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April 22, 1964 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-04-22

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221964:'

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Laos Revolution Heads

Ignore

Western

Urges

To Restore Neutrality

U.S. Fearful
iolence
Aft er Revolt
Diplomats Request
Generals To ftesign
VIENTIANE P) - Two rightist
coup leaders refused yesterday to
restore Premier Prince Souvanna
Phouma's coalition regime to pow-
er despite urging by Western dip-
lomats, informed sources reported.
Fearing a violent reaction to
Sunday's'coup from the pro-Com-
munist Pathet Lao, the diplomats,
headed by President Lyndon B.
Johnson's .diplomatie trouble-
shooter William Bundy, tried to
persuade the two generals to step
aside..
It was a day of feverish activ-
ity for Bundy, assistant secretary
for Far Eastern affairs, United
States Ambassador Leonard Ung-
er and Australian, British and
Frencli diplomats.
Give Support
They first met with the neu-
tralist Souvapna, penned up in
his villa by rightist soldiers -
presumably assuring him their
governments strongly backed his
coalition.,
Subsequently t h e diplomats
talked with :Gen. Kouprasith Ab-
hay, the coup leader, and, his dep-
uty, Gen Siho Lamphoutacoul.
There appeared to be no change
in the situation, one diplomat in-
dicated following the meeting.
Next the diplomats met with
Gen.PhoumiNosavan, deputy pre-
mier representing . the right-wing
faction, who appeared embarass-
ed by the generals' seizure of pow-
er Sunday.
Uncertainty
Phoumi told' reporters h had
assured the diplomats he would
try to get the situation back to
normal But he seemed almost as
much as a bystander for the mo-
ment as Prince Souphanouvong,
deputy premier and titular head
of the Pathet Lao. Souphanou-
vong is at his headquarters in the
highlands about 100 miles north-
east of Vientiane.
After the round of meetings,
Bundy left for Bangkok en route,
to Washington to report to John-
son on the crisis.
House To Hearl
Prayer Plea
WASHINGTON ( P)-Petitions of
about 15,000 persons dealing witho
the right to pray in school will
be presented to Rep. Louis C. Wy-I
man (R-NH) today on the Capi-t
tol's House steps.1
The presentation will be by G.1
W. Schafer, chairman of the Corn-
mittee to Protect the Right of
Prayer, from Cincinnati, support-I
ing Wyman's proposal to amendI
the Constitution to preserve andt
protect references to reliance upon
God in governmental matters.
The proposed amendment would
also pin down the legality of vol-
untary prayers in schools. ThoseI
wishing to abstain or withdraw
during prayer sessions would be
permitted to do so.
The petitions coincide with the1
start of hearings by the House Ju-
diciary Committee on 147 differ-
ent prayer resolutions.{
The Supreme Court has out-I
lawed officially prescribed prayers]
and regulations requiring the say-,
ing of prayers or Bible reading in
public schools.
The Schafer petitions have been<
placed on a roll 67 yards long.

Proposes
Change of
Right Bill
WASHINGTONa)E - Senate
Republican Leader Everett M.
Dirksen of Illinois introduced his
key amendment to the job section
of the civil rights bill yesterday
and said he believed it will help
to pass the measure.
His amendment would take away
some power of the federal Equal
Employment Commission provided
in the House-passed measure. It
also would give state agencies 90
days to handle job discrimination
complaints before the United
States agency could enter the case.
Dirksen would not predict the
fate of the provision but insisted
anew his efforts are aimed at de-
vising "a workable, practical bill"
and getting it through the Sen-
ate.
Notes Support
He said his major amendment,
the 11th he has offered to the em-
ployment title, has the support of
"some rather substantial people"
but would give newsmen no names.
Dirksen meanwhile decided to
delay until tomorrow calling up
for a Senate vote the first of 10
amendments he introduced last
week to the employment section.
The GOP leader said he decided
against doing so today, as he plan-
ned, because several senators will
be absent then to attend the open-
ing of the New York World's Fair.
The first 10 amendments to the
section are minor, but Dirksen
said he is anxious to get voting
started.
He commented once the Senate
starts taking votes, it may be pos-
sible to get some idea of how the
long debate will extend.
First Priority
One of the two important fea-
tures of Dirksen's amendment
would allow states which have fair
practices commissions-as 30 now
do-to have exclusive jurisdiction
of a job dicrimination case for
90 days.
This would substitute for gen-
eral language in the House bill?
which would allow the federal
commission to let a state agen-
cy handle a case if the U.S. body
feels the agency is proceeding ef-
fectively.
Dirksen said his proposal un-
doubtedly would create a strong
incentive for the 20 states which
do not have anti-job discrimina-
tion laws, including the Southern
states, to enact them.
Dirksen said one of his main
efforts is to keep cases ' in 'the
hands of local or state agencies
if possible because the issues are
understood best there.

-Associated Press
RIGHTI T GEN. KOUPRASITH ABHAY of the Laotian army
walks down a Vietiane street after helping stage a coup last week
against reutralist Premier Prince Souvanna Phouma.
BASIC PLEA:
t Thant, Fulbright Agree
OnForeign Policy Goal
UNITED NATIONS (P)-Secretary-General U Thant said yester-
day he agreed with Sen. J. William Fulbright's appeal for some new
thinking of "unthinkable thoughts" about foreign policy.
He said that "basic plea" from the Arkansas Democrat "should
be the guiding principle for all of us-not only Americans, but also
Asians, Africans, Latin Americans, Russians and Chinese." He added

WASHINGTON (P)--The United
States and Soviet decisions an-
nounced Monday for parallel cut-
backs in production of nuclear
weapons material represent the
culmination of a series of private
exchanges between President Lyn-
don B. Johnson and 'Premier Ni-
kita S. Khrushchev.
Johnson has carried on a cor-
respondence with the Soviet pre-
mier since shortly after he suc-
ceeded to the presidency following
the assassination of President John
F. Kennedy last November.
When it became apparent upon
a review of American nuclear
weapons need five or six weeks
ago that the U.S. would be pro-
ducing more nuclear explosives
than were considered essential to
its security requirements, Johnson
decided to make what he called
yesterday a "substantial reduction"
in the output of enriched uran-
ium.
Notifies K
He then, notified Khrushchev of*
his intention in the belief that
the. Soviet chief would possibly
find it desirable to take a similar
step. As he announced Monday he
also consulted with British Prinie
Minister Sir Alec Douglas Home.
According to qualified inform-
ants, Johnson received no response
from Khrushchev for five weeks.
Last Friday, he called Soviet Am-
bassador Anatoly F. Dobrynin to
the White House and in the course
of an hour-long discussion of U.S.-
Soviet relations, informed the en-
voy that he was going ahead with
his decision and would announce
it Monday.
He then got fast word back from
Moscow that the Soviet govern-
ment also would act. Johnson com-
mented in a speech at 2 p.m.
Monday:
"I am happy to say that Chair-
man Khrushchev has now indi-
cated to me that he intends to
make a move in this same direc-
tion."
Double Cutback
At the same hour an announce-
ment came from Khrushchev that
he likewise was making a cut-
back in future nuclear weapons
material production.
The exchanges between John-
son and Khrushchev through pri-
vate correspondence and diplomat-
ic channels go back to the earliest
days of the Johnson administra-
tion.
When Anastas I. Mikoyan, first
deputy Soviet premier, came here
for the Kennedy funeral he
brought a note of condolence from
Khrushchev to Johnson on Ken-.
nedy's death.
Sends File
About the sar..e time the Soviet
g o v e r n in e n t, reportedly on

Khrushchev's personal decision,
decided to send to the U.S. gov-
ernment its file on the activities
of Lee Harvey Oswald, the ac-
cused assassin of Kennedy.
Oswald had been in and out of
the Soviet Union, and. the Soviet
government apparently wished to
let the U.S. know officially that
it considered him an unstable per-
son and that there was no basis,
in its view, for rumors and specu-
lation then current that he had
some kind of Soviet Communist as-
sociation.
Johnson was afterward reported
to have expressed appreciation to
his associates for Khrushchev's
action in sending the Oswald file.
Johnson suggested that he write
Khrushchev a nqte. Diplomatic
advisors told him the matter could
be handled through diplomatic
channels, but Johnson decided to
send a personal note of thanks.
Foundation Laid
Those exchanges going out of
the Kennedy tragedy laid a basis
for further correspondence which
became in effect a continuation of
the private exchanges which Ken-
nedy himself had carried on with
Khrushchev.
The letters have covered a num-
ber of subjects largely concerned
with ways of reducing Cold War
tensions and making progress in
the field of disarmament.
One recent exchange is reported
to have dealt with the shooting
down by Soviet fighter planes in
East Germany of a U.S. recon-
naissance bomber with three men
aboard.

ExchangesLead to Atom Cut

LETTERS:

Johnson is understood to have
told Khrushchev in his letter on
this subject that while the plane
had gone where it should not have
gone the Soviet attack on it was
entirely uncalled for.
The President informed the So-
viets that he had given orders
that all precautions be taken to
prevent future violations.
UN VTries for
AfricanCalm
A United Nations panel advo-
cated a national convention of
all South African racial 'groups
Monday, according to ' the New
York Times.
Terming it the only way to
avoid a vast racial conflict, the
experts said that such "a conven-
tion should be a first step toward
establishing a "non-racial'" democ-
racy for that country's 16 mil-
lion people of whom 11 million
are Negroes, 1.5 million are of
mixed blood and one-half million
are Asians.
The report indicates that the
United Nations should agree to aid
in planning the convention. If
no convention is called by a fixed
time, however, economic sanctions
by the Security Council are rec-
ommended.
An early meeting of the council
is expected to be requested by
Asian and African members.

t
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
SEOUL, Korea-The government
yesterday requested arrest war-
rants for 96 persons following
clashes between rock-hurling stu-
dent demonstrators and riot po-
lice.
The disorders marked the fifth
consecutive day of student dem-
onstrations in the capital.
Ignoring a fresh government
warning a g a i n s t unauthoriz-
ed denonstrations, the students
hit the streets protesting what
they described as the humiliating
diplomacy of President Chung Hee
Park in the government's negotia-
tions with Japan for normaliza-
tion of relations.
NICOSIA--President Archbishop
Makarios yesterday told Gen. P.
S. Gyani of India, commander
of the United Nations' peace-
keeping force, he is prepared to
order the dismantling of all for-
tifications and checkpoints'
throughout Cyprus if the Turkish
Cypriots agree to do the same.
Makarios made the offer at a
meeting with Gyani to discuss
ways of easing tension between
the warring Greek and Turkish
Cypriot communities.
* * *
WASHINGTON-President Lyn-
don B. Johnson said yesterday that
railroad bargaining talks are mak-
ing some progress and he hopes
for a settlement within a few
hours or days.
With time rapidly running out
before a scheduled nationwide
strike, Johnson said he is still
working on the presumption that
a voluntary agreement is possible
before Saturday's 12:01 a.m. dead-
line.
BOSTON-The John Birch So-
ciety has called on its members to
conduct an advertising campaign
against passage of the rights bill.

that a thorough reappraisal of our
attitudes toward war and peace
is imperative."
Thant made his comment ,at a
news conference when asked about
the speech delivered in the Senate,
March 25 by Fulbright, chairman
of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee.
Fulbright had said that in for-
eign policy, the United States was
"clinging to old myths in the face
of new realities." He said it should
"start thinking some 'unthink-
able thoughts'" about the Cold
War, Qommunist China and Viet
Nam.

MICHIFRUGUE!
michigras Frugue Contest
THURSDAY, APRIL 23
4:00 P.M.
LEAGUE MALL
(Between Hill Aud, and League)
MUSIC BY THE AVANTIS
Prizes for all who enter
(contributed by Phillip Morris)
Co-sponsored by MICH [GRAS and
the Phillip Morris Tobacco Co.

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