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November 09, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-11-09

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4 Ca N.I al 1 a"JLI F/

* North Vietnamese Looking for Crucial Militt

iry Win

Associated Press Special Correspondent
SAIGON, South Viet Nam (P)-
U.S. military men say the Com-
munists in Viet Nam are despe-
rately in need of a significant
battle victory, and probably are
building up in the north for an
attempt 'to achieve one.
Military sources say Gen. Wil-
liam C. Westmoreland, the U S.
commander in Viet Nam, is con-
cerned about the demilitarized
zone between North and South
Viet Nam, created by the 1954
Geneva Conference which divided

the nation.
Signs of a big Communist build-
up have been detected in the gen-
eral area, along with indications
that the North Vietnamese 324B
Division, badly hurt by the U S.
Marines' Operation Hastings in
August, is being reactivated.
U.S. attention also is turned to
the south-to the Mekong Delta
area, where up to now there has
been no major American deploy-
ment. An American drive into the
delta is in prospect.
The military sources say the
Red buildup in the north is being

weighed against the lack of a sig-'
nificant Viet Cong or North Viet-
namese military success since last
March, when a Special Forces en-
campment was overrun in three
days of fighting in Thua Thien
An upsurge in Viet Cong terror
in many areas of South Viet Nam
is interpreted as a reflection of
Communist frustration. The terror
is described as wanton, as if Com-
munist discipline were slipping
Military authorities say the Viet
Cong are showing an increased

disinclination to stand and fight
anywhere, preferring instead to
use their old hit-and-run tactics.
This does not presage anything
like a Communist collapse, but it
does indicate the Communist side
is hurting, they add.
There is an outside possibility
that the Communist quest for a
victory might be an attempt to
strengthen Hanoi's bargaining po-
sition, although there has been no
sign from North Viet Nam that it
is ready yet to go to a conference
Military men's assessments of

the over-all situation are tinged
with cautious optimism, ilthough
they admit that in present cir-
cumstances victory is a long way
off. If, indeed anybody could de-
fine just what victory might be
in this sort of war.
They say more troops are need-
ed, but not necessarily for combat.
Rather, they, say, manpower is
needed to support revolutionary
development teams in a pacifica-
tion program to rebuild South Viet
Nam's hamlets and secure them
from Red attack.
Even those hamlets designated

as pacified-there are not many-
still must be on guard day and
night and must conduct constant
patrolling of wide perimeters
around the hamlets.
Despite the trace of optimism,
little has changed in Viet Nam for
many months except that it is now
regarded as impossible for the
Americans to be defeated.
The enemy remains difficult to
find. The Communists do nor at-
tack superior forces or comnmit
themselves to set-piece battles
against vastly superior firepower.
They have to be hunted down and

flushed out.
There have been a number of
U.S. military successes north of.
the Mekong Delta, but the delta
remains a long-term military,
problem. The rice basket of the
nation is the region where half the
population lives. It has suffered
heavy civilian casualties since
While much of the war In Viet
Nam has become a purely Amer-
ican operation, the war in the
delta is between guerrillas and
government militia forces for the
most part.

The army of the Republic of
Viet Nam (ARVN) is doing little
actual fighting. In the areas where
the Americans are carrying the
burden of the war, the ARVN
forces are concerned largely with
rear-guard duties.
Even in the Mekong Delta,
where there still are only a rela-
tive few American troops, ARVN
forces are not heavily engaged.
The Americans are reported ready
to deploy parts of several divisions
in the delta for a drive which may
have a telling effect on the out-
come of the war.

For Erhard
German Chancellor
Agrees to Party
Plan, Suggested Heirs
BONN, Germany (W)-Chancel-
for Ludwig Erhard agreed last
night after a sharp parliamentary
setback to let his Christian Dem-
ocratic party choose a 'possible
successor and said he would sup-
port any one of four men for his
The full membership of the par-
ty will meet today to select the
candidate whom President Hein-
rich Lubecke will nominate to
Parliament to try to end the crisis
precipitated by the breakdown of
Erhard's ruling coalition late last
Erhard, 69 and head of the WestI
German government for tho past
three years, agreed to support any
one of these four men as his suc-
Possible Successors
-Rainer Barzel, 42, Christian
Democratic leader in the Bun-
-E u g e n e Gerstenmaier, 60,
president of the Bundestag.
-Kurt-George Kiesinger, 62,
prime minister of the State of
-Gerhard Schroeder, 56, West
German foreign minister.
Schroeder is regarded as Er-
hard's personal choice as succes-
Erhard also agreed to head a
three-member commission to ne-
gotiate with the other two major
parties in the Bundestag to try to
form a majority government.
The chancellor's decision was
announced by a spokesman a few
hours after a majority in the
Bundestag urged Erhard-the man
considered responsible for West
Germany's economic recovery mir-
acle-to ask for a formal vote of
He refused, saying, "I decline
to take part in a show trial."
But he repeated that he would
not stand in the way of anyone
who could create a majority in
the Bundestag.
The current government crisis
erupted Oct. 27 when the Free
Democrats broke with Erhard, and
his parliamentry majority vanish-
ed. -
The Free Democrats refused to
go along with Erhard's proposed
$18.8-billion budget. It calls fori
4 increased taxes to meet West Ger-
many's obligation to buy U.S. armsi
to help offset the cost to thei
United States of keeping its troops
in Germany.1

Face Crush Gemini Launching Postponed;
Of Viet Cong Lunar Orbiter Flight Adjusted

-Associated Press
Lester Maddox swung into the Georgia governorship last night with solid vote margins in rural
sections of his state. The' Democratic candidate defeated a Republican conservative and a former
governor who was a write-in opponent. (See story on Page 1.)
ree tatesmen llecide
Allied Troop Use in Europe

Attack Interpreted
As Communist Plot
To Influence Voting
SAIGON, South Viet Nam (R)-
U.S. infantrymen hurled back an-
other Communist attack in Tay
Ninh Province yesterday and the
official count of Viet Cong and
North Vietnamese dead there in
six days of sporadic battle soared
to 758.
Though again denied the signi-
ficant victory by which they ob-
viously hoped to influence voting
trends in the American election,
the Viet Cong scored in two raids
in other sectors:
-A U.S. spokesman said a guer-
rilla detachment moved into a
Mekong delta village at 75 miles
southwest of Saigon at 2:30 a.m.
Monday and kidnaped the entire
population of 90 to 100 persons.
-Ten guerrillas disgused as
Vietnamese government troops
raided the community of Hoc Man,
11 miles northwest of Saigon, be-
fore dawn. The Vietnamese com-
mand said the raiders killed nine
civilians, wounded eight and in-
flicted light casualities on the
militia garrison.
U.S. pilots hammered at Com-
munist targets both North and
South of the 17th parallel Mon-
day. They flew 507 sorties in South
Viet Nam and 140 multiplane mis-
sions over the north.
WASHINGTON gp) - The De-
fense Department said yesterday
that weekend remarks by Secre-
tary of Defense Robert S. McNa-
mara do not rule out the possibili-
ty of a 500,000-man U.S. force in
Viet Nam at the end of 1967.
The Pentagon chief, speaking
Saturday at President Johnson's
ranch in Texas, said American
strength in Viet Nam wil have in-
creased by 200,000 at the close of
this year to about 385,000.
McNamara added: "I think it's
clear that barring unforeseen
emergencies, the increases in U.S.
forces in South Viet Nam in 1967
will be substantially less than this
McNamara did not spell out
what he meant by "substantially
less." But by simple arithmetic a
1967 increase of 115,000 men, while
substantially lower than 200,000,
would raise the American commit-
ment to the half-million mark.
Asked to clarify McNamara's
statement, the Pentagon offered
this interpretation: "The state-
ment does not necessarily rule out
a figure as high as 500,000 for' the
end of the calendar year 1967 in
Viet Nam."

Launching of the Gemini 12 astro-
nauts, scheduled for today, has
been delayed 24 hours because of
a problem in the autopilot system
of the Titan 2 booster rocket.
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration rescheduled
the double launching for tomor-
row. The Atlas-Agena target ve-
hicle is to lift off at 2:16 p.m.
EST, with the astronauts to head
skyward at 3:55 p.m.
The problem cropped up during

Roman Catholics Will Join
In Ecumenical Bible Project

a so-called midcount check of the
Titan 2.
The Titan 2 is to boost Navy
Capt. James A. Lovell Jr. and Air
Force Maj. Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. on
the final flight in the Gemini
They spent Tuesday reviewing
their flight plan and discussing
the mission with NASA officials.
Lunar Orbiter
Lunar Orbiter 2 lost and then
regained its lock on the guiding
star Canopus yesterday midway in

its quarter-million-mile flight to
photograph potential astronaut
landing sites on the moon.
Laboratory said Canopus came
Into view of a sensor on the 850-
pound spacecraft about four hours
after a minor mishap at 4:20 a.m.
Regaining the celestial guide-
post increased chances of success
in a critical steering maneuver
scheduled for 2:30 p.m., EST said
a spokesman for the Montreal
Aeronautics and space Administra-
The maneuver, an 18%-second
firing of a rocket motor expected
to increase the craft's 2,200 mile an
hour speed by 47 m.p.b., is de-
signed to aim Lunar Orbiter 2
closer at the moon.
Without correction, the' course
on which it was launched from
Cape Kennedy, Fla., Monday
would miss the aiming point by
2,700 miles.
The Camera-carrying spacecraft
rolled off its lock on Canopus
when radioed commands fired a
small attitude-control thruster, an
action necessary to clear propel-
lant lines for the steering ma-
A spokesmen said reacquisition
of Canopus came on the first at-

VATICAN CITY ()-In a major
Christian unity move, the Vatican
announced yesterday that Pope
Paul VI has authorized the Roman
Catholic Church to work with all
other Christians for a common
An American priest from Bos-
ton, the Rev. Walter M. Abbott,
was named to direct the project
for the Church.
"Without a common Bible," he

said in a comment on his appoint-
ment, "there will be no unity."
The Vatican Ecumenical Coun-
cil, in what was a victory for pro-
gressive bishops of the Catholic
Church, had endorsed the concept
of a Bible that could be used by
all Christianity.
The secretariat already has in-
formed the various Catholic bish-
ops' conferences around the world
of the papal authorization to un-
dertake common Bible studies.

. .

WASHINGTON (M)-Three nego-
tiators named to determine the
Western troop levels required in
Europe to maintain an adequate
deterrent, and who should pay for
what forces, will meet here today
and -tomorrow.
But final answers to the sensi-
tive questions are not to be ex-
pected at this time, informants
said yesterday.
This will be the second meeting
of the three: John J. McCloy, of
the U n i t e d States; Britain's
Deorge Thomson, minister of
European affairs; and West Ger-
many's Karl Carstens, No. 2 man
in the Bonn Foreign Ministery.
The North Atlantic Treaty Or-
ganization will be represented by
Arthur Hockaday, a special as-
sistant to NATO Secretary-Gen-
eral Manlio Brosio.
McCloy, 71,rveteran adviser to
presidents, met with his two part-
ners in Bonn on Oct. 20-21. They
discussed questions of defense pol-
icy, the defense burden and the
foreign exchange problems result-
ing from the stationing of troops
in Germany; a communique said.
Three working groups were es-
tablished. One was to study the

Soviet military threat to Europe
today; another the allied military
and strategic position in NATO's
"central front," meaning Ger-
many; and the third, the finan-
cial aspect. The groups met in
The meeting beginning Wednes-
day will review position papers
from each group. The three men
are expected to give the groups
some new instructions, likely nar-
rowing down the problems.
They will meet again at the end
of this month, presumably in

Some salient points can be re-
ported already:
-Despite the fact that the
Soviets have been introducing new
weapons and possess greater fire-
Power aimed at the heart of Eur-
ope, there is nothing to indicate
Soviet aggressive intentions.
-Accordingly, a certain stream-
lining of Anglo-American forces
in Europe which hopefully would'
leave allied combat effectiveness
intact, is a distinct possiblity.
-The view seems to be gaining
ground that the question of Anglo-


Bonn, to prepare an interim re- Amercan force levels in Europe
port for the December meeting of should not be decided by financial

NOV. 16

NATO ministers.
A final report is expected by
mid-January 1967.
An interim report was promised
the British because Prime Min-
ister Harold Wilson is committed
to cut defense spending and one
way would be to withdraw part of
the British army on the Rhine. He
is pressed to reach a decision
quickly, before the end of this
The working groups are under-
stood to have made good progress,
and the U.S. position is reported to
be approaching the stage of crys-

bookkeepers, but on the basis of
how many troops are needed to
defend Europe. To the three points
American specialists make the fol-
lowing observations:
-Troop reductions: The British
are reported to be thinking in
terms of 10,000 to 18,000 men of
the about 51,000 they now have in
Germany. American withdrawals
could be in the neighborhood of
40,000 men, out of 220,000.
-Financing: This question boils
down to German willingness, or
ability, to offset the foreign cur-
rency cost of keeping British and
American troops in Germany.

deadline, 2nd issue:

420 maynard

UAC Academic Affairs Committee Presents

Mon., Nov. 14

7:30 P.M.

UGLI Multipurpose Rm.

World News Roundup

By The Associated Press
DUBLIN, Ireland-Prime Min-
ster Sean Lemass announced yes-
terday he will deliver his resigna-
tion to President Eamon de Valera
on tomorrow.
His successor is expected to be
Finance Minister Jack Lynch, 49.
* *
TOKYO - Communist North
Viet Nam, professing no interest
in either the results of the U.S.
elections or President Johnson's
peace offers, served notice Wed-
neday ,it would continue to seek a.
battlefield decision.
Viet Cong leaders, quoted by
Hanoi's Viet Nam News Agency,
also repeated the vow "to fight to

the end even if it takes five or 10
years or more and even if the U.S.
increases its aggressor army to
400,000-500,000 or more.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass.-Harvard
College formally apologized yes-
terday to Defense Secretary Rob-
ert S. McNamara for the "dis-
courteous and unruly confronta-
tion" Monday by anti-war demon-
McNamara's path was blocked
by some 400 demonstrators as he
left the John. Fitzgerald Kennedy
Institute of Politics. He was jeered
and heckled when he tried to an-
swer questions about the Viet Nam

You will be
Your rewards
You will have
the opportunityN
for intellectualt'
Renaissance types are definitely welcome at Philco! We need scientists, mathemati-
cians and engineers .. . dreamers and do-ers ... to help direct the world wide efforts
that have made us a major company fast approaching $1 billion in annual sales to
consumer, industrial and government markets. We are a major subsidiary of Ford
Motor Company. We have 10 divisions whose diverse interests range from exploring
the moon to educating future leaders in depressed countries . . from Automated Bio-
logical Laboratories to advanced systems of communications ... from radios to radar.
If you are interested in a fast-paced, truly rewarding career with a fast-growing com-
pany, we'd like to talk to you. We will be visiting your campus on November 10 and
11. Contact your Engineering Placement Office. Stop by and talk to us about the
future, or write to College Relations, Philco Corporation, C and Tioga Streets,

English Professor Marvin Felheim
Psychology Professor Harlan Lane
Philosophy Professor Arnold Kaufman
The three men are floating on a raft in an ocean. There is a certain
amount of food and water on the raft. Each man will argue why he, being
what he represents in the academic world, has the right to the food and


Monday, Nov. 14, at 7:30.

I Appearing in the Green and White Series,

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