In Midwest, Pennsylvania
$AVENPORT, Iowa MA - Vice-
President Richard M. Nixon de-
clared yesterday Sen. John F.
Kennedy is betting on a reces-
sion but that the American peo-
ple are going to show Nov. 8
they don't agree with him.
The Republican presidential
nominee toured normally Repub-
lican downstate Illinois, accusing
his opponent of making "the
most disgraceful, irresponsible
statement of the campaign on the
nation's economic health."
The Vice-President is devoting
yesterday and today largely to
an all-out effort to capture Illi-
nois' 27 vital electoral votes. His
schedule brought him to Daven-
port last night for one Iowa
The Democratic nominee said in
Detroit Wednesday that the econ-
omy appeared to be slipping into
a third recession in the last eight
But Nixon said the same news-
papers which reported this state-
ment also carried stories that new
car sales were running at a rec-
ord high in early October.
This means, he declared in Dan-
ville, Ill., that "Americans who
ought to know are not betting on
recession. I say the American
people have got a lot more sense
than Sen. Kennedy."
At Mattoon, Ill., the Vice-Pres-
ident said "Sen. Kennedy is bet-
ting on recession but the Ameri-
can people are betting on pros-
"Sen. Kennedy is wrong and
the American people are right,
and that's why they are going to
Nixon said "there is no real
reason, other than opposition
gloom talk, why the economy
should head into a recession."
Nixon's party left his special
train at Carbondale, in southern
Illinois, yesterday after five days
of touring through five of the key
cities in the election.
He went back to airplanes at
RICHARD M. NIXON
"". sees prosperity
OSLO ()-There will be no 1960
Nobel Peace Prize.
The Nobel Committee of Nor-
way's Parliament announced this
decision yesterday and set aside
the prize money for next year.
The amount of the sequestered
prize was not disclosed. The 1959
award was $42,650. It went, to
The Peace award has now been
passed up 17 times since the No-
bel prizes were launched in 1901
from a fund established by Alfred
Nobel, the Swedish inventor of
dynamite. In three of those years,
the early World War II period of
1940-42, there was no prize for
peace or any of the other cate-
gories-physics, chemistry, medi-
cine and literature.
The Norwegian parliamentary
committee, charged under Nobel's
will with awarding the peace
prize, has never given a reason
for not doing so and didn't yes-
Prize for Peace
The will provides that the prize
is to go to "one who has done
most or best furthered the- broth-
erhood between peoples or done,
the most to abolish or reduce thei
standing armies, or for the estab-
lishment and extention of peace
Nine Americans have been so
honored. The first was Theodore
Roosevelt (1906), the last was
Gen. George C. Marshall (1953).
The 1960 Nobel prizes for medi-I
cine and literature have been
awarded and winners in chem-
istry and physics are to be named
The prize for medicine went to
Sir Frank MacFarlane Burnet, an
Australian, and Dr. Peter Brian
Medawar, a Briton. The literature
prize was awarded French poet
Says Democrats Act
WITH KENNEDY IN PENN-
SYLVANIA () - Sen. John F.
Kennedy struck heavily yester-
day at Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon's stand on unemployment.
"The Democrats gave you ac-
tion,"'he said. "The Republicans
gave you a lot of fancy arithme-
tic. And you can't put people to
work with arithmetic."
- Kennedy chose this sensitive
issue as he started an intensive
four-way drive to try to nail
down Pennsylvania's 32 electoral
He toured Northeastern Penn-
slyvania, much beset by high un-
employment and hit hard in the
pocketbook by the financial ail-
ments of the hard coal industry.
In a speech prepared for de-
livery last night in Scranton, Ken-
nedy charged that since 1956
three Democratic bills to aid de-
pressed areas were killed by Re-
publicans in Congress or vetoed
by President Dwight D. Eisenhow-
If he is elected Kennedy prom-
ised, such a bill will be passed
and signed next year. He quoted
Nixon as saying in a free econo-
my you can't have full employ-
ment "and that unless the num-
ber of jobless tops 4.5 million it
is not a significant issue in the
minds of many people."
Wants Full Employment
"Mr. Nixon says you can't have
full employment," Rennery said.
"I say we must have full employ-
Starting his grinding 15-hour
day in Bethlehem, Kennedy also
charged the Republican adminis-
tration has had two recessions in
six years and that a third is start-
In Scranton he said "most
economists now agree that anoth-
er recession is underway. The
Vice-President has denied this, of
course, but the figures speak for
themselves. , The gross national
product has fallen. Business is at
a lower level than six months ago.
Steel is at barely half capacity,
home building at two-thirds. Un-
employment has been at recession
levels for months.
"I am sure that the people of
Scranton and Pennsylvania do not
want to thrust their economic fu-
ture to a political party which
now threatens its third recession
in just six years."
Kennedy's unemployment - re-
cession theme was reflected in
the homemade signs held up by
the crowd at a speech at Mora-
vian College in Bethlehem. Many
spoke of a higher cost of living.
One said "Nixon says $1.25 an
hour is too much. Could Mr. Nix-
on live on this?"
Much of the territory Kennedy
traversed is traditionally Repub-
The intensity and scope of Ken-
nedy's Pennsylvania tour gives
some indication of the value his
strategists place on its 32 votes
and also of its possible closeness.
JACKSON, Tenn. WA')- Angry
white persons broke up a Negro
sit-in at a lunch counter Thurs-
day, hurling eggs and insults,
spraying the Negroes with insecti-
cide and finally hustling them
The five Lane College students,
two of them women, did not resist
when they were pulled from their
stools at the Woolworth's lunch
counter and pushed out the door.
The sudden eviction ended a
situation that had' lasted more
than three hours, becoming more
tense as the minutes dragged by.
About 100 white persons had clus-
tered near the Negroes.
-Last day Today-
The Folk Arts Festival
JOSH WHITE .
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PETE SEEGER .."APR. 14
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