By JEFFREY GOODMAN
Income and expense flures for the University Press for the past five
and one-half years show a good deal of fluctuation but a current
trend toward the black.
In the period from 1958-59 to midway through 1963-64, the Press
has seen three directors. Glenn Gosling, director since June, 1962, em-
phasizes a "better control of costs" policy that has substantially re-
duced the percentage of income spent for promotion.
Gosling's policy has direct relation to a recent policy controversy.
When the Press' chief sales representative, Felix Morrow, left the
Press last year, he hurled a series of charges at Gosling, accusing the
director of a policy of liquidation. f
Morrow claimed that not enough money was being spent to increase
sales, and this would eventually cause contraction in sales volume.
A major bone of contention at the time was the fact that since its
past director, Fred Wieck, resigned at the end of 1960-61, the Press
had been making a profit-or losing less money-while sales declined.
These figures were put side by side with Regent Eugene B. Power's'
statement that a college press should communicate ideas, whether
profit-producing or not, The implication was that the very fact that
the Press was doing better financially meant that it could not be
serving this function-that it was not publishing and selling scholarly
works whose intellectual value would make up for the financial loss
they might incur.
Seek To Avoid Past Losses
But according to Gosling, this view did not allow for sound business1
principles. While advocating that the purpose of the Press is not to
make a profit, he is interested in "avoiding the appalling losses" of
More specifically, the money spent on promotions-which, along
with printing costs and commissions and salaries, is one of the Press'
biggest expenses-must bring a satisfactory and sound return. In
the printing business, alloting more than 20-30 per cent of total outgo
for promotion is not considered sound policy. Promotion permentages
were much higher than this before Gosling took over the Press.
Gosling says that by a better control of costs he has reduced this
figure without sacrificing the quality of books. The following financial
statistics, released by the administration, are essential to understand-
ing the contentions of both parties. Figures are in thousands of dollars.
Year Income Gifts Expenses Net
1958-59 869.5 81.3 948.7 2.1
1959-60 1082.7 53.8 1176.9 (40.4)
1960-61 1120.7 41.8 1304.4 (141.8)
1961-62 953.1 40.0 842.6 150.5
1962-63 804.2 41.9 820.4 25.7
1,963-64 438.3 20.0 416.2 42.0
The first thing noticeable is the relatively large loss in 1960-61
and the sudden, relatively large profit the following year.
According to Gosling, $109,000 of the loss is due to a sudden write-off
in 1960-61 of a long list of past uncollected debts.
Morrow asserted that the $150,000 profit the next year, during which
Edward Watkins served as acting director following Wieck's resigna-
tion, was a, sign that not nearly enough money was being spent to
increase mail order sales, a deficiency that would show up in the fu-
ture. Gosling also felt that the per cent spent on promotion that year
was "probably too small."
Breakdown of Expenses
According to a more detailed breakdown of expenses, the percentage
of money spent on promotion under Gosling has shrunk in compari-
son with the years 1958-59 through 1960-61, without going to the
too-low mark of 1961-62. While this means a decline in sales, it is a
decline from sales that were requiring an inordinately large expense
to generate, Gosling said.
Moreover, sales have declined less from 1959-60 to 1962-63 than
have expenses. While outgo went down about $357 thousand, in-
See 'U' PRESS, Page 2
See Editorial Page
Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom
Fair and mild
with rising temperatures
VOL. LXXIV, No. 95 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY JANUARY 31, 1964 SEVEN CENTS
House Unit Sets Debate Limit
New Rush Plan
To Aid Phi Mu
WASHINGTON (1P) --H o use
leaders' hopes for passing the
Civil Rights Bill by Feb. 11 were
boosted yesterday by a rules com-
mittee vote limiting to 10 hours
p the general debate which starts
This 10-hour limit, instead of
the anticipated 15 to 20 hours,
opens the way to dispose of the
general discussions today and Sat-
urday and to begin acting on
amendments Monday. U n d e r
House rules. amendments may not
be offered under general debate.
The rules committee chairman,
Rep. Howard W. Smith (D-Va),
told newsmen the vote for the
10-hour limit was 11-4. Smith and
three other Southerners formed
Speeches on amendments will be
limited to five minutes per speak-
er, but any number of amend-
ments may be offered.
In an 8-7 vote, the committee
approved a rule to prevent op-
ponents from trying to eliminate
certain sections of the 10-part
bill as not germane.
In another 8-7 roll call, the
committee rejected a proposal that
a ban on employments discrimin-
ation against women be included
in the bill.
By the same count, the commit-
tee made it an order for a bill
aimed at improving the lot of the
American Indian to be offered as
an amendment to the rights
Opponents of the measure are
expected to concentrate on efforts
to eliminate or modify the sections
barring discrimination in public
accommodations and in employ-
Meanwhile, the Senate jumped
into debate on the $11.6-billion
tax cut bill yesterday with vigor-
ous Democratic supporters and
foes of various facets of the legis-
lation restaining their views.
U.S., Britain Call Meeting
To Unveil Cyprus Policies
LONDON (oP)-Britain and the United States have called an ex-
traordinary meeting of the main parties in the Cyprus dispute for
today to present their joint plans for rushing a North Atlantic
Treaty Organization army to the Eastern Mediterranean island.
Government informants said the British and the Americans will
seek approval of Cypriot President Archbishop Makarios to the dis-
patch of the peace force to Cyprus.
An announcement said the Turkish, Greek and Cypriot foreign
ministers, with delegates of the Greek and Turkish Cypriot com-
Smunities, will meet with British
Thus they squared away for
the battles ahead as the adminis-
tration pushes toward hoped-for
passage of the bill by the end of
The debate began with Chair-
man Harry F. Byrd (D-Va) of
the Senate Finance Committee ex-
plaining why he believes the meas-
ure should be turned down al-
though his committee approved it.
Byrd said nothing would piease
him more than to support tax re-
duction but he can not do so in
the face of continuing federal
deficits. It was because of his op-
position that Byrd made Sen.
Russell B. Long (D-La), No. 2
Democrat on the comimttee, floor
manager for the measure.
Call Bill Sound
Long followed Byrd by stating
the administration position that
it is a sound and balanced bill.
He said it will provide an eco-
nomic stimulus that. will ensure
continuation of the present pros-
The Louisiana senator said the
present economic upturn will have
lasted 38 months by March, sec-
ond longest inathis century, and
he declared that it could not con-
tinue indefinitely without some
action such as a tax cut.
Long centered most of his
speech on four topics expected to
bring major battles in the floor
To Sit on Jury
JACKSON OP) - Twelve white'
men who promised to put aside
any racial feelings were selected
yesterday to sit in judgment on
Byron De La Beckwith, charged
in the rifle slaying of Negro civil
rights leader Medgar Evers.
The final juror was seated on
the fourth day of the trial, fol-
lowing a parade of almost 1001
All that remains before the1
opening statement and start of
testimony was the selection of an
alternate juror-a man to step in
if an emergency removes one of
the jurors during the trial.1
The 43-year-old fertilizer dealer
from Greenwood, Miss., father ofi
a teen-aged boy, faces the possi-
bility of death in the gas chamber
for the ambush shooting of Evers
at the height of Negro demonstra-i
tions in Jackson last summer.
By MARGARET LOWE
Phi Mu-A sorority on the brink
of going off campus-may have
been bailed out yesterday by Pan-
In a last ditch attempt to re-
build Phi Mu, which was forced
to drop rush Monday because too
few rushees returned to the house
for the fourth set of parties, Pan-
hel initiated a totally new plan
of a "friendship group" pledging
the sorority en masse.
Last night about 30 girls came
to an informal get-acquainted par-
ty at the sorority. More girls
have been invited to attend a sim-
ilar session today. The informal
rushees will have the opportuni-
ty to pledge by Sunday.
These parties resulted when
Panhel rush counselors contact-
ed many women who had dropped
rush but might have been inter-
ested in pledging Phi Mu with a
group of friends because "Phi Mu
is the one house that could not
exist next year without help,"
Panhel President Patricia Elkins,
"Phi Mu will need at least 20
new girls to renmain on campus,"
The Panhel president explained
that all other houses that do not
make their quota can still exist for
at least another year; Phi Mu
"Because there are only two
sophomores in the house, their
contacts with girls in the dormi-
tories arevery limited. Therefore
their success even in open rush,
scheduled to follow regular rush,
would be doubtful," she said.
Miss Elkins, other Panhel of-
ficers and Phi'Mu felt there were
four alternatives left open. They
were open rush, reorganization of
the house later in the spring,
going off campus or unit pledging.
Phi Mu chose the fourth.
"There is very good general
support throughout Panhel for
the unit-rush plan," she said.
"If more women are interested
in going to an informal party at
Phi Mu they are asked to call
Panhel tomorrow," Miss Elkins
said. "Also all women interested,
in open rush at participating
sororities should call," she added.
Elect New Officers to IQC
LYNDON B. JOHNSON
Khanh Gains Control
In Pay Rates
WASHINGTON (Al) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson asked Congress
yesterday to permit the govern-
ment to require double pay for
overtime in selected industries as
a weapon to combat unemploy-
His idea is that higher overtime
pay might encourage employers to
hire more workers rather than as-
sign their present force to work
overtime. Under the current time-
and-a-half floor employers often
find it cheaper to pay overtime
than to pay the fringe benefits
such as pensions and insurance in-
volved in adding workmen.
Some 33 million hours of over-
time were worker last year in
manufacturing industries - the
equivalent of 919,000 jobs.
AFL - CIO President George
Mtffnv grrv *. nnm~~ 1, at J nhn, crwi
Foreign Secretary R. A. Butler,
Commonwealth Secretary Dun-
can Sandys and United States Am-
bassador David Bruce at Marlbor-
The call came amil indications
that President Makarios, a Greek
Cypriot, intends to veto the Brit-
ish-American plan for an Allied
peace-keeping force unless it is
made answerable to the United
The agreement of President Lyn-
don B. Johnson's administration
to play a role in dousing the East
Mediterranean flashpoint was con-
veyed to the British by Ambassa-
Bruce met with Sandys to spell
out the composition, strategy and
mission of the force, which is ex-
pected to include troops of six or
seven members of the NATO pow-
These would be Britain, Turkey
and Greece--the powers now
guaranteeing Cypriot independ-
ence the United tSates, West
Germany, Italy and possibly
Meanwhile, the Soviet Union
moved in to bolster the Cypriot
resistance to the scheme. An "au-
thorized statement" carried by the
official Tass agency said Cyprus
has officially advised Moscow there
is now "a serious danger of aggres-
sion" against the island by NATO
Both the British and the Ameri-
cans intend to use their influence
to, win Makarios' agreement for
the allied army as soon as its pre-
cise terms of reference are settled.
DETROIT (45) - Former Presi
By RAYMOND HOLTON
The owner of the Students'
Friend Discount Barber Shop, 347
Maynard, was charged yesterday
in Municipal Court with violation'
of Michigan's Equal Accommoda-
tion Law for his alleged refusal
to cut a Negro's hair.
Don O. Taylor, 66, owner of the
shop, stood mute at his arraign-
ment yesterday. Acting Municipal
Judge Chandler A. Rogers set
Taylor's jury trial for Feb. 20.
Taylor was released on $25 bond.
The complaint was filed by Roy
Shields Jr., 21, who said Taylor
Polish Dancer Recalls Homeland
~ ~ ,........... ~By ALAN Z. SHULMAN
: ? hOnly Polnd, Russia, maybe Hungary, nd the Spanish-speaking
:.".countries have a true folklore, and of these, Polish folklore is the
f. richest one," Ada Kolebacka (pronounced kol-e-boutt-ska), a beau-
:J,..<..:.. .. rtiful girl in the brilliant Polish dance company, Mazowsze, asserted
i the" hen't ro se vay dsnctiAmericahfol ance.s" Miss Kole-ka
.A-.-"::: .; .; backa observed."Your square dance is a combination of manynsfr
. dnes and te froa o he w there are 19
p vinces and each one has its own costumes its own poems and
t... :x.:}:.sings and its own instruments.
"The people of these regions keep their costumes and wear them
t- :}:;:s<::>,.:«r . .~roften, especially at harvest time and they are proud of it," she said.
:".:t; ::: y}}"'>};"tThey would never change for a suit and tie,
"The mountain people practice their folklore. They look down on
' Jr:::>:>the people from the valley. Sometimes they hate us," Miss Kolebacka
confessed. "They say we are heavy and only they are light. Some
of them joined the group to show us how to dance. Now they are
- r.................:::<}.:.:: ..roud of us because we know how to dance like they do."
NEW IQC OFFICERS-John Eadie, '65, was elected president of Interquadrangle Council last night.
Outgoing IQC President Curtis Huntington, '64, congratulated new officers, who are shown above,
Eadie; Lester Page, '66E, vice-president; Eugene Stevelberg, '66, treasurer; and Stephen Hershey,
'65, secretary. Eadie hopes to institute debate and bridge tournaments, plan all-campus mixers for
the sprng term, better the laundry service to quadrangles, hold IQC meetings in quadrangles on a
rotating basis and increase communication between IQC officers and quadrangle residents through.
expanded IQC newsletters and more contact with house presidents.
Rogers CagsBarber with Violation
refused to let him enter the shop
for a haircut on Jan. 23. At that
time a group of demonstrators,
some of whom will be called as
witnesses, were protesting alleged
discrimination at the shop.
Washtenaw County Assistant
Prosecutor Ray Bishop, who is
prosecuting the case, said yester-
day that the "intent of the person
to refuse service is the crucial ele-
ment involved in the prosecution."
He added that the objective of
the prosecution will be to prove
that Taylor refused to cut Shields'
hair because he is a Negro.
Bishop said that this is the first
case against Taylor that seemed to
have strong enough evidence for
The Ann Arbor Chapter of the
Congress on Racial Equality has
filed several other complaints with
the police charging discrimination
by Taylor, but no action was
Detective Lt. Louis Stauden-
maier of the Ann Arbor police
said that more is needed than just
a complaint. "We need' evidence
which will back up the com-
plaint," he added.
Taylor said prior to his arrest
that he was against the state law
which provides for equal public
"Tf the Nerrn cn dictate my
Vows To Halt
Neutral Asian Policy
May Cause Break
With Paris Regime
SAIGON W)-Vietnamese MaJ.
Gen. Nguyen Khanh has emerged
from a bloodless coup as the
strongman and virtual dictator of
South Viet Nam He vowed to
smash both the Communists and
"the traitors who advocate neu-
Troops and tanks based in the
Saigon area-some diverted from a
planned offensive against a Com-
munist guerrilla stronghold -
quietly backed Khanh's successful
bid for power Wednesday.
'Khanh dissolved the 3-month-
old regime of Maj. Gen. Duong
Van Minh, jailed several fellow
generals as conspiracy suspects
and took over governmental reins
of this former French colony,
which has known little but battle
and political intrigue since the
end of World War II.
Opposes French Policy
A 37-year-old army corps com-
mander who has a reputation as a
cool and skillful planner, Khanh
made plain the new Asian policy
of French President Charles de
Gaulle was among targets of the
A diplomatic break between Sai-
gon and Paris is expected soon.
De Gaulle, who last Monday ex-
tended diplomatic recognition to
Red China, has advocated neu-
tralization of both Communist
Viet Nam and the United States-
backed republic of South Viet
Minh was not arrested. There
seemed to be a possibility that
the former junta chief, popdar
among both Vietnamese and Amer-
ican military men, would be kept
on as technical chief of state
The premier of the provisional
civilian government, Nguyen Ngo
rho, was turned out of office along
with his cabinet and returned to
Accused of conspiring with
France to bring about neutraliza-
tion were Maj. Gen. Tran Van
Don, the ousted defense minister;
Maj. Gen. Le Van Kim, armed
forces chief of staff; and Maj.
Gen. Bai Huu Xuan, prefect of
Brig. Gen. Nguyen Vy, who re-
turned only last month from exile
in France, was jailed on suspicion
that he came here as a French
agent to swing South Viet Nam