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December 02, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-12-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



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U. . Propaganda Leaflets Deluge North

iet am

SAIGON, South Viet Nam (R)-
Enough paper to reach more than
twice around the earth. at the
equator has been dropped on
North Viet Nam by American
More than 400 million propa-
ganda leaflets have been dumped
on the C o m m u n i s t-controlled
north since April 1965.
Such psychological warfare-
called psywar here-"is not going
to win the war but it will make a
real contribution by wearing down
morale," said one U.S. intelligence
North Vietnamese prisoners and
*the pockets of northerners killed
in action often carry leaflets, many
of which promise safe conduct if
they surrender to allied forces.
The main purpose of the leaflet
barrage is to win Communist sol-

diers over to the Saigon govern- will be less and less to buy. Prices'
ment. will go higher. Your savings will
They are also aimed at discour- become worthless paper."
aging northerners from repairing The note is of one dong denom-
roads and bridges destroyed by ination, worth about two and a
U.S. bomb strikes. third cups of rational rice in
One leaflet has a photograph of North Viet Nam. Northern army
a shattered bridge and the shadow privates reportedly earn five dongs
of a circling U.S. bomber. The re- each month.
verse side says in Vietnamese: Experts said the printing is al-
"Compatriots who are forced to most an exact duplicate of Com-
repair bridges and roads, beware. munist money but the paper is of
The quicker they are repaired the different quality.
sooner they will be bombed again.: Preparation of the leaflets is
Try to avoid working on roads and a complex process. Subject matter
bridges, you will save yourselves is developed jointly by U.S. and
from a needless death." Vietnamese experts in Saigon.
Counterfeit Bank Notes Most are dropped in the Red
River delta near Hanoi by high-
To cripple Communist savings, flying planes.
counterfeit North Vietnamese bank
notes are dropped along with the Widest Possible Dispersion
message "As the war goes on there For the widest possible disper-

sion, experts use 8.5 by 2.3 nch
paper of special weight. These
drift on the wind to targets as far
as 100 miles.
Leaflets are packed in bombs
set to explode at a certain height
to scatter the paper. The rectang-
ular shape gives them both spin
and lift.
William L. Stearman of the
joint U.S. Public Affair Office in
Saigon reports 447,657,0000 leaf-
lets have been dumped on North
Viet Nam since the project began.
Dropped from High Altitudes
Most leaflets are dropped from
high altitudes but a report on the
recent Manila conference on Viet
Nam was strewn in downtown
Hanoi by F-105 Thunderchiefs.
Perhaps the most widely known
single propaganda leaflet was a
poem written by a young North

Vietnamese trooper to his mother. those like mother and me.
It was found on his body after a Dropped Before Holidays
battle. Millions of copies were Propaganda paper is u
printed and dropped near his home dropped just before imp
in the north, holidays. One for the lunar
The poem described hardships year wished "The people of1
he endured on the trek through Viet Nam a happy and prose
Laos into South Viet Nam and ulti- New Year."
mate disillusionment from the kill- A recurring theme is that+
ing of fellow countrymen. The munist troops heading into
poem said in part: bat are "born in the north t
"But why did they order me to in the south." These are illust
burn the villages, destroy the by photos of dead northern
bridges, diers, including one of a he
"Lay mines to sow death Northern troops are indo
around? ated to believe they will be
"Often my hands trembled tured and killed by allied f
"While laying a mine, because Stearman says. In one attem
later I saw counteract this, South Viet
"People blown up and blood released 21 Communist pris
sprayed around. and announced their return t
"Whose blood it was? north with leaflets bearing
"It was the blood of our people, nhotogranhs and addresses.

r new
to die
n sol-
npt to
to the

Effectiveness of the leaflets is
virtually impossible to measure,
but Hanoi has reacted angrily to
the paper deluge.
North Vietnamese President Ho
Chi Minh said in a speech: "We
must further heighten our deter-
mination to stop all spying and
psychological war activities of the
Advises Propagandists
Another Communist official ad-
vised propagandists in a Hanoi
publication not to "single out any
enemy leaflet for comment and
analysis because this would focus
the people's attention on specific
enemy tricks. However, when an
argument is found to be positively
dangerous, it is necessary to mo-
nopolize public opinion to counter
its effects.",
Leaflets are also scattered wide-

ly over South Viet Nam. They are
directed at Viet Cong Irregulars,
and have a different slant than
messages dropped on the north.
Most are safe-conduct passes
urging Viet Cong to take advan-
tage of Saigon's open arms pro-
gram to "rally to the national
Around U.S. Base Camps
Communists in the south have a
small leaflet campaign aimed both
at Vietnamese and American GIs.
This' propaganda is scattered by
hand around U.S. base camps or
in Jungles where U.S. forces are
One addressed to "U.S. officers
and men" says the Vietnamese are
not enemies of the American peo-

r - "'f l114AVV 1 W'j~llU WllMl W{.(\Al l~l]UL+A):




" Kiesinger
Selected As,
Coalition Formed;
Brandt Sworn in
As Vice Chancellor
BONN, Germany (A') - Kur
Georg Kiesinger, once a Nazi, wa
named chancellor yesterday to
head a government welding hi
Christian Democrats to the Socia
Democrats in a coalition withou
precedent in West Germany. He
promptly named a Cabinet with
a pro-French tinge.
* The vice chancellor will be So-
cial Democrat Willy Brandt, wh
Leased to be mayor of West Berlir
when he was sworn into the Cab-
inet. Brandt also will hold the pos
of foreign minister and thus may
be able to brake' any policy shift
toward France that might dam-
* age U.S. relations.
Firm Washington Ties
As head of the Social Demo-
cratic party, Brandt is a strong
advocate of firm ties with Wash-
ington. His party has been the
chief opposition to the ruling
Christian Democrats through the
017-year history of the Federal
Kiesinger, himself known for his
attachment to France named, as
finance minister, Franz Joseph
Strauss, the former defense min-
It was Strauss's criticism of Ger-
Onany's drift away from France
that helped bring down Chancel-
lor Ludwig Erhard's government
after three years in power.
Elected by Bundestag
Kiesinger was elected by secret
ballot in the Bundestag, the lower
ehouse of Parliament. He got 340
of the 496 votes. A surprising 109
deputies voted against him and
another 23 cast blank ballots. This
indicated that about 50 of the 202
Social Democrats broke party dis-
cipline and did not support him.
The only opposition group in the
+house is the Free Democratic par-
The most controversial member
of Kiesinger's cabinet is Strauss,
head of the Bavariai, wing of the
Christian Democrats.
Strauss was ousted in 1962 as
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's de-
ifense minister over his role in
what became known as: "the Der
Spiegel affair."
Strauss in Cabinet
Until a few hours before the
ministers' swearing-in, there was
doubt Strauss would be in the new
Cabinet. He is said to have asked
4or guarantees that he would have
the government's full support in
any unpopular financial measures
he may introduce to balance the
Majority Necessary
No party alone has the 249 votes
needed to elect a chancellor. The
thristian Democrats have 245, the
Social Democrats 202 and the Free
Democrats 49.
The new government potentially
controls 447 of the 496 Bundestag
votes. The Social Democrat en-
dorsement of Kiesinger came de-
spite considerable protest from the
4arty's rank and file.
Oppose Coalition
Some Social Democrats opposed
the coalition on ideological
grounds. Others objected to Kies-
inger personally bacause he was a
member of the Nazi party from
X1933 to the end 'of World War II.
He worked in the radio propa-
ganda section of the Nazi Foreign
Ministry during the war. For the

past eight years he has been m n
ister-president of the State of
Baden-Wuerttemberg, a job rough-
ly equivalent to governor in the
E.'nited States. He is 62 years old.
Limited Time
Christian Democratic and Social
Democratic leaders made it clear
that their coalition is for a limited
time, probably until the next gen-
eral election scheduled for 1969.
The parties are likely to sepa-
*ate before then to fight the elec-

Jordan Fires Wilson Flies to Gibraltar;
On Refugees Last Ditch Parley with Smith


Damnascus Broadcast LONDON (AM-Prime Minister
Accuses Hussein of Harold Wilson flew to Gibraltar
Fih Sdyesterday night for a last-ditch
ighting Sde Battle meeting with Rhodesia's white
Fro rSrminority leader Prime Minister
From Wire Service Reports Ian Smith to end Rhodesia's re-
AMMAN, Jordan-Syria charged bellion. Wilson promised Paiha-
today that King Hussein's Arab ment before leaving there will be
Legionnaires opened fire on anti- no surrender of Britain's principles
government refugees who had tled in seeking a settlement.
across the border into Syria. A The British and Rhodesian
Damascus radio announcement prime ministers, with their ad-
said one man was killed. Ivisers are expected to board the
An official communique broad- British cruiser Tiger and then,

Smith left Salisbury at dawn on
a British military jet with Sir
Humphrey Gibbs and Sir Hugh
Beadle, the governor and the chief
justice of the breakaway colony.
Rendezvous at Sea
The extraordinary rendezvous at
sea stripped both leaders of the
need in the next few days to adopt
public postures. For a while they
will be out of the reach of news-
A day packed with drama pro-
duced a variety of reactions to the
summit-at-sea, reactions ranging
from relief to hostility.
There was, in the main, general
approval when Wilson told an


-Associated Press
A crowd of about 10,000 braved the rain to attend a rally yesterday at the steps of the Univer-
sity of California's Srpoul Hall. During the morning pickets urged students not to attend classes to
protest last night's sit-in arrests.
osyin Meets wit DeGaulle;
Given Full State Welcome

PARIS (P) - Soviet Premier
Alexei N. - Kosygin arrived yester-
day for an official visit that he
and President. Charles de Gaulle
hailed as new evidence of coopera-
tion between Paris and Moscow for
the good of the world.
De Gaulle himself drove to the
atirport to give Kosygin a top-
drawer welcome usually reserved
for chiefs of state, while Kosygin
is chief of government. As they
left the airport, guns fired a 101-
gun salute accorded heads of state.
Elysee Palace ,
The two leaders were closeted
with a pair of interpreters in De
Gaulle's Elysee Palace for nearly
two hours. Informed sources said
they had a frank exchange of
views on Germany, Viet Nam, Eur-
opean security and disarmament.
During the premier's state visit,
another round of talks is sched-
uled for today and the two will
meet all day next Thursday.
French sources insist to new polit-
ical agreement is in the offing.
Importance of Visit
Yet the importance De Gaulle
attaches to Kosygin's visit is de-
monstrated by the reception given
the premier.
When Kosygin's plane arrived
from Moscow under a lowering
sky, De Gaulle-hatless and with-
out a topcoat despite a chilling
east wind-was there.
"Your presence marks-with a
vividness for which we can only
congratulate ourselves-the co-
operation which is being organ-
ized between the two states for the;
welfare of our two peoples and,,
at the same time, for the equilib-
rium, progress and peace of the
world," de Gaulle said in his wel-;
coming speech.,
Develop Franco-Soviet 7

the areas of cooperation which
tend to consolidate international
security and the security of the
Soviet and French peoples."
Then the two leaders, with a
52-man motorcycle escort, led al
speeding 75-car cavalcade into
Paris past thin crowds to the
French Foreign Ministry.
Later, Kosygin stood in an open
car as it rolled up the Champs
Slysees past applauding lunchtime
crowds to the Arch of Triumph
where the premier lad a wreath on

Ithe tomb of France's unknown sol-
Kosygin, Soviet Foreign Minister
Andrei A. Gromyko and other
members of the Soviet party
lunched at the presidential palace
before Kosygin returned to the
Foreign Ministry to receive mem-
bers of the diplomatic corps.
Chinese Ambassador
The Communist Chinese ambas-
sador to France, Huang Chen, ex-
changed a brief handshake with
the Soviet preimer. There were no
words, no smiles. Chen left imme-
diately afterward.

cast by Damascus radio. accusedI
Jordan of "seeking to engage in
a side battle" instead of' concen-
trating on the Arab fight against
"The Syrian government is de-
termined to stop any attempt that
will endanger the life of any Jor-
danian or Syrian citizen inside
Syrian territory," the announce-
ment said.
Grave New Notej
The Syrian charges injected a
grave new note into the Middle
East crisis. Syria and Egypt radio
broadcasts already had tried to in-
flame Palestine refugees and other
anti-Hussein elements in Jordan
to overthrow Hussein.
Relations between the pro-So-
viet Damascus regime and Hussein
have deteriorated steadily since
September when Syria accused
Jordan of master-minding an at-
tempt to overthrow the Syrian
Damascus has been backed by
the Palestine Liberation Organ-
ization (PLO) in Cairo in its
charges that Hussein has not
taken necessary action against Is-
rael, particularly after Israel's No-
vember 13 tank and jet plane "re-:
taliatory raid" into Jordan.
Hussein Answers Charges
King Hussein himself answered
those charges today. He promised
to strengthen and for tif'y towns
along the Israeli-Jordanian fron-
tier and he called on "unified Arab
action" to save Palestine.
But Ahmed Shukeiry, leader of-
the exeremist Palestine Libera-
tion Organization (PLO) con-
tinued his fight against Hussein
for alleged "softness" on Israel.
Shukeiry called in Cairo late
Wednesday .for a mass rally of
Palestine refugees to "align those
who stand by their side and sup-,
port their cause. ,

WASHINGTON (/P)-The federal
government detailed yesterday the
23 proposed safety standards it
thinks should be built into 1968
model cars. It hinted at a tougher
code for the future.
Standards range from a ban on
winged wheel nuts to the perform-
ance of brake systems and tires,
and the placement and operation
of lights.
Many of them already are part
of the automobiles sold in this
country. They are based mainly on
industry standards and those used
by, the General Services Admin-
istration for government cars.
Commerce Department
The Commerece Department, in
making public the 76-page, 13,000-
word document which will be pub-
lished in the Federal Register,
fixed Jan. 3 as the deadline for
filing comments.
It, was Boyd who hintedat,
tougher standards in the future
when he said: "the proposed ini-
tial standards should not be taken
as indicative of the scope and con-
tent o fthe revised standards to
come later."
Boyd has said the interim stan-
dards will be upgraded later but
it would be impractical new to in-
sist on standards which the in-
dustry is physically incapable of
Federal Register
The Federal Register is used by
government agencies and depart-

Commerce Department. Thurs-
day's document merely spelled out
the technical and legal details of
those proposals.
One provision would require
hinged seats to be equipped with
a selflocking device to prevent the
seat from tipping forward when
the vehicle is in motion. Another
would require two headrests for
the front seat to reduce whiplash

somewhere in the Mediterranean,
, try to thrash out differences that
I have brought Southern Africa al-
most to the flashpoint.

New Guidelines Released
For Auto Safety Code

overflowing House of Commons of
his government's "utter deter-
mination" not to give on Britain's
terms for a settlement.
After Simth's takeoff, reports in
Salisbury said the Rhodesian
prime minister had a tough time
winning his Cabinet's approval for
the conference. Right wingers were
said to have opposed the mission.
There were suggestions that Smith
actually threatened to quit if he
did not get his way.
Africans Suspicious
Among some Africans, a sense of
shock and suspicion was evident at
what some saw as a possible white
man's deal at the expense of
Rhodesia's four million blacks.
Wilson left word he wants to
be home Sunday, report to the
Cabinet by Monday morning and
to Parliament in the afternoon.
"A decision one way or the other
cannot be delayed any longer,"he
said. "If no settlement on the
terms which we are prepared to
commend is possible, then it is
right that this fact should be
known and known quickly."
Committed to U.N. Action
The Wilson government is com-
mitted to a precise course of ac-
tion in case of failure. It involves
a request to the U.N. Security
Council for worldwide compulsory
sanctions on key Rhodesian com-
modities. The aim would be to
throttle the Rhodesian economy.

Leslie A. Fiedler is



World News Roundup
SAIGON, South Viet Nam - said yesterday that Rep. Adam
A slackening in the movement of Clayton Powell last weekend
U.S. servicemen to Viet Nam came threatened the life of one of its
to light yesterday even as spokes- photographers with a shotgun.
men announced three new allied A Life spokesman said the in-
field operations. Only a thousand cident took place in Bimini Island1
GIs arrived last week, against the in the Bahamas, 50 miles off the!
1966 average of more than 3,000 coast of Florida. Powell reportedly
a week. has real estate holdings there.
Contact was reported generally The spokesman said Powell
light in ground campaigning, new aimed a shotgun at photographer
and old. Stormy weather persisted Lynn Pelham and said, "I'll kill
over North Viet Nam, where mon- you if you set foot on my prop-
soon rains limited U.S. pilots to erty."
38 missions Wednesday. W * *
S * NEW YORK-Sen Robert F

"Only one goal becomes increasingly
difficulfperhaps impossible: failure.
Only one satisfaction is forbidden:

No.In .Thunder
January 5-25, 1967



_ _ _ _ f

Terrorist Attacks ments to advise the public of ac-
The PLO, which has been re- tion planned or already taken.
sponsible for terrorist attacks The 23 proposed standards were,
against Israel from Jordanian ter- outlined earlier this week in a
ritory, includes many of the es- Detroit speech by William Hadden
timated 125,000 Palestinian refu- Jr., director of the National High-
gees in the Middle East. way Safety Agency, part of the




TOKYO - Red China said
yesterday that "with its usual ma-
licious intent, the United States
again mobilized its voting ma-
qhine" to keep Peking out of the
United Nations.
The broadcast by Radio Peking
also noted that the Soviet U.N.
delegation distributed copies of a
Pravda article assailing party

'Kennedy (D-NY) yesterday ex-
pressed opposition to members of
the John Birch Society and oth-
er extremist groups serving with
the FBI and the Secret Service.
"These agencies have special re-
sponsibilities in the field of na-
tional security," he said. "And it
does not seem to me to be wise
to allow members of any extrem-



Relations Chairman Mao Tse-tung while ist group to serve on them."
The 62-year-old Soviet premier other delegates were speaking for Kennedy's statement was in a
replied: "This meeting should per- Red China. pamphlet issued by the American
mit us to develop Franco-Soviet * * Jewish Committee, a human rela-
relations even more, and to widen NEW YORK - Life magazine tions agency.
with the
. .- - - . ... . .. A. ...-.


originally scheduled for December 8-10
has been rescheduled as follows:
January 5, 6, 7-8:00 P.M.
January 8-7:00 P. M.
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
Tickets for all perforomances may now be ordered with
the coupon below. Please do NOT order $2.00 tickets for
Friday or Saturday; only $1.75 tickets remain for those
nights. The best seats now available are for Sunday

Mail to: AACT,
No. tickets
desired for.

Box 1993, Ann Arbor
Thur., Jan. 5 (1.50, 1.75)
Fri., Jan. 6 (1.75)
Sat., Jan. 7 (1.75)
Sun.. Jan. 8 (1.50, 1.75)







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