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May 14, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1965-05-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Seventy-Fifth Year

Activists Find Temporary Causes

Where Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail


NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

New ELI Policy Shows 'U'
Receptivity to Student Voice

THE ENGLISH Language Institute's de-
cision to let American and foreign
students enrolled in the ELI program, to
room together is significant not only be-
cause of the importance of the policy
change itself but also because it opens a
new era for local student activism.
Although the ELI administration was
originally adamant in their policy for-
bidding American and ELI students to
live together, the pressure exerted by
concerned University students forced
them to change their stand.
Publicity in The Daily, a petition from
Wenley House and letters from individual
students were all instrumental in bring-
ing about the policy change.
THIS REFORM brought about by active
student interest can be the beginning
of a surge of local student activism. Re-
acting to the Berkeley situation as an
example of what can happen when the
student voice is spurned and alienated,
.the University administration is now
more open to student viewpoints than it
ever has been.
President Hatcher has'-made a consci-
entious effort to build a better communi-
cations system between faculty, students
and administration.

Through his convocations and meet-
ings with student leaders, he is trying to
finish his career as a University presi-
dent on a liberalfooting.
A more direct effect on the student
has been the appointment of Richard
Cutler, a staunch liberal, to the vice-
presidency for student affairs. Already
he has started to enact his program of
reforming OSA policies by abolishing
hours for junior women.
THE BELIEF that the various crises af-
fecting local activist movements in
1962, such as the initial rejection by the
Board in Control of Student Publications
of the appointment recommendations of
the outgoing Daily senior editors, dealt a
crippling blow to the student movements
is a fallacy.
If the student body seeks to influence
University policy, there will be an unpar-
alleled era of effective activism because
the administration is, at least temporar-
ily, willing to meet the student halfway.
THE ELI CASE hopefully marks the be-
ginning of a new trend.

Louvre Like 'U':
Students Must Make Choices

ED tIT OR'S NOTE: In tody's
article, the eighth in a series,
Philip Sutin, Grad, continues to
trace the course of student acti-
vism on this campus since 1960.
WHILE THE student activist
movement was slowing down
in 1962 on the local front, it was
also running out of gas with re-
spect to its major political move-
ments. The Cuban crisis and the
nuclear test ban treaty crippled
and then killed any widespread
major peace efforts.
A rally against the Cuban quar-
antine was held the week of the
Cuban crisis. Some 300 showed up
to protest, but they were met by
over 500 who supported the Presi-
dent's policy. Eggs were thrown at
the leaders of the protest, among
them former Daily Editor Thomas
Today, peace activities center
on the conversion of defense in-
dustries to peaceful uses. Voice
sponsored a small project-Stu-
dent Committee for Engineering
Employment in a Peacetime Econ-
omy-designed to alert engineers
to the dangers of depending on
defense industry for jobs.
THE LAST major student action
of the period of activism was the
successful attempt of SGC's Hu-
man Relations Board to get Uni-
versity President Harlan Hatcher
to support a fair housing ordi-
nance for Ann Arbor.
On Feb. 13, 1963, the HRB urg-
ed Hatcher to support the or-
dinance, then under active con-
sideration by city council. No an-
swer was forthcoming. The HRB
set a two-day picket of the Ad-
ministration Bldg. for Feb. 19 and
20-when the'Regents were meet-
ing. Hatcher was in Washington
when the picket was set.
only after much difficulty. Hatcher
stood firm on his position against
"dictat'ng" legislation to the city.
Daily Editor Michael Olinick
then made a Hatcher fair housing
statement the Daily's last crusade
for the time being.
The HRB used Daily facilities
to plan and prepare for the picket
and the Daily in large play h'gh-
lighted the HRB demand and
Hatcher's answer.
The picket occurred as sched-
uled, but was canceled the second
day when a meeting between
Hatcher and the HRB was indicat-
Hatcher's answer-"Hatcher De-
clines Endorsement of Legislation
for Fair Housing"-drew the presi-
dent's ire. He lectured boththe
HRB and the Daily about the Uni-
versity's reluctance to tell the city
what to do at the Regents meet-
ing. He charged the Daily mis-
represented his position-he did
not oppose the ordinance, but re-
fused to take a stand one way or
the other.
The Regents called in City Edi-
tor Michael Harrah, who was the
most important senior editor in
town as Olinick departedfor a
day. Harrah, who has an ingrained
respect for any authority, apolo-
gized for the headline, but Olinick
retracted the apology as soon as
he returned.
On March 14, some 120 faculty
members signed a mild letter urg-
ing Hatcher to take a stand. The
president met the HRB and out-
going SGC president Steven
Stockmeyer. He again reiterated
his nondictation stand, but sent a
letter to city council mildly en-
dorsing the fair housing ordinance
pointed a three-man faculty ad-
visory committee on a fair hous-
ing ordinance. Thanks to the final
impetus given by the University
a weak ordinance was passed the

following October. CORE picketed
city hall for 15 straight weeks dur-
ing the summer using mainly
townspeople, but some students.
Some 52 persons, mainly students,
were arrested the night the or-
dinance passed in a sit-in protest
in city council chambers against
a weak ordinance.

An important tangential result
was an apparent Hatcher decision
to increase communication with
the student body. Following
Hatcher's letter, Daily staffer
Michael Sattinger wrote an edi-
torial urging a bolder University
Angry at the editorial ear on
the front page-"Hatcher Declines
to Help the Council"-Director of
University Relations Michael Rad-
ock called Daily staffers out of
their beds at about 8:30 in the
morning the next day and bawled
them out for misrepresenting
Hatcher and questioned their sin-
cerity for a better University.
Olinick duly reported these rude
awakenings in an editorial. Short-
ly afterward, Hatcher began mak-
ing more contacts with students.
The outcome was a student con-
vocation on the University-the
first in 40 years-last November.
LARGELY through the cajoling
and expediting of IFC President
John Meyerholz, all fraternities
filed their adequate membership
statements on time by June, 1962.
Seven sororities-Alpha Epsilon
Phi, Kappa Delta, Phi Mu, Gam-
ma Phi Beta, Delta Delta Delta,
Delta Sigma Theta and Sigma
Kappa-failed to file. Following
an April, 1962, conference in Chi-
cago, the nationals of these and
other sororities who had filed un-
der protest hired a lawyer.
The attorney, Lawrence Smith
of Grand Rapids, bombarded SGC
and the Regents with challenges
to their authority to regulate af-
The seven did file by semester's
end, but Smith's challenge forced
a total legalistic reworking of the

membership discrimination polic-
ing procedure.
PRESSED BY THIS legal chal-
lenge, SGC asked its former coun-
sel to review the whole member-
ship selection question. His report
called for a membership judge-
an alumnus lawyer-with a re-
vised student-faculty membership
committee serving as prosecutor
before it. The plan effectively
takes the membership issue out of
SGC's hands.
Dean Allen Smith of the law
school reviewed Harris' proposal
and the sorority lawyer's argu-
ments against it for the Regents.
In May, 1963, the Regents upheld
Procedures for the new commit-
tee were established in the fall of
1963, but their adoption was held
up a month while Lewis and the
Committee on Referral reviewed
the action. After the faculty de-
murred from serving on the tri-
bunal which replaced the proposed
membership judge, the faculty was
deleted by the Committee on Re-
ferral. SGC approved the change.
IN OCTOBER, 1963, the Inter-
fraternity Council, which had al-
ready forbidden racial or religious
discrimination in membership
selection, established its own mem-
bership committee.
IFC President Cliff Taylor ar-
ranged the takeover of the mem-
bership function. He apparently
hammered out the proposal with
Daily Editor Ronald Wilton and
SGC President Russell Epker at
a meeting of the Tribe of Michi-
gamua, the secret senior men's
elite honorary of athletic and stu-
dent organization leaders.

Neither Taylor, Wilton or Storch
could sell the idea to their or-
ganizations and Taylor had the
added problem of convincing Pan-
hellenic Association of its merit.
However, compromises were
worked out which gave the IFC
body freedom of action while in-
suring the SGC membership struc-
ture could take action if IFC were
dilatory. A Daily senior editorial
helped facilitate the creation of
the necessary safeguards.
IFC has since convicted Trigon
fraternity on discrimination
SGC THUS slowly gave up full
control of the issue it had so
earnestly debated for three con-
tinuous years. It finally established
a complex, legalistic structure and
then delegated much of its initia-
tive to IFC.
The moment of SGC's decline
can be said to be when it first
called in a co.nsel. It was an
admission, in the view of some,
that SGC could not handle its
major function-regulating stu-
dent organizations-alone. It was
a sign of defeat.
However, more blame could be
put on the membership question
itself. It became the fixed passion
of council. It had a routine all its
own and SGC members were pur-
poseful and comfortable debating
a course of action pretty well
marked out. When the issue came
to a close in November, 1963,
council floundered. It has been
looking for a sense, of purpose
ever since.
AFTER NEARLY ten years of
relative stability, SGC began to

THE 1963 STUDENT GOVERNMENT Council, seen above with Head of Student Organizations and
Activities John Bingley, found a new cause-fraternity and sorority bias clauses-which they hoped
would be the vehicle for increased prestige. However, they delegated the power which they did have in
this area to such an extent that their power is nominal.

make changes in its basic plan
and come under attack as an in-
Initiative and referendum were
added to the Plan in 1962. The
president of the International
Student Association was added as
an ex-offico in 1963 and the edi-
tor of the Daily subtracted in
1964. SGC's president and execu-
tive vice-president will be elected
by the campus at large next
The removal of the Daily editor
indicates both SGC's impotence
and unimportance as a political
force and the Daily's withdrawal
from the political scene.
longer was a desired tool for
political action. Editor H. Neil
Berkson resolved a long, quiet in-
ternal Daily debate when he mov-
ed to leave SGC.
SGC and the Daily had broken
earlier that year over deadlines
for platform statements and pe-
titioning requirements.
Seeing SGC elections without
petitioning requirements as a farce
a group of former and current
Daily staff members formed the
StudenthGovernment Reform Un-
ion in the spring of 1964. SGRU
was first a joke, designed to make
a farce of the elections, but Editor
Ronald Wilton co-opted SGRU as
his weapon against SOC. SGRU
moved from being an abolitionist
to a reformist SGC party.
Council conservatives formed
Students United for Responsible
Government-SURGe-and thus
created, with the absence of peti-
tioning requirements, the largest
SGC field in four years. Nineteen
candidates ran, eleven from the
two groups and four from Voice.
SGRU and VOICE, built on the
same electoral base, could only
elect two candidates. Under the
Hare system where the lowest
candidates are dropped and their
votesredistributed to remaining
candidates, Voice's Barry Blue-,
stone and SGRU's Carl Cohen
finished first and second. None,
other from their slates was elected
while SURGe elected four-the
last four.
With petitioning restored in the
fall, only six persons ran for six
seats. A seventh, Sharon Manning,
was disqualified for petitioning
violations, but won election as a
write-in. Some 2600 persons-a
new SGC election low-voted.
The first age of true student
activism was dead; students would
have to find new causes and new
leaders after this to forward their
radical and liberal aims.
TOMORROW: The trimester
goes into effect' along with the
Union-League merger as stu-
dents become involved, in fal
1964, in activism that is a pale
shadow of the 1960-63 era.

OUR YEARS at the University are in
many ways comparable to a one-day
-tour of the Louvre. The museum, like the
University, offers myriad vital and en-
riching experiences. However, in order to
benefit fully from these experiences the
traveler and student must have the abil-
ity to make meaningful and reasoned
choices and also the capacity to budget
his time efficiently.
Upon entering the Louvre, the tourist
is confronted with room after room of
artistic masterpieces, each room more In-
viting than the next. It would be an im-
possible intellectual feat for him to com-
pletely absorb even one-third of the
paintings in just one day.
It is, however, physically possible for
some to walk rapidly through each room
glancing briefly at each work of art; but
at the end of the day such museum-
JUDITH WARREN ............ ......Co-Editor.
ROBERT HIPPLER.......................Co-Editor
EDWARD HERSTEIN................... Sports Editor
JUDITH FIELDS ........... Business Manager
JEFFREY LEEDS ....... ...... Supplement Manager
NIGHT EDITORS: W. Rexford Benoit, Michael Ba-
damo, Robert Moore, Barbara Seyfried, Bruce Was-
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use of ali news dispatches credited to it or otherwise
credited to the newspaper. All rights of re-publication
of all other matters here are also reserved.
Subscription rates: $4 for lILA and B ($4.50 by mail);
$2 for IIIA or B ($2.50 by mail).
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich.
Published daily Tuesday through Saturday morning.

goers acquire little more than sore feet
from their visit.
A MORE EFFECTIVE way of approach-
ing the museum would involve isolat-
ing a few specific works or artists and
then spending the day becoming as fully
acquainted with these few works of art
as is possible in the time allotted.
Upon entering the University as a
freshman, the student is confronted with
course after course and activity after
activity which whet his appetite. In this
situation it is an impossible intellectual
and physical feat for him to even begin
to participate in everything he would like
Again, like the tourist, the student must
narrow down his field of activity so that
he can best benefit from and contribute
to the areas of University life which he
chooses to pursue.
BUT THE STUDENT has an additional
variable which he must consider when
budgeting his time. He must be able to
keep his extra-curricular activities at the
University in proper perspective with his
academic endeavors.
The fact that the University offers the
student so many areas of 'self-expression
is fortunate. However, it must not be
forgotten that the primary purpose of a
University education is to enrich the stu-
dent academically.
When one has this aspect of his edu-
cation under control he can then go on
to benefit from the other experiences
which four years at the University offer.


Can Military Balance Favor Saigon?

DURING the summer monsoon
the war in Viet Nam will be in
an especially difficult phase. The
clouds in the skies and the quag-
mires on the ground will favor
the Viet Cong who have no air-
planes or the kind of heavy
equipment which requires hard
This need not mean, in fact al-
most certainly it does not mean,
that the United States forces are
in danger of being surrounded and
THE UNDECIDED question is
not whether the U.S. should throw
in its hand and announce that it
is withdrawing from Viet Nam.
The real undecided question is
whether the military balance,
which is now against the Saigon
government, can be turned in its
The small group of the Presi-
dent's advisers who are actually
running the war are not war-

mongers and certainly not Fas-
cists. But th1ey are seized with a
grim determination that military
action shall continue until our
Vietnamese allies have decisively
improved their position, have in
fact started to win the war which
they have so nearly lost.
The war committee is acutely
aware that at present the Viet
Cong holds a large number of the
villages by day and a great many
more villages by night. In the
view of these insiders, to negotiate
a cease-fire and then a political
settlement while the Viet Cong
has in fact the upper hand would
be to give up the effort to con-
tain the spread of Communism in
Southeast Asia.
Except for the few who dream
of a victory in which the Viet
Cong will be so badly beaten that
it retires from the villages, there
is, I think, more agreement than
)ne might suppose between the ad-
ministration and its critics: nego-
tiations will take place and even-
tually they will take place with
the National Liberation Front,
which is the political arm of the
Viet Cong.
THE PRACTICAL question at
present is under what military
conditions in South Viet Nam we
should accept or allow negotia-
tions with the Viet Cong. The
hopeful among us, or it may be
the more determined, are saying
that the situation in South Viet
Nam has improved, that the Sai-
gon government is doing better,
that our bombing and the pres-
ence of our troops has turned the
tide, whereas the situation had
become desperate before the Pres-,
ident escalated the war in Febru-
Yet no one doubts that even if
"he tide has been turned it will
be a long business to right the
military banner.
The other view, outside the

tiations which are always more
or less in progress between Sai-
gon and the Viet Cong.
EVEN THOSE who take the
hard and hopeful line admit that,
should Saigon get the upper hand
militarily, there will still be con-
siderable areas which will remain
Viet Cong and will have to be
granted autonomy.
Those who have this other view
are in favor of what may be de-
scribed as Vietnamese negotiations
sooner rather than later - with
the American military presence
secured while the negotiations
There would be no question of
our good faith ,and our presence
would provide asylum and protec-
tion for the Vietnamese who might
be persecuted. We would not have
won the war. But ,except by ex-
tremist standards, we would not
have lost it.
For myself, I can see no ration-
al prospect of anything better
than this.

THERE IS NO doubt that the
U.S. could knock out Hanoi com-
;letely. But after Ho Chi Minh
had boarded an aircraft carrier
and signed an unconditional sur-
render, what assurance would we }
have that rebellious peasants in
the villages would no longer cut 4
the throats of officials from Sai- r'
It seems likely that during the
rainy season we shall see a crucial.(
test of whether we should encour-
age the opening up of negotia-)
tions to end the war between Sal7
gon and the Viet Cong. If we findb
that we are overturning the exist-
ing military balance of power, we
shall not doubt prevent the Sai-
gon politicians from proceeding
with their deals.
IF WE LEARN that we are not
overturning the military balance J
of power, there would be nothing
else to do except, having secured
our military position, to encourage
the Vietnamese to work out a deal,
(c), 1965, The Washington Post Co.


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Chaplin Great; Upstaged
By Coo gan, The Kid'
At the Cinema Guild
"The Kid" was written by Charlie Chaplin, stars Charlie Chaplin
and features Charlie Chaplin at his best.
But Charlie the great, Charlie the incomporable, Charlie the genius
has been upstaged by the cutest kid ever in any movie: Jackie Coogan.
The Kid, abandoned by his unwed mother, unthought of by his
heartless father, is adopted by The Tramp. It is the perfect match--
one lost soul helping another. In the midst of all the tenderness and
humor it would take a nasty person mention the action which is
overdone, and the crushing symbolism.
Actually the old-fashioned techniques are quite consistent with
the moral of the movie. There is no doubt that love will conquer all and

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