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October 18, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-10-18

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Soviet Policy StandHints of Peace Ianeu


News Analysis
MOSCOW--Shifts of emphasis
in the Soviet position on Viet Nam
are being studied by diplomats
here for hints of Kremlin willing-
ness to try to arrange peace.
Taken at their most extreme
interpretation, the shifts might
mean that the Soviet Union is now
movng cautiously toward setting
up a settlement-with North Viet
Nam's approval.
Clues pointing this way might
be read into speeches in recent
days by Communist Chief Leonid
1. Brezhnev and Premier Alexei N.,
But this is far from certain. At
the other extreme, the shifts could

be interpreted simply as tactical
responses to American statements,
lacking any deeper significance.
Reiterates Hanoi
The "no significant cnange"
school of diplomatic analysts was
supported by the publication Sun-
day of a Soviet-Polish communi-
que. In effect, it reiterated Hanoi's
-tough position dating back to
April 1965.
This includes demands for a halt
of U.S. air raids on North Viet
Nam, a complete American with-
drawal from South Viet Nam and
a long-range settlement dictated
by the Viet Cong.
This Hanoi position and similar
Viet Cong terms for ending the
war are unacceptable to Wash-

ington, which has been looking
for possibilities more realistic for
both sides.
Shifts of emphasis from the
basic communist position have
been noticeable for long enough to
suggeset a possible connection with
two recent developments.
They are the checking of Com-
munist offensive action in South
Viet Nam by the -massive Amer-
ican forces, and the "great cul-
tural revolution" that has shown
Red China to be an unstable and
possibly unreliable ally for Hanoi.
Secret Visit
After these developments be-
came abvious, Premier Pham Van
Dong of North Viet Nam and his
defense minister secretly visited

the Soviet Union for talks in
Then the Soviet Union began a
series of bilateral talks with its
East European alies. They will
culminate this week in a Soviet-
bloc summit meeting in Moscow.
(Leaders of the Soviet block
assembled in Moscow yesterday
night to try to decide what to do
about China's errant brand of
communism and its obstruction of
aid to North Viet Nam.
(The top Communists from Bul-
garia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East
Germany, Hungary, Mongolia, Po-
land, Romania and the Soviet
Union are also expected to see
Soviet cosmonauts launced into
orbit Thursday.)

Perhaps these events are not
directly related in a way that
shows a sequence of developments
leading up to the shifts of em-
phasis. Diplomatic analysts here
cannot be sure, but they are ;n-
Some of them suggest this ten-
tantative interpretation:
Hanoi decided - the war cannot
be won outright. With China both
unstable and refusing to facilitate
aid deliveries from other Commu-
nist countries to Hanoi, the North
Vietnamese government decided
that a settlement would be .better
than continuing to absorb losses.
Weaken Position
But any rush toward a settle-
ment would weaken the Commu-

nist negotiating position, and so
there is now a cautiously slow
movement, these analysts claim.
Maybe Kosygin offered a clue.
He said Thursday that the Viet-
namese war would have been
stopped if China had cooperated
with Communist aid efforts.
This might be the first step to-
ward justifying a settlement ar-
ranged by Hanoi and Moscow.
Peace without victory could be
blamed on the Chinese, thus meet-
ing their shrill charges of a Krem-
lin sellout of the Communist cause
in Viet Nam.
The East European meetings
would fit in as Moscow's effort
to assure support for any peace
moves, anticipating Peking blasts.

Brezhnev in a speech Saturday
said that to remove the main ob-
stacle to better Soviet-American
relations, the United States must
stop air raids on North Viet Nam,
"stop the aggressive war against
the Vietnamese epople, respect not
in words but in deeds the inde-
pendence, sovereignty and terri-
torial integrity of other countries
and peoples."
Brezhnev omitted a clear de-
mand for a U.S. withdrawal and a
Viet Cong-dictated settlement, al-
though these reappeared in the
Polish-Soviet communique.
Not Consistent
Brezhnev's words were not in-
consistent with the current U.S.
negotiating position. It calls for

a halt of air raids conditional upon
assurance of a reduction in North
Vietnamese military activities, a
phased and inspected withdrawal
of both U.S. and North Vietnam-
ese forces from South Viet Nam,
and a Viet Cong seat in negotia-
(B r i t i s h foreign secretary
George Brown was reported yes-
terday night to be convinced that
Soviet leaders will be ready to
play an active role in Viet Nam
peacemaking if American bomb-
ings in North Viet Nam end.
(This is the message Brown felt
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A.
Gromyko has been flashing to re-
cent private exchanges in New
York and Washington.)

- v -ti

Set Up Board
Of Inquiry
Into Strikes
Johnson Uses Taft-
Hartley Act Under
National Safety Claim
WASHINGTON (JP)-Strikes con-
tinued to erupt at scattered Gen-
eral Electric Co. plants yesterday
as President Johnson acted to in-
voke the Taft-Hartley Act and
halt any shutdowns found to im-
peril the national safety.
Before setting out on his Pacific
Journey, Johnson named a board
of inquiry to look into the strikes
which so far have idled more than
30,000 workers in six states. Most
of the disputes are reported to be
over local issues.
Many of the strikers ar'e in the
AFL-CIO International Union of
Electrical Workers which over the
weekend ratified a national agree-
ment with GE worked out under
White House mediation to avert a
nationwide strike.
But the strikes are also by
others of GE's 125,000 union work-
ers in craft unions such as the
machinists and guilds. Picket lines
were being respected where re-
The board of inquiry named by
Johnson are: John Dunlop, eco-
nomics professor at Harvard;
David Cole and Jacob Seidenberg,
veteran labor experts and media-
tors. Cole is the chairman.
They left immediately to first
look at the walkout of .6,000 at
the Evendale, Ohio, plant which
has slowed production of engines
for F4 Phantom fighters used in
Viet Nam.
From there; the board is em-
powered to go to other struck GE
The White House said Secretary
of Labor W. Willard Wirtz, Se.re-
tary of Defense Robert S. Mc-
Namara and acting Atty. Gen.
Ramsey Clark recommended to the
President that the inquiry board
be set up. Wirtz and McNamara
were active in working out the
contract aproved by the IUE and
10 other unions with which the
IUE held coordinated negotiations.
The IUE represents 80,000 of GE's
125,000 workers in 160 plants.
Under the Taft-Hartley law the
board of inquiry reports its find-
ings to the President without ree-

Senator Robert P. Griffin, Republican nominee for the U.S. Senate, left, addressed remarks to a
luncheon of the Detroit Economic Club yesterday as former Gov. G. Mennen Williams unpacked his
briefcase. Williams, the Democratic nominee for the Senate, debated the issues with Griffin on a
take-a-turn basis. Recent polls have shown Griffin with a slight edge in voter popularity.
President Defines Asian Role
As 'Peace, OrdeProsperity'

Arabs Label
Follows Friday Act;
Thant Gives Goldberg
Afro-Asian Protest
An Arab delegate on Monday
accused U.S. Ambassador Arthur
J. Goldberg of being politically
identified with Zionism. Goldberg
replied that he could be regarded
as a Zionist "in the same sense
that many world statesmen, in-
cluding some Arabs, considered
themselves Zionists."
Syrian Ambassador G e o r g e
Tomeh made the charge in the
Security Council during debate on
an Israeli-Syrian dispute.
It came shortly after Secretary-
General U Thant delivered a pro-
test to Goldberg from 62 Asian
and Africandcountries against the
invasion of the Syrian mission to
the United Nations last Friday by
a young American Zionist group.
First U.N. Accusation
This was the first time in a
U.N. forum that Goldberg, a Jew,
had been accused of being a Zion-
ist. He has been the subject of
such charges by Arab nationalists
in statements distributed to
Thant has asked that Goldberg
meet with him to receive the
Asian-African protest.
Thant Concerned
Thant conveyed also to Goldberg
his own concern about the inci-
dent, and received in return an
assurance from Goldberg that the
United States would provide police
protection for any U.N. diplomatic
mission, either on request by the
mission or Thant.
Goldberg further offered to dis-
cuss with representatives of the
U.N. diplomatic missions, which
are scattered in buildings mostly
around U.N. headquarters, any ad-
ditional steps that can be taken
to insure the safety of diplomats
and their headquarters.
The invasion of the Syrian mis-
sion last Friday by the young
Zionists set off a storm of protest
in U.N. diplomatic circles and
against revived talk of moving
U.N. headquarters out of New York

ine Corps has decided to exend1
the duty of regular officer pilots
and some key aircraft mainte-
nance men for one year to meet
growing Viet Nam war needs,
sources disclosed yesterday.
Officials said an order to that
effect has been prepared and is
expected to be made public within
a week.
It was not know immediately
how many men would be affected,
but officials emphasized that no
Reserve officers would be told to
stay on duty.
Second Extension
The mandatory extension will be
the second in two years for reg-
ular officer Marine pilots. Pilots,
along with all other regular of-
ficers, were held on the job in
August 1965 but permitted to re-
sign as of Sept. 1 this year.
Since then, at least 125 aviators
have left the service-many of
them to join commercial airlines.
On Oct 7, the Navq announced
it would continue to hold an es-
timated 300 fliers and 700 other
key personnel on duty for another
The Marine problems are noth-
ing new: both the Navy and Air
Force have said they need more
piloes and are seeking increased
training facilities next year. The
Navy has reported it will not meet
all of its aviator requireients un-
til the early 1970s.
Train New Fliers
This year the Marines expect to
train 525 new fliers, and sources
said they have asked the Defense
Department for a 40 per cent
training boost next year.
There nave been published re-
ports that the Marines are short

650 flying officers, but officers
have consistently denied this. Ask-
ed yesterday about the alleged
shortages, one Marine officer said;
"We have plenty of people to take
care of aviation requirements."

Another symptom of pilot stress
is the fact that the Marines have
been forced to send some flying
officers back for second combat
tours in Viet Nam after only six
months in the United States.

High Court Drops Hearings
On Electoral College System

preme Court yesterday refused to
hear a case challenging the Elec-
toral College system and one
directing that police and lower
courts treat alcoholism as a dis-
ease rather than a crime.
Rejected also by the Court was
a case asking a broadening of the
right-of-cousel to cover minor of-
The Electoral College dispute
was brought to the court's door-
step by Delaware. Later 12 other
small states asked to be heard on
Delaware's side.
They questioned the constitu-
tionalitynofthe "winner-take-all"'
system under which all of the
states electoral votes are cast for
the presidential nominee who re-
ceives a plurality of the state's
popular votes.
Lelaware Atty. Gen. David P.
Buckson claimed this gives voters
in larger states disproportionate
power and gives the larger states
excessive political influence.
Justice Abe Fortas condemned
the decision in a sharp dissent. He
said criminal punishment of
chronic drunks is crude and un-
Justice William O. Douglas join-
ed Fortas in the alcoholism dis-

The majority gave no reason
for refusing to hear Thomas F.
Budd, an Oakland janitor arrested
34 times in 27 years on drunken-
ness charge and described in med-
ical testimony as a chronic alco-
Budd's appeal claimed that pub
lic drunkenness is an unavoidable
symptom of the disease of chronic
alcoholism. Further, he contended
that criminal punishment violates
the protection against "cruel and
unusual punishments" provided
by the Eighth Amendment to the
Earlier this year, two of the 11
federal circuit courts held chronic
alcoholics could not be criminally
punished for drunkenness alone.
By not taking the Budd case, the
high court passed up the oppor-
tunity fof laying down a uniform
rule for all the courts.
The right,-to-counsel case was
pressed on the high court by the
Legal Defense and Educational
Fund of the National Asseciation
for the Advancement of Colored
People. The point at issue was
whether state courts must provide
lawyers to paupers accused of mis-
demeanors. The court already has
held that persons charged with
felonies are entitled to counsel

Marine Corps Extends Tours
Of Pilots, Maintenance Crews

HONOLULU VP) - President
Johnson arrived yesterday after-
noon in the mid-Pacific American
state from which he will launch a
25,000-mile, 17-day mission to the
Far East, hoping for peace.
"We don't expect to pull any
rabbits out of the hat at Manila,"
Johnson said in a brief arrival
statement. He referred to his
forthcoming conference at the
Philippine capital with the heads
of nations fighting the Commu-
nists in Viet Nam.
The President and Mrs. John-
son stepped from their jet at
Honolulu International Airport to
receive a cheering welcome from
about 3,500 persons, and the tra-
ditional leis-flower garlands-
from state dignitaries.
They paused at the airport for
several minutes before leaving in
,. motorcade for the University of
Hawaii campus where the Presi-
dent delivered an address, setting
the tone of his trip through the

He pledged to help build new
societies of freedom, peace and
prosperity in Asia.
"America's role in this new
emerging Asia," Johnson said "is
that of a neighbor among equals
-a partner in the great adventure
of bringing peace, order and pro-
gress to a part of the world where
more than half the human race
His statement was in an address
prepared for delivery at the East-
West Center in Honolulu on an
overnight stop before leaving on
the journey to New Zealand, Aus-
tralia, Thailand, Malaysia, South
Korea and the seven-nation sum-
mit in Manila.
While South Viet Nam is not on
his itinerary, he may stop there
briefly, possibly Oct. 27. Premier
Nguyen Cao Ky ow South Viet
Nam said he would invite Johnson
to go there after the Manila con-
fenrece Oct. 24-25.
In a Saigon story, the New York
Daily News reported that Johnson

will visit U.S. troops in Viet Nam
during his tour.
"Preliminary planning of ar-
rangements and security measures
are quietly in progress," the mor-
ning paper said in a dispatch from
Joseph Fried in Saigon. The News
"Reliable sources said the secur-
ity men want the President to
avoid Saigon,bor spend as little
time as possible here, because of
the danger of Viet Cong terrorists
striking at him.
"Ideally, Johnson would fly to
U.S. bases at Da Nang or Cam
Ranh Bay. They are isolated and
better protected.
"Present plans call for him to
arrive here after the Manila sum-
mit meeting of Viet Nam allies.
while he is en route to Thailand.
He isscheduled to leave the Phi-
lippines Oct. 27."





World News Roundup

TUESDAY, Oct. 18, 12:00 Noon
U.M. International Center
Speaker: MR. ARIFIN WARDIMAN of Indonesia
Student in Information and Control Engineering

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President
Johnson has signed a bill he says
offers new hope to persons dis-
charged from the armed forces
under conditions other than hon-
The new law permits a dis-
charged serviceman to obtain an
exemplary rehabilitation certifi-
caste Whenever he can show he
has led an exemplary life for at
least three years since the date
of his discharge.
The purpose is to lessen the
handicap, both to reputation and

to employment, which such per-
sons often suffer.
passed and sent back to the Sen-
ate yesterday a compromise fair
packaging and labeling bill. The
roll-call vote was 242-6.
The bill is almost precisely the
same as one approved two weeks
ago by the House after the Com-
merce Committee removed Senate
provisions for mandatory federal
packaging standards.
The bill contains mandatory la-
beling provisions and gives the
government new authority to move

against such things as partially
filled packages, "cents-off" pro-f
motions and designation of pack-
age sizes with terms such as
"giant economy size."
JAKARTA-Dr. Subandrio, In-
donesia's former minister on trial
for his life, blamed both President
Sukarno and military leaders yes-
terday for failing to stop Com-
munist advances here.

For Reservations,
calf 662-5529

Sponsored by the
Ecumenical Campus Center

Pastor Max Lackmann, speaking



General Membership Meeting
(A social-erotic political underground film)
& "Time of the Locusts" (edits
of Japanese, NLF, Arvin, & U.S.

Saturday Night
Sunday Morning
A&9 P.M.
Aud. A, A. H.



(What does our Union in Christ mean
for our Human Bodies?)
Pastor under the Church Council of Westphalia
until relieved of his pastoral duties in 1959, Lack-
mann became co-founder of the "League for Evan-
gelical-Catholic Reunion." He was arrested twice
by the Gestapo, in 1936 and 1942, the second time






NEIL SIMOlN'S Comedy Hit ~

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