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February 08, 1964 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-02-08

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See Editorial Page

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S1ir 19au


Cloudiness, occassional
snow and colder

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


Order U.S.Water
For Guantanamo
Cuba Says Action Taken as Protest;
U.S. Charges Plan To Remove Base
WASHINGTON (A) - President Lyndon B. Johnson directed last
night that the Guantanamo naval base be made permanently self-
sufficient in water supply.
A defense department spokesman said Cuban water will not be
used even if it is made available.
This was the main part of yesterday's United States response to
Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro's action in cutting off of water
supplies piped into the base from a Cuban river.
In announcing the cutoff, Castro said it would continue until the
release of Cubans being held in Florida on charges of fishing illegally
" in that state's waters. The United



tte Vote







K Chapter
At Iowa State
Seeks Waiver
The Iowa State University chap-
ter of Kappa Delta sorority has
not signed that university's state-
ment on discrimination because of
a discriminatory ritual in the na-
tional sorority, the Iowa State
Daily reported recently.
"Legal technicalities are keep-
ing KD from obtaining a waiver to
free them from a discriminatory
clause," the paper said.
It reported that chapter's past
president, Sharon Baade, revealed
that "the problem was taken care
of at the sorority's national con-
vention last summer."
Local View
Commenting on the action at
Iowa State, Mary Ellen Knake, '64,
president of the University chap-
ter of KD said that she "went to
the KD national convention last
summer and was unaware that
any such waiver existed" or that
"any chapter had received a waiv-
er." She refused to comment on
the existence of a discriminatory
KD was one of the five sorori-
ties at the University whose mem-
bership selection statements were
deemed inadequate by SGC and
who were asked to file new state-
ments in compliance with SGC
membership rules and regulations.
KD filed a new statement as did
the other four sororities on the
deadline day.
"Reluctance of the national sor-
ority to submit to a student organ-
ization," was the reason Miss
Knake gave for KD's tardiness in
filing a complete statement.
Relevant There
In the past discriminatory cases
on other campuses involving sor-
orities that have chapters at the
University have led to investiga-
tion and exposure of discrimina-
tion here.
William Burns, '65, chairman
of the SGC membership commit-
tee, refused to comment on the
KD waiver or any KD discrimin-
atory ritual saying that the com-
mittee is "now investigating the
statements of the five sororities"
to determine their adequacy and
that "possibly results will be ready
in a couple of weeks."
Blast Kills Five
In Vietnamese
Rebel Action
SAIGON W -- The worst ter-'
rorist blast in Saigon in more
than a year killed five Vietna-,
mese yesterday. Six United States
servicemen were wounded, appar-
entlynone of them seriously.
Twenty Vietnamese were hos-
pitalized. Original reports said
the blast, attributed to Commun-
ists, had wounded 39 persons.
There was no trace of anyone
who might have planted the
bomb. Police speculated the bomb
may have been left at the bar at-
tached to a bicycle.
The bombing was one of a ser-
ies of attacks on American in-
stallations and Vietnamese estab-
lishments popular among Ameri-
cans in Viet Nam aiding in a war
against the Communist Viet Cong.
A United States Air Force demoli-
tions expert was killed while try-
ing to disarm a bomb found at an-
other Saigon bar last weekend.
In the warfare afield five stra-
tegic hamlets seized by a 500-man
Communist battalion Thursday
are back, battered and burned,
under government control. Viet-
namese troops occupied them un-

States order obviously wipes out
this bargaining point.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk,
in outlining the situation, said
"Cuban broadcasts suggest a con-
certed campaign against our pres-
ence in Cuba."
When Convenient
To this Cuban President Osvalde
Dorticos replied that his govern-
ment will lay claim to Guantana-
mo "at a time we consider con-
venient" through international or-
In a broadcast from Havana
monitored in Miami, Dorticos said
"We never use indirect, cunning
measures to obtain our purposes.
When we have a purpose we state
it clearly and we conquer it hero-
But he added that he wanted to
make it clear that Cuba did not
intend to use the Guantanamo
tension to move on the base.
In addition to the water direc-
tive, Johnson ordered further
economic steps against the Cuban
regime, including a reduction in
the flow of dollars from Cubans
employed at Guantanamo.
Two Sessions
The White House announced
after two two-hour sessions with
top strategists that, following
presidential order, Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara is-
sued these instructions:
-The base is to have assured
control over its water supply both
by conversion of salt water to
fresh water and by sending in
water by ship.
-Reduce the employment of
the 'approximately 3000 Cuban
workers on the base who are sub-
ject to Cuban government con-
trol and, whose wages have helped
Cuba's foreign exchange some $5
million a year.
The White House statement de-
clared Castro broke an agreement
when he cut off the water supply.
It termed this "reckless and ir-
responsible conduct" and added
"the consequences of further
provocations should be carefully
weighed by all nations."
Castro later modified his order
to permit water to flow between
8 and 9 a.m. but as of last night,
the Navy said, there had been
no resumption.
OAS Called'
The Castro action is being called
to the attention of the Organiza-
tion of American States for con-
sideration in connection with the
pending charges against Cuba
there, the statement said.
Also, undersecretary of state
George W. Ball called in the Brit-
ish and French ambassadors to in-
tensify in light of the Cuban situ-
ation the United States campaign
to cut down on free world trade
with Cuba, White House sources
At the United Nations, the Unit-
ed States reported that the two
Cuban captains arrested admitted
"knowingly fishing" in United
States waters. Four Cuban boats
and 38 crewmen were seized off
Florida Sunday.

Set Further
Of Smoking
Prof. Maurice H. Seevers, chair-
man of the pharmacology depart-
ment, has been named to head a
new committee of scientists inves-
tigating the relationship between
smoking and disease.
The committee, formed by the
Education and Research Founda-
tion of the American Medical As-
sociation, now has $10.5 million
earmarked for research, of which
part will be carried on at the Uni-
Of this $10.5 million, $10 mil-
lion was offered to the foundation
yesterday by six tobacco com-
panies, which Prof. Seevers said
"shows good intent on their part."
Prof. Seevers explained that the
smoking-disease correlation re-
search was only one of many
projects being conducted under
the auspices of the AMA. "Our
committee, in association with the
staff of the AMA, is involved with
directing the general program and
making recommendations as to
how expenditures might most
wisely be handled," he noted.

jouse Retains Key Provision
WASHINGTON (P)-The House defeated yesterday a determined
Southern effort to strip from the civil rights bill a provision that
could cut off federal aid on grounds of racial discrimination.
A. strong bipartisan group kept in the bill what many civil rights
supporters feel could be the most effective weapon against dis-
crimination. It would permit the withholding of funds from any fed-
eral program or activity in which discrimination is practiced. But
tother, less drastic measures could

bans Inquiry
On Affiliates
The House recently voted a ban
against any inquiries by the fer-
eral Civil Rights Commission into
membership practices or internal
operations of college fraternities
and sororities, fraternal organiza-
tions, private clubs or religious or-
It accepted by voice vote an
amendment to the pending federal
civil rights bill that would keep
the commission and its advisory
committees out of those areas.
All Agreed
"Everyone agreed when the
commission was formed it had no
right" to such investigatory pow-
ers, Rep. George Meader (R-Ann
Arbor) said last night. He was one
of the co-sponsors of the motion
as it appeared in final form.
Rep. Edwin E. Willis (D-La)
had proposed the original motion,
which was later amended by
Meader said there was universal
agreement on the intent of the
motion but that there were some
objections to the wording.
The issue arose when the Utah
advisory committee, appointed by
the CRC, sent out questionnaires
to fraternities and sororities ask-
ing them about member practices,
he said. One question, for in-
stance, asked whether the organ-
ization admitted Jews.
The questionnaire aroused pro-
test in Utah, and when news of the
incident got back to Congress,
Rep. Emmanuel Celler (D-New
York) testified before the House
Rules Committee that he did not
believe the CRC held such powers.
By the final wording of the mo-
tion, "Nothing in this or any other
act shall be construed" as giving
the CRC such powers.
Bursley Hints
At House Race
Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-Ann
Arbor) announced yesterday that
he was considering running for
the congressional :eeat of Rep.
George Meader (R-Mich), also of
Ann Arbor.
Meader acknowledged that he
had heard about Bufsley's state-
ment but that he had not 3et
made a decision on wnether or not
to seek an eighth term. Aug. 4 is
the date of the primary election.

be taken first.
"This is the enforcement section
of the whole bill," said Rep. Ro-
land V. Libonati (D-Ill).
The Southerners seized on a
proposal by Rep. Oren Harris (D-
Ark), to replace the provision with
a much milder one originally re-
quested by the late President John
F. Kennedy.
When Rep. Hale Boggs (D-La),
the majority whip, spoke in favor
of it, alarm swept Republican
ranks- as it appeared the House
Democratic leadership might be
splitting away from the Republi-
cans who have been fighting with
them all the way.
His voice high and tight, Rep.
William M. McCulloch (R-Ohio)
told the House that if the Harris
amendment carried, "my support
of this legislation will come to an
The Harris amendment was de-
feated 206-80, with not a single
Republican joining the Southern-
ers, although 20-30 midwestern
Republicans have been voting with
them on all previous amendments.
An amendment by Rep. George
Meader (R-Mich) that would have
strengthened the provision by
making the cut-off of funds man-
datory, was rejected, 125-24; and
a third amendment, by Rep. Basil
Whitener (D-NC) to knock the
whole title out of the bill lost,
Jurors Unable
To Give Verdict
JACKSON, Miss. (A)-The trial
of Byron de la Beckwith, a cru-
sading segregationist charged with
murdering a Negro civil rights
leader, ended with a hung jury
Circuit Court Judge Leon F.
Hendrick declared the surprise
mistrial after polling the jurors
individually as to whether they
thought there was any chance of
a verdict.
The emphatic replies ranged
from "not a- chance" to "not if we
stay there a week." The all-white
jury had deliberated about 11
Hardy Lott of Greenwood, chief
defense attorney, said Beckwith
told him, "~let's get another trial
as soon as possible."
Lott said he would file a motion
"within two or three days" that
Beckwith be freed on bond pend-
ing retrial. The date for the new
trial will be set March 23, he
The mistrial astonished many of
this segregation stronghold. There
had been frequent predictions of.
quick acquittal due to the touchy
racial aspects of the case.

He added that he and other
members of the committee would
still be involved in research for
the most part. "No final decision
has yet been reached as to how
the University will fit into the
program, but probably most of the
work done will be handled by aca-
demic institutions," he said.
"Certain areas, such as respir-
atory diseases and cardiovascular
problems, have received much less
attention than cancer, and cur-
rently there is more money avail-
able for research in the latter field.
"This suggests that these areas
are now more likely to be inves-
tigated than cancer, although we
wouldn't exclude any area of re-
search from consideration," Prof.
Seevers said.
He added that research conduct-
ed here would most likely empha-
size the pharmacological view and
concentrate on studies of the role
See SET, Page 2

Expect Plan
For Cyprus
United States-British proposals
aimed at creating a peace-keeping
force on Cyprus are expected to be
submitted to President Makarios
during the coming weekend.
This is expected despite Soviet
Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev's
objections, authoritative sources
reported last night.
Khrushchev, in messages to
Western leaders, warned against
the consequences of what he called
an "armed invasion" of Cyprus. He
branded such plans as attempts
"to put this small neutral state
under the miiltary control of
No Surprise
Khrushchev's reaction was not
unexpected. The message arrived
in Washington while the adminis-
tration was preoccupied with the
new dispute with Cuba. There-
fore, officials indicated there will
be no immediate comment on the
Russian's message.
A spokesman of the British for-
eign office, on the other hand, im-
mediately termed the Khrushchev
note a "gross misrepresentation of
the situation," and some United
States officials said, privately, that
they had no quarrel with this
The new United States-British
proposal, specialists explained, will
seek a formula that would satisfy
Makarios, whose wish is that the
international force to be sent to
his country should be responsible
to the United Nations Security
10,000 Men
The new draft is understood to
suggest an international peace-
keeping force of about 10,000 men,
.including 2000 from the United
States, and composed of troops
from Atlantic Alliance countries.
x Life
to leave the whole contraceptive
question to fate?"
Don't Be Ostentatious
According to Miss Greene's find-
ings, "ostentatious display of vir-
ginity is strictly uncool" among
today's crop of coeds.
She notes further that sex on
campus "reflects all the factors
contributing to teenage marriage."
Among these are ego defiiciencies,
constant sexual stimulation and
"the idea of love as an instant
medium for gender identification
and release from the tensions of
1Thrnnvh the connstant stimula-

Measure Overcomes
Last Major Obstacle
77-21 Vote Follows Week of Debate
Johnson Wins on All Major Points
WASHINGTON () - The Senate passed yesterday the long-
awaited $11.6-billion tax cut bill-the biggest in the nation's history.
It is expected to put more money into the hands of just about
every individual taxpayer and business soon.
The roll call vote was 77 to 21.
The lopsided vote came after seven days of floor debate, with
most of the sessions running to late night hours. The administration
was victorious on every keys
issue-by just three votes on the
three biggest ones-and won just R elf Ul
about e v e r y minor skirmish
handily. P a s "
The Senate, mostly going along
with its Finance Committee's rec-
ommendations, made several ma-
jor changes and a batch of minor
or technical ones-about 150 in
all-from the $11.1-billion tax cut
version passed by the House last PARIS 0) France lastnight
Sept. 25. A conference committee pr()-ranceasnit
of Senate and House members wasreode tand freaRed ina to
will seek to compromise the dif- break with the Chinese Nationalt
ferences, but yesterday's action withothemCinesa
eliminated the last major hurdle ist government on Formosa.
to the tax cut. The usually well-informed news-
paper Le Monde reported a Paris
Johnson Pressed break with the Nationalists of
President Lyndon B. Johnson Chiang Kai-shek is the price for
has been pressing for early final carrying out a French agreement
action. It was decided to start the with Peking to establish diplo-
compromise task next Monday, a matic relations.
week earlier than originally ex- Le Monde said Paris would
pected. ' make the first -move but gave no
But the conferees plan to meet date for the anticipated step.
ily on Monday and Tuesday be- The Peking-Paris agreement
ause Republicans will be absent announced Jan. 27 has yet to be
the iest of next week for the an-
tal Lincoln Day rallies put into effect. Neither Paris nor
Peking has named its respective
'I he conerees expected to begin charge d'affaires to spearhead the
vi tr.g Feb. 17 on their compro- diplomatic missions.
mise lhese, when completed, will InmeffctmiPekins
have to be put to Senate and In effect, Peking has been hold-
iiouse votes but this is expected to ing up the deal until the Formosa
He oerfunctotiy. regime loses its diplomatic mis-
It's expected that the bill will sion in Paris. France had expected
be wrapped up for Johnson's sig- Taipei to break relations, but now
nature in time for the take-home seems resigned to taking the in-
pay of workers to be fattened itiative for a break.
starting next month. The present French officials denied they had
18 per cent withholding rate is ex- ever thought of launching a two-
pected to be cut to 14 per cent Chinas policy, and said France
effective then. now considers Peking as the gov-
Almost 20 Per Cent ernment of China. However, they
apparently had hoped to continue
This big tax overhaul is ex- relations with Formosa, one way
pected to mean an average cut of or another.
almost 20 per cent inthe taxybill Le Monde said France "had def-
of almost all individual taxpayers. initely decided to recognize only
Johnson and his fiscal experts areon Cha-eCiaofM
counting on the taxpayers to use TzeeCing-theh ofao
this as new purchasing power to Tup-tung-but still hoped to avoid
push the total national output of supportm g Peking's claims t
$30 billion over the next two years. Formosa
The administration is confident
this will have a short-run effect ;t-f r-w-<-x..
of preventing any business slump
in this election year. But they also
say it should make a start toward
solving two long-run problems-
an unsatisfactory national growth
rate and an unemployment level
that has moved stubbornly around ..
5%/2 per cent.
In the closing debate, many Re-
publicans said they seriously doubt
that the bill will be any economic
panacea. And some Democrats said
this is a poor time to cut taxes.
Retain Excise Taxes
The Senate, in its week of vot-
ing, balkedat efforts to write into
the bill repeal of excise taxes on
such things as jewelry, handbags,
cosmetics, furs, theater tickets,
cabarets and roof gardens, pens
and mechanical pencils, and re-
built auto parts.
Also turned down were efforts
to give a bigger tax break to par- PO AODMLVNO
ents with children in college,
working students, the blind, low-
income families and unmarriedT'
taxpayers over 35. Rejected too. ransportatol
was the perennial effort to cut
the 271/2 per cent oil and gas de-
pletion allowance. Study neaded
Approved by the Senate yes-
terday were these amendments: By Levinson
Amendments 1

-Voice vote, by Sen. John Prof.Haod M.Lenso f
Sparkman (D-Ala), to allow total- the economics department has
ly disabled persons to deduct from beenoie dectrtof a
their income bae pto$0 en appointed director of a join
thei inometaxes up to $600 a study with Wayne State Univer-
year of their costs of necessary sity on the problems of automa-
transportation wnen they are un- tion as they affect labor in the
able to transport themselves. American transportation indus-
-Voice vote, by Sen. John Jt .
iim-1m.,. r +s.i try, it was announced yesterday.


New Book Explores Campus Se

"The University of Michigan,
when I was a student sheltered in
the maternalistic arms of Stock-
well Hall, was not exactly a fort-
ress of chastity, but it liked to
present that image to the world,
especially to the rural-dominated
State Legislature at appropriation
time; and the Michigan coed her-
self played along," former Univer-
sity student Gael Greene, '57, re-
In her newly-published compila-
tion of the sexual experiences of
college students across the coun-
trv. "Sex and +he n1oa Girl."

ful answers to the sexual di-
Coed's-Eye View
In the course of searching out
just such 'answers, Miss Greene
interviewed 640 students from 102
colleges from coast to coast. But
she notes that the book should not
be taken as a statistical analysis;
realizing the problems inherent in
attacking such a problem with rig-
orous scientific procedures, Miss
Greene has come up instead with
what -she terms "a journalistic re-
port on love and sex as the college
girl sees it."
Shp nnto.Q;.foreamnle. that "a I

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