FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1966 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
1968 Elections May Hold Trouble for Dem
from President Johnson on down
already are in trouble from the
1966 election and are confronting
the unpleasant prospect of more
trouble in 1968.
In his first public pronounce-
ment on the outcome of Tuesday's
balloting, Johnson recognized the
obvious: There was not doubt the
Republican p a r t y had been
strengthened and: "I think it will
be more difficult for any new
legislation we might propose."
The chairman of the Republican
NationalCommittee, Ray C. Bliss,
had another twist to the meaning
of what he called the party's sen-
sational election gains. He told a
news conference the GOP could
elect a president two years from
now if it keeps up the momentum.
Gains in Big Cities
Bliss said the Republicans made
big gains in big cities apd with
To Succeed Erhard
BONN, Germany () - Kurt
Georg Kiesinger, a former member
of the Nazi Party, was chosen by
the dominant Christian Democrats
yesterday to try to form a new
majority. Kiesinger is receiving
strong backing from the Gaullist
faction within his party.
Only Wednesday, Kiesinger de-
fended himself .against the al-
legation that he had held a high
post under the Nazis. He said he
joined the Nazi party in 1933, the
year Adolf Hitler came to power,
but became disillusioned within
a year. During World War II he
did radio propaganda work.
If he succeeds, West Germany's
foreign policy is expected to swing
closer to President Charles de
Gaulle's France than has been the
case under pro-American Chancel-
lor Ludwig Erhard.
Erhard's Future Unclear
Erhard, 69, remains head of a
minority caretaker governmeht.
His future after his expected res-
ignation is unclear.
Kiesinger, 62, minister-president
# of the State of Baden-Wuerttem-
berg, was selected on the third bal-
lot at a caucus of he party's Bun-
destag delegation. Erhard and
West Germany's first chancellor,
Konrad Adenauer, 90, attended..
Foreign Minister Gerhard
Schroeder, 56, who has steered
West Germany on a pro-American
course, was runner-up. The final
vote was 137 for Kiesinger, 81 for
Schroeder and 26 for Rainer Bar-
zel, 42, the party's parliamentary
Although Kiesinger had gone
into the voting as the front run-
ner, the decisiveness of his victory
came as a surprise, since he has
come under wide criticism forhis
After his selection, Kiesinger
told a crowded news conference
r he would seek negotiations with
the two other parties in the Bun-
destag in an effort to form a new
He declined to outline his polit-
,ical program at this time.
The Christian Democrats have
the largest delegation in the Bun-
k destag, but their 245 votes are four
short of a majority. The Socialists
are second with 202 and the Free
Democrats, allied with Erhard un-
til Oct. 27, have 49 pivotal votes.
The possibility remained that
the Socialists and the Free Dem-
ocrats might try to put together
a coalition with their six-vote
The Free Democrats pulled their
four ministers out of Erhard's
government in protest against his
plan to raise taxes to balance the
1967 budget and meet an obliga-
tion to buy arms from the United
States. The Christian Democrats
abandoned Erhard after he was
unable to find a new majority.
They invited the other two parties
to begin talks Monday.
Kiesinger's chances of winning
q. got a large boost when Franz
Josef Strauss' Bavarian wing of
the Christian Democrats endorsed
him. Strauss, ex-defense minister,
stands a good chance of re-enter-
ing a Christian-Democratic-led
Negro voters 'and chalked , up'
heavy gains in state legislatures.
Even without Johnson's con-
ceding it at an outdoor news con-
ference at his Texas ranch, it was
evident that his "Great Society"'
program was bound to encounter
rougher -sledding in Congress.
In the House, election results
guaranteed it. In the Senate, both
the Democratic and Republican
leaders were raising "go slow"
And for 1968, the election gave
increased luster to Republican
governors who will have a potent
-voice in presidential candidate
picking in 1968-perhaps from
their own ranks.
Patronage at home and fre-
quently the control of state dele-
gations to the national political
conventions enhance the power
governors can wield in a presiden-
tial election year. And the GOP'
came out of Tuesday's balloting
with an even half of the 50 gov-
ernorships-in states that swing
more than half the presidential
It takes 270 of these votes to
elect a president and these states
have 20 more than that.
From their view point of view,
Republicans made a magnificent
comeback in Tuesday's election-
an election that followed a period
in which Johnson's popularity had
sagged in the polls.
Dimension of Victory
As one measure of the demen-
sions of their victory, the Repub-
licans did this:
0 They lost no incumbent sen-
ator while toppling one incumbent
* They lost one incumbent
House member while defeating 40
Of course, the Republicans had
fewer incumbents to protect.
. Even so, that last figure, espe-
cially, holds ominous portents for
the administration, since the cus-
tomary coalition of Republicans
and Southern Democrats will be
strengthened to the point of jeop-
ardizing some of Johnson's Great
Society programs and blocking
some possible new ones.'
In the Senate, too, Johnson can
expect both overlooking and over-
seeing of items on his legislative
President can expect some splen-
did cooperation on economizing.
Mansfield stopped by his office
of Capitol Hill in an interlude be-
tween two weeks of arduous cam-
paigning for the Democratic ticket
back home in Montana and a rest
Mansfield, incidentally, lost no
prestige as some other Democratic
campaigners may have done. The
House lineup for Montana stayed
one Democrat, one Republican.
And Mansfield's Democratic Sen-
ate colleague, Lee Metcalf, threw
back the challenge of Republican
Gov. Tim Babcock by something
like 136,000 votes to 119,000.
As for the new outlook in the
Senate, the senator told reporters:
"It should be the time to stop, look
Time for Tightening
He said it should be a time for
tightening up and reviewing laws
enacted in the last two years and
that it wasn't compulsory to pass
a lot of new ones in the new
Mansfield said Congress ought
to go in for "exercise oversight,"
check up on new programs, and
make sure Congress is getting
value received for the money ap-
propriated for them.
While Mansfield was at the
Senate, Dirksen was down at the
White House-giving and talking
turkey. Since the National Turkey'
Federation has its headquarters at
Mount Morris, Ill., Dirksen showed
up with a Thanksgiving turkey for;
the White House.
He had a prediction about Con-
gress and government spending,
"I should judge the scalpel will
be wielded rather freely," the
senator surmised to newsmen.
"A good hard look will be taken
at the poverty program, and any
other program where there may be
waste or inefficiency," Dirksen
He also mentioned demonstra-
tion cities, rent subsidies and for-
eign aid in this connection.
And he said it would be a mis-
take for Johnson to ask Congress
again for open-housing legislation
the Senate balked at giving him
in the last session.
In other post-election develop-
ments, Negro candidates made
major breakthroughs in the U.S.
elections this week, a nationwide
survey shows. In some states a
political color bar was breached
for the first time in history.
Most prominent of the Negro
winners was republican Edward
W. Brooke of Massachusetts, the
first of his race elected to the
U.S. Senate in 85 years.
Perhaps even more sigificantly,
Negroes across the country chalked
up big gains at the grass-roots
level, winning election to such
posts as county commissioner, Cir-
court clerk and Board of Educa-
Some winners-and some losers
-ran as Democrats, some as Re-
There were areas where redis-
tricting made Negro victories, par-
ticuarly in state legislative con-
tests, a foregone conclusion, since
members of their race dominated
the voting lists.
But elsewhere, the election of
Negro candidates appeared to re-
flect a more liberal view by a
Mansfield and Dirksen
From what the rival Senate
Democrat. leaders, Mike Mansfield of Mon-
* They lost two incumbent gov- tana for the Democrats and Ev-
ernors while ousting five incum- erett M. Dirksen of Illinois for the
bent Democrats. Republicans, were saying, the
PARLEY WITH MARTIN:
GOP Victory Gromyko Asks Bombing Halt
Reasonable Before Start of Peace Talks
NEW WEST GERMAN PREMIER Kurt Kiesinger, a former Nazi, was chosen by the dominant
Christian Democrat party to try to form a majority coalition in the wake of Ludwig Erhard's gov-
FIRST KNOWN USE:
Viet COng Unleash Tear Gas
AgainstUS Infantry Patrol
Great Society Will
Continue To Progress
Despite Recent Losses
JOHNSON CITY, Tex. (P)-Yes-
terday President Johnson said he
naturally was disappointed at Re-
publican election victories, but felt
he still had "a reasonable working
majority" in Congress.
And "it will not in any way'
change our course of action in
connection with security matters."I
The President, at a LBJ Ranch
news conference, conceded it
would be more difficult for any
new Great Society- legislation he
But, he said, "it just looks like
we'll have to get by" with margins
of 248 to 187 in the House and 64
to 36 in the Senate
The President had been holding
discussions with Cabinet officials
druing his respite at the LBJ
Ranch, and he met yesterday with
Secretary of Defense Robert S.
McNamara, in shirtsleeves, re-
ported they had discussed the
possibility of deploying a U.S.
anti-missile system to counter an
anti-missile system the Russians
are initiating and Chinese nuclear
"We concluded," McNamara
added, "that it was much too early
to -make a decision for deploy-
ments against a Chinese threat."
MOSCOW (P)-Soviet Foreign'
Minister Andrei A. Gromyko told
Canada's top diplomat yesterday
the United States must halt bomb-
ings of North Viet Nam before
peace talks can begin.
But the Canadian Foreign Sec-
retary Paul Martin, said he was
encouraged about disarmament
prospects after a later meeting
with Premier Alexei N. Kosygin.
Canadian sources indicated Ko-
sygin's attitude toward questions
of European security, disarmament
and nonproliferation of nuclear
weapons held brighter prospects
for East-West agreen'ent than aI
Viet Nam settlement.
While Martin was in Moscow,
Sen. Mike Mansfield of Montana
called yesterday for the U.N. Sec-
S urity Council to hold a "cards on
the table" session on the Viet Nam
war with all interested parties in-
vited, including Peking, Hanoi and.
the Viet Cong as well as Saigon.
Mansfield, the Senate Demo-
cratic leader, criticized the United
Nations for lack of action and said
the war "already has the capacity
to shake the precarious base of
civilized human survival."
Martin Visits Gromyko
i Martin, who arrived Wednesday
on a five-day visit, spent hours
with Gromyko on Thursday morn-
ing covering "virtually all aspects
of the Viet problem," the sources
It was understood Gromyko told.
Martin that Moscow had no man-
date from Hanoi to negotiate Viet'
Nam peace terms. Gromyko also
repeated demands for United
States withdrawal from Viet Nam.
Mansfield, in a speech prepared
for Johns Hopkins University,
said he didn't expect miracles from
the United Nations, that the world
body may be unable "to make a
lontribution to peace in Viet
"It may also be, however, that
the failure to seek a contribution
Lunar IIPhotographs Moon
Gemini Ready for Blastoff
from the United Nations is the
missing (link in the restoration of
ueace in Viet Nam," he said.
Mansfield acknowledged the risks
of Communist turning down in-
vitations to the type of U.N. dis-
cussion he proposed, or turning it
into a forum for "propaganda and
"In so far as the United States
is concerned, it is in the interest
of this nation to welcome the con-
SAIGON, South Viet Nam (P)-
The Viet Cong, vehement in pro-
bests against American use of tear
gas, attacked a U.S. 1st Infantry
Division patrol yesterday with
nonpoisonous gas, a U.S. spokes-
GIs in the patrol, believed to
number about 30, donned gas
masks which are part of their
standard combat equipment. The
action ebbed without a firefight
and no injuries were reported.
Tay Ninh Province
The attack came in Tay Ninh
Province of War Zone C on the
Cambodian frontier northwest of
Saigon, from where the Commu-
nists try at the advent of the dry
season each fall to promote a gen-
The Army spokesman said the
gas was nonlethal and the gren-
ades were not of U.S. manufacture.
He said this was the first known
use of gas by the Communists in
the Viet Nam war. However, South
Vietnamest authorities charged
about 14 months ago that the Viet
Cong fired nauses-inducing gas in
an attack on some militiamen.
Meanwhile Viet Cong terror at-
tacks are increasingly aimed at
this country's police force, accord-
ing to informed sources.
"The general level of Viet Cong
terror has remained fairly con-
stant," these sources reported, but
police installations are being at-
tacked more often.
Incomplete statistics show the
Viet Cong assassinated 189 persons
and abducted 489 between mid-
September and mid-October. At
least 52 of those killed in "selected
"He is able to save them to the
uttermost, who come to God
by Him, seeing He ever liveth."
CHURCH OF CHRIST'
530 West Stadium
incidents" were government offi-
cials, including police.
Terrorism against the police
comes at a time when they are
encountering difficulties in en-
larging the force and when the
police head, Brig. Gen. Nguyen
Ngoc Loan, is the subject of a
Loan has been criticized by some
southern politicians for tactics
which they said are akin to police
state methods used under the late
President Ngo Dinh Diem. South-
erners contend Loan is harassing
them at the behest of Premier
Nguyen Cao Ky and the govern-
ment's innner circle of northern-
ers. Ky and his closest advisers are
mostly natives of what is now
Communist North Viet Nam.
0 American combat deaths per-
sisted at a rate which may raise
the war's total to 6,500 by the
PASADENA, Calif. (1P) -Lunar
Orbiter 2 joined the Soviet Luna
12 in moon orbit yesterday, but
U.S. space agency scientists said
there was no danger of collision or
Meanwhile, Gemini 12, Am'eri-
ca's final man-in-space adventure
of . 1966, sailed smothly toward
blastoff Friday after technicians
finally whipped rocket troubles
that kept the pilots grounded two
Mission officials checked rock-
ets, men and weather, then gave
the all-clear for the fiery start of
the four-day journey through 1,-
600,000 miles of uncharted space.
Lunar II, a 8501pound U.S. pho-
Are You Ready for the
Headache of the
Welf, for instance, are you
prepared to discuss the famous
fairy scene" in the all male
Michigan Union Opera of 1923,
with force and authority? Or, are
you ready to carry on a light con-
versation about the student who
burned down old Haven Hall and
why he did it? Are you set with
enough documented examples to
stay up until dawn discussing the.
ugliness of the ^ first Michigan
Coed and the relative merits of
all the 'ones who followed her?
Are you prepared to listen to
innumerable old grads tell about
the glories of their Sophomore
World News Roundup
tographic craft, burned a braking
rocket for 10 minutes starting at
3:26 p.m. EST to slow its 3,125-
mile-an-hour plunge past the
moon to 600 m.p.h.
Lunar Orbiter 2 and the Soviet
Luna 12 both carry cameras to
scout the moon's surface for fu-
ture astronaut landings.
The maneuver, just before Lu-
nar Orbiter 2 swung behind the
moon's eastern edge, was the
trickiest demanded of the craft
since it -was launched from Cape
Kennedy, Fla., on Monday.
By The Associated Press
NORFOLK, Va. (A)-The Navy
said yesterday the nuclear-pow-'
ered submarine Nautilus collided
with the aircraft carrier Essex
while submerged in the Atlantic
some 360 miles east of Morehead
Naval authorities said the acci-
dent occurred as the Nautilus-
was making an approach during
a replenishing mission.
Damage to the superstructure of
the submarine was described by
the Navy as "extensive." There
were no immediate reports of
ATLANTA, Ga. () - Twelve'
voters appealed yesterday for a
federal court order requiring a
runoff between Republican How-
ard H. Callaway and Democrat
Lester G. Maddox, who were
thrown into a no-majority dead-
lock by a write-in campaign.
Attorneys for the bipartisan
voter group asked that their-law-
suit be joined with one filed
Wednesday in a move to block
election of the governor by the
* * *
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.*(VP) -
In the climax of a bristling de-
bate, the U.N. General Assembly's
Trusteeship Committee approved
94-2 yesterday a resolution urging
Britain to use force if necessary
to topple the breakaway white-
minority regime in Rhodesia.
Africans seeking to put pressure
on Britain hoped to speed the
resolution through the General
The overwhelming majority in
the committee assured approval
by the assembly,
YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE AGNOSTIC
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read the GARGOYLE you
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(Academy Award-Best foreign film
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French with English subtitles)
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A . a A N
Can Jews Be Pacifists?
PAUL LAUTER-American Friends