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March 14, 1964 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-03-14

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Seventy-Third Yea
"WhereOpinionsAreF STUDENT UBuCATiom BLDG., ANN ABOR, Mci., PHONE No 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail."
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in a; reprints.
To Encourage Education:
Abolish Classes and Exams
EDUCATION SHOULD CHANGE a living personal intellectual endeavor but also to
creature into a vital and effective hu- demand it for academic survival. The so-
man being. But the present system at the lution to the problem is to abolish classes
University has a different, much less de- and exams. Then each course would con-
sirable effect. It fosters not vitality, but sist of a professor and the number of
apathetic indifference, teaching fellows usually assigned to it,
Two factors conspire to prohibit the an extensive list of suggested reading and
stimulation and satisfaction of the stu- a final paper, which would determine the
dent's mind: emphasis on grade-point grade.
and rigidity of course structure. Empha- On the surface a number of problems
sis on grade-point is not solely a product seem immediately to present themselves:
of the University system, but for the a too-high student-faculty ratio; lack of
most part of social pressure outside student incentive to work; lack of guid-
school. Admission into graduate school, ance necessary to cause the student to
parental coercion and acquisition of a work. But with little explanation they
job after graduation all serve to increase are seen not to exist.
its importance.
However, grade-point pressure is far PROFESSORS SHOULD USE their lec-
from minimized in the attitudes of pro- ture and office hours to work individ-
fessors and administrators within the ually with students. Students who did not
University. The first thing that a coun- need help, which often is the case in
selor looks at when a student walks into higher courses, would not be confronted
his office is not his face but his tran- with mandatory lectures. They could work
script; often professors groom their stu- independently and merely hand in the
dents for exams. paper. The professor would be freed from
Under this combination of interior and the -necessity of trying to gear his class
exterior pressure the student cannot help to deal with the most common misunder-
but feel that he must sacrifice a compre- standings and could instead deal with
hensive insight into the subject he is tak- individual questions.
ing for good grades. Needless to say, the On the other hand, the students would
two, insight and grades, are not synono- be saved from dangerous apathy. They
mous, either for personal reasons or be- would not be released from the pressure to
cause of the course itself. But regard- produce because grades would still be
less of the student's feeling of obligation closely perused by graduate school admis-
to the course content, he is not given sions committees and by industrial firms.
time to expand on his own, to supple- But they could govern more the direction
ment the course content or broaden his of their production and would have to de-
perception of it. velop an intellectual independence which
although one of the most important as-
THEFINAL IMPORTANCE is not the pects of education is easily avoided un-
momentary frustration or feeling of der the present system.
futility and even of being lost that ac- Possibly the most pertinent objection
companies such a situation, but the long- to this plan is that the students could
term effect on the student's mentality not be sufficiently guided. And yet this
Deprived of the opportunity to expand, to is the most easily swept aside: who can
seek knowledge and thus wisdom on his better explain their subject than the au-
own, he stops being inquisitive. He be- thors of the books involved in it. The
comes the Charles Dickens' "little pitch- book list would be of major importance.
er" sitting passively, waiting to be filled No book would be required but many
with whatever anyone wants to pour in. books of quality and interest, which de-
The most valuable quality in an individ- fine the general direction of the course,
ual, intellectual curiosity, is sacrificed for would be included.
a little piece of paper with a sprinkling The system is not ridiculous; it is
of five horrible little letters on it. practical. More than that, it is geared to
But there is a way in which the system produce minds, not IBM machines.
could be arranged not only to encourage -KAREN KENAH
t Cyprus Solution: Migration
by Walter Lippmanu

Arbitrariness in Student Voting Criteria

SEVERAL hundred University
students are being turned down
by the city clerk when they go to
register as electors in the state of
Michigan and the city of Ann Ar-
bor. The reasons theecity clerk
uses in judging whether a stu-
dent is eligible to vote in Ann Ar-
bor are supposed to be objective.
But in reality they are not.
This is basically not the fault
of the city clerk or the city attor-
ney who have tried to set up ob-
jective criteria in judging eligi-
bility. Rather, the fault lies on
the state level, as Prof. William J.
Pierce of the law school recently
pointed out. He said that there is
a lack of specific state laws which
is the main cause of friction be-
tween the city clerk and those
turned down in their attempts to
The dangerous effect occurs, of
course, when the matter of inter-
pretation is left up to one indi-
vidual who does not have suffi-
cient criteria to judge voter eli-
APPLYING the situation direct-
ly to the student, it is found that
the city clerk has the most prob-
lems when he attempts to decide
whether or not a student can be
consideredran Ann Arbor resident.
City Attorney Jacob F. Fahrner,
Jr. has ruled that ". . . where a
student lives in a dormitory, room-
ing or fraternity house only during
the period of the school year and
returns to his parents' home out-
side Ann Arbor during vacation
time, he does not acquire legal
residence here."
A student "does not change his
former residence to Ann Arbor
when his presence in Ann Arbor
is due to the sole purpose of re-
ceiving the educational benefits
conferred here."
There is also a case (Attorney
General v. Miller) in whichrthe
Michigan Supreme Court defined
'residence" as regards students:
"... The great weight of author-
ity is that a student at college who
is free from parental control, re-
gards the place where the college
is situated as his home, and has
no other to which to return in case
of sickness or domestic affliction,
is as much entitled to vote as any
other resident of the place where
the college is situated."
City officials primarily draw
their criteria from this and simi-
lar cases.

However, injustices occur in the
interpretation of this criteria.
The specific criteria the city
clerk recently announced included:
-the student's marital status
and whether or not he has estab-
lished a residence in Ann Arbor;
-his length of stay in Ann
-whether the student is free
from parental control;
.-where he would go in case of
sickness or accident;
-whether the student is finan-
cially independent.
Frank Andreae, '66E, was re-
cently turned down by the city
clerk when he went to register.
Andreae's case points up the ar-
bitrary methods which must now
be employed to determine voter
eligibility for students.
-Andreae is financially inde-
pendent; that is, he can get along
without any assistance from his
parents who live in Birmingham,
Mich. However, since he does re-
ceive money from home the city
clerk said he did not qualify as
being financially independent.
-Andreae is not married, al-
though he will marry in June. The
city clerk again ruled that this
lessened his chances to register.
--Andreae plans to make his
home in Ann Arbor after he mar-
ries. However, the city clerk ruled
he could not prove intent. At pres-
ent he lives in an Ann Arbor
-Andreae is not a "transient"
student, that is, he stays in Ann
Arbor year-round.
-He would probably go to the
University Hospital if he became
ill, Andreae said.
* * *
THE PROBLEM of using ob-
jective criteria in determining sub-
jective qualities in. a person is
the basic inequity here. Prof.
Pierce commented that in An-
dreae's case, the city clerk is prob-
ably faced with one of the most
difficult decisions in the state.
The city clerk refused Andreae's
registration mainly because he
could not prove intent to remain
in Ann Arbor. Prof. Pierce said
that "long range intent should not
dominate in the city clerk's cri-
teria. After all, you can't tell for
certain anyone's long-range in-
tent. A person might pack up and
head for Los Angeles in a year if
there is a good job opportunity."
The solution, of course, is to
take a major portion of the in-

terpretive responsibilities out of
the hands of the city clerk. He
is always liable to arbitrariness in
his decisions as would any per-
son trying to interpret and apply
objective criteria.
THROUGH a state law intro-
duced in the Legislature arbitrari-
ness could substantially be elim-

inated. Of course, in order to have
a comprehensive, objective set of
criteria in such a law it will have
to be open for some interpretation,
but not to the degree that now
exists in Ann Arbor.
The deadline for such bills in the
Legislature for this year has long
since passed. However, at the

Legislature's next session such a
bill should be the first item on
the docket.
To put such a bill in "first pri-
ority" requires pressure from the
constituency. The issue should be
brought to the attention of local
legislators who could then carry
the ball for student voters.


Officer Elections Confusion


To the Editor:
1 WOULD like to correct several
of the statements made by Mary
Lou Butcher in her editorial yes-
terday, "The Officer Elections
Game". Her understanding and
interpretation of the "behind the
scenes" politicking involving the
Student Government Council of-
ficer elections is both incorrect and
misleading. Where she obtained
her information, or better yet her
misinformation, is unknown to me.
. She has accused me of trying to
"deal" Eugene Won of SGC into
the treasurer spot on the Council.
What did happen is that several of
the liberal SGC members got to-
gether and tried to form a slate for
the officer elections. In doing this
the name of Won was inserted as
a possible nomination for the of-
fice of treasurer. This considera-
tion was the result of Mr. Won's
alleged "liberalism."
I approached Mr. Won and
asked him if he would consider
running on the slate which includ-
ed Thomas Smithson and Howard
Schechter. There was no pres-
sure; there was no deal.
IN THE OTHER incident with
Mr. Won, it was Mr. Won who ap-
proached me. He came to inform
me that he was in open support
of Douglas Brook as president of
SGC. Based on his "liberal" ac-
tivist position in the election, in
which he gave the impression to
the student body that he would
work for progressive legislation
and a new non-stagnant leader-
ship, I begged Mr. Won to recon-
sider. I did this on the basis of
his campaign statements and his
expressed desire for a council that
will do something this year.
This was the extent of my en-
counter with Mr. Won. This was
the extent of my "politicking."
I had hoped that the executive
committee positions of SGC would
have been held exclusively by
those supporting a "new" Council,
one that would move forward this
year with vigor toward a new pro-
gressive and active role, for stu-
dents on this campus. I hope that
with our only limited success in
the officer elections that we can
still move forward this year.
The students of this campus do
not deserve another year of stag-
nancy on Council. The hope for
success in Council lies in the
hands of such people as Mr. Won.
If they begin to vote for progres-
sive Council legislation, we may
succeed. However, if they desire
to sit back and become the near-
stereotyped inactive and regres-
sive Council member typified by
many of those on last semester's
Council, we cannot help but give
the student body another year of
--Barry Bluestone, '66
SGC Member

Quaddie Fare ...
To the Editor:
A FUNCTION of the University
is not only to educate, but also
to house and feed its students. We
feel that South Quad has failed
miserably in the latter.
In addition to the low quality of
the food, the conditions under
which it is served are unsanitary.
There is absolutely no reason for
anyone to be expected to drink
from lip-stick stained glasses or
eat off saucers which were used
as study-hall ashtrays the night
before. The food is made further
unappealing by finding hair and
other unidentifiable objects with-
* * *
ON MANY occasions, students
have been served rotten fruit and
stale bread. When a student does
bring these facts to the attention
of the staff, he is either ignored or
told that he is mistaken.
Because we are paying for room
and board, we do have some rights
-and would appreciate having
them recognized.
-Ellen Weinstein, '67
-Karen Schiff, '67
--Marijane Lazar, '67
-Joan Willens, '67
-Barbara Eaton, '67
To the Editor:
I DENOUNCE you for associating
my picture with the name Kaz-
arinoff in The Daily on Friday,

March 13. My opinion of that
Trotskyite deviationist is well
known, and I resent the connec-
tion you have made between us.
I must say that the story has as
much in common with Kazarin-
off's views as I know them to be
as does the picture.
-N. V. Ulyanov
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Although no
N. V. Ulyanov is listed in the Uni-
versity staff director or "Who's Who
in American Scholars", we refer
readers to p. 911 of the Encyclopedia
Brittanica, 1945 edition. Further-
more, we would like to apologize to
Prof. Nicholas Kazarinoff for run-
ning someone else's picture with his



Chicago Opera Ballet
Entertains Superficially

The Victors Speak...

IT DOESN'T take a mathematical
genius to figure out that the vic-
tory of the Michigan State Uni-
versity math team in the Putnam
Mathematics Competition adds
some points to the - University's
score as an institution of higher
The Putnam competition is the
only national contest in which
most major universities partici-
pate, and this is the second time
in three years that MSU has tak-
en first in it. This is surely an
indication that there is more to
our claims of excellence in educa-
tion than empty words in cata-
IT IS interesting and gratifying

to note that the teams of such
schools as California Institute of
Technology and Massachusetts In-
stitute of Technology came in sev-
eral places behind the East Lan-
sing whiz kids. Perhaps most note-
worthy is the fact that the Uni-
versity of Michigan didn't even
place in the top schools listed.
One or two victories in math
contests do not necessarily indi-
cate that we are the greatest uni-
versity in the world, but they do
show that we are a force to be
reckoned with, and not dismissed
lightly as some institutions, not-
ably the one directly south of here,
are wont to do.
-Michigan State News

IN A SWIRL of spectacle and
melodrama last night, the Chi-
cago Opera Ballet performed a
ballet drama, "Carmen," and a
ballet comedy, "Die Fledermaus,"
both choreographed by Ruth Page.
The idea of opera ballet is to
present the plot of the opera
through the use of ballet. The mu-
sic of certain outstanding arias
was used as the basis of the ac-
companiment. Enactment of a
story through body movement
leads, it seems, to a necessary ex-
aggeration in characterization.
This, coupled with extreme com-
pression of the plots to perhaps
one-third their original length,
contributed to the melodramatic
THE OPERA ballet was enter-
taining, colorful and well-suited
to its purpose. However, the high-
light of the evening was, a more
classical form, with music by
Tchaikovsky: the Pas de Deux
from "Sleeping Beauty." The
dancing by Kirsten Simone and
Henning Kronstam from the Roy-
al 'Danish Ballet showed the pre-
cision, clean lines and ease of per-
formance which marked them as
high calibre. Miss Simone person-
ified grace and beauty. We regret
that these two dancers did not
comprise the entire program.
Bizet's "Carmen" was choreo-
graphed in modern terms, a fiery,
exotic composition. However, there
were inconsistencies in the char-

acterization of Carmen. At the
onset, she was flirtatious and
young but later she became the
sultry and mature seductress
which she should have been
throughout. There were also in-
consistencies in the quality of the
Special mention should go to
Micaela and to Carmen also, al-
though only in the latter, more
erotic portion of the ballet.
In an effort to evoke the tragic
spirit, a group of black phantoms,
supposedly representing The Fates,
hexed the scene. This frightening
entourage was a bit of symbolism
added to "Carmen" but proved
more comic than tragic.
THE TRUE and intended come-
dy of the evening was "Die Fled-
ermaus" by Johann Strauss. In
this light opera, the ballet's char-
acters had a touch of the Chap-
linesque about them which was
quite delightful. Although it is dif-
ficult to develop a character in
dance; sDr. Falke, the bailmaster,
was successful. The, end of "Die
Fledermaus," unfortunately, was
too drawn-out, somewhat ruining
the light and gay mood.
The evening's fare, on the whole,
was entertaining but superficial.
The dancing was good but, except-
ing the Danish members, not ex-
-Marjorie Brahms
--Gail Blumberg

TH.E UNITED NATIONS has been asked
to take on a thankless and difficult
task in Cyprus, and almost certainly it
will be best to regard the enterprise as
providing not a solution to the conflict,
but a sedative and stopgap.
The prevailing fact in Cyprus is that 83
per cent of the people are Greeks, and
only 17 per cent are Turks. Few of them
have any sense of their Cypriote nation-
ality. The crucial problem is whether they
can live together again, as they have for
many hundreds of years in the past.
The United Nations has no solution for
this problem, and what it is really being
called on to do is to police the island
because the government of Cyprus does
not do it.
WE MUST ASSUME, I should think, that
W whatever one may think of Archbish-
op Makarios, events have proved the val-
idity of his claim that the constitution
which was worked out in 1959 has proved
to be unworkable.
On the other hand, we must also sup-
pose that it will be very difficult indeed
to separate the Greek and the Turkish
people into a kind of cantonal confedera-
tion of the Swiss model. The greatest
obstacle to such ,a solution, which re-
quires so high a degree of political ma-
turity, is that it is likely to come to grief
owing to the contrary pull of Greece on
the Greek Cypriotes and of Turkey on
the Turkish Cypriotes.
ANY OBSERVERS have come to believe
that the trouble requires drastic sur-
gery and that the only hope of achiev-
ing peace is. by way of an exchange of
populations, or of populations and terri-

ruptive to the people involved and costly
to the governments responsible for their
Another idea has been to exchange the
Greeks of the Greek island of Lesbos, or
of Rhodes, with the Turks of Cyprus and
give the island to Turkey. Cypriote na-
tionality would then be extinguished;
"Enos" would be achieved; Greece would
gain the revenues of Cyprus; Turkey
would gain an island in sight of the
Turkish mainland.
In view of the condition of inflamed
nationalism which now prevails in both
Greece and Turkey, such exchanges do
not look very feasible.
WHAT ELSE is worth thinking about?
Of all the ideas which I have heard,
the one that seems to me the most plaus-
ible is that there might be a migration
of some considerable part of the Turkish
minority from the island onto the Turkish
This idea can be entertained, of course,
only if the migration is not forced, only if
the Turkish Cypriotes who remain are
fully secured, only if those who migrate
are indemnified for the property they
leave behind and only if generous provi-
sion is made for re-establishing them on
the Turkish mainland.
WHAT WILL BE indispensable is that
the Turkish government and people
should welcome their returning kinsmen.
Is that inconceivable?
The Turks, too, indeed the Turks most
of all, have a vital interest in not being
at war with Greece, and they have a vi-
tal interest in preserving the NATO alli-

'U'* Group Presentation
Balanced and Fluid
THE UNIVERSITY Concert Dance Organization's Annual Spring
Concert sparkled with a kaleidoscope of color, music (which ranged
from Mozart and Handel to Lerner and Loewe) and movement.
The works moved from the sentiment and floridity of a Mozart,
through a primitive Haitian suite, to modern jazz, and were performed
against sensitively conceived set pieces designed by Paul Shortt.
In any group effort, as this concert was, it is extremely difficult
to singie out individual performances. However, from the stand-point
of choreography, some of the most unusual works included two oriental
pieces: "Haiku" and "A Figure for Koto" choreographed by the Chore-
ographers' Workshop and Taya Bergmann respectively.
The former incorporated the reading of Haiku poetry with deli-
cately fragmented segments of movement performed by solo dancers,
while the latter showed an angular, precise movement of a trio of
dancers in a Siamese motif.
SHEILAH BERNSTEIN'S 1930s satire on "Ginger and Friend"
which Miss Bernstein danced with Richard Axsom showed a fine
sense of style and humor. Gay Delanghe showed maturity and per-
ception in the three works which she choreographed, noteably "Mad-
rigal" and "Pilgrimage."
"The Intruder," choreographed by Gail Goldstein, set controlled
dance movement against the weird and exciting sounds of the sound-


14 ~-'~

, "'. =1' ll::. '' .fit 1


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