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January 10, 1961 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-01-10

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Zj 4e Mlrhgan Batty
Seventy-First Year
ttb Will Prevaow,
orials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"It's Too Small To Play House Let's Play School"
, a ( ' 1 .. 4+ = {. . . .*.,x3 "
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'Butterfield 8'
Rings The Bell

AY, JANUARY 10, 1961


By-Law on Lectures,
Represents Majority View.

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Following is the concluding
part of a debate on University attitudes and poli-
les toward lectures. The argument is in support
I retention of Regent's By-law 8.11).
over a speakers ban brings to mind the
et that the University itself has a by-law
aling with essentially the same matter. And
re, as at Wayne. some groups (in the name
that sacred cow-academic freedom) would
ve all limitations such as those placed by the
gents by-law removed.
But just exactly what does this burden on
e speech have to say? This Regents by-law
ec. 8.11 (1) ) reads in part:
. . . the use of University lecture rooms
and auditoriums may be granted..., under
guaranty that during such meetings or lec-
tures there shall be no. . . advocacy of the
subversion of the government of the United
States nor of the state and that such meet-
ings and lecture shall be in spirit and ex-
pression worthy of the University.
"No addresses shall be allowed which urge
the destruction or modification of our form
of government by violence or other unlaw-
ful methods, or which advocate or justify
conduct which violates the fundamentals
of our accepted code of morals."
A rather easy ruling" to support, you might
y. But disappointingly enough, these appar-
tly innocuous words can arouse dispute and
position in some quarters.
VHAT IS BEING opposed here? If we make
the rather safe assumption that an expres-
n in opposition is an espousal of a diamet-
a,lly opposed position, we see that this plat-
m would countenance speeches on Univer-
y facilities that would:
(1) advocate the subversion of state and na-
nal government,
(2) urge the destruction or modification of
r form of government by violence or other
lawful methods, and
(3) advocate or justify conduct in violation
our accepted code of morals.
Ah yes, all this .. . and in the name of aca-
mic freedom-freedom of speech.
Those who would remove the present ban on
eeches disruptive of law, order and morality
y out with self-righteousness that "not one
ice must be stilled."
But this plea for an extension of the minor-
right to tear down our governmental and
onomic system from within, little being pro-
ted by that system, must fall on deaf ears.
nose of the left voicing the demands of
.nority rights must recognize that there is
other side of the same coin -- majority

THEY MUST RECOGNZE that rules such as
this by-law are representative of the pre-
vailing attitude of the state and national com-
munity. To those who formulated such a by-
lawt (and to this corner), there appears to be
justification for preventing such speeches from
being made here or elsewhere. Lest advocacy
becomes advocacy to action, and harm is done
that cannot be repaired, such a ruling must be
Quite frankly, each of us have a vested in-
terest in our system of government, be he the
banker, the corner grocer, the factory worker,
or you, the student-here on money your par-
ents made under this system. To be sure, all are
not equally fortunate in this country.,But when
compared with the nations bound by our op-
posing ideology, our own shortcomings are in-
significant indeed. And so, with this vested
interest, we must fight to retain it whether
with Regent's by-laws or more encompassing
legislation. We can riot allow advocates of
overthrow to speak, lest a single individual be
lost to him and the society we thrive under be
weaker to that degree.
SURELY, THERE IS ROOM for contention
within our system. We too have a left-to-
right political spectrum. But let our strife be
just that-"within our system." Those who ad-
vocate overthrow and subversion are outside
the pall of acceptability.
Ask what harm a single voice can do mouth-
ing his cause in opposition to our accepted
code of morals (and to our own far left: yes
there is an "accepted code of morals," not al-
ways abided by, but still existing and function-
A Supreme Court decision 40 years ago im-
plied the harm that could be done by the lone
disruptive voice, saying in effect that freedom
of speech does not imply the right to shout
"fire" in a crowded theatre. ,
What good does it do to find that there was
no fire to the bodies trampled in the crush to
the exits? What good would it do to find that
the advocates of revolution and overthrow had
proferred empty promises,.when the blandish-
ments had turned to chains?
Some would have us remove the by-law that
in some small way proscribes the activities of
those who would deny us our way of life. They
confuse freedom with license.
We cannot allow the cry of "fire" to be
shouted in our theatre, if there is a chance
that even a handful of malcontents might heed

EX, BOOZE AND violence, life's-
staples, as well as John 0'-
Hara's, are generously apportioned
in Hollywood's latest O'Hara of-
fering, "Butterfield 8."
In his earlier novels, O'Hara
depended less on endless compila-
tions of minute sociological fact
to establish social rank, and con-
cerned himself more completely
with essentials; without, however,
underestimating the importance of
social status nor failing to de-
lineate social structure.
This is one reason why his
earlier novels have turned into
better movies than the later
novels: "Butterfield 8" as com-
pared to "From the Terrace." The
affair in "From the Terrace" was
less plausable and less satisfying
(artistically) .because the mistress.
seemed somewhat contrived.
Gloria's character is never
doubted after the opening scene,
nor are the social levels in which
she is acting out her destiny. An
amazing amount is accomplished
in a few minutes without any
Apart from that, why didn't
they just keep Miss.Taylor in her
slip for the trest of ,the movie. Her
plight was revealed - I kept wait-
ing for the rest toy be - I was
having as hard a time concentrat-
ing as Eddie Fisher - so why the
Often the audience reaction is
more interesting than what is hap.
pening on the screen. When Miss,
Taylor was confessing to Eddie
how she started her sexual career
at the age of thirteen, the audience
was collectively at the edge of
its seat.
Anyway, if you have not realized

before that so-called whores ofter
get that way because they are
filled with more-or need more-
love than other women, then set
this movie. It makes a fairly gooi
case for this particular waywari
-Thomas Brien


DAC Offers Varied Program

is an American adaptation of
a Japanese film "The Seven
Samurai" which is in turn taken
from an old folk tale.
In this tale, it is a time of peace,
the samurai warriors have fought
their battles and now have no-
where to go, no one to figh and
no one to kill. But in the pro-
vinces, there is a village, which
is annually terrorized by a band
of rogues. After'years of paying
tribute to robbers the farmers of
the village stir for rebellion
against their oppresors.
Hunting for swords to fight the
intruders, the farmers instead,
hire the war-less warriors to rid
them of their problem. The war-
riors come, do battle, and win a
victory in a minor engagement.
However, with a final battle im-
pending, a delegation of farmers
weakens and decides that capit-
ulations and continued subjuga-
tion are better than possible
death. This group betrays the war-
riors and the men of war are
captured by the rogues. They are
released on the condition that they
leave the provinces, never to re-
turn again.
But the men of war have found
in the village, after years of alim-
less killing, something worth
fighting for and return for a de-
cisive battle. And 'at the tales
conclusion the warriors have
found something (home, family
and responsibility) on which to
base their future and the farmers
have gained the dignity known
.only to free men.
* * *
IN "THE Magnificent Seven"
this tale has been loosely trans-
fered to the provinces of Mexico,
the samurai have become Ameri-
can gunfighters, and the Japanese
farmers are Mexican peasants.
As long as the film follows the
tale it is interesting, dramatic
and often moving. However, in the
story's journey from Japan to
Mexico it unfortunately passed
through Hollywood and has been
somewhat diseased in the process.
If the producers and director
had followed the original story
more closely they might have
come up with an unusual and first
rate film. As it stands, this is an
enjoyable evening, but no more.
-Harold Applebaum


razrr.: . .. r

deserves the thanks and appre-
ciation of the community for its
occasional offerings of the unusual
and interesting. This is not to
say that the evening was without
flaw; the production had its
faults; they were many and ser-
ious. But it also had moments
which, especially in view of the
limitations of technical facilities,
were extraordinarily fine.
* *.*
THE STRONGER by Strindberg
opened the program. In the orig-
inal this is a dialogue between two
women, with one of them remain-
ing silent. It was adapted by Mr.
Diskin into a pure monologue for
presentation by himself. This was
a mistake for several reasons.
First, this is a conflict play and
not a mood piece; I feel that the
presence of the other person Is
necessary to give focus to this
conflict. Second, the evocation of
an ambiguity as to which is the
stronger is essential to the suc-
cess. of the work. Third, Mr. Dis-
kin does not have the flexibility
and range of characterization to
bring it off by himself. His mon-
ologue is a monotone, broken only
occasionally by a limited vocabu-
lary of gestures. The ineptness of
the presentation could be judged
by the fact that at the nadir of
the man's depression, the au-
dience did not empathize, they
laughed; and this is not a funny
NEXT ON THE program was
John M. Synge's Riders to the Sea.
This is a rather horrid piece of
sentimental trash. The presenta-
tion, as a reading from music
stands, was reasonable. The old
woman and her younger daugh-
ter, played by Elizabeth Hardies
and Danice Chisholm, turned in
sensitive performances of women
in distress. 'Janet Kosse made of
the other daughter, by her physi-
cal positionubetween the others
and her unwavering voice, a bas-
tion of steadiness from which the
other two depended. I do not
think much more can be done.
* * *
Ionesco, which concluded the first
half of the program was the best
bit of the evening. Thomas Kind

and Mari Stephens were superb
as an old bearded pomposity and
an only slightly younger bit of
fluff. There is not need to describe
their characterizations in detail;
they were well suited to the play;
and it is the play which I wish to
discuss because of its bearing on
the second half of the program.
balloon pricker, a stick of dyna-
mite in the complacent womb of
life. In this short work he goes
directly to the absurdity he wishes
to emphasize and sticks to it re-
lentlessly. Misuse of words and
the fatuousness of ordinary con-
versation, especially between a
man and a woman, is his theme,
He divests words of their ordinary
meanings by quoting them out of
context. This leads to a problem
in organization: after all most
drama derives its structure from
the meanings of words, either
through a plot line which they
enunciate or through the charac-
ters they adumbrate. Deprived of
these two normal functions , of
words Ionesco utilizes the little
bit of meanings retained by words
in his universe to string together
a ten minute sequence of consecu-
tive non sequitors, enunciated by
the man and agreed to by the
woman. This is done with great
brilliance and stye, one is kept
constantly amused. Then grad-
ually one realizes that something
more is happening : there is a
further element of structure. Short
range order has been achieved by
the free association of illogic, but
the senseless banter becomes more
and more tense until suddenly
the two characters, completely un-
aware of what they are saying,
affirm the sanctity of the Word,
for it is the Word of God. Look,
look, he seems to say, thehe is
truth within the heart of man
'but you have to push and prick
and dynamite your way through
mounds of misused words to find
,it. It is unconventional to find af-
firmation, in fact to find any
meaning at all, in a Ionesco play,
but I did It-and I'm glad.
* * *
works by B. P. Moonyean, a local
resident, were presented. Moon-
yean seems to have caught the

spirit of the renunciation of sig-
nificance and the discomoding of
propriety from Ionesco, but it
leads him along different ways.
The first two I dispose of quick-
ly. The Lecture substitutes pure
sounds, such' as "poop-poop-a-
doop" and "hmmmm", for words.
Clearly this is trivial, little more
than an opportunity for the actor
to mimic his favorite speaker. Tom
Kind was good. The only virtue
to Five Characters in Four Min-
utes was that it lasted thirty se-
cnods less than one might have
* * * 4
PIECE FOR 2 Voices and Welsh
Songbird is something else again.
English words, spoken by voices
Kind and Diskin, are used without
meaning, but allowed to retain
some of their power to evoke
images. Welsh words, spoke by.
Miss Stephans, are without mean-
ing to most of us. So far this is
like Ionesco, and like the first
two plays of Moonyean. In those
first two plays, however, unlike
this, one, he attempted to follow
the leader all the way and struc-
ture his plays on what meaning
was left to his words. Here he
forgets semantics entirely and
builds entirely on sounds. This is
music, of course, not drama, but
so what! It was entertaining mu-
sic. (Occasionally a snatch of sig-
nificance would attach to a word;
the incongruity lead to humor,
much as when a passage in a
musical composition reminds one
of a popular song.) This was the
most successful of the local pro-
ducts; it is a pity it was not a
bit shorter for its material was
Suite for Cage, that's John Cage.
This .is .an .over-blown, neo-
baroque monstrosity. On stage are
a woman, writing to a lonely-
hearts and miscellaneous advice
column; the columnist; a guitar
player; a dancer; a tape-recorder,
with someone to run it. The wo-
man and columnist exchange
pseudo - Freudian reminiscences
which lead nowhere, being occa-
sionally interrupted by the others.
One is struck again by Moonyean's
use of music-like construction, here
on many levels. Verbal patterns
of the people are repeated with

modifications, as are motions of
the dancer and the not cl te ab-
stract sounds of Gordon Mumma's
electronic pastiche.
The trouble with the piece is
teat it seems more designed to set
forth a few mildly shocking minor
obscenities than to illuminate any
basic absurdities or truths. It
and disgust rather than at the oc-
cassional unpleasantness of hard'
The concluding scene in
fact, forthose with stomachs like
my own (and from the audience
reaction there were many whose
weren't) could be seen as an amus-
ing parody, of the child-birth
scene which graces so many im-
ported movies these days. Again;
though, I feel that Moonyean in-
serted his distortions and anoy-
ances with the hope of effecting
audience reaction to their own
inherent obscenity rather than
directing the reaction through the
superficialities at the underlying
--J.Philip Benkard



.. .. r .v .. .. r. .r .'. .;

3HE WEAK CAN OFTEN do what is not
' permitted of the strong. Some people who
eered Peru's break with Castro's regime,
id would cheer Uruguary's or Venezuela's if
ey came, are harsh about the breaking of
lations by the U. S. Their point is not that
resident Eisenhower lacked provocation '-
e obviously had plenty - but that America'
strong enough to take a lot of riding from
small Caribbean state.
My own feeling, as I wrote in an earlier
lumn, is that Castro forced the break for
fficient reasons of his own. Some of the
asons make sense for a left-wing government,
ch as the desire to close down a visa-granting
nbassy and thus stop the outpouring of Cu-
ins, much like the outpouring from East
ermany. Others make sense only on the
gic of a paranoiac's behavior: when he strikes
you, and you hit back, he shouts to the
eavens this proof that you are his enemy and
art of a conspiracy to destroy him.
I suppose that President Eisenhower had
ae alternative to the action he took. He might
ave swallowed American pride and cut the
mibassy down not to eleven or twleve but
one man, who would have remained there
a dramatic witness to the patience of
iba's powerful neighbor. This would have
idercut Castro's constant complaint that the
. S. is a big ineffectual, spying, conniving
lly. A one-man embassy could not do any
pionage - or any other business that em-
,ssies (including Castro's) normally do.
But to do this President Eisenhower and
ecretary Herter would have needed far more
aaginativeness, resourcefulness, and sense
'humor than they have shown in the past.
his may well have been exactly what Castro
unted on.
HAVE HEARD it said that the U. S. action
was a hurried-up one in order to saddle
ennedy with an accomplished fact before
isenhower has to lay down his power. Such
notion seems to miss one of the known
Nphoprtrif a 1 41,... a v ,.r1RcdPn+ h.

I thought the best comment on the Cuban
diplomatic break came from UN Ambassador
designate Adlai Stevenson, who regretted "the
deterioration of relations that has resulted
in this decision being forced by the Cubans."
The real count against Eisenhower is not that
he broke the ties when he had little other
choice, but that he should never have allowed
things to come to that pass.
That is the trouble with any government
which does not know how to wage the war of
ideas (or politwar, as it is coming to be
called.) If you fail at that, then you are forced
by a constantly narrowing range of choices -
until at the end you have to do something
harsh and clumsy, like breaking relations or
calling out a fleet patrol or sending an air-
craft carrier into a trouble-area. A wise and
skillful government acts patiently, plans ahead,
and keeps the range of its choice broad.
CASTRO ON THE OTHER hand, knows the
the game of politwar, and is keeping his
choices open. Hence his rather obvious attempt
to drive a wedge between Eisenhower and'
Kennedy by saying that Cuba looks forward to
a new policy on the part of the incoming Ad-
ministration. This serves the double purpose
of splitting Cuba's opposition in the U. S. and
abroad and of unifying the support of Castro's
measure at home, since Kennedy has become
a figure of hope for so many Cubans.
Conceivably a Kennedy administration might
move to reestablish diplomatic ties, and con-
ceivably Castro would respond, and both
governments could save face. If it happened
it might spark a confidence-building process
on both sides. But I am skeptical of its happen-
ing. Castro needs the U. S. as an enemy in
order to save his regime and give it popular
support. As for his view of Kennedy, it is
worth noting that Ambassador Roa at the UN
Security Council meeting attacked Eisenhower
as a reactionary imperialist. Are we to assume
that Kennedy will be regarded as a liberal
imperialist? In Marxism this is an impossible

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editotial
responsibility. N o ti c e s should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
General Notices
Academic Costume: Can be rented at.
Moe Sport Shop, 711 North University
Ave., Ann Arbor. Orders for Midyear
Graduation Exercises should be placed
Attention January Graduates: College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
School of Education, School of Music,
School of Public Health, and School of
Business Administration: -Students
are advised not to request grades of I
or X in January. When such grades are
absolutely imperative, the work must
be made up in time to allow your in-
structor to report the make-up grade
not later than 8:30 a.m., Mon., Feb. 6,
1961. Grades received after that time
may deter the students' graduation un-
til a later date.
Recommendation for Departmental

Honors: Teaching departments wishing
to recommend tentative January grad-
uates from the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, for honors or
high honors should recommend such
students, by forwarding a. letter (in
two copies; one copy for Honors Coun-
cil, one copy for the Office of Registra-
tion and Records) to the Director, Hon-
ors Council, 1216 Angell Hall, by 4:00
p.m., Fri., .Feb. 3, 1961.
Teaching departments in the School
of Education should forward letters
directly to the Office of Registration
and Records, 1513 Admin. Bldg., by
8:30 a.m., Mon., Feb. 6, 1961.
Noticetostudent organizations. Ac-
tivities must be calendared so as to
take place before the seventh day prior
to the beginning of a final examina-
tion period. (niversity Regulations
Concerning Student, Affairs, Conduct,
and Discipline.)
Makeup Examination in Economics 51
for those who missed first and second
hour examinations, Thurs., Jan. 19 at
4:00 p.m., Room 101 Economics Bldg.
Doctoral Foreign Language Examina-
tions: The last doctoral, foreign lan-
guage reading examinations for this
(Continued from Page 5)



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