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October 08, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-08

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UN Delays China Dee
East-West Nearing Clash

Soviet Head
Rebel State
challenge to French President
Charles de Gaulle, Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev yesterday
recognized the Algerian rebel
leadership as in fact a government.
The French government has
threatened to break relations with
the Soviet Union if it recognized
the North African rebels fighting
for independence from France. De
Gaulle is promoting a plan he says
will give Algeria self-determina-
tion but hopes to keep it allied
with France.
- Statement a Surprise
The immediate reaction of Paris
officialdom was that Khrushchev's
statement before a United Nations
correspondents association lunch-
eon came as a surprise.
De Gaulle himself was touring
the French provinces, bitterly
speaking out against the United
Nations Assembly in apparent
anticipation of action it may take
on the Algerian rebels' case for
De Gaulle's traveling party at
Annecy had no immediate com-
ment on Khrushchev's remarks.
De Gaulle alone among the Big
Four power leaders has avoided
the current UN Assembly; Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower and
British Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan have spoken to the
Assembly and Khrushchev is still
on hand.
Discussed Relations
Khrushchev was asked at the
luncheon about Moscow's relations
With the Algerian provisional
(rebel) government in exile ina
view of his having invited three
heads of the rebel regime to his
Long Island weekend retreat.
Khrushchev replied:
"You are correct in your under-
standing that our meeting and
talks with the representatives of
the Algerian provisional govern-,
ment means a de facto recognition
of that government."
The qualifying term "de facto"
might give the French a chance to
avert action as threatened in its
relations with Moscow.
Cuba Accuses
In Revolt Plot
yesterday bitterly assailed Guate-
mala as a "creature" of the United
States State Department and the
United Fruit Co., and accused her
of conspiring with the United
States to overthrow Fidel Castro's
Cuban revolution.
Speaking under the United Na-
tions General Assembly's "right
of reply" procedure, Cuban For-
eign Minister Raul Roa protested
Guatamalan charges that the Ha-
vana regime is ' interfering in
Guatemala's internal affairs.
Roa called Guatemala one of
the satellites of "North American
imperialism," and said it was as-
sisting in plots, on the pretext
of combating Communism, in "a
brazen attempt to destroy the Cu-
ban revolution on the orders of
the Department of State."
"Adventurers are arriving in
Guatemala," Roa said, "North
terrevolutionary agents, immedi-
terrevolutionary agents immedi-
ately sent to training camps near

the Guatemalan-Honduran fron-

To Address


LEGITIMACY-Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev accuses the
United States of ignoring 650 million people by refusing to recog-
nize and seat the "legitimate" Peiping regime of China. This will
be the tenth year that the General Assembly will consider the
U.S. Stops Arms Aid
During Laotian Crisis

Boland Sets Action,
Gives No Reasons
United Nations General Assembly
suddenly called off its session last
night as the East and West ap-
proached a critical clash on the
issue of Red China's membership.
Fireworks on the China issue
thus were put off until after
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev
makes another Assembly address
No reason was given for the
move, announced by Assembly
President Frederick H. Boland as
the Assembly resumed its after-
noon session. There will be morn-
ing and afternoon sessions today
Expected Struggle
The delegates had been expect-
ing a bitter struggle on the floor
last night, amid rising Western
concern over the position of new
African nations which may hold
the key to the outcome.
The struggle was heralded by a
Nationalist China denunciation of
the Red Peiping regime as the
world's greatest menace to inter-
national peace and security.
Nationalist Chinese ambassador
ยข". F. Tsiang, anticipating the
bitter discussion to follow, assert-
ed Red China is dedicated to
"bringing all Asia under Com-
munist domination" and of ex-
tending' "its nefarious activities
beyond Asia toAfrica and Latin
America" in a drive for imperialist
Worries of the Western allies
are centered around neutralist and
!African - Asian disappointments 1
with the United States over United'
States maneuvers heading off the
resolution seeking the U.S.-Soviet
summit. Khrushchev and his com-
munist bloc wish to take advan-
tage of this turn, supporting the
Africans with attacks on the1
United States keyed to charges
of discrimination against Negroes.
Spokes man
Denies Pledge
-To Khrushchev

Ghana Set
To Control
Alien Firms
LONDON (M--The Republic of
Ghana was authoritatively re-
ported planning last night to take
over about 200 foreign firms in a
three-year program of socialist-
type reorganization.
Key companies among the 70
British enterprises that would be
affected issued sharp protests im-
mediately. Shares of companies
with assets in Ghana sagged in
the London Stock Exchange.
The British government has
been expecting some far-reaching
nationalization measures in its
former West Africa colony. Dun-
can Sandys, Commonwealth rela-
tions secretary, called at once for
full details of the Accra govern-
ment's intentions, according to an
official spokesman.
Scope Debated
Exact scope of Ghana's sociali-
zationplans still seems to be a
subject of debate - and possibly
disagreement-within the govern-
ment of President Kwame Nkru-
mah. Only last month Finance
Minister K. A. Gbedemah sought
in London to raise private loan
and investment funds.
Any wholesale takeover would
compel the Western powers to re-
consider past offers of large-scale
economic aid to Ghana. The West
African state is launching a bil-
lion-dollar five-year industriali-
ztaion program hinged on har-
nessing the waters of the Volta
It is by no means certain the
West would withdraw these offers.
Western policy would have to take
into account the probability that
Russia would step in, as she did
in Egypt when the United States
and Britain cancelled their pro-
posals in finance the Aswan High
Implementation Explained
The take-over would be presum-
ably implemented in three stages:
1. Formation of wholesale and
retail cooperatives.
2. A three-year transition period
during which cooperative and pri-
vate enterprises would work to-
3. Private firms to be absorbed
by May 1964.
Ghana clearly would find it dif-
ficult to convince the outside
world that so radical a switch in
her economy, if it comes about,
does not make her an out-and-out
socialist state. On the surface, it
would appear a transformation to
state control would place the
country ideologically closer to the
Russian-led bloc than to the soci-
ety of free enterprise states.

supreme court opened on Monday
with one of the touchiest list of
major cases in its history,
For the first time, the justices
have agreed to rule on two ques-
tions involving religious views:
Are state blue laws banning
Sunday retail sales unconstitu-
Do states have the right to ban
birth control devices and to make
it illegal for physicians to advise
their use?
A pending request for court
action involves a lower court's
decision that Bible reading and
recitation of the Lord's Prayer in
Pennsylvania schools violates the
United States Constitution..
For the second time, the Su-
preme Court will try to decide
this sharply contested labor ques-
Is it unconstitutional to require
a worker to join a union which
uses part of his dues for political
Also for the second time, the
justices hope to settle finally the:
prolonged legal squabble over!
whether the government may corn-
pell the Communist Party of the
United States to register as an
agent of Moscow.
Cuban Rebels
Flee Prison
HAVANA (P-The Cuba Armed
Forces Ministry said 15 counter-
revolutionaries escaped from Mor-
ro Castle Prison early yesterday.
The Ministry linked the daring
break to the recent landing of
armed bands in eastern Cuba.
A ministry communique ac-
cused five members of the naval
forces of helping in the escape.
The Navy has custody of prisoners
at Morro Castle.
The prison is located in the
centuries old fortress guarding
Havana Bay. It adjoins La Cabana
Fortress, where other counter-
revolutionariesrare held awaiting
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and Masonic Temple
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Mail Orders to
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Enclose Self-Addressed,
Stamped Envelope.

Then for the third time, the
high court will hear arguments
and try to reach a decision on
constitutionality of a section of
the Smith Anti-Communist Act.
This section makes it a crime to
belong to a group knowing that
it advocates violent overthrow of
Arguments in the labor and
Bid Refused
By Benson
tary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Ben-
son, obviously pleased by the ges-
ture, yesterday formally rejected a
request that he run for governor
of Utah as a write-in candidate.
He said he plans to vote for the
Republican incumbent, Governor
George D. Clyde, and urged his
backers to do the same.
"After serving eight years in the
Cabinet of President Dwight D.
Eisenhower, I feel that, for the
time being at least, I have filled
my political obligation," Benson
told reporters. "Starting early next
year I shall devote my full time to
my church duties."
Benson is a member of the
Council of the Twelve Apostles in
the Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-Day Saints (Mormon) and
is in his home town for the semi-
annual church conference.

Communist cases were heard in
previous terms, but the court de-
ferred decisions and called for
re-arguments in the 1960-61 term
Difficult racial issues will bi
before the justices again in thj
new term, a principal case to be
argued being related somewha-
to the sit-in campaigns by Ne-
groes at eating places in the South
The court has agreed to rule
whether Virginia law may bar a
Negro from a white restauran
operated by a private company in
a bus terminal in Richmond.
This case was appealed by a
Negro who was on an interstate
bus trip from Washington, D. C.,
to Selma, Ala. He refused to
patronize another terminal res-
taurant reserved for Negro pa-
trons. For refusing to leave the
white restaurant he was fined
$10 in Richmond police court.
After avoiding complex gerry
mandering cases for 14 years, thi
Supreme Court agreed to decide
in its new term if Alabama had
the right to eliminate Negro
neighborhoods from the city o
Tuskegee Negroes complained
that by gerrymandering the state
had denied them the right to take
part in city government and to
benefit from city services.
Also pending before the justice
is a request that they review and
overturn a decision that Louisiana
may not require the National As
sociation for the Advancement o
Colored People to make publi
its membership lists and name
of contributors.

Supreme Court Opens Touchy Session


Wed., Oct. 12, 1960 . . . 3:30-5:30
1429 Hill Street

ed States has halted temporarily
its entire military support pro-
gram to Laos. the State Depart-
ment -disclosed yesterday.
The effect of the sweeping move
was to plunge Laos into its most
severe financial crisis. The United
States hasrcontributed between 80
and 90 per cent of all the funds
of the Laos budget.
The United States aid amount-
ed to $46 million in the fiscal year
ended last June 30 and presumab-
ly was at about the same level for
the current fiscal year.
The announcement followed an
Titan .Missile
Firing Tests
Nose Cone
Air Force fired a Titan missile
5,000 miles today, lofting it on a
higher-than normal trajectory to
subject its nose cone to more
severe re-entry conditions.
The 98-ton, bullet - shaped
Titan, potentially this nation's
most powerful military rocket,
propelled the cone into,an elec-
tronic splash target off the South
Atlantic island of Ascension.
Six widely scattered hydro-
phones are located on the ocean
floor beneath the target. They
detected the splash of the cone as
it struck the water and relayed
the information to a ground sta-
tion on Ascension. Technicians
then charted the re-entry body's
Nearly 25 hours after launch,
the Coastal Crusader, an ocean
range vessel, recovered a data
capsule which ejected from the
nose cone and parachuted into the
impact zone.
The 30-inch cylindrical capsule
carried instruments to record the
performance of the Titan cone on
its fiery dive back through the
heat barrier of the earth's atmos-
The package holds the answer
to how the cone fared during a
critical blackout pe'riodofre-
entry. Radio devices relay data
on all phases of the 25-minute
flight except for the brief black-
out time, when temperatures up to
12,000 degrees Fahrenheit blister
the cone and blot out radio com-

earlier disclosure that military aidj
funds for Laos, including salaries
for the 30,000 manrroyal army,
had been held up for the month
of September.
State Department officials re-
vealed the temporary halting of
all military aid after press off i-
cer Francis W. Tully, Jr., announc-!
ed that salaries of the Army had
been held up.4
Army rations, clothing for the
troops and budgetary support for
the Lao government are affected,
officials said.
The move came at a time when
the new neutralist government of
Prime Minister Souvanna Phouma
was expecting to open diplomatic
relations with the Soviet Union
within a week.
United States officials express-
ed hope that the halt in the flow
of American defense support funds
would produce some beneficial re-
sults in negotiations with Lao
The decision tothalt the aid was
reached earlier this week after
consultations of top-level State
Department officials with British,
French, Australian and other gov-
ernments allied with the South-
east Asia Treaty Organization.
Swiss Expel
Red Official
BERN -A-The Swiss govern-
ment yesterday expelled a Soviet
diplomat on charges of espionage.
The Soviet government retaliat-
ed by demanding the recall of a
member of the Swiss Embassy in
Federal police authorities iden-
tified the Soviet diplomat as Vlad-
imir Kourkourine, a representative
of Sovexportfilm, the Soviet state
film export company. They said
he attempted-"practically with-
out any success"-to obtain in-
formation on the Swiss armaments
potential, and on the political
thinking of leading Swiss busi-

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British spokesman denied yester-
day that Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan assured Soviet Premier
Nikita Khrushchev there will be
another summit conference in
John Russell, a spokesman for
the British Foreign Office, said
that the possibility of a summit
meeting "Was implicit in the con-
versation" the two held here ear-
lier this week. Russell added in a
formal statement: "But there was
no such positive assurance by
Macmillan as that here alleged."
It was not correct to say that
Macmillan favored waiting 5 or 10
years for disarmament agreements.
"What Macmillan said," Russell
said, "was that we must devise
a system of arms control; this
would have to be stronger in its
early years; and later, in five or
ten years perhaps, as confidence
would gradually build up in the
light of the system's effective
working, we might be able to re-
lax the controls."

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