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April 19, 1964 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-04-19

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See Editorial Page


Sir ita


Warmer an d sunny Monday
with gentle breezes

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


VOL. LXXIV, No. 154,




Radio Broadcast Reports Coup by

Arm in a

News Follows Coalition Breakup

LONDON (-= - A radio
broadcast picked up in Lon-
don today said the national
army of Laos has risen andt
seized power in a coup d'etat.
First word of the coup came
in a broadcast by Vientiane Ra-
dio of a communique from the
national army coup d'etat com-
The communique said:
"As the national army has
succeeded in rising up to seize
power and to chase out the
coalition government in order to
prevent bloodshed among Lao-
tians, all troop movements are
prohibited throughout the Lao-
tian kingdom until further no-
tice from the national army
coup d'etat committee."
The broadcast gave no de-
tails -nor did it name those in-
A later broadcast by Vientiane
Radio carried a further com-'
munique from the National Ar-
my Coup d'Etat Committee. It
notified all Laotian civil serv-
ants to report to the defense
ministry within 24 hours.
- A summit conference of the
three leaders of Lao's coalition
government collapsed yesterday
and Prince Souvanna Phouma an-
nounced he will ask King Savang
Vathana to be relieved as premier.
His departure could spark full
civil war. .,
The idea of the rightist, neu-

tralist and leftist meeting was to
turn the royal capital of Luang
Prabang into the temporary ad-
ministrative capital in an attempt
to solve Laos' year-old crisis.
Souvanna, a neutralist, emerged
from a field tent in which the
leaders had been meeting for two
days and said no results had been
Claims Bias
In Outlook
On South
0. 'Eastland (D-Miss) told the
Senate yesterday it is difficult to
understand why President Lyndon
B. Johnson and other civil rights
advocates consider "sit-ins, lie-ns
and sleep-ins" violent in the North
and peaceful in the South.
"A trespass on private property
is equally or more reprehensible
than a stall-in on a public road
or highay, and in both instances
the community should take any
steps necessary to remove the tres-
passers and maintain law and
order," the Democrat said.
Eastland spoke in the wake of
a series of warnings by Johnson,
Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy and
Senate Civil Rights leaders that
unruly demonstrations, such as
the planned tieup of World's Fair
traffic in New York City, would
slow progress toward bettering the
Negro's lot and impair the chances
for passage of civil rights legisla-
Slow Treatment
The House-approved measure is
receiving snail's pace treatment in
the Senate. Yesterday was the
34th consecutive session and the
third Saturday given over to de-
Eastland and another dedicated
Southern segregationist, Sen. Allen
J. Ellender (D-La) handled the
speaking chores for the South,
while Sen. William Proxmire (D-
Wis) spoke in the measure's de-
fense, describing it as moderate
and conservative.
Meanwhile, behind the scenes:
- Senate Democratic leader
Mike Mansfield (D-Mont) and
GOP leader Everett Dirksen (R-
Ill) registered their opposition to
round-the-clock sessions, a move
advocated by Democratic Whip
Hubert H. Humphrey (D-Minn)
as a means of putting pressure on
the Southern speakers.
Discuss Amendments
-Humphrey, floor manager for
the bill, and other civil rights
champions conferred with Ken-
nedy over amendments Dirksen
has introduced to the equal em-
ployment opportunities section.
Later, Kennedy was reported hav-
ing said "I am for this section as
it stands."
Two weeks ago Senate leaders
were unable to muster a quorum
and had to cancel a Saturday ses-
sion. There was no such trouble
yesterday. It took only 23 minutes
to round up a majority and the
Senate met for almost 5/2 hours.
Eastland was ready to lead off
the Southern oratory, but North-
ern Democrats started the day's
talking. Proxmire made his de-
fense of the measure and Sen.
Wayne Morse (D-Ore) registered
-as he has daily-his opposition
to United States involvement in.
the war against Communist guer-
rillas in South Viet Nam.

reached. He had conferred with
Gen. Phoumi Nosavana, the right-
ist faction leader, and Prince
Souphanouvong, leader of the pro-
Communist Pathet Lao and half-
brother of Souvanna.
To Submit Resignation'
Souvanna, who has been pre-
mier for 22 months, told newsmen,
"Upon my return to Vientiane
(permanent administrative capi-
tal) I will make a report to the
"Because of my inability to
solve thekLaotian problem I will
ask the king to relieve me from
functions of coalition premier."
Asked if, the king would accept
his resignation, Souvanna replied,
.I don't know."
Souvanna had asked the king
to relieve him a year ago, but the
king requested him to stay on the
Visit Canceled
Souvanna was scheduled to
leave April 23 with the king on
state visits to France and Britain.
It was reported in Paris, however,
that because of his prostate oper-
ation, President Charles de Gaulle
had informed the Laotians he
could not receive the king and

To Review
Draft Law
WASHINGTON WP) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson ordered yes-
terday a sweeping study of mili-
tary manpower policies to deter-
mine whether the draft can be
eliminated in the 1970's.
Johnson made the announce-
ment at his second news confer-
ence in three days, this one a 35-
minute session in his office, not
announced in advance.
The President said Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara will
undertake the one-year study to
"consider alternatives to the pres-
ent draft selection system, includ-
ing the possibility of meeting our
requirements on an entirely vol-
untary basis in the next decade."
Military Cutback
Asked if this foreshadows a cut-
back in military strength, the chief
executive said, "I wouldn't want
to anticipate the results of that
study. Of course, it is the hope
of everyone that tensions in the
world can ease, that hwe can bring
about disarmament, that we can
take part .of the resources that
are now going into military pro-
duction and protection and spend
them on a better society and a
greater society."
Draft calls this year have run
between 16.000 and 12,000 month-
During the Berlin crisis of 1961
the monthly quota climbed to a
peak of 25,000 in September. In
the fall of 1962 and again in early
1963 monthly quotas were at a
low of 4000.
Reading at a rapid clip, John-
son began the conference with a
series of statements and an-
nouncements, one of them reciting
encouraging economic statistics.
Economic Progress
The President reported March
increases in farm prices, housing
starts, new auto sales and indus-
trial production and a drop in
wholesale prices.
He also reported a year-to-year
drop of 900 in federal employ-
ment, saying, "it is significant that
it dropped at all because it has
generally been increasing."
He said government spending
during the first three months of
his administration averaged $1
million a day less than during the
last three months of the admin-
istration of President John F.
Other opening announcements
included that Eugene Patterson,
editor of the Atlanta Constitu-
tion, will be nominated to fill the
only remaining vacancy on the
Civil Rights Commission. He will
replace M. Robert Storey, dean of
the law school at Southern Meth-
odist University.
Reach Accord
In California
ing agreement for minority groups,
ending massive civil rights dem-
onstrations on San Francisco "au-
to row," was announced yesterday
to more than 2500 wildly cheer-
ing pickets.
The agreement came in response
to demands that car dealers hire
more Negroes as salesmen and

College Student Counci


Form National



Sees Hope ;
For Solution
In Rail Talks
WASHINGTON (P) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson said recent ne-
gotiations between railroad man-
agement and operating unions
have been very productive and he
believes this collective bargaining
will end a nationwide strike
Speaking at a news conference
on the eighth day of intensive
White House sessions, Johnson
said he is "encouraged and hope-
ful" that an 'agreement will set-
tle the lingering dispute before a
possible new strike deadline at
12:01 a.m. Saturday.
Johnson staved off questions
about details of talks between rep-
resentativres of nearly 200 rail lines
and five unions who are sitting
in with federal mediators.
No Deadline
The President emphasized that,
he has set no deadline for the ne-
gotiators to announce settlement
or a hopeless deadlock. But he
said the intensive bargaining ses-
sions will continue and 'he is
looking forward to a progress re-
port early this week, hopefully to-
Johnson said the negotiators
"are meeting late at night" and
"negotiating in the traditional
free enterprise manner. We are
very proud of the conduct of both'
sides. I think we have had a very
productive few days."
Commends PressI
Then he added, "I now com-
mend the press for helping us try
to settle this in our free enter-
prise system without burying col-
lective bargaining. I believe it will
be settled that way."
He declined to give any indi-
cation of what steps he will take
if the negotiations fail to -avert
a strike which he said Friday
would be disastrous for the na-
tion's economy.
A 15-day truce, negotiated by
Johnson a week ago Thursday
night only 90 minutes before a
scheduled walkout, expires at mid-
night next Friday. Immediately
after that, the carriers will be le-
gally free to post new job-elim-
inating work rules which the un-
ions are pledged to meet with an
immediate strike.
Law Exhausted
All delaying procedures provid-
ed in the law have been exhaust-
ed long since and, in the absence
of further agreed postponement,
congressional action apparently
would be the only way to avert or
cut short an almost complete par-
alysis of the nation's rail system.
The operating unions represent
about 200,000 employes but an-
other 500,000 would be idled by a
strike of the men who run the


Meader ,Attacks Parts
Of Civil Rights Law

Elects Hece

"Congress should pass a fair,
workable and effective civil rights
law; but not one which extends
the long arm of the federal gov-
ernment into every nook and
cranny of our country," Rep.
George Meader (R-Mich) of Ann
Arbor said yesterday.
In the Patriots' Day program
the congressman said that his
purpose was to offer new infor-
mation in opposition to the pres-



Rusk ITours
Viet Towns .
SAiGON P--Sccretary of State
Dean Rusk toured relatively peace-
ful regions north of Saigon yes-
terday and told Vietnamese vil-
lagers, "We are with you every
day, every week, until victory is
United States and South Viet-
namese security men kept watch
in the belief Communist suicide
squads might try to kill Rusk.
Stringent precautions were in
effect in Saigon, tq which the
secretary returned at dusk. The
massive air-ground net set up to
shield him on his arrival Friday
was tightened after a terrorist
bomb exploded in a military bus
here early yesterday, wounding
two U.S. servicemen.
Explosion Feared
Police intelligence reports said
the Communists planned a series
of bomb explosions during Rusk's
three-day visit, with electrical
transformers, U.S. installations
and American vehicles among the
Rusk made a flying field trip
with the strongman Premier, Maj.
Gen. Nguyen Khanh, in a U.S.
Air Force helicopter.
The secretary shook hands with
scores of Vietnamese and told
them "we in the United States
are your comrades in arms in this
fight" against Communist guer-
Hanoi Regime
He predicted that some day the
Communist Hanoi regime will dis-
appear "and your brothers in the
North can join you in a free,
unified Viet Nam."
Khanh, however, gave Rusk a
sobering assessment of the war

Souvanna and that a later date
would have to be set.
Souphanouvong has been feud-
ing with the neutralists and the
rightists for more than a year.
His forces control about 1000 miles
of border with Red China and
Communist North Viet Nam. Sou-
vanna and Phoumi accuse the
Pathet Lao of expanding their in-
fluence steadily with the aid of
the Chinese and North Vietna-
Neutralization Problems,
But the issue that broke the
summit conference' was the ques-
tion of Luang Prabang as the ad-
ministrative capital. Conference
sources said Phoumi and Souph-
anouvong could not agree on ways
to neutralize the royal capital.
The informants said Phoumi
agreed in principle to neutraliza-
tion of Luang Prabang-now un-
der rightist control-but proposed
a three-party commission to dis-
cuss details. Souphanouvong in-
sisted, however, that the details
of neutralization be agreed upon
by the summit conference, infor-
mants said.
Neutralization of Luang Pra-
bang, under the protection of
three-party police, would allow
the three members of the coali-
tion to meet until the crisis is
solved. At the height of his dispute
with Souvanna and Phoumi, Sou-
phanouvong moved his headquar-
ters out of Vientiane to the
Plaine Des Jarres, refusing to re-


Plan Gets
LANSING (A-The first legis-
lative test of Gov. George W.
Romney's Congressional redistrict-
ing plan has made it clear that
compromise-not only with Demo-
crats but also with his own Re-
publican party-will be necessary.
The Romney "one man, one
vote" plan ran into a buzz-saw
of criticism Friday when sub-
jected to House debate for the
first time.
There was no vote directly on
the scheme, but the failure of
GOP leaders to accomplish a pro-
cedural maneuver left doubts as
to how much support exists for
Romney's plan among Republi-
"Not much," was the answer
from one GOP house member.
"The party just went off in all
directions and it seems clear there
will have to be some kind of a
caucus position."
Among Republicans, the pri-
mary objection to Romney's plan
was that it would cut county lines.

ent bill which has been obscured.
"It is 'my position that ;Congress
should carry out a national policy
in civil rights so that all citizens
are treated alike. But this power
goes only so far.
"This bill should not be one
which strips 190 million Ameri-
cans of their sacred rights and
protections that are written into
our constitution," he said.
Too Many Rights
The congressman drew upon
his experience as prosecuting at-
torney in Washtenaw County to
support his position.,"When I was
prosecuting I often thought that
the defendant had too many
places to hide.
"However, under this bill, a
lefendant (of a discrimination in-
lictment) would have no benefit
from the fifth amendment; he
would have no jury trial; he could
conceivably have to testify against
himself. This is the kind of ty-
ranny I oppose.,
"A thug, a narcotics peddler or
an assassin is entitled to: 1) pre-
sumption of innocence, 2) proof
of guilt beyond allmreasonable.
doubt, 3) the' freedom to 'refuse
to testifying against himself, 4)
a jury trial, 5) expiration of judg-
ment when the penalty has been
Not in Rights
"Not so the defendant in a civil
rights case if this bill becomes
A civil rights defendant would
be tried without a presumption of
innocence, with much less string-
ant rules of evidence, need be
found guilty only by a prepond-
erence of the evidence, could be
compelled to testify against him-
self, would have no right to a
jury trial, and would be subject
to the injunction for the rest of
his life, Meader said.
"It was to protect individual
citizens from abusive tyranny by
its government and to avoid the
evils and oppression practiced by
the British' monarchy, that our
constitutional founders ;insisted
upon the first 10 amendments as
protections to all citizens."
Meader has offered several
amendments to the bill and two
have been adopted. However, he
sought to have pre-emption on
the state and local level and fail-
ed to secure this. "I offered the
n o n pre - emption amendment
which would allow the state and
local governments to handle em-
ployment problems-and frankly,
I believe that is where it should
Name Gosling
Assistant Dean
Of Med School
Dr. John R. G. Gosling, asso-
ciate professor of obstetrics and
gynecology, has been appointed
assistant dean of the medical
school, announced the school's
dean, Dr. William N. Hubbard.
Prof. Wallace J. Bonk was ap-
pointed chairman of the libiry
science department. His appoint-
ment will become effective July
1, 1964, following the retirement
of Prof. R. H. Gielsness.
For the past two and one half
years Prof. Gosling has served as
the director of the department of
obstetrics and gynecology at
Wayne County General Hospital.
Dr. Gosling received the ap-
pointment to replace Dr. Earl F.
Wolfman Jr., present associate
professor of surgery, as of April 1.
After graduation from the Uni-
versity Medical School in 1950,

For Group
Constitution Preve
Political Activities ?
special To The Daily
ST. LOUIS - A new nat
student organization, the Asso
ed Student Governments of
United States of America,
formally established here ye
Lawrence Blankenship of
University of Oklahoma was e
ed interim president of the g
known until Iyesterday's me
as the Associated Studet Go
ments of' America. Kenneth
den of Southern Illinois Univ
was elected first vice-presider
The new unit, direted to
developing more effective sti
governments through exchan
ideas, was constituted as a
political group, forbidden b
constitution from voting on
subject other than its admini
tive function,
4-6 Vote
The final vote. for approy
the constitution was 48-6.
Adoption proceeded a hecti
day session. The 'climax of th
occurred when the Unversi
Illinois walked out of the ne
protesting the defeat of a m
that would have establishi
civil rights committee.
The walkout followed charg
Grinell College that the co
tion had voted along sect
lines on the issue and that le
ship '"railroaded" the conva
into rejecting the civil rights
Sectionalism Charged
The sectionalism charge ref
to the large number of soul
institutions present.
The convention later app
the creation of "student i
and human relations comm.
which would consider the;
rights in an a-political vein,
The meeting came clos
breaking up twice during
stormy afternoon session. A
of parlimentary struggles
clashes ove decisions of Chai
John Moore of Southern Il
University slowed discussio
the proposed constitution
near halt.
'Trying To Break Up Meeti
At one point, William Fe
ingill of Vanderbilt' Universit:
chairman of the convention
cused certain convention delE
of "trying to get us tied u
parliamentary procedure and
break up the meeting."
Although not mentioning
United States National St
Association directly, Featheri
remarks coincided with r
circulating that some s<
were at the convention mern
destroy the new organizatloi
thus eliminate a possible rh
Student Government C
member Sherry Miller, '5
former SOC member Mary
Norton, '64, attended the me
as observers but abstained
A former USNSA repres
tive, Miss Norton said "I
serious reservations about the
ue of this organization. Mc
the delegates entered the co:
tion with definite pre-con
notions of what they wante
organization to become. It s
like a reaction to NSA," she
Interim Document'
The constitution, an in
document, is designed to ser
til the first national AS(
convention can be held. It
tended as a trial measure

- __ _

Hayden: cOrganize Poor'

; Durant: Insure Initiative'


4 <a7


Resolved: that welfare programs
can and should combat poverty.
This was graduate student
Thomas Hayden's position in a
debate with Richard Durant,
chairman of Michigan's 14th dis-
trict Republican organization.
Hayden is a national council mem-
ber and past president of Students
for a Democratic Society.
Hayden cited two reasons for
the existence of poverty in
America: underdevelopment and
political voicelessness of the poor.,
'No Welfare State'

vation'to create a surplus of pro-
ducts, he said.
Hayden said that the only way
to fight poverty is to organize the
poor people of the country po-
litically. He urged public spend-
ing programs and cuts in the de-
fense budget to provide additional
funds for the anti-poverty pro-
Durant strongly supported the
idea of "where there is a will,
there is a way." 'If poverty is go-
ing to be reduced, individual in-
iative must be left uhampered.

sarily free to act in their
behalf. "The war on poverty
war on the rich," he said.


is a

Hard Work
Durant attacked Hayden's state-
ment by saying that some people
are more intelligent and hard-
working than others, and given
their freedom to operate, these
people can boost production.
If people are poor through no
fault of their own, they should
be helped, but other people
should not be forced to help them,
Durant said,
Durant has been attacked by

_ N.- .. ..-v.: -. ...

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