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January 19, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-01-19

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Lit 4an




High pressure center
moving toward campus.

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom




OP Raps Building Plan

U.S. Rejects
About Laos
ed States has joined Britain and
France in politely turning aside
a Cambodian proposal for a 14-
nation East-West conference to
try to halt the war in Laos.
A formal reply sent to Prince
Norodom Sihanouk- earlier this
week was understood to have
thanked the Cambodian neutral'
ist leader for a sincere effort to
solve a situation with dangerous
implications for his own country.
While leaving the door open to
a peace conference later, the Unit-
ed States was reported in favor.
of other means for halting the'
fighting in the little southeast
Asian kingdom,
The State Department yester-
day announced that the note had
been sent but did not reveal what
it said.
This came after President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, at his
farewell news conference, blamed
the Soviet Union as the main
cause of the trouble in Laos by
its support of the revolt of Com-
munist elements.
"At the moment there is no
point of course of going into a
conference unless everybody thinks
this would be a good idea," Ei-
senhower said.
Earlier, a Laotian government
source said that pro-Communist
forces have shot down one of the
four American - made trainer-
fighters of Premier Prince Boun
Oum's infant air force.
The chance of getting a re-
placement appeared remote.
The propeller - driven AT-6,
packing five-inch rockets and two
.30 caliber machine guns, was re-
ported felled by ground fire Tues-
day while strafing retreating reb-
els north of Vang Vieng. The
fate of the Laotian pilot was un-
Three of the trainer-fighters,
instead of the usual four, were
parked overnight at Vientiane's
airport. Their flights have backed
the government offensive above
Vang Vieng, a recaptured highway
post 70 miles north of Vientiane,
and helped menaced defenders of
a staging area near the waist of
WSU Defends
Lecture Policy
As Not Unique
DETROIT (M)-Clarence B. Hil-
berry, president of Wayne State
University, said yesterday that
Wayne's new policy on Communist
speakers was in full accord with
those of the other eight state col-
leges and universities in Michi-
Hilberry reported to the WSU
Board of Governors that presidents
of the state schools decided at
their Jan. 9 meeting there was no
need for a state-wide policy on
Communist speakers because pres-
ent policies were nearly uniform.
Wayne's 10-year ban against
Communist speakers was relaxed
Sept. 14 to allow educators and
others whose talks would be in-
structive to speak on campus.
Protests caused the board to di-
rect Hilberry to seek a uniform
policy with the other presidents.
Leonard Woodcock, United Auto
Workers Union vice-president,
was re-elected board chairman.
A new policy of allowing high
school students to be granted pre-
liminary admission to the univer-
sity on completion of the 11th

grade was announced,


Ha Doubtsas'


Grants to SchooiQ

To Hold National Conference

U.S. Funds


Americans Committed to World
Responsibility will join the Na-
tional Student Association and
other groups in holding a national
conference on the youth corps,
Alan Guskin, Grad., said last
Guskin, spokesman for ACWR,
said that the conference will be
held in Washington this March.
Students from across the country
will gather to debate the particu-
lars of a youth corps program, at-
tempting to reach conclusions
which are representative of stu-
dent opnion.
James Scott, vice-president in
charge of international affairs for
NSA, is coordinating the confer-
ence. A steering committee com-
posed of students from the Uni-

versity of Michigan, University of
California, Duke University and
American University will decide
policy and handle regional prepa-
Three-Day Session
The agenda in its present form,
far from definite, would involve
participants in a three-day session
of workshops, addresses by pub-
lic figures and tours. A final re-
port, embodying recommendations
and conclusion reached by the
workshops, would be distributed to
Guskin said that the March date
was chosen on the basis .pf advice
he received on his recent trip to
Washington. Most authorities are
agreed that youth corps 'legisla-
tion will be in committee about
this time, and a national youth

K ennedy Initiates Goodwill
Proj eet for Latin America
NEW YORK P- - President-elect John F. Kennedy adopted a'
goodwill program toward Latin America yesterday by setting up
Puerto Rico as a focal "meeting place and workshop" for improving
Kennedy, two days away from his inauguration, announced the
project after conferring here with Gov. Luis Munoz Marin of the
Puerto Rican Commonwealth.
Before flying back to Washington and the start of the inaugura-
tion festivities, Kennedy also had lunch with W. Averell Harriman,
who will be his ambassador at large. He also announced four ap-

pointments to his staff, including}
two military aides. Kennedy is-
sued a statement saying he and
Munoz were agreed there was a
need for a clearer recognition that
the United States understood
Latin America's needs.
He called it the "hemisphere's
need for a fundamental effort-
a revolutionary effort in the best
sense-to satisfy the desire of
Latin American peoples for a
civilization that shall be great
materially as it already is spiri-
Puerto Rico, he said, already
has played an important role in
advaneing mutual understanding.
He said the Caribbean island
has served as a laboratory that
enabled thousands of Latin Ameri-
can public officials, intellectuals
and students to "observe the re-
markable development of demo-
cracy and economic growth by a
people who have freely chosen to
work out their destiny in close
association with the United
"Gov. Munoz and I," he said,
'have agreed to take measures to
expand the availability of Puerto
Rico's facilities for a meeting place
and workshop where we in the
United States and our problems
and the possibilities for the great
achievements that we can attain
by working together."
He said he had asked Munoz to
maintain close communications
with him and Dean Rusk, who
will be secretary of state in the
new administration.

Urge Store
The Ann Arbor Direct Action
Committee,, in anticipation of the
sit-in movement on Feb. 1, is send-
ing a letter to five major chain
store headquarters urging "the
completion of desegregation in
(their) Southern lunch counters."
Southern lunch counters."
In the letter, to be sent to W.
IT. Grant Co., S. S. Kresge Co.,
S. Hress Co., McCrory-Mc-
Cellan ., and F. W. Woolworth
Co., AADAC is working with the
Detroit Congress on Racial Equal-
ity (CORE) to fully realize the
aims of the sit-in movement.
"There is good evidence that the
national boycott is effective and
that these major chains are con-
cerned" Jack Ladinsky, Grad., Co-
ordinator of AADAC said. "ItCis
our hope that we can convince
them that a change of policy on
the national level would be advan-
tageous to the chains as well as to
the country as a whole," he added.
Members of AADAC and of the
Detroit CORE met Friday with a
Kresge representative to discuss
the problem. "It is hoped that the
S. S. Kresge Co. will see fit to be
the first national dime store chain
to achieve total integration," La-
dinsky commented.
"We know from independent
sources that approximately five
southern branches of the S. S.
Kresge Co. in metropolitan areas
have not yet been intgerated,"
Ladinsky said. There are 725
Kresge stores, 50 of which are
south of Virginia and most of
which are situated in suburban'
shopping areas.
"We are convinced that the S.
S. Kresge Co. has gone ahead
rapidly to integrate those stores
where there is clearly no problem
of residtance from the local popu-
lation," Ladinsky said.
The letter urges these stores to
not "stop short of the goal of a
national policy on this matter.
We cannot rest easily until every
store in your chain is as much a
symbol of free America as it is a
symbol of our free enterprise sys-
Lack Of Quorum
CancelA Meetimn

conference then would have its
maximum impact on the final
form of such legislation. He added
that publicizing the issuedand
demonstrating student responsi-
bility were other purposes of the
The ACWR groups here and at
Wayne State University in Detroit
will handle regional coordination
for the midwest.
Working Papers
The University chapter will be
in charge of preparing working
papers for the conference. Guskin
indicated that this would be han-
dled within the framework of an
enlarged ACWR study group pro-
gram here. The present program,
involving about 60 students, con-
sists of eight group which are
studying the needs of underde-
veloped areas and the problems of
establishing a youth corps.
The ACWR group at Wayne
State University will coordinate
the contacting of other schools in
the midwest, Guskin said. NSA
representatives in the Far West,
East, and South will similarly
make contact with schools in
their regions.
The conference will be held at
the campus of American Univer-
sity, on the outskirts of Washing-
ton. Tentative plans also call for
one evening session in a downtown
Saw Authorities
Guskin said that the present
plans grew out of discussions he
held with several persons in Wash-
ington. Among these were Prof.
Maurice Albertson of Colorado
State University, head of a youth
corps study authorized by Congress
last year, and assistants of Rep.
Henry Reuss (D-Wis). All agreed
that a national conference would
be a worthwhile and perhaps valu
able project. After returning to
Ann Arbor, Guskin approached
NSA with his proposal. The NSA
executive 'council, meeting. here
last month, authorized Scott to
take part in organizing such a
Guskin and his wife, Judith
Guskin, Grad., are members of the
conference steering committee.
Other members are NSA workers.
A meeting of the steering com-
mittee will be held during the first
week of intersession to finalize
plans for the conference, Guskin
said, and a NSA newsletter will
be sent out shortly thereafter.
House Rules
To Be Raised
Speaker Sam Rayburn of Texas
won a resounding and bloodless
first-round victory yesterday in
his fight for control of the power-
ful House Rules Committee..
At a Democratic caucus mark-
edly devoid of bickering, he ram-
med through a resolution to boost
the committee's membership in a
way designed to take away from
a coalition of Republicans and
Southern Democrats control over
the flow of major legislation.
The resolution was shouted
through at one of the briefest
caucuses in party history - 15
minutes. It would increase the
size of the Rules Committee from
eight Democrats and four Repub-
licans to ten Democrats and five
Republicans. This could break the
legislative grip now held by the
four Republicans and two south-
ern Democrats. Assuming that
backers of President-elect John F.
Kennedy's legislative program are
assigned to the two Democratic
vacancies, this should provide
easier House sailing for such bills.
In effect, the resolution was a

compromise worked but by warring
factions to avoid the more drastic
step of purging one of the south-
ern Democrats, Rep. William M.
Colmer (D-Miss). Rayburn, in his
determination to regain control of

May Not Be
'sy Way
'U' President Predicts
Billion Dollar Fund
To Higher Education
University President Harlan
Hatcher yesterday. predicted that
more than $1 billion in federal
aid to higher education is not
far away, but said he had "grave
doubts" as to its cost and im-
Congress will probably author-
ize a sum which is a compromise
between the $5 billion suggested
by Sen. Patrick McNamara (>
Mich) and the $1 billion suggest-
ed by Sen. Everett Dirkson (R*
Ill), he said.
Hatcher's comments on federal
aid to higher education came in
answer to a question posed by a
member of the campus chapter of
the American Institute of Chemi-
cal Engineers, which he address-
ed at a luncheon meeting.
Federal aid should not be con-
sidered "the easy way" to pay
for education because it appears
to cost less, he argued. President-

...questions federal aid


elect John F. Kennedy has said
the federal government should
subsidize states and local school
districts which cannot support ed-
ucation themselves, he noted.
"Is it entirely stupid of me to
ask where the, federal government
is going to get the money?" Hatch-
er asked. Then, answering his own
question, he replied: "The federal
government will use only thai
money which it is able to obtain
from these and other school dis-
Won't Accept Responsibilities
The local areas which require
federal aid are those which will
not accept their educational re-
sponsibilities, he said.
In addition, "I'm worried aboul
the bureaucratic mind in Wash-
ington," Hatcher continued. The
federal government has withheld
millions of dollars in aid from the
state Department of Public In-
struction for three years, simpl3
because something in the.depart-
ment's methods of handling the
money is wrong, he said.
'Asked if federal aid influences
a university to compromise its in-
tegrity, he replied that "up to the
present time, the record has beer
good." Even the land grant cobl-
leges and universities, which are
very closely tied to the federa
government, have preserved their
integrity well, he said.
Request Disappoints
Responding to a question con-
cerning his views on Gov, .Johr
B. Swainson's annual budget re-
quest for the University, Hatcher
said the request was "concerning
even disappointing."
The contrast between the high-
er education request and "sisable
increases" in such items as public
schools and medical care for the
aged gave him the immediate re-
action that the governor "had no1
quite sorted out the areas of need
in the proper proportions," he

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