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August 30, 1966 - Image 52

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-08-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



TUESDAY. ATTC.TTl.'9T :Qi1. 1g9st


i Goy hl ul. 71 5V, l;fOb


(Continued from Page 9)
worth it in the end, but certainly
the disciplined old departmental
system will never be the same.
Interdisciplinary appointments,
centers and institutes and study
programs have proliferated, and
may have the most tenuous of
relationships to any of the de-
partments connected with them.
The largest and internally most
cohesive unit at the University is
the Medical Center, even though
in this case the term refers to
geographical arrangement a n d
nont to administrative organiza-
Even so, the Medical Center is
often more of a cohesive, well-
structured unit capable of under-
taking a variety of related tasks
than are most administrative
units to which the term "center"
is applied.
Presided over by Dean William
Hubbard, a figure comparable on-
ly to Pierpont for suavity and dis-
ciplined control of an organiza-
tion, the Medical Center operates
almost autonomously from the
rest of the University.-
Research in the biomedical
sciences is growing faster than

in any other field. This fact, cou-
pled with the tremendously high
level of financial support given to
medicine in general in the United
States, makes research at the
Medical Center exciting, expand-
ing, productive and expensive.
After the Medical Center the
Institute for Science and Tech-
nology is the largest University
research unit. Established in the
late 1950's after the Sputnik spur
to education, IST has never really
gotten off the ground as an or-
ganized, driving force for re-
search and education largely be-
cause there was never enough
thought given to exactly how it
would fit into the University.
Most programs in the fields of
science and technology are more
easily fitted to old departmental
patterns than wrenched out and
placed in a separate institute with
other programs with which they
have very little in common.
It was thought for a while that
the institute could fall back on a
program of aid and encourage-
ment for Michigan industry, but
there has never been much in the
University that could be related
directly to Michigan's economic

IST does have a productive In-
dustrial Development Division,
but there isn't enough there to
fill a program on the scale set up
for the institute. So the director,
Prof. James T. Wilson, is left with
a beautiful building and various
programs picked up from odd
places in the University, none of
which really fit together.
These include the Biophysics
L a b and the Electro-Optical
Sciences Lab, the only original
products of the attempt to make
IST a real science institute. And
the Electro-Optical Sciences Lab
has in fact proved a tempest in a
teapot within 'the IST organiza-
tion, as Prof. George W. Stroke,
its head, almost had a large part
of the University's research appa-
ratus in orbit before he was final-
ly shifted to the electrical engi-
neering department and settled
down with some generous research
The other part of IST is the
Great Lakes Research Division-
which existed long before IST and
still has a life of its own-and the
Willow Run Laboratories.
Willow Run
The 2Willow Run Labs were
added on to IST in 1960, in hopes
of some sort of mutual benefit
which hasn't really materialized
yet, though there are still hopes.
Willow Run work is very defense
oriented and is usually classified.
There is a minimum of relation-
ships with either faculty or stu-
dents from the University, most
of the work being done-by pro-
fessional researchers.
The Institute for Social Re-
search is probably the most spec-
tacularly successful of the inter-
disciplinary operations. However,
this very success must be troub-
ling to administrators because of
the unlikelihood of duplicating
elsewhere within the University
the conditions that have made
ISR possible.
This institute, is a product of

of the research program is still
The a erio sp a ce dpartment.,
much in the news this summer.
presides o v e r a comfortable'
amount of space research spon-
sored by the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration and the
Air Force. Myriad projects are or-
ganized into the Space Physics
Research Lab, the High Altitude
Research Lab, the Propulsion Lab,
and the Wind Tunnel Labs.
(The engineering college has a
penchant for organizing endless
numbers of "labs." of which these
are some of the larger. They arise
as one or two faculty in a par-'
ticular area gather in considerable
research support and a graduate
student following. This is com-
bined with lots of specialized
equipment, so a shingle over the
door soon follows.)

emmunica tions, conflict resolu-
tion and museums work.
This is what the scientific ex-
plosion is all about.
Meanwhile, t h e University's
bulwark against severe imbalances
among the various disciplines are
various intra-University sources of
funds, which are carefully par-
celed out for maximum return
among projects that can't find
support from timid sponsors, or
are given to younger. less experi-
enced but promising faculty or
to the poorly supported fields.
Take a brief look next at other
parts of the University's research:
-Prof. Paraskevopoulos in the
architecture and design college is
working with his students on the
design and construction of cheap
plastic houses, one answer to gen-
eral methods of building construc-
tion that are still in the 19th cen-



Elsewhere in the engineering I .
college th ere is a lt of research -Prof. Larson in the same
bthat falls on the line between school has studied city planning
basic and-applied. This has put and looks forward to the "world
the engineering faculty into a city".
position of continually having to -The business administration
defend itself against the "purists" school has a great many indus-
across the street in Randall Lab, trial and economic studies going
for instance, or in various literary that begin to get at some serious
college departments. problems in hospital administra-
Many Projects Lion, industrial relations and eco-
The chemical and metallurgical nomic development;


Research: it involves everything from the pulse rate of a rodent to computerized data. The University
is continuing to set the pace in its research contributions, and its program is the largest in the coun-
try for any single campus.

"The House
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We do all types
of laundry

t4twoj )PD Cleafte/'
DIAL 662-0198
Corner William and Maynard Sts.-Ann Arbor, Mich.

Probably wondered
what the
are all about...
At Michigan there are four men's, five women's and one married
couples co-ops which house about 250 students.
THE CO-OPS ? Each house sets its own budget. Average
WE DO costs for the past semester have been:
In each house each member, new or old, Week Semester
shares equal responsibility for ,ll decisions; Rm. & Bd. $17.20 $275.20
what to eat, how much to spend, how much to Bd. only 11.50 184.00
New members pay a $20 deposit when they
The co-op houses are owned by the Inter- join; it is refunded when they leave.
Cooperative Council (I.C.C.), a corporation set
up and run entirely by the students who live or
eat in the houses. WHO DOES THE WORK ?
THE CO-OPS ? All cooking, dishwashing, maintenance
and management is done by the members.
Anyone beyond the freshman year or who Any member, new or old, can be elected
is over 21 who agrees to participate in running officer: president, house manager, food pur-
the co-ops democratically is welcome. Members chaser, accountant,.. .
are accepted on a first come, first served basis,
without racial, religious or political discrimina- It takes from four to six hours a week per
tion. There is no pledge or initiation period. member to run a co-op. The exact work time
is decided by house vote.
WHAT ARE THE LIVING There are no maids, janitors, or hired
AND cooks.
As a roomer; you are provided furnished HOW ABOUT THE LIGHTER
living quarters as well as social space and eat- SIDE OF LIFE ?
ing privileges. As a boarder, you get 20 meals
A co-op is something more than a lot of
a week.
people trying to live economically. Co-ops
Any member may invite guests. There are enjoy a characteristically congenial and infor-
adequate laundry facilities. Co-ops stay open mal atmosphere because our members come
during vacation periods and in the summer. from all kinds of backgrounds and from all
"Guffing/" our traditional between meal over the world. Social activities are determined

the labor and genius of Rensis Li-
kert, its director, who founded it
in the early 1950's. ISR was start-
ed in connection with the bur-
geoning pseudo-science of survey
research. From meager beginnings
-the University offered Likert
and his colleagues heat, light and
space but no money for operations
and salaries - Likert built the in-
stitute into one of the greatest so-
cial science operations in the
world, with some outstanding the-
orists, economists and assorted in-
terdisciplinary types on the staff.
It was one of the University's
greatest bargains.
Even more important than ISR's
I t.

own research has been the stim-
ulus it has provided to other parts
of the University. The people that
work there have proved to be a
powerful attraction to draw in
new programs in social science
fiedls, along with excellent fac-
ulty anxious to be a part of the
"critical mass" of talent t h a t
comprises ISR. The economics
and psychology departments have
certainly benefitted, while the
most spectacular "spin-off" has
been the Mental Health Research
Institute, variously identified as
a bastion of systems theory and
a spawner of radicalism.
MHRI's innocuous title masks

one of the most exciting and di-
verse centers of activity at the
University. Prof. Anatol Rapoport
professes to be in a field called
mathematical biology. Prof. Kon-
stantin Scharenberg is in neuro-
pathology; Prof. Merrill Flood is
another mathematical biologist,
and Prof. Ralph Gerard is in neu-
Altogether the academic staff-
with PhDs numbers about 60.
Research at MHRI delves into ev-
ery aspect of information systems,
biological systems and social sys-
tems, from artificial models to hu-
man subjects. "Theory", often ex-
pressed in some sort of mathema-
tical modeling of the essential ele-
ments of a real system, is a com-
mon worod-game theory, com-
munications theiry of urban
growth, and others.
As with ISR, the excitement
generated by the critical mass of
researchers working at MHRI has
spilled over into many depart-
ments and schools, serving to at-
tract good students and faculty,
generate Students for a Demo-
cratic Society and teach-ins, and
generally to throwing off sparks
in a great many directions.
It was in the engineering col-
lege that research at the Univer-
sity first got started back before
World War II, and a great deal

engineering department, one of
the very fine ones in the country,
has numerous projects underway.
Prof. Donald L. Katz has also
done a great deal for the Univer-
sity through his work in estab-
lishing a computer curriculum for
engineering undergraduates and
in helping to guide the Univer-
sity's general involvement in com-
puter use.
Other active departments are
numerous: civil engineering, elec-
trical engineering, mechanical en-
gineering, meteorology and ocean-
ography, naval architecture and
marine engineering and nuclear
engineering. The naval tank, run
by Prof. Richard Couch is a par-
ticularly interesting operation.
Ship designs are tested in it by
towing models up and down a long
Prof. William Kerr heads up
both the nuclear engineering de-
partment and the Phoenix Pro-
ject, which was started after
World War II through private
contributions. 'I' h e University's
post-war leadership in the devel-
opment of peaceful uses of atom-
is energy, particularly in the uses
of isotopes, was a result of this
In the electrical engineering de-
partment, where Prof. Hansford
Farris recently succeeded Prof.
William Dow as chairman, Prof.
Fred Haddock is active at his
Radio Astronomy Observatory on
Peach Mountain near Ann Arbor.,
In the literary college there is
a fantastic variety of work going
on: astronomy, botany, chemistry,1
economics, geology and mineralo-i
gy, mathematics, physics, physics,
psychology, sociology, zoology,i

-The dentistry school, with
its excellent faculty and library
collections, has long been severe-
ly restricted by space but will
soon be housed in the finest new
building on campus.
--The public health school un-
der Dean Myron Wegman has
quite an ambitious program in
public health economics, commun-
ity health service, environmental
health, epidemiology, and indus-
trial health, enhanced by a recent
Ford Foundation grant for inter-
disciplinary population studies.
The money is going to continue
to flow. The demands for new
knowledge by a society that makes
rapid economic expansion the rule
are going to increase tremendous-
ly. Society is going to be more and
more willing to lay out huge sums
for research and development as
it learns that the returns from
money invested in knowledge and
theories of how to deal with it-
work with it and make it work
for society-will be far greater
than for money invested in steel
mills or airplanes.
It has been estimated that over
65 per cent of, the net worth of
the United States is intthe minds
of its citizens, not in their equip-
ment, ash opposed to 35 per cent
before World War II. That's why
IBM is a good stock.
Value no longer rests In the ap-
plications of knowledge. It rests
less and less in the knowledge it-
self, and more and more in its
creation, in new discoveries, me-
thods and theories that keep coun-
tries expanding and put universi-
ties and their research programs
in the very center of a social revo-
lution wrought by information and
its communication.



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