Tuesday, July 16, 1968
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
" BOTH PARTIES SPLIT:
Fortas to face
WASHINGTON (P) - Supreme
# Court Justice Abe Fortas is slated
to go before the Senate Judiciary
Committee today and is expected
to face some rough cross examnin-
ation on his judicial philosophy as
the panel considers his appoint-
ment as chief justice.
The hearing is likely to under-
score the mixed party lineups that
have shaped up since President
Johnson announced selection of
Fortas to succeed Chief Justice
Earl Warren and appointment of
U. S. Circuit Judge Homer Thorn-
berry to fill the court vacancy.
The party picture was further
confused yesterday when a Re-
publican Senate, leader endorsed
the appointments while a Demo-
cratic Senate lieutenant said he
will oppose confirmation of Fortas.
"In my opinion, both men are
eminently qualified," Sen. Thomas
H. Kuchel (R-Calif.), said.
The assistant minority leader
thus lined up beside his party's
top Senate official, Sen. Everett
i AW - ---.
clash on island issue
BANGKOK (P) -- Malaysia
abruptly rejected yesterday the
Philippine claim to the North
3Borneo state of Sabah, angering
the Filipino delegation and rais-
ing cries in Manila for a diplo-
it appeared that the month-
old talks between the two nations
over the issue of Sabah had col-
lapsed, despite an official state-
ment in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia's
capital, that Malaysia is ready to
Sabah, rich in rubber, timber
and fisheries, is a state of little
more than 29,000 square miles,
somewhat smaller than South
Sunday, July 21
9:00 PM. only
Thompson and William St.
(Not Architecture Aud.)
Andreij Wajda 1956
(the director of ASHES
Grand Prix at Cannes
Shorts from the Newsreel
Project: Arms, 1.s. 201
After the sultans of Brunei and
Sulu ceded it to a British syndi-
cate in 1878, it was transferred
to the British crown in 1946. Sab-
ah became a state in the new Fed-
eration of Malaysia in 1963.
The Philippines, which lincludes
the remainder of the old Sulu sul-
tanate, laid claim to Sabah after
it Joined the federation and at
first refused to recognize Ma-
The two nations have been
feuding ever since.
Tan Sri Ghazalie Shafie, the
chief Malaysian delegate, told the
two-nation conference called in
this Thai capital that the Filipino
delegation "never intended to be
serious;" had refused to answer
questions on its claims and ac-
cused the Filipinos of using war-
"As far as Malaysia is con-
cerned," he declared, "this exer-
cise under the June communique
-the agreement to talks - is
over and done with."
The Philippine delegation issued
an angry statement saying: "Ma-
laysia must accept full responsi-
bility for the failure of the Sabah
talks and its possible effect on
the relations between the two
In Manila, 15 Moslemcongress-
men from the Sulu country, who
have spearheaded the fight for
Sabah, said they would push a
resolution in Congress demanding
a diplomatic break with Malaysia,
which was belatedly recognized in
February of 1966.
President Ferdinand E. Marcos
called his foreign policy council,
a high-ranking Filipino advisory
body, to meet today, to consider
the Bangkok developments.
In Kuala Lumpur, Tun Abdul
Razak, Malaysia's deputy prime
minister, told reporters: "We. did
not break up the talks at all. We
are prepared to talk if the Phil-
ippines are willing and are pre-
pared to answer our questions."
M. Dirksen of Illinois, who is ac-
tively supporting the nominations.
Newsmen inquired about Ku-
chel's positionafterSen Robert
C. Byrd of West Virginia, secretary
of the Senate Democratic Confer-
ence, said he is opposed to Fortas's
elevation to chief justice.
Byrd, whose post puts him in
the No. 3 spot in the party lead-
ership, declined to elaborate.
Byrd thus joined the Democrats
Senate whip, Sen. Russell B. Long
of Louisiana in opposition to
And oiposition within the Judi-
ciary Committee is being spear-
headed by Sen. Sam J. Ervin, Jr.,
a North Carolina Democrat.
The stands of Byrd and Long
left only one of the top three Sen-
ate Democratic officials, Majority
Leader Mike Mansfield of Mon-
tana, supporting the President.
Sen. Milton R. Young of North
Dakota, who holds the GOP lead-
ership post that corresponds with
Byrd's on the Democratic side, is
among 19 Republican Senators
whq signed a statement declaring
ther would vote against any Su-
preme Court nominations submit-
ted by Johnson before he leaves
The statement, initiated by Sen.'
Robert P. Griffin of Michigan,
said that the filling of court va-
cancies should be left to the next
Young told a reporter, however,
that he will await the completion
of the committee hearings before
deciding how to vote.
He said he had signed the state-
ment, before the nominations were
submitted, because he thought it
wrong for Warren to submit an
open-end; retirement letter and
for Johnson to keep the retirement,
from becoming effective until aft-
er Senate confirmation of War-
Kuchel predicted that both,
Fortas and Thornberry will be
confirmed, as they were for their
Byrd declined comment on
Thornberry's nomination, but he
said he will not vote to cut off any
filibuster against confirmation.
Griffin and some others have
threatened a filibuster against the
Fortas has been called for ques-
tioning today and Thornberry the
However, a committee aide said
he doubts the questioning of For-
tas could be completed in a day.
The longer committee action is
delayed, the better chance oppon-
ents will have to block Senate con-
firmstion before the Aug. 3 tar-
get date for adjournment of
Letter may warn
Czech r eformers
Troops delay pullout, Communists
likely o request liberaliziion end
WARSAW (N) -- Communist leaders of the Soviet Union
and four of its East European allies wound up a summit
meeting here yesterday by drafting a letter to their Czecho-
slovak counterparts, whose liberal movement has roused
Although there were no details given on the "common
letter," one Communist source said it may contain a joint
request for the removal of tie most 'liberal elements in
the Czechoslovak leadership..
KANAL: a film of resis-
tence to occupation lib-
erty or death.
The sinking war effort
T-hreat to Saigonlessens
SAIGON R) -- U. S. sources
said yesterday the enemy has
pulled back some of its units
massed around Saigon and appar-
entlV canceled its plans for a full-
scale offensive that the allies ex-
pected this week.
bne highly placed U. S. offi-
cial said there was "no imme-
diate major threat to Saigon," but
he added the situation might
South Vietnamese intelligence,
meanwhile,reported a continuing
enemy buildup along the Cam-
"The enemy has backed off,"
said the American source. "They
don't have the capability to at-
tack except in a very small way.
There isn't any forward move-
ment at all.-
"Some elements of the major
units have physically pulled
back. All of them didn't pull,
back. -It is not a general with-
drawal, but if you are going to
mount a major attack you don't
pull back anybody."
South Vietnamese intelligance
had said the enemy would at-
tack Saigon anytime between
Monday and Friday, but the
U. S. source speculated "per-
haps they are not ready."
"Either they are weak, our
sweeps have beenasuccessful, they
plan to attack at a later date,
or it is a combination of all
three," he said.
Asked about the enemy's ca-
pability to shell the capital with
rockets and mortars, the source
said, "There's no question he
could shoot some."
The new U. S. assessment con-
tradicted South Vietnamese re-
ports of an enemy buildup along
the Cambodianwborder west of
Saigon, from where the enemy
is expected to launch its main
thrust against the capital.
South Vietnamese sources said
two North Vietnamese regiments
evaded B52 bombers and reached
the Cambodian border after a
250-mlie march from the central
There were also reports that the
Viet Cong would increase terror-
ist activities in the capital and
security forces were placed on
100 per cent alert.
U. S. and South Vietnamese in-
telligence assessments frequently
American officials claim the
South Vietnamese often give a
high credibility rating to what
U. S. intelligence considers low-
Meanwhile, Secretary of De-
fense Clark M. Clifford got
briefings yesterday on the mili-
tary and political situation in
He arrived Sunday for his first
visit to the country since succeed-
ing Robert S. McNamara and was
described asdisplaying a keen in-
terest in the progress of the
South Vietnamese government
and its armed forces.
Paris coffee breaks
hi t 'serious questions'
Clifford met with Ambassador
Ellsworth Bunker and the U. S.
military commander in Vietnam,
Gen. Creighten W. Abrams.,
He was scheduled, to spend two
days in Saigon and two days in
the provinces before reporting to
President Johnson at a Honolu-
lu meeting with South Vietnamese
President Nguyen Van Thieu next
Clifford is to meet with Thieu
and Vice President Nguyen Cao
The participants-from the So-
viet Union, Poland, Bulgaria,
Hungary and East Germany-had
publicly expressed fear that the
Czechoslovak party, leadership
was losing control of the demo-
Coinciding with the end of the
summit meeting was a report
from Prague that units of the
Soviet armed forces involved in
Warsaw Pact maneuvers in
Czechoslovakia last month re-
sumed their departure Sunday
night for East Germany and Po-
The continued presence of these
troops-part of 5,000 Russians
committed to the maneuvers-had
caused concern among* some
The troops began leavipg Sat-
urday, but then the movement
A top defense official said last
night the Soviet Union will delay
by five more days the departure
of a large contingent of its troops
The delay was' considered a
pressure on/,the new leadership in
In this connection Maj. Gen.
Vaclav Prohlik, a top Czechoslo-
vak defense official, said his coun-
try will seek a reyision of the
Warsaw Pact that would prevent
members from forming blocs
within the alliance.
"There shou4d be guarantees.so
that in this coalition there coufd
be no grouping of individual
members," he said.
Soviet Communist party chief
Leonid I. Brezhnev and Premier
Alexel N. Kosygin sat through the
Warsaw conference, which was
originally expected to end 'Sun-
A communique released by the
Polish Press Agency said the dele-
gates exchanged information "on
the situation in their countries
and the development of events in
Czechoslovakia and directed a
common letter to the Central
Committee of the Communist par-
ty of Czechoslovakia."
They were reported to have
"turned particular attention to
the activization of aggressive im-
perialist forces aiming by subver-
si6n at undermining the Socialist,
Communist system in various
countries and weakening the al-
liance ties linking Socialist staes."
Although Czechoslovakia was,
not mentioned by name in this'
passage it seemed certain that
,r WASHINGTON (P) - The gov-
ernment began collecting the 10
per cent income tax surcharge
yesterday amid speculation the
levy might be extended beyond its
scheduled expiration date next
But Secretary of the Treasury
Henry H. Fowler told a news con-
ference any-ddcision to extend the
tax should be held off for at least
six months when next year's bud-
get can be assessed in a better
At least one administration of-
ficial, Undersecretary of Com-
merce ' Howard J. Samuels, has
suggested extending the tax to
help meet the nation's social
The administration itself has
taken no official view.
Any extension would be up to
the next President and new Con-
gress to be elected in November.
Collection of the surcharge will
be reflected in higher deductions
from paychecks received° this week
and thereafter for federal income
Under the law signed by Presi-
dent Johnson on June 28, collect
tions should have started,,through
increased withholding on July 14.
But sincel that was Stinday,
July 15 became the practical
All paychecks received from yes-
terday on-must reflect the higher
withholding even if . the money
was actually earned before that
Withholding will be at the°1
per cent rate --- if $20 was with-
held previously for$federal in-
come taxes, the new figure will
Since the tax is retroactive to
last April 1 for individuals, the
additional amount owed must be
paid when federal income tax re-
turns are filed by next April 15.
At that time, the taxpayer must
make up a lump sum payment
for, the surcharge covering the
period from April 1 to mid-July.
Fowler laid his reputation as' a
public official on the line in rec-
ommending the tax increase.
Become. informed on a ll
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PARIS (VP)-A North Vietnam-
ese spokesman agreed yesterday
that representatives of the United
States and North Vietnam some-
times discuss "serious questions"
at private coffee breaks in the
formal sessions of the Paris peace
His comment, though carefully
hedged, constituted a rare show
of accord with a U.S. account of
the private, informal discussions
which have come to be an impor-
tant part of the weekly meetings
U.S. officials hope that through
these informal talks something
may be accomplished to get the
the deadlocked talks moving.
U.S. Ambassador W. Averell
Harriman said in a television in-
terview released Saturday that
"serious matters' 'were touched on
during the breaks.
The North Vietnamese spokes-
man, Nguyen Thanh Le, was
asked about this at a news con-
He said the private talks-be-
tween Harriman "and North Viet-
namese Ambassador Xuan Thuy-
are usually concerned with "the
weather and the health of one or
another of the participants" but
"sometimes the problems already
mentioned in the formal state-
ments of the chief delegation have
been taken up again."
A few minutes later Le returned'
to the subject and cautioned: "No
subjects relating to the official
conversations have been discuss-
ed." But then he added: "There
have been some rare occasions
when they continue to talk of
subjects raised in the meeting.
Le assailed the U.S. line that
the outlook for the talks is hope-
ful and that there are "straws in
the wind" indicating progress can
be made toward peace in Viet-
That phrase has been used by
Harriman 'and Secretary of De-
fense Clark M. Clifford.
Le said the United States was
trying to "deceive public opinion"
and continued: "As long as the
United States refuses to halt un-
conditionally the bombing and all
other acts of war against the
Democratic Republic of Vietnam
there can be no hope that the
conversations will make any prog-
North Vietnam's public position
for many weeks has been that
nothing could be accomplished in
the peace talks until the United
States unconditionally halted all
attacks on, its territory.
To get these attacks ended is
the sole purpose of the official'
conversations between Harriman
and Thuy, the North Vietnamese
The United States continues to
insist that Hanoi also must scale
down military operations.
A new blast at the United
States was issued by the Commun-
ist party daily Nhan Dan and
broadcast by Radio Hanoi.
It denounced a U.S. offer, pre-
sented to Thuy by Harriman at
the session last Wednesday, to
support a big postwar development
for Southeast Asia in which North
Vietnam could participate.
country was meant.
TONIGHT at 8:30
at 8:30 P.M.
in Rackham Auditorium
(appearing in the Summer Concert Series)
Feux d'artifice ... . .... Debussy
Gavotte and Variations ..Rameau
"Eroica" Variations, Op. 35 .. Beethoven
Pieces for Piano, Op. 34 ..Paul Ben-Haim
Nocturne in D-flat, Op. 27, No. 2 .. Chopin
Nocturne in F, Op. 15, No. 1 ..Chopin
Scherzo No. 3 in C-sharp minor ..Chopin
ti -Associated Press
Partial withdrawal begins
The Gilbert & Sullivan Society
With Ann Arbor Junior Light Opera
The Smash Hit MusIcal
8opk, Music and Lyrics by LIONEL AW
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