.
5:45 p.m. Meet at Center for a joint meet-
ing with the Lutheran Students-Missouri
WEDNESDAY-7:30 p.m. Vespers.
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
1432 Washtenaw Ave.
Ministers: Ernest T. Campbell, Malcolm
Brown, Virgil Janssen.
Worship at 9:00 and 10:30 A.M. and 12 Noon.
PresbyteriancCampus Center located at the
Staff: Jack Borckardt and Patricia Pickett
Corner State and William
Dr. Fred E. Luchs, Minister
Services: 9:30 and 11:15,a.m.
Bible Forum, 10:30 a.m., Dr. Preston Slosson.
CHURCH SCHOOL: 9:30 and 11:15 a.m.
STUDENT GUILD, 802 Monroe, telephone 2-
State and Huron Streets
Minister-Hoover Rupert -
Campus Minister-Eugene Ransom
Associate Campus Minister-Jean Robe
Morning Worship at 9:00 and 11:15 a.m.
"Who Shall Separate Us?"-Dr. Rupert.
10:15 a.m. - Student Seminar, Pine Room,
Major Religions of the World.
7:00 p.m.-Worship and Program, Wesley
Lounge, "Invest Your Summers."
7:00 p.m.---Cell Group No. 1-Gene Ran-
5:00 p.m.-Church Related Vocations Group,
Green Room. Supper and Program.
7:00 p.m.-Study Group: Religious Issues in
Drama, Jean Robe's apartment.
8:30-11 :00 p.m.--Open House, Jean Robe's
7:00 a.m.-Holy Communion, Chapel, follow-
ed by breakfast, Pine Room.
5:10 p.m.-Holy Communion, Chapel.
6:00 p.m.-Wesley Grads: Supper and Pro-
gram. Speaker, Miss Beth Sumner, Office
of Religious Affairs, reviewing "The Fem-
7:15 p.m.-Cell Group No. 2, Gene Ron-
.som 's office.
7:00 p.m.-Class: Christian Dating, Court-
ship and Marriage, Green Room.
7:00 p.m.-International Bible Study Group,
Jean Robe's apartment.
UNIVERSITY LUTHERAN CHAPEL
AND STUDENT CENTER
(The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod)
1511 Washtenaw Avenue
Alfred T. Scheips, Pastor
John Koenig, Vicar
WESLEY FOUNDATION AND
FIRST METHODIST CHURCH
Sunday at 9:45 and 11:15 a.m. Worship
Sunday at 11:15 a.m. Bible Study;
Sunday at 6:00 p.m. Gamma Delta Supper;
Program at 6:45, with National Lutheran
If Wnrehin Carvirae Q-ln nnrl i i -nO n m 1 I