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October 18, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-18

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Y1 e

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

4 Alb

Clear skies with northwesterly
winds of 10-20 m.p.h.

See Page 4 ,

qo. 25



Students PledgeAction

Southern Negro students havel
formally pledged themselves to in-
tensify and broaden their mass-
action protest against segregation.
Meeting in Atlanta last week-
end, several hundred students from
15 southern and border states re-

vealed plans to resume their wide-
spread non-violent crusade with
immediate emphasis on a nation-
wide election day demonstration.
The so-called Election Day
Project, meant to dramatize the
disenfranchisement of several
,1million southern Negroes, will be

--AP Wirephoto
dentist from Monroe, La., here describes for the United States
Civil Rights Commisslon how he and thousands of other voters
in his area were eliminated from the rolls in 1956. In response
to such stories, a number of Southern students are planning
intense voter registration campaigns through the South next
year. Listening to Reddix's story from his Commission seat is
Michigan State University President John Hannah (second from
Prof. Angell Considers
Admissions to Honors
Chances are that one out of every fe fr-ehmen in the literary
colege honors program will not be in it a year from now.
Students must maintain a 3.0 average to remain in honors.
Twenty-three, 18, and 21 per cent of the freshmen have been dropped
during the first three years of the program.
In addition, there are one or two honors students each year who
must leave the University altogether due to academic reasons. The
%su &au f hnwilriILtL1is 3 e

marked by banners declaring "In
the name of America's future, give
us the right to our future . , . give
us the ballot."
According to a resolution ap-
proved at the Atlanta conference,
three political requests are at the
center of the project:
1) Immediate action on civil
rights from the victorious presi-
dential candidate,
2) Defeat of the Congress coali-
tion of "Dixiecrat and reactionary
3) Acknowledgement that the
right to vote is a "basic and cru-
cial right in a democracy; one
which is exercised."
After the call from the South,
northern students will presum-
ably respond with sympathy dcm-
Sizable Number
In addition to the election day
protest, a sizable number of stu-
dents at Atlanta planned an all-
out drive to increase Negro voter
registration in some "hard-core"
segregationist areas of the Deep
South. Students will set up civil
rights schools next summer to pre-
pare the Negroes in certain con-
gressional districts to exercise
their franchise by the 1962 election
The discussion of voter regis-
tration was set in a context of
c h a n g i n g political affiliation
among the traditionally-Demq-
cratic Negro communities. In
Atlanta, many Negro establish-
ments display huge posters favor-
ing the candidacy of Vice-Presi-
dent Richard Nixon.
Advocate GOP
And even in some areas where
Sen. John Kennedy is the favorite,
many Negroes are advocating the
election of local GOP tickets.
Other results of the weekend
, 1) Adult participation: Leaders
of the Southern Christian Leader-
ship Conference, including the
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., are
arranging for the entrance of
adult Negroes into the mass action
drive, particularly in the larger
southern cities, by Jan. 1.
2) Variety stores: Students in-
formally agreed to continue sit-ins
at lunch counters in the Southern
outlets of Northern chain stores.
As a measure of their success so
far they pointed to the integra-
tion of hundreds of lunch counters
in 112 cities and a statement from
F. W. Woolworth, Kress, Grant,
and McCrory - McLellan stores
seeking a cessation of the national
picket protest and economic boy-
Other Areas
3) Other areas for direct action:
Recognizing the direct action
movement has since February
moved beyond the lunch counters,
students indicated they will apply
the same tactics against any dis-
criminatory institutions they find.
The first large eruptions are ex-
pected next week in Nashville and
In addition, students will soon
attempt a peaceful protest
throughout "hard core" areas in
Mississippi and Alabama, intend-
ing to be arrested and "fill the
jails" in both states.
4) Organization: Perpetuation
of the Student Non-Violent Co
ordinating Committee, official ad-
ministrator of the southern move-
ment, was unanimously approved.

S ets Code,
Of Ethics
By The Associated Press
Sen. John F. Kennedy turned to
new political ground yesterday as
he called for, an eight-point ethi-
cal code intended to keep govern-
ment free of "crooks and weak-
Vice-President Richard M. Nix-
on kept swinging at the Massa-
chusetts senator on the Quemoy-
Matsu issue.
Nixon hopped around Connecti-
cut, speaking at New Haven,
Hartford and Bridgeport. He
drew sizable and enthusiastic
crowds in all three cities before
being on to Buffalo.
Hits Quemoy Issue
Nixon .zeroed in on Kennedy's
Quemoy-Matsu position bfore an
overflow crowd last night at Buf-
falo's War Memorial Auditorium.
Nixon accused Kennedy of mak-
ing a grave mistake in calling for
steps that might get the West out
of the little islands off the shore
of Red China. He said the Demo-
cratic presidential nominee show-
ed "dangerous immaturity in
world affairs," and if he had been
President and had made such a
blunder "the free world simply
couldn't have afforded it."
Stiffest Since Debate
The Republican presidential
candidate's attack on the foreign
stand of his opponent was his stif-
fest since the issue was raised in
their second television debate,
He proposed a "moratorium on
any more rash, immature state-
ments" and said Kennedy should
"start thinking before he talks."
Campaigning in Ohio, the Dem-
ocratic presidential candidate said
at Wittenberg University in
Springfield, that in offering his
code of ethics in government "I
am making no charges and men-
tioning no names for history
See Related Story, Page 3
teaches us that no party has a
monopoly on honesty. Both par-
ties attract their share of crooks
and weaklings.
"But that does not mean that
these problems are incapable of
solution. That does not mean that
a campaign promise is enough. A
new administration must screen
out those who regard government
service as the door to power or
wealth-those who cannot dis-
tinguish between private gain and
public trust-and those who be-
lieve that old-fashioned honesty
with the public's money is both
old and out of fashion.
Congo Capital
Tries Curfew
To Gain Order
was imposed on populous Leopold-
ville province last night in an
effort to curb an outbreak of ter-
rorist attacks and robberies.
The curfew runs from 8 p.m. to
5:30 a.m.
Provincial authorities issued the
order, which affects the Congo's
capital and such other cities as
the ports of Boma and Matadi.

Back Neutralist




.. <' IM ovEnds

By Riissian
assistance Include
Direct Pay Checks
To Royal Soldier
States has ordered resumptic
its big military assistance
gram to Laos, including direci
ary payments to the 25,000-
royal army, State Departmen
ficials said last night.
The action ended a suspei
of 10 days or more during a
the Soviet Union sought to :
into the vacuum with an off
aid to neutralist Premier Sot
na Phouma.
The decision to resume Ar
can aid which amounts to a
$46 million a year stemmed
talks with Phouma in the
capital of Vientiane by tro
shooter J. Graham Parsons
sistant secretary of state fo:
Far East.
The United States had disa
with Phouma in the timing o
peace talks with the Commu
directed Pathet-Lao guer
which are now Under way.

Lao Ai(

--AP Wirephoto
E.ISENHOWER GRIN--Tn Detroit yesterday for a major speech and a visit to the National Auto-
mobile Show, President Dwight D. Eisenhower got a replica of the "Spirit of Detroit" from Mayor
Louis C. Miriani.
U.S. Ike Asks Added Efforts


"Voice -- the new campus
political party - will interview
prospective members of its ticet
in the upcoming Student Govern-
ment Council election.
The interviews are set for 7:30
p.m, today in Rm. N of the Union,
Candidates will be asked four
pre-announced questions and four
extemporaneous questions designed
"to show their knowledge of the
University's problems, their im-
agination and creativity, and to
determine their positions in re-
lation to the basic philosophy of
the platform," Sharon Jeffry, '63,
"Voice" elections committee chair-
man, said.
They will be asked to comment
on the campus judicial system and
what they feel would be the ideal
residence hall living unit.
Other questions concern: what
the university should do in on
and off-campus housing; whether
there is a difference between
civil liberties and academic free-
dom; what kind of leadership the
SGC can and should provide.
Students interested in running
on the "Voice" tickets have been
asked to submit preliminary
drafts of their platforms to the
committee for consideration prior
to the interview.
Local Council
Endorses Plan.
For Conclave
'The City Council spoke out last
night in favor of the state consti-
tltional convention proposal on
the Nov. 8 ballot.
The council unanimously ap-
proved a communication from
Mayor Cecil O. Creal endorsing a
resolution by the Michigan Muni-
cipal League which explained and

appy o nonors students is re-
plenished with students who
achieve a 3.5 average during their
first semester, if other indications
of their ability are favorable.
Basic Problem
But the basic problem of initial
selection of honors students re-
mains - there are students who
have the ability on paper but do
not perform, and there are stu-
dents who do better at the Uni-
versity than their high school rec-
ords and test scores would indi-
Prof. Robert C. Angell of the
sociology department, director of
the Honors Council, attributes
most of the blame to the failure of
students to simple lack of effort.
To lessen the dropout rate,
either the standard set for elimi-
nation must be lowered, or the
selection of students for the pro-
gram must be refined. The first is
not likely to happen, since the 3.0
standard is viewed as being the
best possible criteria by the hon-
ors policy-makers.
Enlists Help
And while a 20 per cent rate of
failure is to be expected in such
a selection process, the honors
program is enlisting the help of
University social scientists to see
what can be done.
At present a combination of
College Board scores and reports
from individual high schools is
used in selection; standards are a
little higher for the University
honors program than for the
freshman class at Harvard.
Prof. Angell says "supplemen-
tary criteria" must be established
for improvement, and he thinks
that creativity may be one which
has not been given enough weight.
Associates Test
Prof. Sarnoff A. Mednick of th
psychology department is working
on a Remote Associates test, while
Prof. Benno G. Fricke of the Uni-
versity's evaluation and examina-
tions division has enlisted ratings
of students by the faculty in an
attempt to identify creativity.
Professors were asked to submit
lists of students they felt were
unusually creative, and students

DETROIT {-)-President Dwight
D. Eisenhower warned last night
that the Pied Piper's tune of Com-
munist propagandists is everlast-
ingly trying to lure more nationst
out of the free world camp.
He called for redoubled efforts
around the globe to prevent this,
"The stop watch of history is"
running," the President said in1
an address prepared for the 43rd!
National Automobile Show din-
ner. "The race is on to see wheth-¢
er the material and spiritual needsl
of the world will be better met
through dictatorial control, com-
munized enterprise, immorality,
and inhumanity, or through free-
dom, private enterprise, and co-
operative action, inspired by the]
concepts of religious morality and
respect for human dignity.",
President Eisenhower, set forth4
these views after flying in from1
Washington to start a nine-day
cross country tour which the
White House is calling nonpoliti-
Banish Poverty
The President declared, "We
can, we must banish poverty in
America," and then added, "but
we cannot, if labor and manage-
nment behave as adolescents in-
stead of adults, not if they ignore
the national welfare by deadlock-
ing for protracted periods with
painful effects upon the economy
before composing their differ-
"No longer can this nation per-]
mit either group to draft its feet
in adopting preventive measures
for the prompt settlement of in-
dustrial disputes." .

In dealing with the internation-
al situation the President said the
Communist propagandists tempt
the disadvantaged (free nations)
to believe that communism is the
only way. Thus, they boast, that
the Soviet Union will soon out-
strip even the United States in
To Look Behind
"We must continue to try to
get the under-privileged to look
behind this claim," he said. -
Touching indirectly then on
Sen. John F. Kennedy's conten-
tion that the Soviet Union's pro-
duction is increasing at a swifter
pace than America's, President
Eisenhower said:
"It is not surprising that pro-
ductivity is increasing at a fast-
er rate in Russia than it is in the
United States. Indeed, it would be
surprising if this were not so, for,
-the Bolsheviks started, some 40
years ago, at a very low level, and
channel all production according
to political need.

"Yet even if we accepted the
claim that a communiz_ a system
will eventually equal ouk pro-
ductivity-which, of course, vedo!
not-we would reject it (the Lys-
tem) for a complete communiza
tion of the means of production
will succeed only under a dicta-
torship. We would prefer poverty
in freedom to riches In slavery."
"This means," he said, "that
there must be a new, true spirit of
common dedication to freedom
pervading the relationships of all
free nations."
The President said that if the
free world community is to per-
severe and prosper every one of
its >member nations must contri-
bute to the "total cooperative
enterprise to the utmost of its
ability.",He added:
"No nation is so rich or strong
that it dares to stand aloof. No
nation is so poor that it cannot
make a vital contribution."

Nixon Rejects Kennedy Bid
For Extra Televised Debate
WASHINGTON (P)-Vice-President Richard M. Nixon yesterday
turned down the idea of a fifth television date with Sen. John F.
Kennedy urged that he reconsider. -
The two presidential candidates took stands which indicated
small chance of agreement on anything beyond the fourth date, next
Friday night. Republican Nixon said he couldn't change his schedule

Shows Backbone.
But the neutralist Lao Prem
has shown backbone in the f
conditions he has laid down
negotiating with the Pathet-I
leaders, the State Departm(
These conditions are first t
the Pathet-Lao must get out
the northern garrison town
In announeing on Oct. " 0
U..ad had been suspend
State Departnbent press off
Francis W Tully, Jr., said t
"fractionalization of the royal
army lies at the heart of the pr
lem ."
Army Splits
This referred to the split
the Army between followers
paratroop Captain Kong Le R
led an Aug. 9 coup which ouw
the pro-Western government
Laos and troops loyal to righi
Gen. Phoumi Nosavan.
Word of the reversal of the Ur
ed States position came a
hours after reports from Vienti
that Souvanna had turned do
two offers by Parsons for resun
tion of aid because of conditi
attached by the United States
The Premier was repor
weighing the Russian aid of
which was made Saturday wl
Soviet Ambassador Nikitich Ara
ov presented his credentials.
In Vientiane, Souvanna c
firmed published reports that c
ditions attached to renewal of
were suspension of peace to
with Pathet Lao and removal
the administrative capital fr
Vientiane to the royal seat
Lu ang Prabang, where King 0
vang Vathana could exercise
closer watch on the neutra
oard Meets
To Administe
New College
LANSING (R) - Plans got
the ground yesterday for Mic
ga4's tenth and newest instituw
of higher learning - the so-ca
Grand Valley College -in
southwestern part of the state
Seven of the nine board of c
trol members met for the first t
in Lansing yesterday after be
sworn in by Gov. G. Mennen M
liams, and being handed the I
of picking a site, planning c
riculum and raising $1 million
Board members agreed to I
a professional education admi
trator to work full-time, to appo
a citizens advisory committee
a board finance committee.
The new college will serve
area covering Kent, Newaygo,
tawa, Muskegon, Barry, Io


iner Attempts o Compose Opera

to permit another debate with
Kennedy later than Friday night;
he did offer to extend their debate
that evening to include questions
from the public as well as news-

Although Jerome Hines, bass with the Metropolitan Opera Com-
pany, is well-known, Jerome Hines, operatic composer, is an unfamiliar'
figure to many people.
As a serious part of his musical work, Hines has undertaken to
write a three-part opera on the life of Christ. Begun in 1950, the
three-part work is about half finished; it is Hines's first attempt.
The initial part, which has been performed 33 times, is entitled,
"I Am the Way"; the other two sections are called, "I Am the
Truth," and "I Am the Life."
Baptism of Christ
The period from the baptism of Christ to the Sermon on the
Mount is covered in the first opera. The next work is planned to
deal with the time following the Sermon on the Mount until the
resurrection of Lazarus; the last work will deal with the last week.
Hines said that he first undertook writing the opera as a hobby,
when he realized that there was no operatic passion play being
performed. While he was working on it, he underwent a religious
conversion, and the writing became "serious business."
After his conversion experience, he did extensive work with the
Salvation Army, and so, when his opera was first performed, the
cast was made up of "converts from Brooklyn's Skid Row." The
production was "packed full of memorable experiences."

Kennedy Frowns
Democrat Kennedy had already
frowned on a Nixon suggestion to
run Friday's show for two hours,
instead of one, saying he doubted
they could hold public interest
that long. He said in a statement
in Ohio today that Nixon has re-
fused to move back their fourth
debate to a time nearer the Nov.
8 election, in addition to turning
down the idea of a fifth debate.
"It is difficult to understand,"
Kennedy said, "why Nixon has
persisted in trying to cut off de-
bate 18 days before the election
and will not permit the American
people to hear a discussion of the
issues as they develop in one of
the most important elections in
our history.
Aide Comments
Fred C. Scribner, a Nixon aide,
explained in Washington, "The
original agreement was for four
debates and their dates and forms
were arrived at by negotiation by

-~ -

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