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April 16, 1964 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1964-04-16

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Seventy-Third Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Wher e pir *ons AreFe STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, MICH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Trutb Wini Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in at reprints.
THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1964 NIGHT EDITOR: KENNETH WINTER

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
This 'Liberal Establishment'

EUROPEAN COMMENTARY:
The Real Issue in the
Belgium Doctors' Strike

Paying a Fitting Tribute
To Rachel Carson

To the Editor:
IT HAS long been obvious to me,
as it must to any objective
reader, that The Daily has an of-
fical policy of supporting the Lib-
eral Establishment in this coun-
try. However the current series of
articles on Brazil, by Stephen
Berkowitz goes outrageously far
in this. direction.
I am aware of the standard
Daily rejoiner to a charge of this
nature; namely that Daily editor-
ials express the view of the in-
dividual writer and do not con-
stitute an official policy.
However, the consistent, in fact
unbroken, chain of editorials and
feature articles written by liberals
not on the staff of The Daily, does
in fact establish such a policy. The
aforementioned articles by Mr.
Berkowitz are a prime example of
this.
Steve Berkowitz is not a member
of The Daily staff; he is a mem-
ber of Voice Political Party. Why
was he asked to act as a "guest
writer" for The Daily? More im-

tem of government the President
of the United States is the Presi-
dent of all the people in this
country. If De Berry's candidacy
is to be meaningful he must do
more than represent solely the in-
terests of Negroes and workers. In
this light, to borrow Mr. Sig-
norelli's phrase, "the choice could
hardly be any clearer."
-Peter L. Wolff, '59
Washington, D.C.
Alpha Phi Alpha
To the Editor:
ALPHA PHI ALPHA Fraternity,
because it obtained its six
pledges through open rush this
semester and does not yet possess
a chapter house, was one of six
campus fraternities which you
described on March 10 as "facing
future difficulties."
Certainly, since that time, our
chapter has real justification for
viewing its future with consider-
ably more optimism than your re-
porter's analysis indicated. Over

ITH THE UNTIMELY demise of Rach-
el Carson, the cause of conservation
has lost one of its best friends and.
staunchest supporters. Her death from
cancer is as unfortunate as it was unex-
pected; for she left behind a legacy of
service to mankind which relatively few of
her sex have achieved. At the same time,
the goal she so avidly sought-an end to
destruction of . our natural resources
through indiscriminate use of chemicals
-has reached a point in its development
where every supporting hand is needed
to guide it to a successful realization.
In terms of such a realization of goals,
there is an obvious similarity between
her death and the assassination of the
late President John' F. Kennedy. It has
become increasingly evident that ever
since Kennedy was cut down in the
midst of his struggle for civil rights, the
battle for passage of the civil rights bill
has become in part a battle for legislation
which would serve as a tribute to the
fallen leader-a memorial to the cause
for which he. labored, so that "he shall
not have died in vain." It is fervently to
be. hoped that Miss Carson's death will
likewise act as a.catalyst to accelerate the
passage of new and badly-needed laws to
control the flow of pesticides.
An Opportunity
FOR TWO ORGANIZATIONS whose
thinking is so analogous on a struc-
tural level, Student Government Council
and the University Senate are still many
'neurons apart when it comes to contem-
plating joint policy formation.
But recent developments in both orga-
nizations pose a new opportunity.
The Senate's decision to consider es
tablishing a representative assembly
comes in the wake of SGC's current dis-
cussions aimed at creating a constituent
assembly of its own.
THE PARALLEL nature and purpose-
increasing each unit's power--of both
structures calls to mind past, if unsuc-
cessful, attempts at paralleling the Sen-
ate and SGC.
These came last year, when Council set
up nine subcommittees to parallel exist-
ing subcommittees of the Senate Advisory
Committee on University Affairs.
The purpose was to provide for greater
communication between faculty and stu-
dents in an effort to boost eventually
the esteem of both groups in the eyes of
the Regents.
LACKING FORMAL connections, the so-
called student-faculty government has
failed to match up to its epithet. But
more well-defined links between the two
proposed constituent assemblies could be
both permanent and effective.
-LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM

THE ANALOGY MAY BE taken still fur-
ther, since there is no evidence that
would conclusively prove that chemical
poisons in the atmosphere and the soil do
not cause some form of cancer-perhaps
even the form which brought about Miss
Carson's death.
Her book, "Silent Spring," cited much
evidence that such poisons do have some
part in numerous other diseases. As long,
as there is any doubt of the safety of
the chemicals which are sprayed on the
food we eat and into the air we breathe-
and there are numerous accounts of fa-
talities to indicate that such doubt is-
very real-serious consideration should be
given to ways of reducing the threat to
mankind.
FORTUNATELY, the threat has not gone
unnoticed. The late President Kenne-
dy's Science Advisory Committee issued
a report last May advocating prompt ac-
tion to strengthen present federal laws
dealing with pesticides. Although Con-
gress is now investigating ways of
achieving such a goal, no definite action
has been taken as yet.
Such definite action should be taken
immediately. There is no excuse in con-
tinuing vast programs of spraying when
controlled spot-spraying procedures would
do the job, just as there is no excuse for
ignoring the untapped possibilities of such
non-lethal techniques as biological con-
trols.
MISS CARSON'S CRUSADE deserves
serious consideration by the legislators,
to say nothing of the general public. To
say that it is a life-and-death matter is
putting it mildly. Hopefully, Congress will
not vacillate longer before passing mean-
ingful legislation in this area or revising
that which now stands.
If it can be said that no posthumous
medal or memorial to the late President
Kennedy would be more fitting than the
swift passage of the civil rights bill for
which he fought so hard, surely the same
may be said of Miss Carson and her
battle for freedom from the fear that the
food we eat may be as deadly as it is
appetizing.
SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR Stew-
art Udall said of Rachel Carson that
her eye was "trained to the destiny of
generations she would never see . .. She
devoted the last years of her life to sav-
ing mankind from the subtle dangers of
man 's misuse of his own environment."
The legislation for which this courageous
woman gave her "last full measure of
devotion" deserves to be passed-not be-
cause just it is "the least we can do," but
because our future health-in fact, our
very, existence--may well depend on it.
This would truly be a fitting memorial to
Rachel Carson.
-STEVEN HALLER

"Monopolist!"
f K t p
r' t
fLIT
° a6

in , Highgate, but to credit this
posthumous movement to N. V.
Ulyanov (Lenin) is not quite real-
istic. Under Lenin, the New Eco-
nomic Plan was instituted during
the '20's, and capitalists such as
Henry Ford (no parlor pinko by
anyone's standards) built plants
in the USSR, and made profits
there too. The peasants had their
own land, and there was even a
measure of a free market in the
buying and selling of produce.
Now Khrushchev,' just as Lenin,
does not believe that this sort of
"co-existence" is a permanent fac-
tor in global relations. Where
Lenin would have meant a state-
ment like "We will bury you"
quite literally, Khrushchev, I
,would say, sees that both sides
would be buried.in any large-scale.
armed conflict today, and so de-
pends'upon measures short of war
to advance his aims. He believes he
has history on his side, that the
"Socialist" camp is in ascendance,
and that his goals of the triumph
of Marxism throughout the world
can be very well achieved by such
measures as trade with the West to
secure needed goods and com-
modities.
-Steven Hendel, '63
Arlington, Virginia
Political Panel
To the Editor:
UNFORTUNATELY, The Daily
article covering the recent
presentation of the panel on Ne-
gro political action for 1964 did
not mention those statements
made by Mr. De Berry of the
Socialist Workers Party and Mr.
Barnard of the Direct Action
Committee which dealt with the
long-range strategy of the Free-
dom Now Party.
As Mr. Grondin of the Young
Democrats pointed out, his party
is made up of groups of people
from various social strata. It'in-
cludes some large capitalists; a few
managers and professionals; some
farmers, small businessmen and
white collar workers and a large
number of industrial workers and
Negroes. It is because of the Dem-
ocrats' ability to win that one
finds such opposing forces as the
.nion-busting Southern racists and
the industrial workers and Negroes
"allied" in the same party.
But if Negroes continue to build
an alternative to the two parties
of war, racism and poverty, such
as the Freedom Now Party, then
their geographic location will en-
able them to take political power
in many areas on the basis of self-
reliance alone. This is the short-
range strategy-to win representa-
tion for Negroes in the United
States. But the long-range strat-
egy involves a plan for qualitative
social change, that is, the de-
struction of those relations that
perpetuate oppression and exploi-
tation.
IN THIS SENSE, the FNP can,
or may act as a catalyst and in-
deed as the vanguard of revolu-
tionary struggle. When Negroes
leave the Democratic Party, labor
will wake up to the fact that it
can no longer "win" as long as it
remains in an unworkable alliance
withthe very enemies of labor.
Labor's choice will be clear and
simple. It will have to take the
struggle of the working class to a
new level and form its own party.
If it then can ally with thebblack
revolution, the stage will be set
for real social change.
This is the long-range strategy
that people like Mr. De Berry of
the Socialist Workers Party and
Mr. Barnard of the Direct Action
Committee have of independent
political action by Negroes. In the
coming period, this is the strategy
that revolutionary socialists and
disenfranchised radicals should
support.
-Peter Signorelli, '64

By ERIC KELLER
Daily correspondent
SOCIALIZED MEDICINE was
not realyy the issue in the
recent Belgian doctors' strike.
Rather, the doctors went on strike
because the new health law en-
abled the government to curtain
medical freedom.
The new law against which they
protested became effective Jan-
uary 1 of this year. It ordered all
Belgians to affiliate with one of
the existing health insurance com-
panies. Furthermore, the govern-
ment set up a unifie dscale of
fees for each treatment amin-
istered by a doctor. Scales were
also set up for allowable drugs, and
the number of visits for each
medical case was laid down in the
law. Under the plan, the patient
pays the doctor his whole fee and
afterwards recollects three quarters
of it from the health insurance
company.
* * *
THE SYSTEM as such was not
unpractical for the general wel-
fare. But the government plan al-
lowed such low scales that doctors
could not,. have made a decent
living under it.
Under the previous system, doc-
tors had to count on making a
salary way above the usual during
their 25 years of top actvity. Be-
tween the ages of 35 and 60 they
must make enough money to pay
for regular living, ;to pay off debts
from their long years of study and
to provide for old age. The heavy,
socialist tax scales of Belgium have
make this a tough task in the past.
The new plan would have dras-
tically cut the individual freedom.
of a doctor to understate his in-
come.
The doctor also protests free
treatment of very poor and old
persons.
QUITE understandably, the
strike was less than popular witr
the public. The skeleton emergency

system which was still in opera-
tion could not possibly give ade-
quate service, sometimes not even
in emergency cases. At least two
deaths are blamed on the strike.
It was reasoned that doctors
could have made their claims
heard without jeopardizing nation-
al health. But it became apparent
that the doctors did not even have
a chance to rightly protest the
new law. it had been part of a
governmental deal between the two
parties which make up the present
coalition in power. The law was
passed with only a minimum of
discussion for the record. No con-
sultation with the medical asso-
ciation had taken place.
Both the government and the
doctors were anxious to come to a
conclusion of the strike. But it
proved impossible to make the
two ends meet. To further ag-
gravate the situation and to put
even more pressure on the govern-
ment, the doctors threatened to
give up even the skeleton emer-
gency service.
* * *
THAT WAS too much for the
Belgian government., Over the last
weekend a royal decree (Belgium
is a constitutional monarchy)
went out calling all doctors into
the military services. There, they
will have to give treatment to
needy patients as directed by the
armed forces.
The strike was broken, but it
will take some time until all oc-
tors will have returned to Belgium.
A great part of them had gone
abroad to evade a possible court
order which could have sent them
back on their jobs.
The immediate danger of more
deaths because of the strike was
averted. But the question re-
mained whether the government
would ultimatelyrgoeback a few
steps toward a more reasonable
solution of the problem. In the
doctors' eyes, real democracy had
gone off the record in this case.

>1

_r

t I
}

SIXTEENTH ANNIVERSARY:
Israel: The Essence of
Hope and Achievement

The University, and Fair Housing

portant, why has no conservative
been given equal space to discuss
'the same, or an equivalent issue?
I know for a fact that the Young
Republicans would be glad to
furnish someone for this purpose.
WHY DOES The Daily carry
syndicated columns by Lippmann,
cartoons by Herblock and Feiffer?
Why does not The Daily carry any
columns by Buckley, Moley, Law-
rence, or other conservatives?
With baited breath I await The
Daily's standard rejoiner.
-Gary Barber, '67
The Daily does not "have an of-
ficial policy of supporting the Lib-
eral Establishment in this coun-
try." The Daily has been running
the columns of Walter Lippmann
and Robert Hutchins and the car-
toons of Herblock, Mauldin and
Feiffer because its editorial directors
have felt that they were the best
available. Research in the past has
turned up no one of equal caliber
on the more conservative side of
the political spectrum.
Again this year these columnists
and cartoonists will be reconsidered,
and anyone with specific recommen-
dations is invited to bring them
to me at The Daily.
With regard to Daily guest writers
and Stephen Berkowitz in particu-
lar, as a rule-and he wasaot an
exception-such writing is not soli-
cited by The Daily. Instead, it is
generally offered by people who
come;nto the building requesting to
write for the editorial page on
some particular matter. Permission
is granted when it is felt that the
writer is well qualified to comment
on his chosen subject, when that
subject is considered to be of suffi-
cient interest, and when the final
copy for publication meets The
Daily's standard of writing excel-
lence and logical thought. No "con-
servatives" have recently requested
to do such writing, though an in-
vitation to make such a request
has been, and still is open.
E. H.
The Presidency
To the Editor:
I FEEL COMPELLED to comment
in connection with Peter Sig-
norelli's letter which appeared in
The Daily. It is, apparently, Mr.
Signorelli's opinion that the can-
didacy of Clifton De Berry of
the Socialist Workers Party is
superior to that of Lyndon B.
Johnson.
The argument in favor of De
Berry is impassioned but, I think,
weak in its climax. In fact, Mr.
Signorelli defeats himself at the
conclusion of his remarks when
he attempts tohdemonstrate why
the choice between Johnson and
De Berry is so clear. President
Johnson is briefly portrayed as an
ogre, while De Berry is claimed
to be a savior. The only flaw, how-
ever, is that De Berry is apparent-
ly a savior for only a portion of

spring vacation, Epsilon Chapter
here at the University was judged
by the national fraternity's 14-
state Midwestern Region as this
area's "most outstanding chapter"
in terms of program improvement
for school year 1963-64.
With this kind of regional rec-
ognition, our chapter is already
finding increased support from
officials of the national fraternity,
especially in regard to acquiring
chapter housing. The future of
Alpha Phi Alpha on campus is
undoubtedly brighter than ever.
--James E. Marshall,
Outgoing President
Alpha Phi Alpha
Lenin and Pragmatism
To the Editor:
WAS DISAPPOINTED to see
in the April 7 Daily what can
only be described as a dialectical
deviation. In his article on East-
West trade, Comrade Keller states:
"And when Khrushchev announc-
ed his new agricultural program,
nobody could overlook the new in-
centives given to the individual
by its new bonus system. Lenin
would have turned over in his
grave."
Now I grant you, Marx might be
rolling about a bit in his crypt

By LLOYD GRAFF
ON THIS, the sixteenth anniver-
sary of the independent na-
tion of Israel, we have an appro-
priate occasion to take notice of
this aspiring young nation which
embodies the essense of messianic
hope and pragmatic achievement.
We take notice not just because
Israel is a staunch ally of the
United States ,or because it has
a nuclear reactor, or because it
has a strategic position in a vital
and volitile area of the world.
Nor do we focus'on it only be-
cause a limited war is destined to
start when the Israelis begin to
exercise their rightful privilege to
divert , water from the Jordan
River to make the parched Negev
Desert bloom.
WE SHALL take notice primar-
ily because of the uniqueness of
this tiny nation of two million
souls.
Its uniqueness 'is manifestedin
many ways. Israel has tripled in
population since its inception in
1948. It is a potpourri of almost
every nationality in the world. It
is a symbol of world Jewry as
well as a nation in itself.
Lucy Dawidowicz summarized
part of Israel's singular nature
when she wrote, "Israel is not like
other nations. It stands for con-
science. Its creation was an ex-
pression of the world community's
moral obligation, an international
gesture of contrition. It stands as'
the symbol and surviving reality

of persecution throughout the
ages, and as the bearer of a re-
ligion with a great ethical tradi-
tion."
THE RAISON DETRE of Israel
is to be an open refuge for every
Jew in need of refuge. Refugees
continue to pour in from North
Africa. It -is possible that large-
scale immigration could come from
the Eastern European countries
under Soviet hegemony.
We applaud this sixteenth an-
niversary also, because it shines
a ray of optimism into the dark
realm of foreign affairs. Israel
is one of' the few nations in the
world to show that a "have-not"
nation can be transformed to a
"have" nation in a matter of ten
years with intensive effort, suf-
ficient money and enlightened
direction.
NOW THAT the hopes and
dreams have been partially realiz-
ed in a minute scrap of dry land
in the Middle East, every Jew in
the world may identify with some-
thing. Israel is a partial fulfill-
ment of an age-old messianic im-
pulse. It is a wonderful achieve-
ment, and a magnificent oppor-
tunity. It is land of experiment-
ing, in everything from desaliniza-
tion to communal living. Ephraim
Kishon perhaps states it best when
he calls Israel, '"a country where
nobody expects miracles, but
everybody takes them for granted."

IF THE ANN ARBOR City Council won't
strengthen the city's Fair Housing Or-
dinance, the University should take what
action it can in the area of fair housing.
Vice-President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis has asked the city's Hu-
man Relations Commission to recomnend
to the council an amendment which
would strengthen the housing ordinance,
on the grounds that "a large number of
students who live in off-campus rooming
units are American Negroes and foreign
students. Therefore, an ordinance which
covers rooming units is particularly im-
portant."
ON THE SAME BASIS, he should ask
for enactment of University rules
which would cover further the area of
off-campus housing.
Acting Editorial Staff
HI. NEIL BERKSON ...... ,.. ..........Editor
KENNETH WINTER..............Managing Editor
EDWARD IERSTEIN.............Editorial Director
ANN GWIR~TZMAN ............... Personnel Director
MICHAEL SATTINGER .... Associate Managing Editor
JOHN KENNY ...........,'assistant Managing Editor
DEBORAH BEATTIE ...... Associate Editorial Director

A recent motion passed by Student Gov-
ernment Council listed relevant areas in
which action could be taken and the ac-
tion to be taken in them. It said that
the University should further define "ap-
proved housing" to include housing
where: the owner or agent signs a non-
discriminatory contract; the housing unit,
by contract, meets the health and safety.
certification requirements of the city, the
Office of Student Affairs and SGC; the
owner uses a University-approved con-
tract; the owner or agent meets any other
requirements stated by the OSA or SGC.
A DEFINITION such as this one would
include all rooming houses, not just
those of "five or more units" which would
be covered if the amendment backed by
Lewis were to pass the City Council, thus
providing greater coverage for University
students.
The SGC motion also stated that the
OSA should not "list" any off-campus
housing which does not qualify as approv-
ed. The OSA could lend even more au-
thority to its approval or disapproval of
housing if it went a step further than this
and created a "blacklist" for housing
which did not meet the criteria set for

...................C.............. C E R T. . . . . . . . .....................E........IE.......:,:"W
CONCERT PREVIEW

Music Appropriate to Spring

By DAVID SUTHERLAND
THIS EVENING the University Symphony Or-
chestra under the direction of Josef Blatt will
present a concert of music appropriate to the spring
season-truly appropriate now that the weather
has caught up with the calendar.
"Vltava (Moldau)" by Bedrich Smetana, which
opens the program, sounds like music for out-of-~
doors. Smetana's orchestral picture of river scenes
and of the river itself form the second of a set of
six symphonic poems which together the composer
called "Ma Vlast (My Country)." In one striking
detail "Moldau" resembles another great musical
representation of a similar subject, the prelude to
"Das Rheingold" by Richard Wagner. In both, the
river is suggested by a grand extension of a single
chord in running figuration. (Wagner imagined
the Rhine as flowing in E-flat major, while Sme-
tana heard the Moldau in E-major). What is most
remarkable, however, is the difference of effect
achieved with nearly identical means.
* * *
THE "Divertimento for String Orchestra" by
,.ly ,.. . , _ n i +i-l -.en++n - ,,,, i

The middle movement is an example of the
night-music for which Bartok is famous. This
nocturn suggests a moonless, :starless and rather
frightening night.'In the last movement the soloist:
as leader and the orchestra as chorus play ar
energetic dance with two interludes and a wild
finish.
Bartok liked to extend the development of
themes by inverting them. Thus in the interior of
the movement we hear a fugue subject with its
exposition, followed by the inversion of the subject
with a development which leads into the first
interlude. Then the first part 'of the movement
is brought back,. turned upside down, so that the
new beginning of the dance quite naturally sounds
hesitant, if not a bit addled. Very shortly, however,
the music regains it bearings, and it ends in a
breathless flourish.
* *
x SCHUMANN'S SYMPHONY No. 1' in B-flat
major is especially enviable for being a first effort.
There are traces throughout the work of the com-
poser's admiration for Beethoven. This is perhaps
most evident in the first moyement, where a motive
ofo.n" rh-_rfmir rhart.r n.raC ht Pntr

.....Loh? Js... _..... _ . rs.-. sx. . .,.::... +..: ' .

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