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March 14, 1964 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-03-14

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SATURDAY, MARCH 14, 1964

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

,. 1AUDY ARH1,164T ErCIG NfAI

PAG]

McNamara Tells
'Of Viet Nam Trp
Jolnson Hears Latest Appraisal
Of Situation by Defense Secretary

Representation in India:

RACIAL PROBLEMS:
Forum Asks Rational Attitude

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara
spent an hour at the White House
yesterday reporting to President
Lyndon B. Johnson what he found
during his latest first-hand tour
r of war-torn South Viet Nam.
Johnson had sent McNamara for
a new look in light of recent set-
backs which shouwed the anti-
Communist war needed to be
propped up. The defense secretary
told reporters at the airport the

ning the war is by fighting it in
South Viet Nam.
Various United States officials
said this does not rule out pos-
sible action against North Viet
Nam but that basically the war
will be won or lost in South Viet
Nam. They hold this view despite
reports of major increases in Com-
munist arms smuggling from the
north.
By all indications, no major
changes in United States policies
are in the wind. Many of the
same tactics used in the past will
be continued but, it is hoped, with
more energy, intelligence and co-
ordination.
The main emphasis in increased
American support will not be pri-
marily military, United States of-
ficials indicated. They point to
the new program of pacification
that Maj. Gen. Nguyen Khanh the
premier, outlined to McNamara on
his five-day visit.
"The government must have the
support of the people. Many of us
did not have this understanding,
and perhaps some of us still
don't," a senior United States of-
ficial said. "More personnel prob-
ably will be assigned to work for
United States civilian missions in
the countryside, notably the
United States Aid Mission's rural
affairs section.
More American training and aid
probably will be concentrated on
the rural, paramilitary defense
forces. These forces, numbering
about 180,000 men, almost equal
the strength of the South Viet-
namese army itself.
A major purpose of McNamara's
fact-finding trip was to assess-
Khanh's.effectiveness.
On leaving Viet Nam, McNa-
mara told cheering Vietnamese
that their new premier, Maj. Gen.
Nguyen Khanh, has a sound stra-
tegy for defeating the Viet Cong.
and "we are confident these plans
point the way to victory."
T h e military revolutionary
council that supplanted the late
president Ngo Dinh Diem last Nov.
1 was weak and indecisive, offi-
cials said. Washington feels that
Khanh, who overthrew the coun-
cil Jan. 30, has neither of these
deficiencies, and has ended the
"government by committee."

Prospects Al
By DICK WINGFIELD
"In India, a government of rep-
resentation is impractical for the
present and unlikely for the fu-
ture," Prof. Frederick G. Bailey
of the University of Chicago, said
Thursday night.
Prof. Bailey said that the social
structure of the country exhibits a
caucus of local interests and po-
litical machines rather than a
representative system as in the
United States. "It is necessary to
view Indian affairs on two levels,
on of indigenous social castes, and
one of the political machine," he
said.
"It makes sense to ask a person
to do something in the name of
his caste, but not in the name of
a political party such as Commun-
Name Dean

ppear Dim
ism or Congress. As a result, the
system is one where food and
goods go one way and votes come
in from the other."
Want Communication
A lack of communication is an-
other factor impeding nationalistic
representation. Prof. Bailey spoke
of one representative in the state
of Assir who tried to visit only his
principle villages in one campaign.
The tour tbok six months, and the
man did win that election. "But
that was only for one term. He was
a Socialist and couldn't deliver the
goods," he said.
"Voters look for a mandwhonis
loyal to their interests and one
who will fight against the local of-
ficials who cause them trouble,"
Prof. Bailey continued. "However,
villages are undergoing a new
'morality'; that is, persons are
more willing to give their votes to
a man for other reasons than tan-
gible rewards, or bribes."
Profit and Reward
"Politicians don't believe in
parties. They don't work on fer-
vor, but rather calculate profit
and reward. The machine merely
determines the need that can be
advantageously satisfied.
"Furthermore, the system must
be built link by link. One link may
be easily snapped if omebody does
not deliver goods where he is ex-
pected. This makes a representa-
tive fastidiously conscious of his
constituency."
Western style representation al-
lows for a slack in economic con-
trol in which the smarter and
more talented become rich, Bailey
said. "This poorer country (India)
needs a more incisive system
which avoids the delay inherent
in ours," he declared.
PollIndicates
Romney Would
Beat Higgins
DETROIT M) - The Detroit
News reported yesterday that its
voter poll shows Gov. George W.
Romney would take 94.3 per cent
of the Republican votes in a pri-
mary contest with George N. Hig-
gins, Ferndale auto dealer and
former GOP state senator.
Higgins indicated yesterday that
he will file for the nomination
within the next 30 days. "I ex-
pect to win," he said.
The News addod that in a sur-
vey of those traditionally voting
in Democratic primaries, it found
44.0 per cent favoring Romney to
33.2 per cent for Higgins. It said
22.2 per cent of the Democrats re-
fused to vote.
Meanwhile, apparently fearing
Romney may change his mind and
become a candidate for the Repub-
lican nomination for president, a
group of Upper Peninsula Repub-
licans Thursday night formed an
organization to insist" Rumney
lead Michign again."
The governor repeatedly has
said he is not a candidate for the
GOP presidential nomination and
will not become an active candi-
date, although he would accept
nomination by draft. He has not
yet announced whether he will
run for governor again.

ROBERT McNAMARA

President had given him
directives:

two

1) Appraise the political, eco-
nomic and military situation.
2) Determine what "additional
actions if any" the United States
should take in Viet Nam.
Reports from Saigon indicate
that McNamara's visit has left
the impression that while the
United States will step up its par-
ticipation in the Communist guer-
rilla war it is unlikely to extend
operations beyond South Viet
Nam's border.
Various Washington officials
have dropped some broad hints
that the United States might take
some action against Communist
North Viet Nam, the chief support
of the guerrillas.
McNamara himself told report-
ers that the primary way of win-

CHARLES DE GAULLE I
Unions Plan
Strike Date
PARIS (;)-A one-day protest
strike against President Charles
de Gaulle's Labor Party is set for
next Wednesday while the presi-
dent is in Mexico City.
The strike was called by the
Communist-led General Confeder-
ation of Workers. Several other
unions are taking a hard look be-
fore joining.
Unions already committed in-
tend to cut electrical power, halt
trains and subways, call off school
for the day and hold up mail de-
liveries. The unions' main demand
is for more money.
The strike was called only hours
after the government announced
a new plan, called the Toutee re-
port after its author, Jean Toutee.
The report proposed statistical
study units in each industry, with
labor and management participa-
tion, so that negotiations could
be based on mutually agreed
figures.
Some unions saw this as a con-
structive step on the government's
part and were, therefore, reserv-
ing judgment on whether to join
the strike. Others said the Toutee
report was worth discussing but
that certain procedures could not
be accepted.
The Confederation and several
close followers decided to strike
anyway to protest wage scales
which remain frozen. They say, at
the same time, that government
efforts to hold down retail prices
have failed. The government
claims its stabilization program is
meeting with success.
House Passes
Tenure Bill
LANSING M-P)-Mandatory state-
wide teacher tenure - meaning
greater job security for some
50,000 Michigan public school
teachers-is on its pay to becom-
ing law.
On a 61-41 vote, the House
Thursday approved legislation in-
itiated by the 6700-member Mich-
igan Education Association with
325,000 petition signatures and
passed earlier by the Senate, 20-11.
Tenure will provide that no
teacher can be fired without cause
after a two-year probationary
period. It will go into effect 90
days after the Legislature ad-
journs.

By JEROME HINIKER
"We feel that the racial situa-
tion in Ann Arbor has reached
such a position that it is essential
that someone begin to talk to the
community, get a dialogue going
in which there is a lot more rea-
son and logic than heat and an-
ger," Medical School Prof. Albert
H. Wheeler, an NAACP leader,
said Thursday evening at a civil
rights forum attended by nearly
75 persons.
The public meeting, whic. was
held for the purpose of discussing
"Problems Associated wian the
Griwing Frictions between Local
Government, Negroes and the
Civil Rights Groups," was called
less than two weeks after the oc-
currence of a demonstration by
the Direct Action Committee
which resulted in a violent clash
between DAC members an). +ne
Ann Arbor City Police.
Besides Prof. Wheeler, the panel
icluded two judges, a juvenile
ctse wf iker, a psychiatrct, and
the director of the Ann Arbor Hu-
man Relations Ccrnmissioi.
Racial Prejudice
In his opening statement Dr.
Wheeler discussed what he termed
an "obviously bad relationship be-
tween the police, Negro youth, Ne-
gro adults and others actively en-
gaged in the civil rights struggle."
These individuals are covinced,
he stated, that iscial prejudice is
a significant factor in all units
of the police department.
WVheelcr also said that many
Negro yo:.bhs do not respac the
police ber'; i se "the youths feel
tie vlice do, not treat thei as
human beings."
Municipal Court Judge Fran-
cis L. O'Brien and Probate Judge
John W. Conlin minimized the im-
portance of racial discrimination
and emphasized socio-economic
factors as the prime causes of
crime.
Unemployment Problem
In Judge O'Brien's court, a neg-
ligible number of Negroes ap-
peared in the ten-year period from
1950 to 1960, and he said that
there has been only a slight in-
crease in the last few years. Al-
most invariably, O'Brien said,
those involved in serious trouble
with the law are unemployed. Con-
sequently, he feels it imperative
that the unemployment problems
be solved.
Judge Conlin said that the ma-
jority of the juveniles appearing in
Probate Court have poorly educat-
ed parents. He cited the last six-
teen cases which he had heard as

Dean Myron E. Wegman of the
public health school was ap-
pointed head of a nine-man
"Action Committee on Health
Care" by Gov. George Romney
yesterday. The committee is to
study pre-paid hospital and
medical care plans.

II

World News
Roundup

- -- - -- -s,

UNIVERSITY GROUP FLIGHTS TO EUROPE
June 1st NEW YORK TO GLASGOW
Returning Aug. 12th ........$311
July 14th DETROIT TO BRUSSELS
Returning Aug. 12th..........$403.40
For Information, Call Les Thurston, NO 3-5718
PETITION FOR
MUSKET CENTRAL COMMITTEE

t

i'

Assistant General Chin.
Costumes

Publicity
Properties

Tr
Tip
Pr,

reasurer Sets
ickets and Ushers Co-ordinating Artist
rograms Secretary
from March 4-March 15
pick up petitions at Union main desk dnytime-

sign up for interview
:. b4 s
BOAC shows you the Europe the
European students know-from
$1079* for 42 days.
Inquiring minds and the fun-minded wilt both enjoy the
11 BOAC itineraries specially designed for students.
You visit little-known Alpine and Yugoslav villages as
well as the Grand Tour classics. Here's what your tour
price includes.
" Serious cultural, economic and governmental briefings.
" Oxford and Cambridge graduate-student tour leaders.
* Shakespeare at Stratford, Salzburg marionettes, Edin-
burgh Military Tattoo.
* Evenings with European students at Tivoli, Munich Hof-
brau, and the Left Bank.
" independentleisure in the great cities.
" Most meals.
" All hotels, prices based on double occupancy of rooms.
" You get there by BOAC Rolls-Royce 707 Fan-Jet.
" Travel in Europe by bus, train, steamer and air.
See your Travel Agent or nearest BOAC office-and send
in the coupon.

By The Associated Press
MONTGOMERY -- Gov. George
Wallace scoffed at a federal gov-
ernment demand for statewide
school desegregation yesterday
and predicted, "we are going to
continue to have segregation."
The governor met reporters at
a news conference after the Jus-
tice Department asked a three-
judge federal court to outlaw Ala-
bama's racially segregated school
system and ,at the same time, pro-,
hibit Wallace from interfering.
s * *
CAPE KENNEDY -- A Minute-
man missile scored a 5,000-mile
test flight success yesterday, but
an attempt to boost a scientific
probe 23,000 miles into space
failed when the fourth stage of
the Blue Scout booster rocket,
which was to have explored the
earth's magnetic field, failed to
ignite.
Another success was registered
yesterday at Vandenberg Air Force
Base, Calif., where a Titan 2 was
fired more than 5000 miles in the
last of a 10-shot research program.
The Blue Scout blasted off just
after dawn and appeared to per-
form normally in the brief time it
was in sight. But half an hour
later, the Air Force reported the
fizzle of the fourth stage.
WASHINGTON -- The Senate
Rules Committee, torn by a par-
tisan row, broke up a 31/2 hour
closed session yesterday without
a decision on whether to halt the
Bobby Baker investigation.
At the stormy meeting, Republi-
cans placed in evidence a sworn
charge by an accountant, Milton
L. Hauft, that his signature had
been forged on Bobby Baker's fed-
eral income tax returns. The Re-
publicans also gave out a list of
additional witnesses they want
called but the committee deferred
action on their demand,
NEW YORK -Trading was
heavy on the New York Stock Ex-
change yesterday. At closing Dow
Jones Averages showed 30 indus-
trials up 2.00, 20 rails down 0.62,
15 utilities up 0.02 and 65 stocks
up 0.19.

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to EUROPE

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IL

11

Union-League

... Creative Arts Festival

presents

Leslie Paul, born in London, left school at
age 14, whereupon he became a journalist,
organizer of left-wing politics and trade
unions; originally a pacifist, he became a
participant in World War 1I, after which he

NORRIS HOUGHTON, expert on

I

Il

,t

I

I If1 ~lye Angy .young myan Iviyti4-

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