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March 14, 1964 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-03-14

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'.S. ucation
Industry is not the only area confronted with automation
problems. Education is in the same predicament.
Changes are coming in both facilities and methods. Many
processes involving human patticipation are, as some see it,
entering an era when they will be dominated by-or turned over
William E. Stirton, University vice-president and director
of the Dearborn campus, emphasizes that any appraisal of the
relation of automation to education must be put into perspective.-
He contends that since before the turn of the century, tech-
nological progress-which is the essence of automation-has been
constantly eliminating Jobs and along with them, those least
qualified to work in the country's labor, force.
Labor Market
"These people are the oldest and the youngest of the workers,"{
he maintains. "As a result, the age of those entering the labor
market has been raised, and the age of those leaving has been
lowered. The oldsters have gone into retirement; the youngsters
have stayed in school."
In 1900, 25 per cent of the labor force was of high school age,
he continued. "At, the same time, only 11 per cent of people of'
high school age actually attended school. And only 4 per cent of
people of college age attended college." WILLIAMI


Chia llenge


Today, only 10 per cent of the labor force is of high school
age. Where have the other 15 per cent gone?
Saturation Point
"They have been pushed off the labor market and into the
schools," Stirton said. "Today our high schools are used by al-,
most 90 per cent of those of high school age. Many think they
have reached a saturation point.
"The same process has occurred and is occurring in the col-
leges. Today 35 per cent of those of college age attend college--
this is a rise of 900 per cent since 1900. We can expect a future
demand for the colleges to do as the high schools have done-to
expand and to reach a saturation point as young potential work-
ers are pushed off the labor force by technological advance.
"This is the challenge facing the colleges-they must expand
to meet the demand created by automation."
The Answer
It is interesting to note that a partial answer to the challenge
of education envisioned by Stirton may come from the very
source of the challenge-automation.
Dean H. Wilson, director of industrial systems research
laboratories at the Institute of Science and Technology, sees a
tremendous growth in the near future of automation in the

Wilson notes that "in teaching, many functions can be auto-
mated to an extent. The use of television in lecture courses is a
good example of this."
Television Education
The University at present has what many consider to be
the leading example of television education in the country in the
Medical School, where color television is used on a large scale.
Wilson points out that "the technological know-how for the
widespread use ,of television in education is practically all with
us now; what we need is the money to install the facilities re-
"The obvious advantage of widespread television education is
that one lecture can be transmitted to thousands of students
saving time and money."
Extra Features
Video-taping and filming of lectures can have this same
advantage, Wilson said, plus an added one: "under this arrange-
ment, 'stars' in a certain academic field can give one lecture which
can be used many times in several schools to supplement regulai
Extension facilities such as those in Flint and Dearborn car
use recorded lectures in the same way, Wilson noted. "In lieu o
See U.S., Page 2



See Editorial Page


Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

,43 a t I

Windy and mild with
showers and thundershowers


.. .

VOL. LXXIV, No. 132








Loyola, 848













'M' Cagers Check
Late Rambler Rally
Wolverines Face Bobcats in NCAA
Mid-East Regional Finale Tonight
Special To The Daily
-The Michigan Wolverines beat the national
champion Loyola Ramblers here last night, 84-80.
The win qualified the Wolverines for the finals of the
Mideast Regionals of the NCAA here tonight against Ohio
University, an upset winner over Kentucky in the first game,
The.Wolverines pulled in front early in the first half, at
16:14, and were never caught despite constant pressure by the
Ramblers. The Ramblers pull-


SiOI of


Seeks To
Cyprus b y


ed within two points at 82-80,
but two free throws by Captain
Bob Cantrell iced the game forI
Coach Dave Strack and the
Big Ten co-champions.
Bill Buntin, who played the last
11 minutes with four fouls, was
the high scorer for the Wolverines
with 26 points, followed by Cazzie
Russell's 21. Les Hunter's 25 and
Jim Coleman's 17 were high for
The Wolverines outrebounded
the Ramblers en route to a win
which Strack called, "A big one
and a whale of a game."
After leaving a jubilant locker-
room, Strack pointed to the psy-
chological problem that now con-
fronts his team. "This is very sim-
ilar to the situation on the West
Coast," he said, referring to the
Los Angeles Classic.
"We won a big game the first
night, then came back against
UCLA and let down a little. I
think these kids are too keyed up
to do that this time. After all,
it's one loss and out, and we all
know it.
"I do have great respect for
Ohio, but I know they won't be
able to push us around on the
boards the way they did to Ken-
tucky," he said.
The game started at a furious
pace, indicative of what was to
follow in the next 40 minutes.
Loyola jumped to a 12-6 early lead,
See 'M', Page 6

Kentucky Rescinds
Integration Order
FRANKFORT, Ky. ,P) - The executive order on integration
issued last summer by then Gov. Bert Combs is dead with barely a
whimper after 81/2 months of controversy.
Gov. Edward T. Breathitt, a Democratic protege of Combs and
like him a liberal on the racial issue, rescinded the directive Thursday.
He acted after it became clear that the Kentucky legislature
would not pass during the current session a proposed bill opening

Repors Cite Massing
Turkish Troops
Crisis Eased by Announcement
Of Dispatch of International Force
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS-Confronted by a Turkish invasior
threat the Security Council last night approved unanimousl:
a resolution calling for. "hands off" Cyprus while the United
Nations speeds a peace force to the Mediterranean island re-
Cyprus appealed to the UN Security Council to forestal
a Turkish invasion it declared could come at any moment
Turkey denied its threat to intervene in Cyprus meant that ar
attack is imminent.
Turkey, however, warned the Greek Cypriots yesterday I
will intervene in Cyprus unless they halt at once "the massa-
cre" of Turkish Cypriots. Press-


Slawson Dies
After Illness
Prof. Chester B. Slawson, 65, of
the department of geology and
mineralogy, died late Thursday
evening following an extended ill-'
A member of the faculty since
1925, Prof. Slawson served in nu-
merous capacities as a consultant;
to private and governmental agen-
Prof. Slawson was born April
12, 1898 in Greenville. He received
his B.S., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees
here. He was made- full professor
in 1948.
He was a trustee of the Cran-7
brook Institute of Science since
1933. During World War II, Prof.
Slawson served with the National
Academy of Science War Metallur-;
gy and the National Research

"places of public accommodations
to Negroes.
Breathitt tried to push through
a fairly strong civil rights bill.
Now he is abiding-at least tem-
porarily - by the legislature's
thumbs-down decision.
The general assembly's action is
considered a serious setback to
Negroes, whose leaders have hint-
ed strongly they soon will resume
mass demonstrations.
Before Combs leftsoffice, he ac-
knowledged that the directive was
a statement of policy and had
served one purpose by holding off
sit-ins and other protests planned
by Negroes.
Now the racial clock seems to
be turning back to the situation
last summer.
The Allied Organizations for
Civil Rights, which sponsored a
march on Frankfort by 10,000 in-
tegrationists recently, said:
"If Kentucky in the days ahead
is embarrassed before the world,
it can charge it to the dema-
goguery of its elected officials . .
we anticipate non-violent demon-
strations in many areas."

Chinese May
Change Texts
By The Associated Press
HONG KONG-Prof. Whitmore
Gray of the Law School, one of
four Americans here to study Chi-
nese Communist law, predicts that
Red China will rewrite most of its
law text books as a result of the
ideological break between Peking
and Moscow.
The 31-year-old scholar, who
lectured on Soviet law at the Uni-
versity, says most Chinese law
books lean heavily on Soviet ma-
Many officials who occupy re-
sponsible legal positions in China
according to Gray, were trained
in the Soviet Union or by Rus-
sian legal scholars.
Before the ideological rupture,
Gray says, many Chinese students.
studied law in Russia. The Chi-
nese Communists also employed
Soviet legal advisors.
Comparing the Chinese and So-
viet legal systems, Gray says the
Chinese Communists have not
adopted comprehensive statutes
covering most areas of the law.

-Associated Press
CRISIS IMMINENT-Anti-American and British demonstrations
rocked Cyprus yesterday as a clash of Turkish and Cypriot forces
appeared near. An emergency session of the United Nations Se--.
curity Council was called last night in an attempt to avert a pos-
sible Turkish attack on the island.
Khrushchev Says World
Must Avoid Nuclear War
ROME (RI) - Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev says "Thermonuclear
war must and should be avoided" and "A stable peace must and
should be achieved on earth."
His remarks are contained in a written preface for a collection
of his speeches on peace to be published by Italian editor Giulio Em-
audi under the title "Problems of Peace." The preface was made pub-
lic yesterday. Speaking of Soviet military strength, the Premier said
" his nation's "defensive ;potential"
is limiting the living conditions of
Overnme the Russian people.
"Missiles and cannons are not
milk, meat, bread and souk,' he
wrote, "but if the Soviet Union
were not so powerful, the flame of
war would have already been ig-
nited throughout the world."
"Peaceful coexistence is already
a reality," he said. "Peace is no
longer a truce between two world
: >r.wars. Even imperialistic wolfs are
donning the lamb's skin."

ident Makarios replied that in-
tervention means war. His
cabinet said it would reject
the ultimatum.
Greece told Turkey sharply that
"no Greek government would tol-
erate unilateral intervention on
Cyprus without an immediate
Greek reaction."
Troop Movements
Unconfirmed reports that Turk-
ish troops and marines had board-
ed naval vessels at Iskenderun,
only 100 miles north of Cyprus,
sent Greek military chiefs into
urgent session in Athens.
Brazilian Ambassador Carlos Al-
fredo Bernardes introduced the
Security Council resolution, which
was sponsored also by Norway, Bo-
livia, the Ivory Coast and Morocco.
The resolution took note of as-
surances by Thant that the peace
force will soon be in Cyprus and
that advance elements are on the
It reaffirmed that all UN mem-
bers should refrain from any ac-
tion likely to worsen the situation
in Cyprus or endanger world
That was a restatement of the
words in the resolution approved
by the council nine days ago
authorizing Thant to create the
peace force.
Thant Appeal
Thant opened the-Council meet-
ing with a declaration that he had
appealed to Turkey to show re-
straint in a situation "fraught

M' Slips Past Tech in Double

To Support
Tuition Aids
Officials of 16 of Michigan's
private colleges and universities
declared at a conferenceyesterday
that they will support a bill now
before the state Senate that will
allot $1.75 million of state funds

Ruby Jury Set
To Debate Case
By The Associated Press


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