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October 14, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-14

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THE~ MICHIGAN DAILY

I

Khrushchev

Leaves

U.S.;

Republicans Unable
To Control Senate

UN

Rejects

U-2

Debate

IN ASSEMBLY:

Soviet Bloc,

Neutral Nations Attack Red Propaganda

UNITED NATIONS (R) - Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev's drive
to win the good will of uncomit-
ted and underdeveloped nations
backfired yesterday.
He and other Soviet bloc dele-
gates came under sharp Asian-
African criticism for trying to in-
ject propaganda into the debate
on colonialism.
The 99-nation world organiza-
tion by acclamation unanimously
approved Khrushchev's call for, a
full Assembly debate on colonial-

ism. But
clear the
ened to
Moscow
rope.

t it became immediatel3
e debate would be broad-
take up the question of
domination of East Eu-

Rebuked by Leaders
Before the vote Khrushchev and
his satellite leaders came in for
some stinging rebuke from two
Asian-African leaders.
President Sekou Toure of Gui-
nea, whose country has lined u;
with the Soviet bloc on United

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ations issues, declared "we re-
et deeply, and bitterly deplore"
e statement by Romania's Ed-
rd Mezincescu that led Assem-
ly President Frederick H. Boland
bring Wednesday night's session
an abrupt end.
He appealed to "the group .to
hich the Romanian delegate be-
gs" to avoid propaganda that
ould obscure the ideal to which
ian-African nations are dedi-
ted-"freedom and the right of
If-determination."

Ambassador Speaks
Even tougher words came from
Ambassador Rishikesh Shaha of
Nepal, also a member of the Asian-
African bloc.
Shaha expressed deep concern
over the "sound and fury, all these
ugly gestures" that accompanied
Wednesday's debate. He said As-
ian and African nations would not
be bullied.
"The president of the Assembly
has been under attack," he said.
"The sanctity of the Assembly
has been under attack."
No Blackmail
'I speak for all African and
Asian countries when I say we
are not prepared to be blackmail-
ed by any threats of power or
might.. . .all the representatives
of this Assembly must have drawn,
their own conclusions from the1
actions of those who struck pos-
tures as champions of freedom."I
Western sources predicted the
United States and other Western
powers would be certain to tie in
the Soviet role in Eastern Europe
with any Assembly resolution on
colonialism.
Rift Appears
In Leadership
Of Congolese
LEOPOLDVILLE (A-A rift be-
tween the Congo's young ruling
leaders and the national army ap-
peared yesterday, adding more
confusion to the Congolese crisis.
Col. Joseph Mobutu, the Army'
commander, announced he had no
intention of shedding blood to
get Patrice Lumumba away from
United Nations guards shielding
the deposed premier from arrest
by Mobutu's troops.
Mobutu thus undercut the war
threats hurled by Chief Commis-
sioner Justin Bomboko and his
colleagues in the standby govern-
ment group that Mobutu himself
had brought to power. Bomboko
had threatened to use force
against the United Nations troops
guarding Lumumba's villa unless
they surrendered him.
"Mobutu has been brainwashed
by the United Nations," said Al-
bert Bolela, information commis-
sioner in the young Congolese
group.

Cubans Vote
With Russia
USSR Leader Asks
For Official Apology
UNITED NATIONS (W) - Pre-
mier Nikita Khrushchev said fare-
well to the United Nations Gen-
eral Assembly yesterday, and it
jolted him once again by over-
whelmingly rejecting his demand
for direct debate on his spy plane
charges against the United States.
Khrushchev left for Moscow last
night in a Russian TU-114 turbo-
prop airliner. The departure ended
his second visit to this country,
which lasted for 25 days of the
15th annual UN General As-
sembly session.
The vote was 54 against rais-
ing the debate in the full Assem-
bly, 10 in favor, with 33 abstain-
ing. Most African and Asian
countries abstained. Cuba was the
only non-Soviet bloc country to
vote with the Russians.
Three Speeches
Khrushchev made three separ-
ate trips to the rostrum: One to
accuse the United States of try-
ing "to wiggle out" of the colonial-
ism issue, another to read a
speech demanding a United States
apology for spy plane incidents,
and the third for an extemporan-
eous delivery of a series of threats.
Khrushchev took the rostrum
to reply to the United States,
which had dismissed his charges,
ignored his demand for an apolo-
gy and pointed out that the Se-
curity Council in two sessions had
found no basis in the Soviet
charges of spy plane aggression.

By SID MOODY
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
There's one election battle even
the Republicans say they can't
win.
That's control of the United
States Senate.
Only a miraculous sweep of the
southern Senate contests could
give the GOP Senate control and
miracles like that just don't hap-
pen.
When the Senate adjourned Just
before Labor Day, the Democrats
held a 66-34 edge. There are 34
races for Senate seats this Novem-
ber and eight of them are in the
deep South where electing Demo-
cratic senators is a tradition.
Several more border states which
habitually elect Democrats also
have Senate contests. But even if
the Republicans win all the doubt-
ful states and hold on to the seats
they have, a majority is out of
reach.
Of the seats up for election, the
GOP holds 11 and the Democrats
23. Some of the Republican seats
are in states where the Democrats
have taken on winning habits in
recent years. Sen. Clifford P. Case
in New Jersey is the sole Republi-
can holding statewide office and
Sen. Leverett Saltonstall of Massa-
chusetts is running for re-election
in Sen. John Kennedy's home
state where Democrat strength is
on the increase.

The Republicans also have a
long road to go in the House. To
win control they will have to over-
come a wide 281-152 margin held
by the Democrats in the last Con-
gress. There are five vacancies in
the House to be filled.
All the House seats are up for
re-election.
Laos Greets
A-mbassador
VIENTIANE, Laos (P)--Alex-
ander Abramov, first Soviet am-
bassador to Laos, arrived yester-
day proclaiming neutrality is the
best policy for the countries of
Southeast Asia.
Abramov declined to say if the
Soviet Union was prepared to of-
fer aid to the hard-pressed Lao-
tian government and avoided
comment on the recent suspension
of American aid to Laos. He prom-
ised, however, to say something on
both subjects as soon as he has
presented his credentials to the
king.

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U.S. Remind

ded

1

Khrushchev reminded the Unit-
ed States the Russians shot down
the U-2 plane last May.
"We'll shoot down any others
and hit at bases from which such
planes take off for our countries
... imperialist colonizers will not
drive us to our knees.....we are
capable of defending our borders
.. .if you want war, keep provok-
ing it and you'll get war if you
want it. We have no choice...we
rely on our own strength...we
warn the Pentagon we will rebuff
them."
Presents Proposal
He then presented a proposal
seeking to lump his "general and
complete disarmament" proposal
to his suggestion that the United
Nations secretary-general's job be
abolished and replaced with a
three-man, veto-wielding execu-
tive.
If this was not done, said
Khrushchev, the Russians would
refuse to work in the 99-nation
United Nations Political Commit-
tee, or in disarmament commit-
tees. The Political Committee is
the one to which his spy plane
charges have been referred.

Recover Mice
After Voyage
In Nose-Cone
CAPE CANAVERAL (MP-Three
mice rode a missile nose cone 700
miles into space yesterday.
They survived radiation, weight-
lessness and a blazing dive back
through the earth's atmosphere.
They were recovered alive and in
good condition.
The Air Force reported the mice
appeared to have suffered no
harmful effects during the jar-
ring 25-minute journey in an At-j
las cone, making them the first
livingncreatures returnedalive
from this distance in space.
The mice made the radiation
ride in a miniature model of a
man-in-space capsule. The experi-
ment, which took the mice into
the dangerous Van Allen radia-
tion belt at speeds up to 18,000
miles an hour, was another step
toward man's eventual leap into
space.
Cuba Executes
U.S. Citizen
HAVANA (P) - Cuban firing
squads yesterday executed an
American adventurer and 12 Cu-
bans only hours after they were
convicted of trying to topple Fi-
del Castro's government.
Despite a last-minute United
States appeal for clemency, An-
thony Zarba of Somerville, Mass.,
was shot and buried in Santiago.
He was the first American execut-
ed in Cuba since Castro seized
power.

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