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July 09, 1965 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1965-07-09

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British Minister in Hanoi'

Events in Viet Nam Point to Explosion



Viet Peace

Taylor Quits;
Lodge To Be
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President
Lyndon B. Johnson will nominate
Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., former
envoy to South Viet Nam, to re-
place Gen. Maxwell Taylor, who
is resigning, it was announced
The nomination is subject to
confirmation from the Senate.
The response to the nomination
was viewed by administration of-
ficials as a sign that the present
United States policy of full com-
mitment against a "Communist
take-over of South Viet Nam"
would continue.
Improve Prospects
Lodge's reassignment as am-
bassador to South Viet Nam was
also rated by some administration
sources as likely to improve pros-
pects for bi-partisanship in the
Viet Nam war.
Administration officials s a y
Taylor is leaving for various per-
sonal reasons, rather than for any
reason of policy.
An exchange of letters which
were made public said he had an
agreement with Johnson original-
ly to take the post for only one
Share Conviction
Both Lodge and Taylor are
viewed as sharing the conviction
that it will take a combination cf
military, political, economic and
!psychological moves to win the
war in Viet Nam.
Lodge, officials said, is just as
opposed as the general to any
dealings with the North Vietna-
mese government.
After Johnson named Lodge ad-
visor on Viet Nam matters last
February, Lodge was quoted as
saying, "I am on the side of using
military power as a persuasive
Won't Stay Home
And last June he told newsmen,
"I don't think there is any doubt
now that the U.S. is not going to
stay in South Viet Nam and that
it will do what is necessary there
to succeed."
Taylor's pending resignation
was kept secret until the last mo-
ment because of the question of
the effect it would have on the
morale of the South Vietnamese.
U.S. officials prefer to avoid
advance rumors about a change
in the U.S. leadership in Saigon.
And when the time for change
comes, Washington usually names
a successor at the same time. Tay-
lor's resignation had been rumor-
ed earlier this year, but Taylor
denied at that time that he in-
tended to leave his post.
Reaction from the South Viet-
namese government on t h i s
change has not been forthcoming
yet. However, the replacement
brought expressions of dismay and
surprise from several members of
Rep. Clement L. Zablocki (D-
Wis), chairman of the House For-
eign Affairs Subcommittee on
Southeast Asia,, issued a blister-
ing statement calling the switch
"a disaster."
Another to whom Taylor's resig-
nation "came as quite a surprise"
was Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark),
chairman of the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee. But he saw
Lodge as "a very good man" with
experience in, the Saigon post.
Rep. H. R. Gross (R-Iowa), a
Foreign Affairs Committee mem-
ber, called Lodge's return incred-
ible, asserting Lodge had failed to
accomplish anything as ambassa-
dor before."

-Associated Press
HENRY CABOT LODGE, left, will replace Gen. Maxwell Taylor,
right, as ambassador to Viet Nam. Taylor announced his resig-
nation yesterday, in compliance .with his agreement with Presi-
dent Johnson to serve only one year.


Republicans Lose Votes
Due to Southern Aid
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Southern support for a Republican-sponsored
substitute for the administration's Voting-Rights Bill lost half a
dozen Republican votes from the upcoming final vote on the bill,
an unidentified Republican strategist said yesterday.
Supporters of the administration's bill asserted that they have
assurances of support from 30 Republicans, twice what they were
counting on before the Southern Democrats rallied to the GOP
The deadline, agreed upon by both parties to vote on the GOP
i amendment was set for 2 p.m.

Rages over
Envoy Piek
Leaves in Secret;
To See Ho Chi Minh
LONDON (R) - One of Prime
Minister Harold Wilson's ministers
reached Hanoi yesterday in quest
of peace-leaving behind a babel
of bitter argument over his strange
Harold Davies took of fsecretly
Tuesday under orders "to get a
dialogue started" with President
Ho Chi Minh on ways of ending
the Viet Nam war. At his side to
keep him briefed was Foreign Of-
fice diplomat Donald Murray.
However, reports reaching Lon-
don indicated that Murray was
not admitted to North Viet Nam
and had to stay behind in Vien-
tiane, capital of -neighboring Laos.
Davies apparently went on his
unorthodox mission to Hanoi
But inside and outside Parlia-
ment controversy flared as to why
and how Davies-a deputy minis-
ter of pensions-should have been
chosen to try to bring East and
West together.
Conservative opposition leaders
Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Reg-
inald Maudling peppered Wilson
with questions in the House of
Commons :
Why send Davies when the
North Vietnamese were unwilling
to accept ex-Foreign Secretary
Patrick Gordon Walker or even
Wilson himself: Who would he
be speaking for? What were his
orders, would he stick to Brit-
ain's official policy of backing the
Johnson administration?
Wilson Explains
Amid stormy scenes in the
House of Commons, Wilson made
these points about Davies' mis-
-He was going as a member of
the government and would, of
course, stick with official gov-
ernment policy.
-His choice was unusual but in
a situation where no normal con-
tacts of communication existed
unusual methods had to be em-
-It was precisely because Da-
vies is "highly respected" in Ha-
noi by Ho and his colleagues that
he is held to have a fairer chance
than most people of arranging
-The United States govern-
ment was informed, but not con-
sulted, about the move because
there could be no question of seek-
ing Washington's permission.
Source of Invitation
The source of the invitation has
raised much controversy. Accord.
ing to Wilson's aides, the visit wa
suggested at the initiative of tw
North Vietnamese correspondent
in London.
Wilson, however, said that ir
the course of a conversation be-
tween the correspondents and Da-
vies over the Commonwealti
Peace Mission, "it emerged that
visit by him would not be unwel.
The newsmen gave a totall3
different story. According to them
Davies asked them to arrange fo
a visa that would enable him t
make a personal visit to Hanoi.

WASHINGTON (Y')-The war in
Viet Nam is moving toward an ex-
plosion. All the signs point to it.
United States forces are build-
ing up. Viet Cong guerrillas ares
stepping up raids and attacks. The
American commander, Gen. Wil-
liam C. Westmoreland, says more
"substantial confrontations" may
be expected.
That's a complicated way of say-
ing much bigger ground fighting
is in store.
Less Confident
Westmoreland also says the Viet
Cong "are less confident of suc-
cess than they were earlier."
Meanwhile, U.S. intelligence
sources believe North Viet Nam's
325th Division, starting early this
year, has moved into South Viet
Nam to join the Viet Cong in the
Reports have returned from Sai-
gon that' for the past few weeks
guerrilla forces of unprecedented
strength have burst across the
Vietnamese highlands, smashing
one important post after another.
Recently thousands of South
Vietnamese government forces
have been killed or captured.
Endless Circle
The more the South Vietna-
mese are smashed, the more U.S.
forces must get involved to bail
them out.
Only last week guerrillas slip-
ped through the heavy Marine
guard surrounding the Da Nang

World News Roundup__

-Associated Press
A MILITARY POLICEMAN and a civilian kneel beside an American soldier who was seriously
wounded when a grenade exploded in a crowd in Saigon this week.

Air Base, killed one American and
destroyed three U.S. planes on the
And last Monday they overran
the jungle outpost of Ba Gia and
made off with two 105 mm How-
itzers, the largest weapons they've
captured yet, plus ammunition
which, with the Howitzers, may be
used against Americans later.
Still, there has been no big

showdown between the Marines
and the Viet Cong or the 325th
Division from North Viet Nam.
60,000 Men
But more U.S. troops - about
8000 Marines - are being put
ashore in South Viet Nam, rais-
ing American military strength
there to about 60,000 men.
These don't include another 16,-
000 to 21,000 Marines and Army

Plan To Extend
Market Boycott
By The Associated Press
BRUSSELS, Belgium - France
announced yesterday that it would
extend its present boycott of Com-
mon Market proceedings to the
European coal and steel pool,
closely connected with the market.
The announcement came as
some of Europe's farmers, work-
ers and consumers voiced anxiety
over the impasse in the Common
Market caused by the French boy-
cott. The boycott stemmed from
differences among the six mem-
ber nations overifinancing the
market's farm policy.
Concerning the pending boycott
of the coal and steel pool, a Paris
statement said France would not
send a representative to the pool's
meeting in Luxembourg next week.
Meanwhile a committee of pro-
fessional agricultural orghniza-
tions, representing six million
farm families in the six countries,
stressed in a resolution that a
failure of the European economic
community was "unthinkable."
Organized workers in the Inter-
national Confederation of Free
Trade Unions urged the European
executive commission and the gov-
ernments to resume negotiations
on the basis of the commission's
proposals. These negotiations must
lead to a strengthening of the
Common Market.
Consumers made themselves
heard through the "Office of the
Contact Committee of Consumers
with the Common Market." They
appealed to the governments "to
have the interests of economic
integration prevail in finding con-
structive solutions to the present

End of Matter
If it is approved, that will end
the matter. If it is defeated many
more amendmnents to the admin-
istration bill will be in order.
Speaker John W. McCormack,
talking to newsmen before the
session, said the appeal for sup-
port of the GOP bill by Rep. Wil-
liam M. Tuck (D-Va) had placed
the Republicans "in a very un-
tenable position."
Tuck had said Wednesday he
hopes "every member opposed to
these so-called Voting Rights Bills
will vote for the McCulloch sub-
More Moderate
Rep. William M. McCulloch (R-
Ohio) is co-sponsor of the GOP
bill along with Minority Leader
Gerald R. Ford. Tuck told the
Southerners their bill is more
moderate than the administra-
tion's and "more in harmony with
constitutional principles."
Rep. William C. Cramer (R-
Fla) disagreed however. He said
the Ford-McCulloch bill actually
is stronger than the administra-
tion's because it would combat
discrimination in all 50 states,
whereas the administration bill
will mainly effect only seven
Southern states. But he was chal-
lenged by Rep. Charles S. Joelson
"In making that statement,"
Joelson told Cramer, "you are
ignoring the sentiment here. Mem-
bers from states where there is
massive discrimination are sup-
porting the Ford-McCulloch bill,"
he said.

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Talk-provok-
ing amendments forestalled Senate
leaders' efforts to pass a Medi-
care bill last night but a debate-
limiting agreement insures a fin-
al vote on the history-making
measure late today.
Majority Leader Sen. Mike
Mansfield of Montana obtained
consent to limit debate to one
hour on each amendment, two
hours on a motion to return the
bill to committee and two hours
on final passage.
Opponents and proponents alike
agreed that the Senate will join
the House in approving. an un-
precedented program of hospital
and medical care for the elderly
untouched in any major way by a
series of amendments.
* * *
BOGALUSA, La. - A white
heckler was shot at close range
by a Negro youth late yesterday
after a scuffle erupted near the
close of a prayer march in this
Louisiana papermill town.
Police Chief Claxton Knight said
Henry Austin admitted firing the
shots. The gun was recovered,

MOSCOW - Izvestia proposed
yesterday an amendment to col-
lective farm (kolkhoz) regulations
to protect peasants' rights to their
private plots.
The suggestion appeared in the
latest in a series of articles in the
Soviet press about arbitrary and
unjust confiscation of a "kolkhoz-
nik's" private plot. If adopted, the
proposal would be tantamount to a
virtual guarantee of peasant prop-
erty rights-for the first time in
Soviet history.
Reedy bowed out as President
Lyndon B. Johnson's press secre-
tary yesterday, taking an indefi-
nite leave of absence, and was
replaced by Bill D. Moyers.
* * *
NEW YORK-A vigorous late
rally boosted the stock market to
a sharply higher close yesterday.
The advance came after two con-
secutive losing sessions this week.
Prices had been mixed to slight-
ly lower through much of the day,
but the pace of trading quickened
and prices rose as the day wore

Among factors in the gain, brok-
ers said, was a renewed interest
in buying by the big institutional
investors-funds, foundations, in-
surance companies, banks and oth-
The volume of trading on the
New York Stock Exchange rose
to 4.38 million shares from 3.03
million shares Wednesday. At the
close, the Dow Jones average of
30 industrial stocks was up 7.08
at 877.85.
MIAMI - Ninety-four Cubans,
the largest fugitive group to arrive
here by small boat since Fidel
Castro's 1959 takeover, checked
into the Refugee Center yester-
They said they had to over-
power two Castro militiamen to
make their escape possible. The
militiamen went along with the
two-boat party into exile.
* * *
PARIS-United Nations Secre-
tary-General U Thant said yester-
day he has some "precise ideas"
on concessions of both sides in
Viet Nam which he will explain
soon in New York.

troops who, Secretary of Defense
Robert S. McNamara said in mnid-
June, were being sent to Viet
And, while the U.S. builds up
its ground forces, it gets deeper
into the war in the air.
Three times now American B-
52 bombers have flown the 2200
miles from Guam to bomb Viet
Cong locations in South Viet Nam,
some within 35 miles of Saigon.
American Bombings
At the same time, American
bombers continued to plaster
North Viet Nam, although stay-
ing away from such population
centers as the capital city of Ha-
noi and the seaport, Haiphong.
While the American command-
er-in-chief, President Lyndon B.
Johnson, was pondering all this,
he learned of more unpleasant
news which sooner or later may
require a decision from him.
Several Russian-built missile
sites are nearing completion in
North Viet Nam near Hanoi and
Haiphong. These are for surface-
to-air missiles which can be used
against bombers.
It's possible they will never be
used, unless the U.S. attacks those
two cities.
Crucial Question
But their very presence, and
the danger implicit in them, raises
the question: Should the U.S.
wipe out those missile sites be-
fore they can be used against
American planes?
But that might lead to U.S. in-
volvement with Russia.
Johnson has to make the de-
cision to bomb or lay off. But
Wednesday in Congress House Re-
publican Leader Gerald R. Ford
of Michigan said the U.S. should
bomb the missile bases before they
are ready for use.


Michigan has I morning daily
One in Detroit and
One in Ann Arbor


1001 East Huron Street
Rev. Calvin Malefyt,
Lea Blaisdell,
Director of Christian
9:30 a.m. Sunday School

You'll finally be able to afford to, if you get
a Honda.
Trade in your gas-eater for a thrifty Honda
50. Up to 200 miles per gallon, and at least
that many laughs. Maybe more.
Hondas are just the ticket for campus traffic
and campus parking, and you'll notice a big
difference in your pocketbook; too. it'll
bulge for a change.
And so will your date book.

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