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June 08, 1968 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1968-06-08

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See editorial page

Sir F~


Partly cloudy with
a chance of rain

Vol. LxxvII, No. 6-S Ann Arbor, Michigan, Saturday, June 8, 1968 Ten Cents

Six Pages

100,000 honor



indicts Sirhan




NEW YORK 6P) -' Robert F.
K'ennedy lay in state all day yes-
terday in a sealed casket before
the main altar in St. ..Patrick's
Cathedral as well over 100,000
mourners filed past his bier.
Many thousands remained in
line outside and Cathedral author-
ities said that because of the out-
pouring, the bronze doors of , the
church would remain open after,
the scheduled 10 p.m. closing, all
the night through if necessary.
Roman Catholic funeral serv-
ices will be held at St. Patrick's
at 10 a.m. this morning.
Kenngdy's mother, his widow,
Ethel, his sister-in-law, Jacqueline
Kennedy, and his brother, Ed-
ward, were among those who


knelt in prayer by the 'candle-
flanked catafalque of the 42-year-
old victim of an assassin.
In Los Angeles, the Los Angeles
County Grand Jury returned an
indictment yesterday charging
Sirhan Bishara Sirhan with mur-
der in the gunshot assassination.
He also was charged with five
counts of assault with intent to
commit murder against five oth-
ers wounded in the shooting. The
24-year-old Jordanian was to be
arraigned later in a maximum se-
curity area of Central Jail.
Sirhan was arrested after Ken-
nedy was shot at a hotel early
Wednesday just after proclaiming
victory in California's Democratic
presidential primary election.

Spock tri~al,:
rbDeeper_ poe
Prof. Joseph Sax of the Law School is presently in Boston to observe
the Spock-Coffin trial. His analyses of the courtroom -situation will con-
tinue to be published in The Daily until the completion(of the trial.
Until yesterday, the prosecution had not really shown its
fangs in the cross examination of defense witnesses. Indeed, one
of the most surprising aspects of the case has been the super-
ficiality of the government's cross-examination strategy.
While Assistant U.S. Attorney John Wall has been rather
liberal in his use of sarcasm and innuendo, until he began cross-
examining Markus Raskin for the second day, he had engaged
in only the most limited sort of probing of the roots of the
alleged conspiracy.
All of this changed yesterday when Raskin was subjected
to the intensive culmination of almost a day and a half of
cross-examination. While Raskin did very well in the first hours,
he was obviously nervous-much more so than any of the other
defendants had been-and Wall closed in on him with consider-
able effectiveness.
Raskin had testified that he was one of the drafters of the
"Call To Resist Illegitimate Authority," a. document which has
been central to the prosecution's case. Wall worked hard to
establish how that document had been put togeher, circulated
for signatures of supporters and ultimately distributed to the.
Raskin's testimony, while it may have been perfectly ac-
curate, seemed unsatisfactory. A series of drafts by various
persons had been circulating around the academic community,
he said, and while he had sent a draft out, it was not the one
which was finally published. How that final version came to
fruition was left unexplained, as was -the question of how sig-
natures had been gathered.
Moreover, Raskin said he never saw the final version,
though his name had been appended to it. He simply said it
was known that he subscribed to the view therein, and it was
to be expected that his name would be put on the "call." Raskin
also said he played no part in organizing the Oct. 2 press con-
ference, the purpose of which was to publicize the "Call To
Resist Illegitimate Authority," though he had been a central
figure in its writing.
The impressionl was left, at least upon this observer, was
one of puzzlement and doubt, and the impression sought to be
made on the jury-no doubt with some success-was that some-
thing of the whole story was being concealed. .
Wall also pressed Raskin on seeming inconsistencies in his
testimony, shifting back and forth in the transcript to compare
what was said at various times about certain events. Of course
any witness tends to be somewhat inconsistent in his relation of
events during an extensive examination, but Raskin seemed
particularly inarticulate in explaining himself-which was most,
surprising in light of his superb performance earlier in the
cross-examination. Undoubtedly much was attributable to his
nervousness, but the overall impact was not good for the de-
In the last afternoon of this third week of trial, Dr. Benja-
min Spock began his defense. He is expected to take the stand
Monday, and it now seems very likely that the case will go to the
jury for their verdict by the middle of next week.

A girl who said she may be the
sought-after "girl in the polka-
dot dress" since the assassination
surrendered yesterday, Sheriff
Peter J. Pitchess said.
She identified herself as Cathy
Fulmer, 19, of Los Angeles. A
young woman had been reported
seen near Sirhan shortly before
he allegedly shot Kennedy.
After a girl outside the slaying
scene told authorities that a girl
in a polka dot dress burst by,
shouting "We shot him . . . we
shot him," an all-points bulletin
was broadcast for the girl.
"I was yelling that they shot
him," Miss Fulmer told newsmen,
in the sheriff's office.
She said she finally decided aft-
er hearing news reports about the
mysterious, sought woman, that
she was the girl officers were seek-
ing in hopes of finding more in-
formation about what had hap-
Sirhan for hours after his ar-
rest declined to say anything.
When he did talk, police said, he
declined to identify himself or
discuss the shooting. He was iden-
tified late the day of the shooting
when the death gun was traced
to him, officers said.;
Kennedy's body will be taken
by train to Washington for burial
tomorrow at Arlington National
Cemetery. Services will be held at
the gravesite for family and
friends at 5:30 p.m. The funeral
train carrying Kennedy from New
York to Washington today will
slow down at Newark and Tren-
ton, N.J., Philadelphia, Baltimore
and other areas where large
crowds gather, a family spokes-
man said.
The spokesman said the Robert
Kennedy grave would be below
and to the side of President Ken-
nedy's grave in Arlington Na-
tional Cemetery. It would be out-
side the circular walk around the
latter grave and will be situated
in a small grove of trees.
The funeral train arrives at}
Union Station in Washington at
about 4:30 p.m. Six Navy pall-
bearer carry the coffin to the
hearse for the 4.6 mile trip to Ar-
lington, expected to take about
30 minutes at 10 miles an hour.
The cortege movesI along First
Street torConstitution Avenue, to
Henry Bacon Drive, around the
Lincoln Memorial and across Me-
morial Bridge to the cemetery.
There will be a choir on the steps
of the Lincoln Memorial.

-Associated Press
At St. Patrick's Cathedral

Ms u campus calm
following protests

The Senate early yesterday
passed and sent to the governor a,
$63 million capital outlay bill for
state institutions including $6.8
million for the University
Included in the University's ap-
propriation is $750,000 for the
planning and initial construction'
work on a new Modern Languages
In March the University decided
to accept the $750,000 under the
provigons of Public Act 124, but
will continue to challenge the
constitutionality of the 1965
PA 124 requires the State Bud-,
get Director to choose the archi-
tect for state-financed University
buildings and directs the Univer-
sity to submit all plans for new,
buildings to the Joint Senate-
House Committee on Capital Out-
lay for approval.
The University contends the act
infringes on its constitutionally
guaranteed autonomy. Court ac-
tion is pending in Ingham Coun-
ty Circuit Court.
Executive Vice President Mar-
vin Niehuss said yesterday the
University would next year seek
funds for the planning and con-
struction of a new Architecture
Building on North Campus.
Before this year, the Dental
Building - which was funded
under a special act in 1966 - was
the only new University construc-j
tion authorized by the legislature
after the passage of PA 124.
Plans for ti* Modern Languages
Building were prepared by a Uni-
versity-hired architectural firm
before the passage of PA 124.
The University will submit the
architect's name to the State Bud-
get Director for approval and will
submit the plans to the joint
The plans call for construction
of the classroom and office build-
ing about seven stories high in
the parking lot behind Hill Aud.,
Nieiuss indicated.
The state "has the power to
reject the plans but we haven't
any reason to think they will,"
Niehuss said. He expects construc-
tion of the new building to begin
before June 1969.
Under the arrangement which
preceded, the passage of PA 124,
the University developed plans
for new construction with its own
funds and was reimbursed by the
state when the plans were ap-
proved. Niehuss said he does not
expect the state to pay the costs
incurred by the initial planning
in 1965.
The state is committed to ap-
propriate the remainder of the
cost of the new building during
construction. The state will con-
tribute $3.5 million to the $4.5
million total cost of the building,
with the remaining $1 million
coming from federal funds.
The remaining $6.1 million ap-

propriated in the bill includes
funds for the continuing construc-
tion of the Medical Science II
Building and the Dental Build-
ing, and for elevator renovations
of University Hospital and heat-
ing plant improvements.
The University's legal counsel
before September 1967 advised the
University that accepting funds
under the provision of PA 124,

Medical rep ort
liisMACE use,

would injure the court case
against the act.
But in September 1967 the Uni-
versity chose a joint counsel with
Michigan State University and
Wayne State University to carry
on the court case.
The new counsel has advised
the University ' that accepting
funds under the act would not
hurt the case.

By The Associated Press
igan State University campus was
calm yesterday as most students
took the last of their final exam-;
inations and prepared to leave
school for the summer.
MSU was the scene of three!
days of demonstrations and scat-
tered violence, following the arrest
Monday of 12 persons, including
seven university students charged
with the sale of marijuana and
The ensuing demonstrations
against campus police involve-
ment in the arrests led to 26
further arrests when several stu-
dents refused to leave the school's

administration building Wednes-
Students and faculty members
charged the police with unneces-
sary brutality.
Three of those who were ar-
rested Monday were released on
bonds reduced from $10,000' to
$1,000 in circuit court yesterday.
The other nine persons arrest-
ed Monday had demanded exam-
ination before East Lansing Mul
nicipal Judge William K. Har-
MSU students involved in the
protest are expected to confer with
members of Students for a Demo-
cratic Society next week as the
organization's national convene
tioii is held on their campus.-
Many protesters have indicated
their willingness to remain here
during the summer to prepare for
a major confrontation with the
university's administration in the
The funds which paid the
bond of many of those arrested
initially and in later protests were
collected by students at on-cam-
pus rallies.
University President J o h n
Hannah returned here yesterday
after a series of meetings in
Washington which kept-him off
campus during most of the dem-
onstrations. He was not available
for comment.


The Medical School's pharma-
cology department issued its long-
awaited report on MACE yester-
day, giving the controversial
chemical riot control provisional
aproval. Law enforcement agen-
cies across the country have been
waiting for the report. Many have;
suspended MACE use.
The report warned that al-
though the spray can be used with
"comparative safety," misuse of
the chemical agent may cause
"severe, long term, and possibly
permanent damage to the eye if,
the cornea is exposed directly to
MACE in liquid form."
Such misuse would involve
spraying the chemical directly
into the eyes or face of a "normal-
ly reactive person" at close range,
prolonged spraying at any range
into the face of an incapacitated.
person, or discharging large quan-
tities of the chemical in a small
room or closed automobile.
In order for the spray to be'
safe, the report specifies that it
must be used at a distance suf-
ficient to allow the recipient's re-
flexes of blinking, eye closure,
breath holding and turning away
from the spray to function.
Ann Arbor Police Chief Walter
E. Krasny said he favors use of
MACE in police work "providing
the safeguards and precautions
stated in the report are observed."
Use of MACE by Ann Arbor police
was suspended March 18 after
City Council hearings on' contro-
versial incidents Involving use of
MACE. The police then asked the
pharmacology department to do
an in-depth study of the chemidal.
The report will be forwarded to
City Council without recommen-
dation for or against. Suspension
of use of MACE will continue until
City Council decides otherwise,
said Krasny.
Prof. Albert Wheeler of the
medical school, chairman of the
state NAACP, after careful study
of the report said, "I think the
report suggests that under non
volatile laboratory conditions us-
ing animals sprayed with MACE
by trained professional personnel
suggests that MACE may be safe
under circumscribed laboratory
conditions. It may also be, safe if
the recipient of MACE is alert,
conscious, in open spaces, and

medically normal. These condi-
tions, however, are rarely the
conditions that one finds in a
so-called riot situation."
He explained the condition us-
ually is that MACE is in the hands
of "racist police in a very tense
situation where they are highly
emotional, and perhaps frighten-
ed, and where victims may be in
any kind of condition-in fact the
victim may be drunk, already ren-
dered unconscious or otherwise
incapacitated, or may not be nor-
mal in the medical sense; the vic-
tim may be highly allergic to the
chemical, or may have skin lesions
which would allow the substance
to penetrate and cause damages
not yet explored."
Wheeler added that the spe-
cific question of reasonable ex-
posure to the chemical mentioned
in the report may be abused
either because of the emotionally
charged atmosphere or racism of
the police using the chemical.
The report does indicate that
MACE is a marked irritant to the
lungs, musous membranes, and to
the cornea, Wheeler said. "It fur-
there states that exposure will
give various grades of permanent
injury, or even death if inhaled.
Clearly this is not a safe chem-
ical," he added.
In reference to the concluding
statement in the report, which
See STUDY, Page 2

Course evaluations
available next week

A course evaluation booklet for
most introductory classes will be
available early next week.
The 50 page booklet will be sold
for 50 cents, primarily to fresh-
men at orientation, said Jo Ann
King, '69, personnel and adver-
tising chairman of the Course
Evaluation Booklet Committee.
The experimental booklet, the
committee's first publication, was
originally scheduled to appear this
week. The committee was estab-
lished last September by Student
Government Council.
Money from sales will be used

to cover printing and computer
costs, and to help finance a full-
scale evaluation next fall, Miss
King said.
The expanded evaluation will
take about 10 months to complete
and will include about 80 per
cent of literary college classes-
some 450 courses.
Three thousand of the fresh-
man booklets, containing descrip-
tions of 45 introductory courses,
will be printed.
"We're very much encouraged.
The booklet really looks good,"
Miss King said.
"Funds have been coming in
from various sources. President
Fleming has promised us $3000
from his personal fund," she
SGC has pledged $6000 to
$10,000, depending on the Com-
mittee's needs.
Professors were sent copies of
the student evaluations before the
booklet went to press. Faculty re-
actions were included in the
'Some responses were very in-
teresting. One class thought the
average final grade would be B
plus. The professor said he had
given the majority of the class
C's," Miss King explained.
Participants also suggested
changes to improve the question-
naire. "The survey was not as ac-
curate as we had hoped, and we're
revising it," Miss King said.
Over 7600 questionnaires were
distributed at the end of the win-
ter semester. Students were asked
to rate introductory classes on a
five point .scale.
Ratings included enthusiasm
and speaking ability of teacher,
fairness of grading, amount and

Dr. Albert Wheeler


Ca idi~dates de6bate racial issues


Last of a Two-Part Series
A great deal of the debate
which has raged among the
candidates for Monday's Ann
Arbor school board election has
focused on race relations.
Candidate Bill Ayers says the
cause of the recently increased
racial unrest at the high school
is "institutionalized racism
which the black kids had
enough of from twelve years in
a school system which excluded
them and pushed them into the
ilower, tracks."
The violent reaction of the
white students was one of
frustration 'and anxiety stimu-
lated by the authoritarian en-
vironment which was created,,
he explains.
He opposes the reaction of
thesadministration, the "partial
martial" law. Ayers says that
these methods amount to "keep-
ing the lid on a situation when
the healthiest thing to do would

studepts who leave school with
only a ninth grade education
when you criticize them for dis-
rupting one day of classes for
3300 'other students.
"The police in the schools
only serve as an agitation
point," she says. "They can do
no good in a situation where
they would have to -be every-
where to be effective." j
Another candidate, Duane A.
Renken, says, "The police must
remain until law and order are
established in the school. If it
is necessary for us to have po-
lice at the high school to main-
tain this law and order, then
they should be there. The pres-
ent arrangement at the high
school is a necessity and until
it can be proved that it is pas-
sible for all children to have a
safe and reasonable study at-
Tnosphere, both at' school and'
going to and from school, we
need protection."
Renken asserts, "One of the
major problems of our schools

problems as human relations
problems orrace relations prob-
Candidate Ted Heusel says,
"Students had a right to dis-
sent but not to disrupt the
school." ,,He strongly opposed
the administration's move to
call off classes.
Heusel contends that both
black land white students use
the guise of civil rights for the,
wrong purposes.
Incumbent trustee Mrs. Fran-
ces Felbeck says, " Mny stu-
dents felt many of the same
concerns. This particular group
expressed them because of the
added pressures Negroes feel
because they do not feel ac-
cepted as human beings. I com-
pletely support the way West-
erman handled the situation. At
the moment we need police. I,
don't say that we ought to have
them generally. I hope.we can
make the kind of progress
where this will not be neces-
sary. The vast majority of stu-
dents want constructive solu-

sibility of the school system to
"make -the educational exper-
ience meaningful from day one
to the final graduation."
"Perhaps the single most im-
portant task for the schools in
our society today is to serve
as an escalator for those chil-
dren who are at the bottom of
our social and economic system.
There Is a vast resource of po-
tential ability which can pro-
mote the development of a
richer society of. far greater
depth, if only we can develop
it properly," Lockett says.
Candidate Cecil Warner con-
tends that there is discrimin-
ation in the school system and
that it must be eradicated on
every level. He says that the
school should set up a grievance
channel for students and do
something about the inferior-
ity feelings of students in the
general curriculum.
Warner feels that with the
Institution of a human rela-
tions director in the high
school, steps might be taken

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