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July 08, 1965 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1965-07-08

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Latin Crisis-What Are the Facts?

U.S., Infiltrators Near Battle


Associated Press Special Correspondentj
WASHINGTON - After two
months of lingering crisis, heated
hemispheric debate has failed to
dispel a curtain of fog surround-
ing the issue of Communist po-
tential in the Dominican Republic
What are the facts? In a revo-
lutionary situation, facts are dif-
ficult to nail down. This is even
more the case where Communist
operations are involved.
" From evidence of innumer-
able witnesses, it is clear the Com-
munists took an active part after
the revolt exploded April 24.
What is not clear is whether
they had any role in plotting or
sparking the rebellion, or had
control of it at any time
* It is generally agreed from
the evidence and official observa-
tion that the revolt was launched
by a group of disgruntled junior
officers against President Donald
Reid Cabral's regime. Nobody has
accused the 30 or 40 professional
military men in the rebel com-
mand of being Communist.
* Communist leaders moved
swiftly into the situation. Left
extremists took part in the early
hours and continue to take a part.
Even the rebel leaders acknowl-
edge this.
* Early in the crisis, U.S. gov-
ernment 'sources issued a list of
54 persons identified as Commu-
nist leaders in controlling posi-
tions in the revolt. This list seem-
ed hastily thrown together. It in-
cluded names of a few known to
have been non-Communist and
others who, for various reasons,
could not have had a role. This
tended to weaken the contention
that the Communists ran the rebel
* U.S. intelligence has produc-
IsiSs 74
Arrested In
RightS Drive
MOBILE, Ala. (AP) - Charges
against 74 more persons arrested
during racial demonstrations in
Selma were dismissed by a federal
judge yesterday sNosreason was
given for the dismissals.
The order by U.S. Dist. Judge
Daniel H. Thomas was one of a
long series dating back to early
this year. About 3,500 persons were
arrested at Selma during the mas-
sive voter registration drive led
by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Most of the arrests were by
deputies or possemen under direc-
tion of Sheriff James G. Clark, a
focal point of the drive. The King
campaign began in January and
was climaxed with the 50-mile
march from Selma to Montgomery
ending March 28. 'i'hree persons
were killed during the drive.
The cases dismissed yesterday
were among hundreds placed un-
der jurisdiction of the federal
court on petition of attorneys for
the civil rights workers.
The action came a day after
a Birmingham Negro attorney,
Peter Hall, told a race relations
institute at Fiske University in
Nashville, Tenn., that he suspected
not a single person will be con-
victed for anything done at
"The right to remove cases to
the federal courts and appeal in
federal courts is the finest thing
that has happened in many years,"
Hall said. "This is a weapon we
can use if we have cooperation
from the movement people."

Communist organization but was homes, and were responsible for
heavily infiltrated later by Castro- appeals to the rest of the coun-
ists. try to demand arms for civilians
The U.S. account says that in and organization of "people's
the first hours, among the most combat units," the report says.
active Communists were Narciso The first U.S. Marine landing
Isa Conde, PSP Central Commit- on April 28, the fourth day of the
tee member; Diomedes Mercedes revolt, was announced as protec-
Batista, PSP member identified as tion for U.S. lives. The massive
a commuter to Havana, and Amin military landings thereafter were
Abel Hasbun, of the 14th of June to counter an assumed Communist
Movement, threat to seize the island.-

Harangues U
The situation was wildly con- esti
fused by Sunday. President Reid rebe
lost the support of senior officers, 14th
resigned and went into hiding. At U.S
this moment, U.S. sources say,{"
armed PSP members harangued are
crowds at Independence Park Jun
downtown and shouted for viol- ist,
ence. peo;
Somebody convinced the rebel B
leaders they should distribute the 14th
captured arms to civilians. The inci
Communists had been shouting oft
the slogan: "Arms to the working reb
class." goti
Several thousand civilians got Con
machine guns, grenades, Molotov thes
cocktails and other lethal weap- the
ons. U.S. intelligence says a truck
owned by Buenaventura Johnson It
Pimentel, a PSP Central Commit- rally
tee member, transported arms to Caa

-Associated Press
DURING THE HEIGHT of the Dominican Republic turmoil, a
rebel tank stands ready in the rebel sector of Santo Domingo.
Although it is difficult to know for sure what happened during
the early days of the revolt, an Associated Press analyst says, the
United States has deduced a likely presentation of what happened.

.S. sources in Santo Domingo
mate that more than half the
el civilian army came from the
h of June Movement. Said one
. official:
That is not to say that they
all Communists. The 14th of
e is pro-Castro and national-
and includes many types of
ut these sources connect the
h of June leadership with an
dent which touched off some
the sharpest fighting in the
ellion and set back political ne-
ations, which seemed to be a
mmunist aim. The incident, to
se sources, also threw doubt on
leadership of Col. Caamano.
t began with a 14th of June
y to commemorate that date.
mano spoke only three min-
s and seemed tense and ner-
s, witnesses say. Hector Emi-
Aristy, a young officer who
appeared all over the politi-
scene from right to left, spoke
t and seemed confident. Then
ne Rafael Francisco Tavares,
ntified as hard-core 14th of
Le and Cuba-trained.
avares made a violent speech
ing the civilian militia to fire
"Yankee invaders" at a time
en a precarious cease-fire was
ng observed.

Associated Press Staff Writer
SAIGON-A showdown appears
imminent between United States
Marines and what U.S. intelli-
gence believes to be North Viet
Nam's 325th Division.
At stake is Central Viet Nam-a
huge area of jungle-covered
mountains, with a string of vital
coastal communities running along
the South China Sea. One of
these is Da Nang, the main stag-
ing area for U.S. air raids on
North Viet Nam.
For the past few weeks, Viet
Cong forces of unprecendented
strength have moved across the
Vietnamese highlands, smashing
one important post after another.
Viet Cong Victories
The list of towns that have
fallen recently to the enemy in-
clude Toumorong, Ba Gia, Dak To,
all about 300 miles north of here.
Thousands of South Viet Nam
soldiers have died or been cap-
tured either in the towns them-
selves or in ambushes nearby.
Heavy Viet Cong probes stab
even at the large coastal towns.
A week ago, Viet Cong soldiers
managed to breach the inner de-
fenses of Da Nang air base, blow-
ing up three American planes and1
damaging several others.
Some of these attacks are be-
lieved ,to have involved Viet Cong
units that have been working in
the area for years. But the back-
bone of Viet Cong strength in thisI
area now is believed by many top
U.S. officials to be the North
Vietnamese 325th Division, which
is said to have begun infiltrating'
into South Viet Nam early this

--Associated Press

A WOUNDED SOUTH VIETNAMESE marine is carried to a
helicopter after a recent battle with the Viet Cong where he was
wounded in the leg. Repeated Viet Cong victories may indicate a
confrontation between U.S. troops and North Vietnamese troops,
an Associated Press analyst claims.

ed a new list of persons identified uel Ramon Montes Arache. Both the rebel zone, that his home was utes
as leading Communists in the re- are professional officers, as are used to store arms, that machine vou
volt. This list contains 77' names the 30 or 40 others in the rebel guns were mounted on his roof lio
and admits 11 of those on the high command. and that his house was the meet- has
original list of 54. The new list Col. Montes Arache, examining ing place for 50 members of the cal
is reported to be part of a forth- the original U.S. list of 54, said he Communist strategy command. nex
coming U.S. white paper. Some saw in the rebel zone only five Communist Role camp
Washington sources say they think of those named. U.S. sources in- The account says Communist iden
that soon the administration will sist that 43 on the original list of leaders played a leading part in Jun
prove its case to Latin American 54 were seen in the zone in the distributing arms, sometimes con- T
satisfaction, and if so, this will past few weeks. They say four trolling the distribution. Other urg:
help repair the damage to the U.S. others were captured and jailed, Communists, identified by name, on
image wrought by the unilateral one was killed, five were spotted incited mobs to destroy and burn, whc
intervention, outside the Dominican'capital, and to kill police, to loot stores and bein
The new list, it is known, details all of them were members of the - - -
in almost every case what each Castroist-dominated 14th of June NEWT D CES
Communist leader was supposed to Movement. I 1 *
have done in the first week of the U.S. intelligence now puts the
revolt. It identifies many as hav- story together this way:"
ing had Cuban or Communist bloc When the revolt erupted Satur- I
training. An accompanying text ,day, April 24, the junior officers
accuses Cuba of having had close seized the 27th of February mili-i
connection with Communist oper-ary camp and its arms. Civilians LEON JACOBSON aut
seized two radio stations in the and JOHN OHALA str
U.S. sources in Santo Domingo capital and announced the over- woi
contend the Communists moved throw of President Reid. Govern- The stress (accent) patterns of
into control of most of the 20 ment forces later took back the all languages may be a part of A
commando units into which the stations, but the rebels already every man's innate makeup, Prof. or
rebel military organization was di- had called on civilians to join the Noam Chomsky suggested in athe
vided and thus could block a rebellion in the streets. Forum lecture Tuesday. the
political settlement. By Sunday, all three Communist Chomsky, speaking on "Under- "bl
Doubts factions were active: the Moscow- lying Phonological Representa- leve
Col. Francisco Caamano Deno, line Popular Socialist Party (PSP), tions," said recent evidence indi- a sp
32-year-old son of a Trujillo era the violence-minded Popular Do- cates that a speaker of English
general and the nominal leader minican Party (MPD), and the must have an intuitive knowledge I
of the revolt, scoffs at this. So 14th of June Movement, which of a complicated system. of rules sens
does his militia chief, Col. Man- began six years ago as a non- of grammar which allow him to imp)

language Patterns
omatically assign a correct what the speaker meant to say,
ess contour to any English not what he said.
rd, phrase or sentence. Chomsky, of the Massachusetts
speaker can distinguish five Institute of Technology linguistics
six distinguishable levels of department, revolutionized the
ss in English, he said, as in field of linguistics with his 1957
utterances "blackboard" and monograph "Syntactic Struc-

One battalion of the 325th was
identified to the satisfaction of
U.S. intelligence officers several
months ago. The battalion was
spotted in Kontum Province,j
which borders on Laos. Tuesday, a
powerful Viet Cong force overran
Dak To, a key district capital in
Kontum Province.
U.S. Marines in Viet Nam so far
have been technically limited to
operations connected with secur-
ing Da Nang airbase and the ap-
proaches to it. Marines are sta-
tioned at Phu Bai, Da Nang, Chu
Lai and Jui Nhon.
They have been out on a num-
ber of operations and gotten into'
some moderately heavy fights.
They have suffered some casual-~
ties and caused some Viet Cong
Limited Action
But so far, the Viet Cong has:
not tried one of its classic meat-
grinder operations on the U.S.
Marines, nor has the enemy tried
any major frontal operations.
The U.S. Marines may soon have
a green light to shoulder the brunt
of the war in central Viet Nam.
North Vietnamese forces who
have carried the main respon-
sibility up to now have been bled
Another 8,000 U.S. Marines be-I
gan landing yesterday at Da Nang
and Qui Nhon on what appeared
to be an emergency basis. These
Marines were not budgeted as
part of the scheduled U.S. buildup
here but were brought in as "fire-
men," government sources ex-
More Equipment
Other information indicates that
U.S. planners are looking toward
further battles in Viet Nam.
North American Aviation rolled
off its Columbus (Ohio) produc-
tion line yesterday the first air-
plane designed specifically for the
kind of war being fought in Viet

Nam-the OV-10, a counter-
insurgency craft.
The plane is the first of seven
prototypes being built under a
Navy contract.
It is a stubby-wing aircraft with
twin booms and a horizontal tail-
mounted high between two ver-
tical tails. The plane is powered
by two turboprop engines, giving
it the performance needed for a
variety of missions ranging from
assault to reconnaissance and
troop transport.
North Moves
North Viet Nam may be expect-
ing a confrontation ah well. For
about two months, U.S. recon-
naissance planes have been watch-
ing the North Vietnamese~ build-
ing several anti-aircraft missile
sites with Russian-built equip-
The State Department reported
Tuesday that work on two of the
sites is virtually complete and
that two other sites have reached
an advanced stage. This is one
more site than previously reported.
There is no evidence that any
of the surface-to-air missiles have
yet been placed in firing position
there, the department said.
There also are reports that
modern MIG 21 jets may appear
soon in North Viet Nam. These
planes probably could battle U.S.
craft on roughly equal terms.
1:30 p.m.-The Audio Visual
Center Film Preview will feature
"Plato's Apology" and "Macbeth,
Part II:, The Themes of Macbeth"
in the UGLI.


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The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TVL'EWit'l'lTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Bldg. be-
fore 2 p.m. of the eay preceding
publication, and by 2 p.m. Friday
for Saturday and Sunday. General
Notices may be nublished a maxi-
mum of two times on req est; Day
Calendar items appear once only.
Student organiation notices are not
accepted for publication.
Day Calendar
Engineering Summer Conferences -
Professors H. Buning and D. T. Green-
wood, co-chaarmen, "Flight Mechanics
of Spacecraft": 1042 E. Engineering, 8:30
Midwest Community College Leader-
ship Program Junior College President's
Institute-Michigan League, 8:30 a.m.
Audio Visual Education Center Film
Preview-"Plato's Apology" and "Mac-

beth, Part II: The Themes of Mac-
beth": Undergraduate Library, 1:30 p.m.
Linguistic Institute Forum Lecture -
Murray B. Emeneau, University of Cali-
fornia, Berkeley, "Style and Meaning in
an Oral Literature": Aud. A. Angell
Hall, 7:30 p.m.
School of Music Degree Recital -
Margaret Kautz, organist: Hill Aud.,
8:30 p.m.

Robinson, Psychology; thesis: "A Multi-
dimensional Investigation into Public
and Academic Perceptions of Nations,"
Thurs., July 8, 134 Temporary Class-
room Bldg., 1 p.m. Chairman, R. A.
Doctoral Examination for Jacob Rob-
ert Lifsitz, Physics; thesis: "A Meas-
urement o fthe 23P Fine Structure of
He4," Thurs., July 8, 2038 Randall Lab.,
10 a.m.


ack board," which indicate two
els that occur automatically to
peaker of thel English language.
Learn a Language?
he existence of this human
se for correct sound patterns
plies that language cannot be
arned" in the usual sense of
word, Chomsky said. The un-
lying rules of speech are too
iplex to be learnepd, I e added.
hey must, therefore, be part
a human's inmate mental
ipment, Chomsky concluded.
Che theory also indicates some-
ng about an oft-debated prob-
in linguistics, he said: the,
stion of the relationship be-
en the acoustic signal of speech
d whatever a person hears.
ere is considerably less than a
-to-one relationship, he sug-
ted, particularly in the matter
vowel reduction ("softening")
stress contours.
n normal speech, Chomsky
imed, the hearer is usually
e to anticipate a great deal of
at will be said by what has
ie before. The more the hearer
able to guess what the mes-
e will be, the less closely he
st listen to the "phonetic sub-
rce" of the message.
Thus the speaker may make
eral "slips" or "slurs" in pro-
nciation, but the hearer will
rlook them and hear instead

tures." His theories are basically
concerned with formal, mathe-
matical statements of those rules
of grammar which a native speak-
er must know to use that lan-
Chomsky told an audience of
about 400 in Rackham Auditorium
that through study of these stress
patterns and the implimations,
one can learn several important,
"non-trivial" principles about lan-
guage perception, the reality of
phonetic representation, and, ulti-
mately, the cognitive processes
that cause man to want to speak.
The next Forum lecture will be
July 8. A professor from the. Uni-
versity at Berkeley will discuss
"Style and Meaning in an Oral
Use of This Column for Announce-
ments is available to officially recog-
nized and registered student organiza-
tions only. Forms are available in Room
1011 SAB.
Christian Science Organization: Reg-
ular testimony meeting, Thurs., 7:30
p.m., 3545 SAB.

-.. " r.-
Otto Premingers starring
Dial 62-626 Show

en a Doctoral Examination for Robert
General Notices Stanley Bahney, History; thesis: "Gen-
erals and Negroes: Education of Ne-
Graduate Record Examination: Can- groes by the Union Army, 1861-1865,"
didates taking the Graduate Record Thurs., July 8, 3609 Haven Hall, 10:15
Exam Sat., July 10, are requested to a.m.
report to Aud. B, Angell Hall, 8:45 a.m. -
Admission Test for Graduate Study in
Business: Candidates taking the Admis-
sion Test for Graduate Study in Busi ANNOUN CETB
ness Sat., July 10, are requested to re- Ferris State College, Big Rapids, Mich.
port to Room 130 Bus. Admin. Bldg., -Will interview Fri., July 9, for as-
8:30 a.m. Saturday. sistants for one year research project.
Determine need for tech .trained peo-
Mail Orders are still being received ple in industry. Involves travel & in-
for the remaining productions of the terviewing. Degree in Bus., Mgmt.,
University Players' Playbill Summer '65. Econ., Indust. Educ., or rel. Make ap-
Next week, T. S. Eliot's "The Confiden- pointments immediately. Call 764-7460,
tial Clerk," Wed, and play through Bureau of Appointments.
Saturday. "The Private Ear" and "The
Public Eye," two one-act plays by Pe- POSITION OPENINGS:
ter Shaffer, July 21 through July 24. Navy Department-Various civilian
Shakespeare's "Measure for Measure," jobs at several locations. Illustrator, 11-
Aug. 4-7. An opera, to be announced, brarian, contract specialist, operations
will round out the season, Aug. 11-14. res. analyst. Also Elect, Engr. for 24
All performances 8 p.m., Lydia Men- mos. duty in London. Supv. Recreation
delssohn Theatre. Box Office open Spec. located in Iceland.
daily 12:30-5 p.m.; or send orders to Monsanto Co., St. Louis, Mo.-Vari-
Univ. of Michigan Players, Lydia Men- ous openings located throughout U.S.
delssohn Theatre. including 1, Tech. Writer, BS IE, Phys-
ics, Math, or Chem. 2. Geologist, degree
Lecture: Thurs., July 8, 7:30 p.m., plus 2-7 yrs. exper. 3. Anal. Chemist, BS
Murray B. Emeneau, Univ. of Califor- Chem. or ChE plus 2-4 yrs. exper. 4.
nia, Berkeley, "Style and Meaning in Air Pollution Control. MS ChE or San.
an Oral Literature, in Rackham Lecture Engrg. plus 1-10 yrs. exper. Many other
Hall. positions in res., engrg., mktg., mfg. &
Doctoral Examination for John Peter State of Utah, Salt Lake City-Public
Health Educator, MA Public Health Ed-
ucation plus 5 yrs. exper. Knows. of
community organ. & related. Handle
statewide program of public health edu-
Kordite Corp., Macedon, N.Y.-Sr.
Financial Analyst. Degree in Bus. Ad.,
MBA pref. 2-5 yrs. exper. Assist with
tothe profit plan and budgets.
For further information, please call
u764-7460, General Div., Bureau of Ap-
of the year! pointments, 3200 SAB.
@hardesK~eidmad 212 SAB-
presents Boyne Mountain Lodge, Boyne Falls,
SMich.-Waitressesneeded. Also men for
wt general outdoor work. Work available
thsugh March. Part or full time. De-

Folk Dance Club: Folk dance
instruction, Fri., July 9, 8-11
Women's Athletic Bldg.


is i~ .;,S::::: ... .... . .. }... ... ..... ... ... . .. . .::. . ... .... . ... ', \ ...i "ti' .. . ..... .r . .}.. .. .. ..? %:.
Many of the brides listed
in our Bridal Registry
Phone NO 8-6779 0 601 East Liberty
pit. ... . . . i,:...v : ''


FNnthe SUN!
HEelp run-
*Beach Trips
9 Street Dances
* Outdoor Concerts
Information Meeting 4:00 Thurs., Judy 8
STUDENT OFFICES-2nd floor, Mich. Union
I 1
1 -
1 U
1 1
f presents
1 I
1 I
1 1
English Comedy Classic
with Alec Guiness
1 1


D &a 62-6264

r 1:00
& 7:45


* AND @

Romy Schneider
Paula Prentiss
and least but not last.
Woodg Allen
and guest star
Ursula Andreas
They're all together againl! ,


University Players
Next week...

Department of Speech
T. S. E iot's.

aliWES 00111111 H/ACK...T71 HACK!

rI .f 1A01 -.0 1 1 YN 71

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