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April 30, 1964 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-04-30

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SATURDAY NIGHT
STUDY PROBLEMS
See Editorial Page

Y

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

47Iat

SHOWERS
High-61
Low-47
Continuedrmild
with scattered showers

LXXIV, No. 163

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 30, 1964

SEVEN CENTS

EIGHT P

S

STATE LEGISLATURE:
SGC SekFull 'U'Budget
By DAVID BLOCK
Student Government Council:t }f.
last night passed a motion urg-
ing the state House of Represen-
tatives to approve the original ap- ,,.r'': f ":
propriations bill for higher edu-
cation and reject the Ways and
Means Committee recommendation
to cut this allotment by five per
cent.
Council also passed a motion,
introduced by Douglas Brook, '65, k
to grant 2100 square feet of office'
space in the basement of the Stu-"
dent Activities Building to WCBN
for the purpose of setting up a 4'F
consolidated broadcasting facility. :.,4{' ..v
The appropriations motion man- .
dated the president of SOC tok
send a message expressing Univer-
sity student opinion to every mem-
ber of the House, as well as to,
Gov. George W. Romney.

Reasons1
The message lists the follow-
ing as reasons for not cutting the
' appropriations hill:
-The desperate financial need
of higher education institutions;
-The substantiation of .these
claims by the governor's "blue
ribbon" Committee on Higher Ed-
ucation, and
-The fact that the state treas-
ury will show a budget surplus
for the fiscal year 1963-64.
No Basis
Trhe message states that unless
these facts can be refuted there
is no basis for cutting the ap-
propriations bill and that the orig-
inal bill requested by the gover-
nor and approved by the state
Senate should also be passed in-
tact by the House.
Brook's motion was based on a
report prepared Ly WCYN which
detailed the history of the broad-
casting station and its plans for
expansion. At present the station's
studios are located in the three
quadrangles, and adequate coordi-
nation between them is hindered
by their geographical disunity.
WCBN's plans for expansion
include the creation of one large
centralized broadcasting facility in
the basement of the SAB. This
would allow them in the near fu-
ture to spread their broadcasting
area to 'include' fraternities aid
sororities and with consolidation
also make the station eligible for
approval by the Federal Commu-
nications Commission as a full-
fledged AM station serving the en-
tire Ann Arbor area.
In Its final meeting of the year,
Council also approved its budget
for the fiscal year 1964-65, as well
as passing a motion by Interna-
- tional Student Association presi-
dent Isaac Adalemo, '64, recom
mending to the University the
necessity for a new International
Center.
The new center is necessary be-
cause the present facilities for
international students and visitors
on this campus are inadequate.
Chances Good
For Lundgren
Ma pping Plan
lANSING 0P)-The Senate half
of "Plan 500" looked like the fav-
orite in the legislative redistrict-
ing scramble yesterday after Sen-
ate Republicans spent Wednesday
in closed-door meetingss.
Quick final passage of the plan
was written by Sen. Kent Lund-
gren (R-Menominee) could knock
the props from under the 20-vote
bipartisan bloc which passed it
through the- Senate against Gov.
George W. Romney's wishes.
The air would then be cleared
. for passage of a Republican plan
for congressional districting, fav-
ored by the Republican governor.
TSenate majority leader Stanley
Thayer (R-Ann Arbor) said he
. has yet to nail down a winning
majority of GOP Senate votes, for
leaving "Plan i00" as is but said
it is likely that the plan will come
out'unamended.
Asked if this would tend to
break up the anti-Romney Senate
coalition, Thayer said, "I suppose
so.
"There is a lot of vehement
feeling in the caucus toward not
considering congressional districts
until legislative districting is set-
tied," he said.
In the House, meanwhile, the
Apportionment Committee headed
by Rep. Henry Hogan (R-Birm-
ingham) met again late yesterday
to try to report out a plan with
support from both parties.
If this could not be accom.-
plished, Hogan said, the commit-

SGC HELD its weekly meeting last night at the Kappa Alpha
Theta sorority house as part of its program to increase com-
munication with students. From left to right are Barry Blue-
stone, '66; Lawrence Lossing, '65, president of Interfraternity
Council; Ann Wickens, '65, president of Panhellenic Association,
and Maxine Loomis, '65N, president of Assembly Association.
WHEAT DEAL:
Chamber Asks Trade
With Red Countries
WASHINGTON (A)-The United States Chamber of Commerce
voted overwhelmingly yesterday in favor of increased trade in non-
strategic goods with Russia and her European satellites.
The resolution, approved by about 90 per cent of the businessmen
at the chamber's annual meeting, represented an endorsement of the
recent wheat sales to Russia. It also put the organization on record in
--favor of selling many other con-

Ap ollo Project
To Boost U.S.
'Defense Role .
BOSTON OP) - Apollo Project
Director George E. Mueller de-
clared yesterday that the project
not only will land astronauts--on
the moon in this decade but also
will give the United States the
capability of dominant military,
space power.
Mueller, the Space Agency's as-
sociate administrator for manned
space flight, told a space confer-
ence here that one of the great
dividends of Apollo will be de-
velopment of the hardware and
know-how to fill any needs of the
Department of Defense.
Mueller noted that even before
astronauts have flown NASA's
two-man Gemini spacecraft, the
Air Force has selected the craft
and the program experience as
basis for its manned orbiting lab-
oratory. The laboratory, scheduled
for initial manned launching in
late 1967, will house two pilots in
orbit for periods up to 30 days to
determine man's military capa-
bliity in space.
He said the giant Saturn rockets
being developed for Apollo "will
make the United States second to
none in this vital area.
"The Apollo spacecraft," he
said, "will be able to navigate and
maneuver, make rendezvous with
other- spacecraft and remain in
orbit for extended periods of time.
"We are learning what must be
done on the ground and in flight,
in vehicle assembly and automatic
checkout, in launching space ve-
hicles on time, in tracking and
telemetering and transmitting vast
quantities of information, in cal-
culating flight paths and mid-
course maneuvers, in landing on
another astronomical body and
taking off, without the assistance
of a ground crew, in returning to
the atmosphere at seven miles a
second, in controlling the flight
path through the atmosphere.

sumer goods to European Com-
munist countries.
Speakers favoring the new
policy said if U.S. businessmen
were prevented from selling to
Russia and her satellites, the busi-
ness would go to other, Western
nations which have fewer restric-
tions.
Not at Issue
A few delegates wanted to ex-
tend thenew policy toCommunist.
China, Cuba, North Viet Nam and
North Korea, but there was no
vote on this point. Edwin P. Nei-
lan, chamber president, said policy
regarding these countries was not
at issue.
The resolution called on the
United States to re-examine its
export control system "with the
objective of strengthening some,
controls and eliminating others
. . . which result in discrimina-
tion harmful to its competitive
position."
The resolution also called for a
coordinated free world trade policy
to "effectively inhibit and prevent
the buildup of Communist war-
making potential."
Payment in Gold
By a lopsided margin, the dele-
gates voted down a proposed
amendment which would have re-
quired that all sales to Russia be
paid for only in gold.
The resolution says there should
be long-term-credit for the Com-
munist countries. Norman T. Ness,
vice-president of the organization,
author of the resolution, indicated-
that "long-term" meant anything
of more than a few months dura-
tion.
He said that since other NATO
countries have less stringent re-
strictions on trade with Russia,
U.S. businessmen have been put
at a disadvantage.
'Divert Business'
"The effect has been not to
prevent Communist countries from
getting goods but to divert busi-
ness from the United States to
other free world nations," he said.
Ness said West Germany had
$700 million in trade with Eastern
European countries in 1963 com-
pared to $119 million in U.S. com-
merce with Iron Curtain nations.

Churchmen
Hit Prayers
A mend ment
WASHINGTON W)-A group of
church leaders expressed fear and
alarm yesterday at proposals to
amend the Constitution to permit
prayers and Bible reading in pub-
lic schools.
In testimony before the House
Judiciary Committee, the church-
men called classroom recitation of
prayers and scriptures meaning-
less spiritually and dangerous as
a step toward state-controlled re-
ligion.
Their testimony was the first
from the public taken by the com-
mittee, which has heard more
than 30 members of Congress call
for an amendment that would
nullify the Supreme Court's rul-
ings against official school prayers
and required Bible reading.
'Civilization Will Fall'
Three more members made a
similar plea just before the
churchmen testified, and the com-
mittee also heard Florida's attor-
ney general say that without such
an amendment "this nation and
civilization will fall."
However, Edwin H. Tuller, gen-
eral secretary of the American
Baptist Convention, said the First
Amendment to the Constitution
has "served the nation well" and
should be left alone.
"It would be tragic," he said;
"if in a moment of emotional tur-
moil the nation weakened the
amendment and woke too late."
State Plus Faith
A similar position was taken by
Eugene Carson Blake, head of the
United Presbyterian Church. In a
prepared statement he counseled
Congress against "attempting to
enlist the power of government to
strengthen the forces of faith."
Tuller also testified on behalf
of the National Council of Church-
es, composed of 31 commurlions
with 40 million members. Both he
and Blake said they were protest-
ing long-considered official policy
statements of their organizations,
not the views of all individual
members.
Tuller said the National Coun-
cil's General Assembly adopted by
a vote .of65 to ,1 a declaration
opposing religious exercises in the
schools and changes in the First
Amendment.
State Compulsion
"Neither the church nor the
state should use the public school
to compel acceptance of any creed
or conformity to any specific re-
ligious practice," the declaration
said.
Blake said the General Assem-
bly of the United Presbyterian
Church, adopted a report by a
vote of 528 to 298 that declared
"religious observance should never
be held in a public school or in-
troduced into the public school
system as part of its program."
Tuller said through routine
recital of prayers in school "what
begins as a spontaneous and sin-
cere outpouring of devotion can
become a public display of hy-
procrisy."
The Presbyterians' report de-
clared that "Bible reading and
prayers as devotional acts tend
toward indictrination or meaning-
less ritual and should be omitted
for both reasons."
Elect Grondin
YD Chairman
The Young Democrats last night
elected the following officers for
next year: re-elected chairman,
Michael Grondin, '66; executive
vice - chairman, Albert Klyberg,
Grad; administrative vice-chair-

man, Steven Adamini, '67; secre-
tary, Jean Klue, '67; treasurer,
Michael Schaum, '66, and two rep-
resentatives to the state control
committee, Brend Sherman, '66
and Carole Crumley, '66.

.Restoration

of

----

YTo Con

*1_

Southerners
.Dr e OUR
'Dae' ove
For Cloture
WASHINGTON (AP) - Southern
foes of the civil rights bill yester-
day virtually dared Senate back-
ers of the measure to force a
showdown on the jury trial.
amendment with their threatened
debate-stopping cloture attempt.
The Southerners met in caucus
and agreed to permit no votes on
the amendment this week and
to give no commitment on a later
time for voting.
Quickly, S e n a t e Republican
Leader Everett M. Dirksen of Illi-
nois and Democratic Leader Mike
Mansfield of Montana set out to
canvass backers of their cloture
move on the best time to launch
it.
No Deadline
Dirksen said Tuesday such a
move would be made this coming
Monday if the Southerners did
not agree to a vote before then.
But in yesterday's maneuvering
he gave no time deadline other
than to indicate it would be early
next week.
Sen. Richard B. Russell, (D-Ga),
leader of the Southernes, did not
rule out the possibility of a vote
next week but kept repeating "we
are not going to. make any com-
mitments now."
It takes the signatures of 16
senators to file a cloture petition.
Once it is filed, the Senate must
vote on whether to cut off debate
on the second day after filing.
Two-Thirds Majority
To invoke cloture, the leader-
ship would have to win two-thirds
of the senators voting. This would

GEORGE ROM'"Y

Romney,

Bursley

GILBERT E. BURSLEY

HOMO HABILIS:
Queston Classification
Of Fossil Discoveaes
By CHRISTINE LINDER
Homo habilis, the fossil specimens recently reported as a new
species and the oldest direct ancestor of modern man, may not be
correctly classified, according to two members of the anthropology
department.
The fossils were found by Dr. Louis S.B. Leakey in Olduvai Gorge,
Tanganyika, where he has been searching for the remains of human
ancestors for over 30 years. But$
Prof essorsFrank B. Livingstone
and Ernst Goldschmidt do notOfficials Probe
feel that the evidence that has
been presented establishes Homo
habilis as a new species, as Leakey
tinjanthropus In Greek Unit
Prof. Livingstone points out
that the specimens were found in By LAUREN BAHRI
the same areas as Zinijanthropus,sU
a more primitive 1species and also Officials at the University of
believed to be an ancestor of man. Colorado are continuing investi-
He suggests that all the, findinigs gations into charges of discrim-
could have been members of the ination at the Boulder chapter of,
s a in ainterbreeding population Alpha Delta Pi sorority, and a
which lived in the area over a resolution regarding the contro-
period of two million years. versy should be passed today or
Since any animal population tomorrow.

F
4-
f

Expec
Fund

'

MIKE MANSFIELD

mean support. from 67 if all 100
senators voted. If successful, each
senator would be limited to one
hour's speaking time on the
amendment.
The amendment, now before the
Senate in the 43rd day of the civil
rights debate, would assure a jury
trial to persons charged withI
criminal contempt of court under
injunction provisions of the bill if
the penalty involved more than
30 days in jail or a fine of more
than $300.
As the two sides began pressure
moves in the Senate, President
Lyndon B. Johnson expressed'
anew his confidence that the bill
will be passed, "because justice
and morality demand it."

has a range of normal variation
among its members, Prof. Living-
stone says that proof must be of-
fered that Zinjanthropus and the
new findings are not just variant
individuals of the same popula-
tion.
Professors L i v i n g s t o n e and
Goldschmidt feel that it is not
a valid procedure to take a single
individual from a group of fos-
sils,- point out that it differs in
certain ways from other members
of the population in which it was
found and call it a new species.,
Dead End
Leakey's assertion that Zinjan-
thropus was an evolutionary dead-
end that existed side-by-side with
more advanced forms is not in
accord with the accepted evolu-
tionary principle that two species
cannot occupy the same ecological
niche, Prof. Livingstone says.
The potassium - argon d a t in g
method that was used to establish
that Homo habilis preceded Zin-
janthropus does not necessarily
reflect the age of the fossil,,:'Prof.
Goldschmidt said. The date is for
the rock with which the fossil was
found, which may not be the same
age as the fossil itself.
Prof. Livingstone believes that
fossil findings should not be
evaluated individually but must
be placed in a theoretical frame-
work. Leakey did not do this, he
said.
Although both Professors Liv-
ingstone and Goldschimdt respect
Leakey for his extensive work in
the field, Prof. Goldschmidt said
that, Leakey is not necessarily
qualified to assess the significance
of his findings."
Leakey has announced -he dis-
covery at a news conference at
National Geographic Society head-
quarters.
Court Rejects
Virginia Rule
ALEXANDRIA, Va. () - A
three-judge federal court yester-
day threw out sections of the
Virginia constitution and laws re-
quiring racial designations on

The al11le ge d discrimination
stems from an incident in 1963
when a national officer, Mrs. Phil-
lip Knox, was sent to settle a dis-
pute among sorority members and
alumni members over one mem-
ber's Negro boyfriend.
Three of the sorority members
charged that Mrs. Knox came at
the request of a local alumnae
who was concerned about the sor-
ority's apparent acceptance of the'
girl's Negro boyfriend.
Certain Standards
Mrs. Knox emphasized that the
girls had to observe certain stand-
ards in the sorority and not ex-
press objection to them if they
wished to remain in the chapter.
She justified the rules on the
basis of an unwritten policy of
the national chapter which she
c a 11 e d "mutual acceptability,"
meaning that every member must
be acceptable to every other stu-
dent and alumni member in the
country.
Betty Brown, '65, president of
the Michigan chapter of Alpha
Delta Pi, said that she has never;
before heard the policy of "mutual
acceptability" enunciated by a na-
tional officer.
'No National Policy
Since, as Mrs. Knox said, "mu-
tual acceptability" is an "unwrit-
ten policy" of the national, Miss
Brown seems to doubt that it
could be an actual policy imposed
on all chapters. "If it was, we
would have been told about it,"
she said.
"Panhellenic passed a resolution
supporting the University's' non-
discrimination policies, and I have
not been told that by so doing we
violated any of our national's poli-
cies," Miss Brown continued.
Mrs. Knox told a meeting of the
Boulder chapter that she had
been authorized to remove the
chanter's charter, but would not
do so if the members who dis-
agreed with her rolicies nut them-
selves on voluntary probation.
The terms of the probation pro-
hibit the girls from living in the
house or making use of any chn-
ter property and from attending
any special functions of the sor-
ority. Those on probation can re-
quest a 'revision of their status"
after the end of the year.
The three girls took advantage

Bills Today
In House
Governor Doubts T
Reductions Repres
GOP Majority Vied
By BRIAN BEACH
"There 'is strong sentimenri
return Gov. George Romr
higher education operating b
bill to its original form," Rep
bert E. Bursley (R-Ann A
said yesterday.
At the same time, Romney
that he does not expect the'
in his proposed 'budget to be
proved by the full House.
"I doubt whether these r.e
tions represent the viewpoint
majority of Republicans in
House. It is my belief that
totals will be restored to appi
mately what was recommen
he said.
Across-the-Board
The House Ways and 1
Committee Tuesday night ha
the operating budgets of the
state colleges and universitle
five per cent across-the-b
from the level recommende
the governor and approved b
Senate.
The Uniersity operating bt
recommendation was cut from
Romney level, of $44 millie
$41.8 million.
House action will probably
place on the higher education
today, Bursley noted.
'Restore Appropriations'
"I thinlg the approach we
take is to'restore the higher
cation operating budget ap1
riations across the-by l'g I
ley explained, referring to a
he and other House members
to make on the bill today.
In January, the Universit
quested $47.6 million for Its
ating fund. The governor's o
recommended $44 million an
Senate passed that levy wil
change. The appropriation fo
current fiscal year is $38.2 #i
When'the Senate supporte
governor's recommendation
weeks ago, University c f
claimed that the proposed
would allow priority budget
to go into effect net year.
Priority Items
The priority items; in orde
dude:
-Merit increases and pr
tions in faculty and staff.
-Provisions for highere
ment and augmented prograi
-Books, services and resea
--Third-term operation. 1
The House committee's
could conceivably jeopordize
low priority trifmester pro
The Regents, however, appro
three-full-term calendar at
February meeting. Furthern
University planning commitzh
reduce the feasibility of a c:
back to a two term calends
this late date, a University of
noted.
Room remains for specul
on the effects a $44.8 million t
ating budget will have on Ui
sity programs.
Senate Considertion
After the House acts on the
the Senate will consider all I
amendments to the appropria
bills.
The total downward revisio
education - centered uses co
out of tthe House session was a
$7 million.
In working over bills a
approved by the Senate, the
mittee also cut from $500,01
$400,000 an allocation for a
state scholarship program
slashed from $500;000 dow
$300,000 a request for student
guarantee funds.

Asks Politica
Aide on Cypr
By The Associated Press
United -Nations Secretary
eral U Thant yesterday calle
a number of steps aimed a
storing the peace on Cyprus
cluding the naming of a top-
r ,n1ifieia tffip. w nra l

ADDRESSES HONOR SOCIETY:'
Haber Favors Liberal Arts Effort

By ADALINE ADAMS
Urging that the role of the
liberal arts college must be main-
tained despite all the difficulties
it now faces, Dean of the liter-
ary college William Haber fur-
thered current debate on liberal
education.
Addressing the initiates of Phi
Kappa Phi Honor Society on "Ad-
justing to Change," he emphasized
that education at all levels- will
probably play the most important
role in facilitating adjustment to

'years of training. Yet the varying' than ever before," Dean Haber
rates of change in different areas said.
make it almost impossible to ab- In his view, it is the university
sorb victims of obsolescence, he which can provide enrichment and
said. adaptability to change. More than
Even the highly educated feel ever before, however, it must pro-
the effects of the trend, as shown vide an educational opportunity
by the fact that a man with a which enriches the student in mat-
PhD in mathematics has enougi, ters of the spirit, in appreciation
intellectual capital to last - about of beauty and in basic values.
six years. Someone with the sain "These are vital, quite apart
degree in physics will last about from the intellectual tools one ac-
seven years. and the same degree quires for making a living.
-e s o"Such a liberal education canj
in engineering is good for about t. ┬▒of

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