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July 08, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1965-07-08

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- . ;


Seventy-Fif th Yearr

Press Lays Basis for US. Consent

Where Opinions Are Free. 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail 42 AIADS.ANAROaC.

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Dems To Face Losses
In 1966 Elections

PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S policies in Viet
Nam-no matter which way the war
goes--and the Dominican Republic may
cost Democrats a number of congression-
al seats in next year's elections.
Usually the major issues in the con-
gressional, off-year elections are strictly
of local interest. But the elections in
1966 will probably prove an exception.
As it looks now, Viet. Nam and the
stands taken on United States policy by
senators and representatives will be the
focus for much politicking.
There are striking similarities between
the Viet Nam situation today and the Ko-
rean War, faced by President Truman
more than 12 years ago. A major factor
in the administration's defeat in 1952
by Eisenhower was Truman's failure to
obtain a negotiated settlement in Korea.
The actual facts and complexities of the
issue were obscured by the political har-
angue, resulting in heavy Democratic
probably not as drastic for Johnson
has wide popular support for his domestic
The presidential elections seem far
enough away to defy prophesy, yet it is

possible to make a few predictions con-
cerning the congressional elections in
1966 when all the seats in the House and
one-third of the Senate seats will be up
for grabs.
If, for example, the war in Viet Nam
continues along its present course-get-
ting larger and larger without the pos-
sibility of a conference table settlement,
Republican candidates will find it to their
advantage to point to the administra-
tion's failure to solve the war and their
apparent unwillingness to negotiate the
issue. This tactic could gather wide anti-
administration votes among big city lib-
On the other hand, if some sort of
peace negotiations are concluded or un-
derway by election time, the issue would
be diluted by cries of "sell-out." This
sort of political sham would most appeal
to the Goldwater conservative or the mid-
dle class moderate with the fall-out shel-
ter in his back yard. The "peace through
strength" ideology would find added sup-
porters in the air of fear and suspicion.
NO MATTER what high level policies are
instituted in Viet Nam, they are bound
to hurt the Democratic party next year.

To the Editor:
NOW THAT the Johnson Ad-
ministration has involved the
American nation in that land war
in Asia, certain members of the
press are laying the groundwork
for the people's consent to the
next chain of odious military
tactics to be employed in their
On Saturday, for example, Han-
son Baldwin of the New York
Times ruminated at length about
the role of airpower, alluded to
the positive and negative aspects
of all-out saturation bombing,
noted that up to now "restrained"
bombing had not produced vic-
tory, and concluded that the full
force of United States air might
must now be used.
On Sunday Mr. Baldwin, having
again consulted "experts," an-
nounced a startlingly sudden and
tumor-like growth of military
might in the "Hanoi-Haiphong
area" of North Viet Nam.
HIS READERS were also alert-
ed to "unconfirmed reports" that
the North Vietnamese "now have
or will eventually be provided with
ground - to - ground ballistic mis-
siles with a range in excess of
1,000 miles."
Taken together, the Baldwin
articlesnare simply the advance
rumblings of "pre-emptive" strike
against a largely mythical mili-
tary threat.
What weapons will be used in
such a strike? There are three
-Saturation terror - bombing
with ,conventional high explosive
and incendiary munitions (though
Mr. Baldwin says we don't have
enough planes to do a really com-
plete job of destruction with
-Large-scale use of lethal and
"incapacitating" chemicals, and
-Nuclear weapons.
WILL THERE BE another na-
tional "controversy" as Hanoi
burns? Maybe.
But this will be readily exer-
cised by Robert S. McNamara, our
own Hermann Goering, waving a
pointer at a brace of aerial photo-
graphs while intoning that "all
women and children have been
evacuated fom Hanoi-Haiphong
and that sector is now completely
devoted to military preparations
for expanded Communist aggres-
Will the men running the com-
plex of military and corporate in-
stitutions, for whom Mr. McNa-
mara is one prominent spokes-
man, recoil at the prospect of
certain Chinese intervention and
an even bloodier war?
They have been making plenty
This Is A
for Mayor of New York as
the offering of the Conservative
Party, which was organized in
1962 and has as its dedication the
torment of Nelson Rockefeller's
At the time of his declaration
he was the only one to have the
nomination of every party he
wanted. And he was the only one
who did not merely disdain his
opponents but rather disdained the
office itself.
"Do you want to be Mayor of
New York?" an attendant journal-
ist asked him.
"I HAVEN'T considered it," the
candidate answered.
-Murray Kempton
The New Republic

of money off the Cold War-that
non-war which has never been
allowed to develop into a danger-
ous nuclear exchange.
And they stand to make it hand
over fist in a real Asian war.
("Industry Could Mobolize Fast If
Viet Nam Clash Grows to Korea-
Scale; Firms Say They Could
Meet Big Military Needs With
Small Civilian Output Cuts," the
Wall Street Journal, June 18.)
BUT ASIA HAS no H-bombs
with which to threaten. And
America has plenty of cannon
fodder that, through its silence, is
demonstrating daily a willingness
to be funneled into the breech.
-Michael Locker
Peter Henig
Mental Health
Research Institute
UN Rebuttal
To the Editor:
your newspaper concerning Mr.

Arnoni's article of July 3, "U.S.
Acts Cause UN Failure."
Unfortunately, the printing of
such an article, which abounds
with inaccuracies and miscon-
ceptions, reflects your newspaper's
lack of concern for the truth
about the United Nations and the
role of the United States.
To say that the U.S. "maneu-
vered the international organiza-
tion into serving as an instrument
of its partisan pursuits in Korea"
is to distort realities.
THERE WAS no war until the
attackers came from the North.
Up until the day before the first
attacks, border patrols had naively
believed that troops wlich nad
been spotted just north of the
38th parallel were defensive in
With the Soviet Union absent,
the Security Council unanimously
voted to aid the cause of freedom.
The article also claims that the
U.S. government "ignored the in-
terests of world peace in the

THE AUTHOR fails to realize
that both the U.S. and the USSR
initially supported the peace-
keeping force. Then the USSR
changed its position after it found
that the peace-keeping force pre-
cluded unilateral action in the
The most absurd part of the
article however, is the author's
statement that ". . . least of all
was the U.S. willing to consider
the UN even as a beginning of an
international parliament or exec-
utive; for the governing of the
world, it thought itself amply
First of all, the UN was not set
up in order to become a world
FURTHER, there is no logical
reason which supports world gov-
ernment as the panacea for all
global problems.
Then, too, it has been the USSR
which has consistently refused to
consider expansion of the UN into
a governing body. They claim,

rightly, that the UN was not set
up for such purposes.
THERE WOULD have been no
veto power if the goal of the UN
lay in its evolution to world gov-
Does the author not realize that
the USSR would also rather
exercise world authority than let
the UN do so?
The author condemns the use
of the Organization of American
States instead of the UN in the
Dominican Republic. Does he not
realize that the UN Charter calls
for problems to befirst dealt with
by regional organizations?
THERE ARE NO easy solutions
which can lead to world peace and
to an increased role for the UN.
To simply put the blame for the
continuing Cold (and Hot) War
onto the shoulders of the U.S. is
a manifestation of naivete-albeit
it is the "in" thing to do.


-Stephen Finkle II, '69



Cigarette Warning Inadequate
ION-cigarette smoking may be cations, the warning appears extremely


hazardous to your health!"
If the bill, recently passed by the Sen-
te, is passed in the House, every cigarette
arton and package will have to carry
his warning..
While the intentions of Congress are
ood, the warning will only enable the
rnoking industry to avoid governmental
upervision ,thus maintaining the status
In the first place the warning is ridicu-
)us. Just about anything can be haz-
rdous to your health. In the second
lace the warning will have little effect
n. people already smoking and probably
on't deter people from smoking for the
rst time.
VHEN VIEWED in relation to the sur-
geon general's report and its impli-
IDITH WARREN .............. Co-Editor
OBERT H1PPLER ... . . . ... Co-Editor
DWARD HERS'IETN .......... Sports Editor
JDITH FIELDS ... Business Manager
:FFREY LEEDS...............Supplement Manager
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor. Mich
Published daily Tuesday thnough Saturday morning.

The warning, maintaining the status
quo, will, in effect, help the cigarette
industries. In the first place, by putting
the simple warning on the packages -
something which can easily be made in-
conspicuous with a little artistry in pack-
age design-the industries avoid super-
vision by governmental agency-some-
thing which they were rather fearful of
when the controversy first erupted.
In the second place, by placing the
warning on the package, the industry
can claim no responsibility if a direct
causal relationship should be proven be-
tween smoking and cancer.
Not only that, the cigarette industry
avoids future hassles over the issue in the
future. It can always point to the warn-
ing and claim it is meeting its responsi-
bility by warning the public before they
buy cigarettes.
IF CONGRESS really wanted to do some-
thing about the health hazard of cig-
arette smoking, and if it could adequate-
ly ignore pressure from the tobacco com-
pany lobbyists, it should place the indus-
tries under direct governmental supervi-

THE STAKES are unusually
high in this year's election for
mayor of New York.
Can a very great city like New
York be made governable, can its
dangers and disorders and in-
conveniences be overcome?
And then, can the Republican
Party begin its recovery by pro-
moting a public man who shows
the way successfully in dealing
with the urbanized America that
the country is coming to be?
setter in this contest is Rep. John
V. Lindsay.
New York City is the biggest
city of the very big cities, and it
suffers from all the problems of
crowding, congestion and com-
Under Mayor Robert Wagner,
who has been an honest and.
compassionate mayor, the prob-
lems of crime, vice, delinquency,
slums and mal-education have
become increasingly unmanage-
able, as if they were too compli-
cated and stubborn for the mind
and will of the men who govern
New York and too much for the
civic virtue of its citizens.
Deal, not so much in the sense
of this or that specific reform, but
in the sense that it needs the in-
fusion of a new generation of
public men, young, with modern
minds, not yet tired, not yet
cynical about the possibility of
breaking through the established
routines and customs of politics,
still able to believe that some-
thing much better can be
There are plenty of men and
women in New York City who
could man a new administration.
The problem is to find them, to
tap them, to call them up, to be
able to appoint them, to convince
them that they have the oppor-
tunity to participate in a new
These recruits are now in law
offices, on the managerial staffs
of banks and businesses, in the
universities and foundations and
publishing houses with which
New York is so richly endowed.
IF ANYONE can summon and
rally these men and women it is
most likely to be John V. Lindsay.
He belongs to this new genera-
tion, and he has proved that he

can make himself understood and
liked by the voters.
The new generation can turn to
Lindsay with the confidence that
they are on solid political ground.
He has known how to win elec-
tions on the basis of what is an
admirably enlightened- legislative
record in Congress - a record
which shows him to be a resolute
progressive who knows well the
problems of a great city and at
the same time .a free spirit, a dis-
cerning and discriminating liberal.
HE SHOULD HAVE his chance
to see what can be done with the
unsettled problems of a very great
The election of Lindsay in New
York could be the turning point
in the continuing break-up of the
Republican Party.
The decline of the party is a
danger to the country, for it is
because of a want of real opposi-
tion that we are heading toward
a breaking apart of the Demo-
cratic Party as well.
THERE HAS YET been no re-
liable sign of a recovery from the
Goldwater disaster. For the Re-
publican leaders who are supposed
to be managing the recovery are
the same men who aborted the
resistance to the capture of the
Republican Party.

It will have to be led by men
who are modern in their minds
and in their spiritsl and have not
burned their fingers with Gold-
As of now, the future lies with
Republicans like Lindsay, Taft and
Percy, that is with men who be-
long not to the right wing or the
dead past but the vital center of
American politics.
THERE IS NO future for the
party in the strategy of 1964,
which amounted to surrendering
to President Johnson the whole
center of American politics and to
an eccentric attempt to recoup
that loss by appeasing the South-
ern racists.
This does not mean, and I cer-
tainly do not think, that Lindsay

They surrendered the party to
a faction which, in terms of vot-
ers, was a very minor fragment
of the electorate.
The old Republican leaders,
Eisenhower, Nixon, Dirksen, are
not leading and will not be able to
lead the recovery of the Republi-
cans, from the disaster because
they played such a leading part
in it.

will, perforce, have to be
new political generation.

Tork, GOP Need Lindsay

led by a

elected in New York would, could
or should move on to a Presiden-
tial nomination in 1968.
He will need at least one term,
and probably more than one
term, in the mayor's office to be-
gin to prove himself in New York.
make him a powerful figure in
the councils of the Republican
Party, and by 1968 that may be a
matter of great national conse-
quence. For the re-election of Mr.
Johnson and Mr. Humphrey is by
no means to be taken for granted.
The Democratic future is in
doubt because the country is en-
tangled in what may be an un-
limited and inconclusive war.
A war that cannot be won and
cannot be ended has never done
any goodto any political party,
and it will not do good to the
Democratic Party.
IF THINGS GO as badly as
they threaten to go in Southeast
Asia, it will matter a great deal
in 1968 whether the Republican
Party is 'still in the hands of the
Goldwater faction, as it is under
Dirksen's leadership, or has been
retrieved by its moderate and
educated leaders.
Copyright, 1965, Los Angeles Times



c'U' Plays Numbers Game'



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'Golden Arm' Gripping;
'Moon Is Blue' Dull
At the Campus Theatre
SUMMERTIME IS re-run time in Ann Arbor theatres. The offerings
until Saturday are two "oldies but goodies"-"Man With the Golden
Arm" and "The Moon Is Blue."
"The Man With the Golden Arm," starring Frank Sinatra, is really
a great movie. It's exciting, interesting, frustrating and absolutely
The plot is well-known. Sinatra is a "dealer" in a backroom card
game. As the movie opens he has just returned from "kicking the
habit" at the Federal Hospital at Lexington. The world is open to hin
again-he's "clean."
THEN, SLOWLY, inextricably he is sucked back into the whirlpool
again. He struggles, grasps at hope, and then, unavoidably he's got
"the monkey" on his back again.
This movie is great because what grips and tears at the viewer
aren't just the sensational scenes. Sinatra, experiencing withdrawal
symptoms, is terrifying and shocking to us. But the man's whole life
is what is so awful. He's a weak man who has been kicked around by
his environment. Showing us that he is basically kind and maybe could
have a future only increases the audience's impotent anger.
And the other characters are also powerful. Frankie's neurotic wife
is a tremendously pitiful person. She loves him so much she forces him

Third in a Series
AS A POLITICAL animal in
search of spoils, the University
plays the game of 'legislative in-
fighting with no holds barred. On
the other hand, representatives of
conflicting interests are not hesi-
tant to parry and lunge with
strong-armed tactics.
In the past, the University has
managed to have relatively more
political pull than the other state
colleges. This power came because
the University used to be the larg-
est higher educational institution
in the state, and because many of
the University's alumni have been
prominent in political affairs.
Times are changing, however,
and already Michigan State Uni-
versity surpasses the University in
terms of enrollment. Wayne State
Univerety will also bypass the
University in the near future, and
even schools like Eastern Michi-
gan University will equal the size
of this institution.
MEANWHILE the quality of the
other schools is also rising and
their alumni are being placed in
prominent positions.
The repercussions of these
changes will have a tremendous
impact on the future of the Uni-
versity. No longer commanding the
support of the most alumni, nor
the highest number of parents of
students enrolled, the University
will not remain "the politically
privileged institution" in the fu-
Despite the fact that it is prob-
able that the University will lose
political power relative to the
growing might of other state in-
stitutions, administrative officials
here are unwilling to play the
"numbers game" using the con-
ventional methods.
RATHER THAN over-extending
the campus in Ann Arbor, their
solution to the problem has been
the establishment of branches.
Not only do branches give the
University a higher power base of

working out as well as University
administrators had hoped. State
educational studies, most notably
the Davis report, have come out
against such expansion.
More recently the new State
Board of Education has recom-
mended that the University branch
at Flint be replaced by an inde-
pendent four year institution.-Fur-
thermore, enrollment figures at
the Dearborn branch have been
The University will not, however,
accept the demise of the branch
solution without fighting. By per-
sisting to advocate educational im-
perialism, the University got in-
volved in a direct confrontation
with the State Board from which
both parties are still suffering the
IT IS CLEAR that if the Univer-
sity wants to retain the leadership
of higher education in Michigan
without the necessary political

power to support its bid, the
backing of the State Board is a
vital necessity .
Yet right now, politicians seem
to feel that the rift between the
University and the State Board
is deepening.
An enlightening incident docu-
menting this trend was the un-
successful attempt to slash the
retroactive pay of Board Chair-
man Thomas Brennan. As one leg-
islator explained, that cutback was
attempted because of the anti-ex-
pansion decisions made by the
Board on the University's ' Flint
AS IT IS, the University will
have enough problems in the fu-
ture, without getting involved in a
feud with the State Board.
The irony of the situation is that
both the State Board and the Uni-
versity will desperately need the
support of each other, and yet they
currently seem to be at each oth-
er's neck.

Programming Ruins
'Polite' Concert
At Rackham Auditorium
GARY GRAFFMAN opened the Second Annual Summer Concert
Series at Rackham last night with a program of Romantic works.
The evening suffered more from the programming than from Mr.
Graffman's playing, which was polite throughout. The four pieces on
the recital (by Mendelssohn, Beethoven, Brahms, and Schumann) were
all composed within a 40 year period, in exactly two towns only a couple
of hundred miles apart. Even the two encores barely departed from
this charmed circle.
To ascend the soapbox for a moment, I might ask if it is too much
to expect of a major American artist. to exchange Schumann's "Flores-
tan" and "Eusebius" for, say, Ives's "Hawthorne" and "Emerson?"
Even the supposedly provincial Ann Arbor audience yawned through
the umpteenth "Carnaval."
RUBINSTEIN PERFORMED a recital similar to Graffman's this
year, but managed by an amazing versatility and tact of phrasing to
delineate the individual characteristics of each piece, composer, and







7 .f S L pwdo ERA'



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