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October 14, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-14

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Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom


Partly cloudy, continued warm.
scattered thundershwers

w~v V W~W ~Y i~dh













Sit-In Cessation
Firms Tell NSA Representatives
Movement Should Shift Emphasis
Four variety store chains have, in effect, told United
States students in the sit-in movement that they have made
their point and should shift their activities to other areas.
In a statement issued yesterday in New York, F. W. Wool-
worth Co., W. T. Grant Co., S. H. Kress and Co. and McCrory-
McLellan Stores pointed to progress they have made in inte-
grating their branches and argued that continued variety
store sit-ins will be unprofitable because of this progress.
The statement was issued against a background of wan-
ing interest in the variety store sit-in movement. The four



... labor and liberties

Says Unions
Must Iinsure
Civil Rfights
"Trade unions can exist only in
a society of civil liberties, and can
only be healthy when guaranteeing
these same liberties to their mem-
bers," Arthur Goldberg told a
Challenge audience yesterday.
He discussed the relationship of
labor to civil liberties in the coun-
try as a whole, in labor-manage-
ment relations, and within the
labor union itself.
The life and vitality of the
trade union movement are based!
on constitutional guarantees, he
said, since liberty may take eco-
nomic as well as political forms.
Liberating Force
Goldberg doesn't consider gov-
ernment control in the form of
the Sherman Anti-Trust Act as
a denial of civil liberties but a
liberating force.
Definig civil liberties as the in-
dividual's relative freedom to as-
sert his rights as an individual
on the job, he stressed the neces-
sity of collective action to insure
these rights.
Must Have Rights
Within the union, individuals
must have "full rights of citizen-E
ship" including the right to criti-
cize, the right to vote for officers,
and subjection to "due process of
"The right of a member to
civil liberties doesn't extend to
undermining the union institu-
tion," he explained, defending the
union's right to expel members
seeking secession from the union.
"Civil liberties within the unions
must be won by active non-
acquiescence to the abnegation of:
these rights. The unions and the I
public must be increasingly aware
that the protection of the rights
of labor unions will result in the
union's protection of the rights
of the individual," he said.
Plan Forum
O new Tests
For* SE3nimnr

companies suggest that other food
and merchandise stores, including
department and drug stores are not
integrated. "And many churches
and civic organizations are not
fully integrated, not to mention
schools and public institutions."
Issued at Meeting
The statement was issued at a
meeting between officials of the
four companies and five represen-
tatives of the United States Na-
tional Students Association, in-
cluding S t u d e n t Government
Council President John Feldkamp,
'61, who is chairman of NSA'st
National Executive Committee.
Two of the NSA representatives,
will convey the companies' state-
ment to the Student Non-Violent
Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
which is nieeting today in Atlanta,.
NSA has not endorsed the com-
panies' position, Feldkamp said.
It is only going to explain the
companies' stand on the situation
and the reasons why they feel
continued picketing and boycot-
ting of their stores are not justi-
No Advice Given
NSA, Feldkamp said, is also
looking for a time when they too
might end sit-in and picket move-
ments as applied to variety stores,"
but it is not giving advice to
SNCC which is free to act as it
However, the SNCC conference
was called because the sit-in
movement is bogging down, Feld-
kamp said. The reason may be
"that the situation they are pro-
testing is pretty much remedied."
"Students are going to have to
be aware that they could go be-
yond the point of no return-ifl
they continue to work on varietyj
stores, it is questionable that they1
will receive continued support.
"And without widespread sup-]
port the sit-ins lack effectiveness."
"It now looks as if support isx
falling,' Feldkamp continued. "Iff
they persist in wanting to work
in an area in which they cannotl
get support, they are unwise.
"NSA supports the principle ofl
See CHAIN, Page 5c

PARIS W -Premier Michel
Debre yesterday introduced in a
lukewarm Parliament a $1.2 bil-
lion plan to arm France with its
own nuclear striking force.
The proposal has already drawn
hot criticism from all sides.
Debre argued that the plan for
a national atomic striking force
did not mean France was throw
tho-ing over its alliances to go it
alone-as some critics charge-
and withdrawing into neutralism.
"The first point of French for-
eign policy is the maintenance
and development of the Western
alliance, whose instrument is the
Atlantic Pact," Debre declared.
"It will have solidity and durabil-
ity only if it is the expression of
solidarity of the free world in
every place."
That was a reference to Algeria,
where he said there was no West-
ern solidarity. But he insisted that
in fighting the Algerian National-
ists, France was defending the
In defending the costly atomic
force proposal, Debre sai' the
present distribution of strategic
responsibilities among the Allies
was unequal with the United
States "in fact keeping the mon-
opoly of using atomic weapons,"
As for French reluctance to
integrate its forces in the Western
alliance, Debre said that in fact
the government was ready to ac-
cept integration but ."no one is
ready to integrate his deterrent
(nuclear) forces."
Critics also have charged that
the deterrent force is beyond
France's financial means and'
would cause reduction in commit-
ments to the Western alliance.
But Debre insisted the plans was
"studied with prudence."
The bill provides for studies and
experimental work.
GOP Nominee
Favors Negro
For Cabinet
Republican vice-presidential nomi-
nee Henry Cabot Lodge said here
yesterday Cabinet posts should rgo
to capable people regardless of
race or creed,
Lodge told newsmen on his ar-
rival here for a GOP rally spe -ch
that while Cabinet appointments
are matters for the President to
handle, he would favor a Negro,
in the Cabinet of Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon, should Nixo'i
win the November election.

Sen. John F, Kennedy and Vice-
President R .chard Nixon spurned
the re;:giou Issue but clashed on
the suddenly-mushroomed issue of
defending Quemoy and Matsu and
on what it would cost to do things
for America
Nixon, for example, said Ken-
nedy's farm program would raise
good rornts 25 per cent. "Not true,"
Kenn ,dy fired back.
Thy did agree that the United
States is bound to stand by com-
mitments to defend Berlin,
Discuss Quemoy, Matsu
There was no difference from
the last debate on the point of
yielding Quemoy and Matsu Is-
But Kennedy again insisted that
it is Formosa and the Pescadores
Islands, farther out, that must be
defended under any circumstances
--according to United States trea-
t y obligations. He said Nixon was
going further than the Eisenhow-
er administration in urging de-
fense of Quemoy and Matsu.
The Vice-President said Kenne-
dy's position only encourages the
Chinese Communists to press
America to the point "where war
is inevitable." Nothing, he said,
could be a greater blow to the
free nations of Asia than for the
country to go along with Kenne-;
Fact Distorteda
For his part, Kennedy fired
back that he didn't "think it pos-
sible for Nixon to state the rec-
ord with more distortion of fact."I
Furthermore, Kennedy said,I
Nixon never has protested whatI
the senator termed Communistt

seizure of Cuba, Just 90 miles from
For the first time in one of
these appearances with a nation
looking and listening in, the is-
sue of Kennedy's Roman Catholic
religion came up.
Roscoe Drummond, columnist
for the New York Herald Tribune,
said Rep. Adam Clayton Powell
(D-N.Y.), a Negro, and Gov. Mi-
chael V. DiSalle of Ohio, a Cath-
olic, have been saying bigots and
members of the Ku Klux Klan
are going to vote for Nixon. In
Columbus, DiSalle said he had
been misquoted. Drummond asked
Kennedy the purpose of this sort
of thing and how he feels about
Kennedy Disapproves
The senator said he disapproves.
He said he had heard that the
head of the Klan in Florida had
come out for Nixon but that "I
IQC Backs
PartieipaiNion 11
The Inter-Quadrangle Council
moved last night to establish an
associate membership program for
interested freshmen who live in
Ann Arbor and are not residents;
in the quadrangle system.
It will allow non-resident fresh-l
men to participate in social, ath-
letic and political affairs ofa
houses which volunteer to acceptI
them. IQC would serve as coor-
dinating authority.

do not suggest in any way" thai
Nixon is involved with the Klar
or its support.-
Nixon said he welcomed the op-
portunity before what he called
the largest audience in history
"to join Kennedy completely in re-
jecting the religious issue."
Plenty of other topics got a
going over-the nation's gold sup-
ply, economic growth, oil depletion
allowances, United States military
strength, the budget, disarma-
ment, labor legislation.
On that latter item, Nixon con-
tended Kennedy indicated last Oc-
tober he favored compulsory ar-
bitration of major strikes. Ken-
nedy said he never did any such
Nixon was asked if he believes
new laws are needed to protect
the public against labor union ex-
In this area, he said, the laws
that should be passed are ones
that will givethe president more
weapons to deal with big strikes
affecting the national interest.
opposes Compulsion
Nixon said he was opposed to
compulsory arbitration or to gov-
ernment seizure. That, he said,
would lead to wage and price con-
trols "and all the things we do
not want."
The president, Kennedy said,
should be given more tools to cope
with major strikes. An additional
power, he said, would be seizure,
but there should be authority to
protect both sides so neither la-
bor nor management "would know
which powers" were going to be


--Dally-James Warneka
DEMOCRATIC NOMrNEE - Sen. John F.. Kennedy was greeted by approximately 10,000 cheering
students as he arrived in front of the Union early this morning. He will begin his second trip
through Michigan today. On Kennedy's immediate right at the microphone is Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams and to Williams' right is Democratic gubernatorial candidate, Lt. Gov. John B. Swainson. At
Kennedy's left i Thomas Payne, candidate for the United States House of Representatives from
the Ann Arbor area,
Kennedy, Nixon Hold Third Debate
By The Associated Press I

Crowd elcomles
Senator at Union
Tells Crowd U.S. Can Avoid War;
Stresses JProgress at Willow Run
Sen. John F. Kennedy, fresh from his nationally televised
debate with Vice-President Richard M. Nixon, called upon the
American people "to recognize the responsibilities and oppor-
tunities ... for this country to move ahead," on his arrival
at Willow Run Airport early this morning.
After his 10-minute talk at the airport, Kennedy was
rushed to the Michigan Union. He arrived at 1:40 a.m. and
spoke briefly to -the 10,000 students assembled in front of the
The Massachusetts senator, speaking before cheering
masses of students, said the problem facing the American peo-
ple was to prove that "it ism
possible for us in the next dec-
ade, by good judgment, re-
sponsibility and great fore-
sight, to avoid military ac-
Calls on Students
He called upon the students\ to
comprehend the nature of the sit-
uation facing America today and -
to offer themselves 'to the cause
of the United States.
Kennedy emphasized that he did
not ask the student group for its
political support "but your support
for this country over the next
The future of this country and
"all those who look to the United
States with any degree of hope"
depends not only upon the presi-
dent but also "depends heavily on
the people"
The Union crowd yelled and
asked for more from the Demo-
crattic presidential hopeful, but
the senator asked to be excused
from speaking any longer.
"I came here to sleep," he ad-


Pirates Out-Blast, Outlast Yankees

| Speaks at Airport
At Willow Run, Kennedy said
"The same opportunities, problems
and responsibilities which Michi
gan faces, the United States
The goal of every American
should' be to make the United
States a "stronger and bette
He also got in a slam at th
Republican Party.
"I cannot believe the American
people will support a party which
has stood still for the past 50
years," he remarked.
The Democratic presidential
hopeful was 45 minutes late in
arriving at Willow Run- and three
impromptu stops in the motor-
cade's Journey to Ann Arbor made
him even later.
Two demonstrations by East-
ern Michigan University students
in Ypsilanti forced him to talk
briefly to these crowds.
Kennedy faces a strenuous
nine-city, whistle-stop train tour
of the state beginning at 8:45 a.m.
today when he is scheduled to
speak at the Ann Arbor train de-
University President -H a rl a n
Hatcher is scheduled to meet
briefly with the Democratic can-
didate today before the trip to the
train station.
The senator was accompanied
by Gov. G. Mennen Williams and
Lt. Gov. John B. Swainson from
the airport to the Union where
they stayed overnight. Sen. Pat-
rick McNamara (D-Mich.) is ex-
pected to join Kennedy on the
platform at the station this morn-
This is the first time many can
recall that a presidential candidate
has stayed overnight in Ann Arbor
during the campaign.
Kennedy's first Michigan visit
was in Detroit where he spoke
to the Veterans of Foreign Wars
Republicans will have a chance
to see their standard bearer on
Oct. 27, when Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon makes a whistle-
stop talk here. GOP vice-presiden-
tial candidate Henry Cabot Lodge
has cancelled a tentative speaking
engagement in the city previously
set for late October. He dropped
the visit when it was certain Nixon
woul dappear in Ann Arbor on
about the same day.

S... meet at airport
SGroup Plans
To Present
a Case atWU
After a fruitless attempt to
bring the question of re-imposing
the ban against Communist speak-
ers at Wayne State University
before the schools Board of Gov-
ernors on Wednesday, petition
leaders promised yesterday that
they would present their case at
the next board meeting, Nov. 16.
"They'll have to fill this place
with chairs when we come again
because we are going to stack the
y'place," Ann Byerle'n, one of the
protest movement leaders, said
yesterday. Her group had been un-
able to gain a place on the
Board's Wednesday agenda.
""This meeting does not consid-
er statements from anyone who
chooses to drop in," Leonard
Woodcock, a member of the board,
told the group. "If you wartt to
be considered at our meetings, you
must have a request in 10 days
before the meeting so the board
will have time to study the issue.
Miss Byerlein said that in a
little more than two weeks the
number of signatures obtained on
the petitions is "well over 25,000,"
the- original goal.
"We have seen students made
pawns of the Communists since-.
this country recognized the Soviet
Union," Miss Byerlein said. "This
question at Wayne has to be
brought out into the open now
because the danger is now."
EMU Requests
Record Budget
Eastern Michigan University has
requested a record operating bud-
get of nearly $5 million for 1961-
62, President Eugene B. Elliott

PITTSBURGH -P)-Bill Mazeroski's leadoff home run in the ninth
inning yesterday brought the fighting Pittsburgh Pirates a 10-9 vic-
tory over the New York Yankees and their first World Series cham-
pionship in 35 years.
The stalwart second baseman's blast over the left field wall came
on the second pitch thrown by Ralph Terry, the Yankees' fifth pitch-
er, and touched off a mad, Joyous celebration in Forbes Field.
Use Yankees Weapon
Thus the Pirates beat the Yankees with the American League
champions own prized weapon-the home run. The Pirates, who
had hit only one four-bagger in the previous six games, smashed
three yestreday. The Yanks clubbed two homers, by Moose Skowron
and Yogi Berra, for a total of ten.
But the huge hitting advantage of the Yankees went for nothing
in the end against the scrapping Pirates.
The Pirates assumed a quick 4-0 advantage in two innings on
Rocky Nelson's two-run homer in the first and Bill Virdon's two-run
single in the second.
Skowron's Homer First
Skowron's homer in the fifth gave the Yankees their first run
off starter Vernon Law, the two-game winner with the help of Elroy
Face. The Yanks then clubbed Law and Face for four runs, climaxed
by Yogi Berra's three-run homer, in the sixth and a 5-4 New York
The Yanks added two more runs off Face in the eighth on three

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