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January 11, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-01-11

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Court.Orers Integration
C t d
In *Uversity 1fGeorgia
F r
Rejects Plea
By Official'
For DelayYIT
4K S,
i i
Vote Ends Chanlces
For Further Appeal
By The Associated Press.
Court late yesterday unanimously
denied a request that it stay the
admittance of Negroes to the Uni-
versity of Georgia.
The request for a stay was pre-
sented to Justice Hugo Black of
the high tribunal and he in turn
submitted it to other members of
the court..
Atty. Gen. Eugene Cook off
Georgia, who brought the request
for a stay, said he would have
no comment on the denial.
He and two aides who accom-
panied him here planned to re-'
turn immediately to Atlanta. AP Wirephoto
Situation "Confused" GEORGIANS LEAVE COURT -- Eugene Cook, Attorney General of Georgia, and two aides leave

Cuban, Fear
Of Invasion
HAVANA OJP)- The novelty of
watching for an enemy that never
comes seemed wearing thin among
Cubans yesterday.
There were signs Fidel Castro
may soon announce the strength of
his People's Army has frightened
off American aggressors.
Cuban propaganda outlets con-
tinued to assert that the United
States planned to invade this is-
land nation before President
Eisenhower tutns over the White
House to President-elect John F.
Kennedy January 20.
Denounce Maneuvers
Castro - controlled newspapers
used big headlines to denounce the
United States Navy maneuvers in
the Caribbean and a visit of the
supercarrier Franklin D. Roose-
velt Monday to the United States
naval base on Guantanamo Bay.,
Revolucion charged that Ameri-
cans have mined the bay.
That charge was denied by a
United States Navy spokesman in
Washington. He said travel
through the base to Cuban docks
at the head of the bay must re-
main unrestricted under terms
of a 1903 treaty.
Cites Preparations
The newspapers repeatedly cited
alleged American-financed war
preparations in Guatemala, 700
miles away across the Caribbean,
as proof of Washington plans to
But activity in Cuba's defense
preparations, which have placed
all Cuba under virtual martial
law since Dec. 31, appearedto be
dwindling. .
Heavy rain and a cold north
wind contributed to this. ,
Ready Demonstration
Cuban labor organizations -in
the forefront of the workers mili-
tia - arranged for a massive
demonstration before the presi-
dential palace Friday night.
It is logical to suppose Castro
will adaress the. mass meeting.
Many believe he will choose this
time to announce that the poten-
tial invaders have been scared off
by Cuba's massive demonstration
of armed strength.
World News

Laos Talk Brings No Solu

' assador Mikhail A. Menshikov
talked with Secretary of State
Christian A. Herter< yesterday for
40 minutes about the Laotian cri-
There was no immediate iridi-
cation that the discussion, held
at Menshikov's request, at the
State Department, would lead to
any break in the East-West dead-
lock over war-troubled Laos.
Menshikov himself -referred to
the talks as "a quiet discussion"
and said he had given Herter no
notes or proposals.
Says Airlift Grows
State Department press officer
Lincoln White said the Soviet air-
lift to Red rebels in Laos actual-
ly is still growing-contrary to
weekend reports that it had been
abandoned. He said Russian pilots
and crewmen are manning the
Asked about Menshikov's stand-
point, White referred to the Soviet
The Russians claim that the
United States is-interfering in in-
ternal Laotian affairs. They con-
tend the pro-Western Boun Oum
regime is illegal and are calling
for a revival of the one-time
watchdog commission for Laos,
made up of representatives from
India, Canada and Poland,
Confirm Report
Meanwhile, the State Depart-
ment spokesman confirmed re-
ports from Vientiane that the
United States has sent light air-
craft to the Boun Oum govern-
White said four helicopters and
four two-seater, propeller-driven
planes had been furnished as "part
of our normal military aid pro-
gram to Laos" and at the request
of the Laotian government.
The planes, he said, are nor-
mally used for training but also
have light armament and can be
used for observation and liaison.
White said he presumed the Unit-
ed States would train Laotian
pilots if requested.
Asks Planes
The request for the planes, he,
added, came from the Laotian
defense chief, Gen. Phoumi No-
savan, at "a fairly recent date"-
presumably after the Communist
trouble erupted.
-The planes arrived yesterday asa
Prince Boun Oum's government
again charged Soviet and North
Vietnamese troops are invading'
the kingdom.
Few westerners here believe the
invasion report, But some Euro-
pean circles fear delivery of the
planes could speed up the arms
race in Laos, with the West and
the Communists rushing to supply
rival sides in the Laotian civil
This could further complicate
efforts to work out a political set-
tlement, they said.

LAOTIAN COMMANDER, - Colonel Khouprasith, left,
mander of the Phong Hong ,area north of Vientaine in
studies -map with fellow officer on airstrip in the froi
area. A helicopter of the loyal Laotian forces is in the


Cook also declined to comment
on developments in Georgia on
the university situation yester-
day, other than to make the ob-
servation that the situation was
Cook had asked that Black re-
instate a stay order issued earlier
this week by United States Dis-
trict Judge W. A. Bootle at Ma-
con. Bootle's stay in turn had,
been upset by Judge Elbert Tuttle
of the Fifth United States Circuit,
Court. I
The litigation arose out of the
attempt of two Negroes to enter
the university.
Attacks Law
Georgia Governor Ernest Van-
diver said the four-year old law
which provides for immediate cut-
ting off of funds to. any branch
of the state university system the'
moment a Negro is enrolled under
federal court order, is now "an
albatross" around Georgia's neck.
"I will not be a party to defi-
ance of the law, as many would1
wish," Vandiver said in referring
to Judge Bootle's order to admit
the Negroes. The governor also
said he had every confidence the;
students at the university would"
"act as ladies and gentlemen"
during the crisis.

the Supreme Court building after Cook asked for a stay of integration for the University of
Georgia. The petition was presented to Associate Justice Hugo Black. Freeman Leverett, deputy
attorney general of Georgia and Charles Allen, aide to Governor Ernest Vandiver of Georgia, are
flanking Cook.
Negroes Register at Georgia 'U'

Guatemala Troops Tr
Under U.S. Spervisi4

ATLANTA (A)-A Negro boy andi
girl became students at the Uni-
versity of Georgia yesterday, crum-
bliig a segregation wall that had
been, impregnable since founding
of the school in 1785.
Charlayne A. Hunter, 18, and
Hamilton E. Holmes, 19, paid their
tuition fees to university Treas-
urer J. D. Bolton at Athens and
will enter classes this morning un-
der protection of federal court
They completed their registra-

tion three hours after federal
Judge William A. Bootle granted
a temporary injunction at Macon
restraining Gov. Ernest VanDiver
from cutting off funds under a
state law and closing the school
where the governor obtained his
law degree.
A crowd of some 500 of the
nearly 7,500 white boys and girls
in attendance at Georgia stood
quietly outside the treasurer's of-
fice as the fees were paid.

Bootle, the 58-year-old jurist
who precipated near pandemon-
ium in state political circles last
Friday by ordering desegregation,
enjoined both the governor and;
State Auditor B. E. Thrasher, Jr.
from interfering with operation of
the university.
VanDiver, 42, lashed back in a
stinging telegram to Bootle this
afternoon protesting, his order but
saying "my respect for lawful
processes and my oath as gover-
nor preclude any act of defiance
on my part."

GUATEMALA (W - Detach-v
ments of Guatemala's regular ar-
my are getting intensive guerrilla
tactical training at Retalhuleu
near the Pacific coast of Guate-
mala, the Defense Ministry said
United States officers are at the
Retalhuleu base in their normal
roles as Guatemalan army ad-
visors, Defense Minister Enrique,
Peralta Azurdia said.
He denied that the base is be-
ing used to train guerrilla fight-
ers against the Fidel Castro re-
gime in Cuba.
"There are no aggressive inten-
tions in connection with the" ac-

tivities at Retalhuleu,"
"They are just routine
by the Guatemalan army
"In connection with t
ence of United States o:
should be remembered th
ican military and air mis
in Guatemala and norm;
valuable advice to our ar
He was commenting o
York Times dispatch sa
United States is supplyin
mala with training person
terial and other assistant
preparation of a commas
force for a possible cli

Haitian Government Closes
Newspapers; Expels Prelate

4 s tyle in
the cold

P9RT AU PRINCE, Haiti (A.-
The Haitian government, renew-
ing a controversy with the Roman
Catholic Church, shut down one
of its newspapers yesterday and
expelled the nation's highest
ranking church authority, theI
Most Rev. Remy Augustin,
He was the second prelate to be
Police put Bishop Augustin
aboard a plane for Argentina after
holding him under house arrest
14 hours. He 'had been arrested
in bed,
Bishop Augustin, Haitian-born,
had been running church affairs
in this French-speaking Negro
republic since President Francois
Duvalier expelled a French-born
primate, Archbishop Francois1

Unofficial sources said the
government story in Bishop
Augustin's case is that he had
inserted a letter in the Catholic
newspaper La Phalange asking for
cancellation of a decree to crack
down on student absenteeism.
The decree calls on teachers to
give authorities weekly lists of
students who are absent and holds
parents and guardians responsible
for those who duck classes.
Expect Talks
Of Algerians,
French Soon


Vatican Protests_


The famous underwear worn by
the girls of the U.S. Olympic
Jinique Duofold fabric is insu-
lated! A tissue-thin layer of
cotton (next to your skin) is
interknit with an outer layer of
wool and cotton. Air cells in be-
tween insulate against the cold.
You never feel perspired or
over-heated. Wash like a dream.

Deportation of the archbishop
seven weeks ago drew a sharp
official protest from the Vaticanj
and almost certainly exposed the
Haitians involved to excommuni-
cation. Excommunication means
denial of the church sacraments
and loss of fellowship with other
Duvalier is a Catholic. So are
most other Haitians.
The government is still trying
to crush a university student strike
movement begun last fall in pro-
test at the jailing of a student
leader suspected of being a Com-
munist. This strike was a factor
in the action against both the
church leaders.
Archbishop Accused
Haitian officials accused Arch-
bishop Poirler of having given
$7,000 to aid Communist-plotting
students. He denied this and was
backed up by the Holy See - in
effect Pope John XXIII.
Allen Rejects Job
As HEW Official
ALBANY, N. Y. () -- State
Education Commissioner James E.j
Allen Jr. has turned down an
appointment as United States
Commissioner of Education in the
administration of President-elect
John F. Kennedy, Allen's office
said yesterday.

ALGIERS (W)-Peace. negotia-
tions between France and the Al-
gerian rebel government are ex-
pected soon, high French officials
said yesterday,
These officials said secret con-
tacts between envoys of the French
government and the rebels may
begin "in a matter of weeks" to
be followed by full negotiations.
The move would follow the Sun-
day referendum that approved
President Charles de Gaulle's
handling of the thorny Algerian
But there was no outward sign
of a move by either camp.
De Gaulle went ahead in Paris
with his plans for giving Algeria
virtual self-government at home.
Rebel Premier Ferhat Abbas
consulted his cabinet in, exile at
Tunis. His spokesman said .the
referendum result was not on the
agenda "because it does not real-
ly concern us."
But, behind the apparent indif-
ference on both sides, there was a
general feeling that things would
soon be moving.

Students Register
Miss Hunter and Holmes slip-
ped into the administration build-
ing through a rear door to com-
plete admission procedures. She
will study journalism. He will
continue pre-medical courses and
plans to transfer later to the uni-
versity medical school at Augusta,
The judge scheduled a hearing
for tomorrow at Macon on mak-
ing the injunction permament.
Capitol sources speculated that
such an action would void the
present state appropriations' act
which says tax funds can't be
used to operate an integrated
VanDiver's announcement at
midnight Monday night that the
university would be closed if the
Negroes enrolled yesterday sent
attorneys for the National Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of
Colored People on their hurried
mission to Macon, 100 miles south
of Atlanta.
The governor's plan was to rush
through the Legislature a repeal
of the appropriations act clause
about cutting off funds.
He emphasized that he would
not consider closing for more than
a few days the school where he
received his law degree a few
years ago and was active in cam-
pus affairs.
Soviet Group
Form Agenda,
MOSCOW (A) - The Central
Committee of the Soviet Commu-
nist Party decided yesterday at
its winter session to take up not
only the country's agricultural
problems but also the aim and
scope of world Communism.
From the closely guarded Krem-
lin meeting it was disclosed the
committee is putting on the agen-
da discussion of a communique
issued after last fall's 21-day sum-
mit conference of 81 Communist

By The Associated Press'
SCRANTON, Pa. -- A federal
grand jury yesterday indicted for-
mer governor John S. Fine, 67, for
income tax evasion.
A three count indictment
against the onetime Republican
leader also named his brother-in-
law, Donald P. Morgan. Each was
charged with evasion for the
years 1955, 1956 and 1957,
* * *
WASHINGTON -- Senators re-
ported yesterday that Robert S.
McNamara, 44-year-old millionaire
designated as the new Secretary
of Defense, proposed to put more
than $1 2million into a trust
outside his control while he holds
He proposed this handling for
the money he received last month
for selling his 24,705 shares of
stock in the Ford Motor Co. of
which he was president when he
was picked by President-elect
John F. Kennedy.
* * *
WARSAW-Communist Czech-
oslovakia yesterday granted Po-
land a $125 million credit to fi-
nance new industries under the
next five-year plan.
* * *
marskjold is cutting short his vis-
it to Africa in order to attendr
Security Council sessions on the
Congo. His office announced yes-'
terday the secretary-general will
return home Friday,

Navy's "second generation" Polar-
is scored a third straight success
yesterday, scooting 1,600 miles
down the Atlantic missile range.
Officials termed the test flight
of the advanced submarine weap-
on a complete success, just as pre-
vious launchings were on Nov. 10
and Dec. 6.
The new Polaris, denoted #-2,
is larger and more powerful than
the well-tested, already-operation-
al A-1 series. It is designed to
boost a nuclear warhead 1,725
miles. compared with 1,380 miles
for the A-1.
Primary objective of yesterday's
test was to log general perform-
ance of the two stages of the
solid-fuel rocket.
Range and accuracy were not
main goals as the missile was
steered by autopilot instead of the
complex inertial guidance system.

Phone NO 876779:

New Polaris
Test Success

Relax while you have on
opportunity to do so Come
and see the new things at our
shop. Perhaps we've something
you have wanted.

. B


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* 601 EastL

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