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September 23, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-09-23

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23, 1960


Tito Urges Neutral States
To Maintain World Peace


Seeks Role

Phouma Defeats Rebels

VIENTIANE, Laos (JP)-Troops
loyal to neutralist Premier Prince
Souvanna Phouma swept pro-
western rebel forces of Gen. Phou-
mi Nosovan out of Paksane yes-
Authoritative western sources
described the action as an upset
victory that may turn the tide in
Laos' 12-day-old civil war.
The capture of Paksane village
is not a major victory in military
terms, and Souvanna and para-
troop Capt. Kong Le, who led
Souvanna's forces, were quick to j
concede they did not consider,
their victory decisive.
But it could mark a major
psychological setback for Phoumi,
who only three days ago had
vowed he would sweep the Sou-
vanna government out of Vien-
tia'ne and stamp out the pro-
Communist guerrillas who infest
parts of Laos. {
First Major Clash
Paksane marked the first ma-
jor battle between the forces of
Souvanna and Phoumi,
Kong Le said he took the town
with 300 men. He estimated the
defenders numbered nine com-
panies totaling 1,200 men. He
said 30 to 40 of them were killed,
an unknown number were wound-
ed and 70 were taken prisoners.
Kong Le described his own
losses as light.
Western sources said the fig-
ures probably were slanted in
Kong Le's favor, but there was
no way to evaluate them immedi-
Boosts Army Morale
The Paksane victory is expect-
ed to give a major boost to the
morale of soldiers under Souvan-
na and to influence those whose

loyalty on either side has been
in doubt.
U.S. Abassador Winthrop G.
Brown flew to the royal capital
of Luang Prabang yesterday for
a meeting with King Savang Vat-
hana. Brown told newsmen it
was only a routine visit but it
raised speculation the U.S. may
be trying to intercede with the
king in an effort to end the civil

Western informants made clear
that they regarded the Paksane
action as important.
"This victory is symbolic," said
a high western diplomat, "and
it could have a great effect."
Kong Le, who directed the at-
tack on Paksane, is the leader of
the August coup that swung Laos
to neutralism.
it "h1 f /1 " ir7 -d

L'Vjiq 0t5U O. L LLCItUXL I
Asks Increased Guard

Lumumba, deposed Prime Min-
ister of the Conga, has asked
that the UN guard around his
house be heavily reinforced, a
UN spokesman said today. Con-
golese soldiers tried to lynch
Lumumba last week.
Col. Joseph Mobutu, who seiz-
ed power in a bloodless military
coup Sept. 14, has several times
sent his men ostensibly to ar-
rest Lumumba, but made no at-
tempt to, break through the Brit-
ish-officered Ghana UN units
guarding Lumumba's house.
Instead, Mobutu demanded that
Ghana troops be withdrawn from
the Congo immediately for "inter-
fering in the the internal affairs
of the Congo." It's unlikely his
request will be complied with.
But Ghana troops guarding
Lumumba were reinforced yester-
day with Sudanese, which may

help to correct a widely-held im-
pression among anti-Lumumba
Congolese that the Ghanians were
saving Lumumba from arrest be-
cause he is or was a personal
friend of President Kwame Nkru-
mah of Ghana.
Violently anti-Ghana pamph-
lets and newspaper articles cir-
culated in Leopoldville today. One
pamphlet said: "Soldiers of
Ghana, go home: Your chief, the
dictator Kwame Nkrumah, is a
friend of the Communist Lumum-
The UN spokesman insisted the
guard at Lumumba's house would
not' resist anyone presenting a
"legal arrest" warrant for Lum-
umba. He declined to specify what
authority in the Congo turmoil
would be recognized as empow-
ered to sign and issue a legal
warrant. Mobutu wants to arrest
Lumumba on treason charges.
While attention remained fo-
cused on Lumumba's fate, the
'temporary commissioners ap-
pointed by Mobutu to get the
stagnant government machinery
back into motion quietly went to
work. For the first time since
President Joseph Kasavubu fired
Lumumba Sept. 5, all ministries
and government offices were
functioning today.
Despite a protest demonstra-
tion connected with pay demands
at Camp Leopold II today, the
lower Congo garrisons of the ar-
my were clearly obeying Mobutu's
orders. The situation was more
doubtful in Stanleyville, where 7,-
000 troops with close tribal links
with Lumumba are stationed.

605 E. Huron NO 2-0103

As Mediator
For Nations
Yugoslav Leader
Addresses Assembly
dent Tito of Yugoslavia, seeking
to act as a bridge between East
and West, yesterday urged the so-
called neutral nations to play a
key role in keeping mankind from
plunging into World War III.
Tito addressed the UN General
Assembly in advance of private
conferences with President Dwight
D. Eisenhower and Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev.
Tito met informally with
Khrushchev before the Assembly
opened, but the private huddles
with the giants of the East and
West were arranged for later.
Taking the rostrum in the As-
sembly hall just after Eisenhower,
the leader of the Communist na-
tion which has split with the
rest of the Soviet bloc on Marxist
doctrine put his case in these
"We have not come here to heap
more oil upon the fire, or to side
with any of the extreme attitudes
that may reflect present tense in-
ternational relations.
"We have come with a desire,
above all, to contribute as much
as possible to the easing of world
tensions and to express our belief
that the eleventh hour has struck
to embark upon a new, construc-
tive course in international rela-
tions, upon a course of peaceful
solutions of outstanding issues, a
course of consolidation and of
international cooperation based
upon equality, as well as upon
peaceful, active coexistence."
seat just behind Khrushchev.
He walked down a side aisle to
the rostrum from his delegation's
Tito endorsed Khrushchev's pro-
gram for total disarmament. But
he added that a first step must
be the achievement at this Assem-
bly of a basic agreement on the
renewal of negotiations.
"If no agreement on general
disarmament can be reached at
the present moment, we should be
ready to engage in partial agree-
ment," he declared.
He put in a brief plug for the
admission of Communist China to
the UN. This has been Yugoslav
policy despite a coolness between
Belgrade and Peiping.
He followed the usual Com-
munist line in attacking what he
described as a revival of militarism
in West Germany.
Plane Crashes
Near Okinawa
NAHA, Okinawa (AP)-A four-
engine United States transport
plane crashed into the Pacific
Ocean yesterday with 29 persons
Ships and planes which combed
the crash area 180 miles south-
southeast of Okinawa found no
signs of survivors.
"There are a lot of bodies in
life jackets and the destroyer Per-
kins is picking up the bodies,"
said Cmdr. John P. Crosby, opera-
tions officer of Naha Naval Air
Facility, after receiving a report
from the carrier Oriskany. Planes
from the Oriskany first spotted
die markers and debris and di-
rected surface rescue craft to the
Speculating on the widespread
wreckage, oil and dismembered
bodies, a Navy spokesman at Naha
suggested the plane may have ex-
ploded in the air.

The Marine R5D transport, a
military version of the DC6, was
carrying 23 passengers and a crew
of 6 from Atsugi, Japan, bound
for Subic Point, Philippines. It
flashed a distress signal, reported
an engine afire and said it was





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