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October 01, 1966 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1966-10-01

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i"

Se'venty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

Freshman Girls Aren't Ready for Rush

41#

Where Opinions Are Free; 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBORMICH.
Truth Will Prevail',

Nvws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michiuan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1966 NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAEL HEFFER

Mansfield Off-Base
On Southern Integration

By AVIVA KEMPNER
AFTER ATTENDING the semi-
traumatic hfirst day of classes,
freshman girls began sorority rush.
Equipped with twenty-three call-
ing cards, comfortable walking
shoes, and a map of previously un-
familiar grounds, these girls start-
ed the first encounter with mixers
on what seemed the hottest night
of the summer.
The mixers consisted of attend-
ing all the sorority houses with
your rush groups during a three-
day interval, allowing forty min-
utes for each house. Each group
was led by a rush counselor who
informed the rushees about the
do's and don't when the Panhel-
lenic pamphlet failed to provide
the necessary information.
The sorority girls awaited at the
door lined, up in various shaped
formations and the president re-
peated the welcoming speech to
the entering rushees who intro-
duced themselves and smiled in
response.
FOLLOWING the paired-off
leaders through crowds of Vil-
lager dresses and the atmosphere
of summer and smoke, the girls
were "rushed." Just as they fin-
ished exchanging the niceties
about the hot weather, respective

class standings, and not wanting
a cigarette or candy with one sor-
ority girl everyone switched talk-
ing mates and made new intro-
ductions, and the process started
all over again.
Unfortunately, the sorority houses
and the rushees accept and reject
each other after these hectic
nights. The sorority girls base
their opinions on physical appear-
ances and conversational ability
of superficial subjects.
The freshman girls who had to
write short notes of their impres-
sions during the ten minutes be-
tween house visits also use the
same criteria for their decisions,
plus random selections if they re-
ceived many invitations.
Some girls just are too con-
fused and behind in homework to
continue the plunge, and drop out
without giving the system a chance
or getting their three dollars
worth.
AS RUSH CONTINUED, the wea-
ther, crowds and conversation were
more tolerable. Exchanges made
more sense, ranging from pierced
ears to summer trips. Sometimes
both the rushee and the sorority
girl realized that the other was
losing the trend of the conversa-
tion, but everyone knew that rush

could get very time-consuming
and monotonous.
Disappointments, were experi-
enced at rush meetings when girls
,did not receive an IBM card from
a house or used the power of the
pen to write 'I reject' instead of
'I accept'. Some girls were saved
attending the meeting if the rush
counselor called to convey her
sympathies about the death of the
rushee's pledge chances.
Or if among the invitations one
house was not included the famil-
iar expressions, "but you're so
sweet" or "I was going to drop
anyhow," were voiced.
THROUGHOUT the whole time
I wondered what the freshman
girls though of rush, so I eaves-
dropped and questioned to find
out.
I overheard their comments,
"some of the sorority girls have
long hair, but I always thought..."
asked them about the ability to
do homework, "I stay up until
three every night," and why they
dropped, 'too much work and too
early in the semester" and saw
them walking the streets at night
alone, looking lost and finally
gaining courage to ask directions.
Even the sorority girls wondered
about the stamina of the fresh-

man girls, a favorite topic of con-
versation.
The rush system itself in its
present structure has many dis-
advantages. Shy girls are elimin-
ated, choices of both girls and
houses are made on arbitrary
points, especially after the cli-
mactic mixers, and the whole pro-
cess is too long and time consum-
ing for everyone concerned.
BUT TO ADD to these inherent
faults the requirement of fall rush
for everyone is unfair to both the
freshman girls and the sorority
houses. Even though an extens-
ive summer program acquainted
the new girls with rush, they were
swept into an experience just after
arriving and expected to make a
choice affecting their college life
without viewing the other possi-
bilities.
Dorm friendships are important,
but not to the extent that, they
will influence a girl's 'choice of a
sorority". Girls suffer from dis-
illusionment even if they "had al-
ready decided to pledge if asked."
In turn, the sororities ire de-
prived of potential members who
just could not stomach the big
University and sorority rush in
one big gulp.
The pledges "who have a whole

year to debate their decision to
pledge" are pressured to decide
yes by their circle of friends. If
they decide not to pledge then
that girl has taken up someone's
space and the house suffers fi-
nancial loss.
THE HOUSES will pledge girls
who are deprived of the first se-
mester dorm and campus activi-
ties, a loss probably detrimental
to the house itself.
And what about the sophomore
girls who had to rush before they
adjusted to their new mode of life?
These new sisters did not even
know the other house members
well enough to trust their judg-
ments on rushees.
THE STATISTICAL facts about
the quotas, 93 per cent acceptance
of spaces available, tells the ob-
vious story about the success of
sorority rush.
But having gone through the ex-
perience myself, I think the subtle
story about the rush structure and
the freshman girls is more import-
ant. More important for the re-
evaluation and survival of the
Greek system, but most important
for the open-mindedness of the
freshman girls.

4

"No person in the United States
shall, on the ground of race, color, or
national origin, be excluded from
participation in, be denied the bene-
fits of, or be subjected to discrimina-
tion under any program, or activity
receiving federal financial assistance.
--Title VI from the Civil Rights
Act of 1964
SENATOR MIKE MANSFIELD thinks
the South is integrating too rapidly.
The majority leader has accused the
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare of going beyond the scope of
the law in enforcing the provisions of
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
"We have been moving at a snail's
pace in the South on desegregation, aniy-
way," he argued. "The policy of the Civil
Rights Act was to declare segregation by
public officials unlawful. It was designed
to prevent an unlawful act of segregation
-not to implement an affirmative policy
of integration."
Unfortunately, Mansfield's statement
will only make things worse.
AT ITS INCEPTION, Title VI was re-
garded as a potent political weapon
because it could tighten or loose nthe
federal purse strings. It contained a sec-,
ond punch that empowered the attorney
general to bring suit against a non-
complying school district. The community
was thus given a choice to desegregate
with or without federal funds.
Most Southern districts submitted plans
accepted by the Office of Education of
HEW and continued to receive money.
In December, 1965, Katzenbach issued
instructions for applying Title VI, which
repeatedly indicated thati officials should
not initiate fund-termination proceed-
ings unless. "court enforcement is not
feasible."
The reliance on litigation did not pro-
duce the desired results, and Negro lead-
ers began to demand more rigid enforce-
ment of the provisions of Title VI. So,
this past March the Office of Education
announced revised guidelines to strength-
en the law,
AT PRESENT, federal funds have been
denied to only 74 of 1800 Southern
school districts-but this is a deceiving
figure.

Data collected by the Southern Edu-
cation Reporting Service shows that dur-
ing 1965-66, some 180,000 Negro students
attended school with whites. This is
about six per cent of the total Negro
student population in the 11 old Confed-
eracy states. While it trebles the pre-
1964 enrollment, one wonders -why so
many districts met HEW approval. What
about the other 94 per cent?
It is evident- that token compliance is
the reality in most of these federally-
aided districts-de jure segregation is now
de facto segregation, and Gradualism is
the name of the game.
STOKELY CARMICHAEL answers the
lack of progress by asserting that in-
tegrati n is irrelevant. The issue is
whether the focus should be shifted to
provide all black schools to match, or
petter the white facilities. But, at pres-
ent the bulk of rights leaders consider
the goals of Title VI worthwhile.
Negro schools are markedly inferior to
white schools, and there is not enough
money to build "separate but equal"
schools, as Carmichael suggests. The
Brown vs. Board of Education decision
in 1954 recognized the disparity that had
developed between the white and Negro
systems and outlawed this doctrine. But
the inequalities continued.
While the SNCC chairman is calling
for a revival of dual, but equal school sys-
tems as an actuality, the states have bare-
ly enough funds to build themselves de-
cent white schools. The crisis in educa-
tion-the lack of dollars, teachers, and
administrators affects both races. A
split school is clearly unfeasible, and
would spread already meager resources
too thin.
UNTIL CARMICHAEL can obtain funds
to bring about his dream, more string-
ent enforcement of Title VI is called for.
Faculty, as well as student ratios, should
not be abnormally weighted in favor of
whites. This requires an increase in the
number of regional workers to monitor
and provide accurate information on
Southern schools.
The Office of Education, presently pro-
ceeding with more deliberation than
speed, should reverse the trend.
-STEPHEN FIRSHEIM

Hutchins Opposes Universal Service

By ROBERT M. HUTCHINS
RUMBLINGS IN Washington
give warning that something
big may be in the making, a Na-
tional Service Act.
The statements coming out of
the capital have a certain studied
ambiguity about them. It is im-
possible to tell whether young peo-
ple are to be compelled to serve or
whether they are merely to be
encouraged to do so. But this
makes all the difference.
The vision of all our youth be-
ing urged and assisted to devote
some time in their lives to im-
proving the lot of humanity at
home and abroad has a kind of
nobility about it.

THE VISION of all our youth
being compelled to serve is with-
out nobility. It has, indeed, some
terrifying aspects.
Such a system would put into
the hands of bureaucracy, which
would have to be enormous, the
power to decide what young Am-
ericans should do with a slice of
their lives. In practice, of course,
the computers would make the de-
cision.
Perhaps I am unduly suspicious.
All I can say is that this adminis-
tration has a recoid of disingen-
uousness, to put it mildly, that
seems to justify a request for clar-
ification of its statements.
The impression those statements
make is that the administration

will take all it can get. It will try
for universal conscription, military
and non-military. If it cannot get
this it will fall back on a volun-
tary plan, formulated, endorsed
and aided by the government.
IN SHORT, a voluntary plan is
regarded as second best or as a
step toward a scheme of universal
compulsion.
Why should such a suggestion
be advanced at this time?
For one thing, the Supreme
Court has expanded the range of
conscientious objection by enunci-
ating a definition of belief in a
Supreme Being to which even a
hardened atheist might bring him-
self to subscribe. There is no doubt

that the number of conscientious
objectors is disturbing to the Pen-
tagon.
FOR ANOTHER THING, the war
in Vietnam.is-unpopular, so much
so that Gen. Lewis Hershey, the
administrator of the Selective
Service Act, has demanded that
unfriendly critics of the war be
silent-or, presumably, be silenced.
Blanketing in military service as
just one way of performing a uni-
versal duty might divert attention
from the peculiar ugliness of ser-
vice in Vietnam.'
Finally, the restlessness of young
people who riot on campuses, dem-
onstrate again the war and agitate
for civil rights has become acutely

annoying to many of their elders.
Universal compulsory service is
a kind of all-purpose remedy for
almost anything that is bothering
anybody about the youiger gener-
ation. School dropouts would have
something useful to do. Juvenile
delinquents would be disciplined.
The whole problem of turning
young people into adults would be-
come manageable at last. The war
between the generations would be
settled by putting the younger one
away.
This may be unfair to the plan-
ners in the government. I hope it
is. I hope they will assure us that
all they have in mind Is encourag-
ing and assisting voluntary ser-
vice.
Copyright 1966, Los Angeles Times

'is

FETTERS TO THE EDITOR:

Voice Explains Position on Police, Sit-in

The U.S. and Indonesia

THE UNITED STATES' agreement last
week to resume long term aid pro-
grams to Indonesia is a positive step
toward the stabilization of the Indonesian
economy. It promises, however, to be a
difficult and expensive program to im-
plement.
The new American aid program is to
have two components. First, short term
shipment of rice, cotton and industrial
parts to relieve food shortages which are
causing starvation are expected to cost
$60 million this year.
Then, as part of an eight-nation sta-
bilization program, large scale aid would
be made available'to condition the crum-
bling Indonesian economy and hopefully
balance its present budget.
EVEN THE MOST optimistic observers,
however, do not foresee the point of
stabilization within this decade. Indones~
ian factories are running at a fraction
of their capacity and agriculture on most
of the islands is inefficient and un-
productive.
Profits from trade at their present
rate do not approach the amounts nec-
essary to make the economy self-sustain-
ing, so our support in large sums will
have to continue for many years.
And once. the budget is stabilized, the
Editorial Staff
MARK R, KILLINGS WORTH, Editor
BRUCE WASSERSTEIN, Executive Editor
CLARENCE FANTO HARVEY WASSERMAN
Managing Editor Editorial 'Director
LEONARD PRATT......... Associate Managing Editor
JOHN, MEREDITH.........Associate Managing Editor
CHARLOTTrE WOLTER .. Associate Editorial Directot
ROBERT CARNEY......Associate Editorial Director
ROBERT MOORE................... Magazine Editor
BABETTE COHN.................Personnel Director
NIGHT EDITORS* Michael Heffer. Merle Jacob, Rob.
ert Klivans, Laurence Medow, Roger Rapoport, Shir-
ley Rosick, Neil Shister.
CHARLES VETZNER .................. Sports Editor

success of the reforms program depends
on a postponement of payments of In-
donesia's debt which amounts to more
than $2.3 billion, about half,of which is
owed to the Soviet Union. The eight na-
tions have agreed to reschedule the debt,
but Russian officials claim that any such
deferral is contingent upon Soviet accept-
ance of the terms.
IN THE AFTERMATH of the purge of
Communists from Indonesia and Su-
harto's apparent shift toward non-align-
ment, a long, interesting session of bar-
gaining is ahead before the Russians come
to terms and the program attains its
long-term goals.
-WALLACE IMMEN
Pathos
"THERE'S MORE PATHOS than trage-
dy in college life," said Ed Schwartz,
Sjly of Moderator magazine, about a
year ago.
True, as the episode of the last two
days at Vice-President Pierpont's office
illustrates.
It was pathetic because the complaints
of both sides seem so legitimate. Stu-
dents should be able to meet with offi-
cials responsible for shaping policy which
relates to their activities. Yet it is un-
fortunate when 'those appeals must un-
dercut the authority of the vice-president
for student affairs.
THE ROOT of the problem here is that
the vice-president for student affairs
does not always, despite his efforts, re-
tain authority over decisions affecting
students. The complaints of the recent
Knauss report could have no more vivid
illustration.
But most pathetic was the situation of
the people caught in the middle. Line of-

To the Editor:
THE ANN ARBOR police force
has continually received per-
mission to send plainclothesmen
to campus events sponsored by
VOICE political party-Students for
a Democratic Society. In addition
to their presence, these detectives'
bring cameras and tape recorders
with which they take photographs
and' recordings of students and
faculty attending the event. Their
presence is not for protection, but
rather for intimidation and spy-
ing.
To halt police from entering the
University without student knowl-
edge and without warranty, VOICE
-SDS has proposed that:
1) Police enter the University
only in uniform at the time of a
disturbance;
2) The decision to bring police
on campus be made jointly by stu-
dent and faculty leaders of the,
event and by the administration
only after all efforts to control
the disturbance have failed; and
3) The use of weapons by the
police be exercised only for the
protection of life and property.
IN THE PAST WEEK we have
attempted to personally present
our proposal to Vice President
Wilbur K. Pierpont, who is in
charge of campus security. He had
refused to meet with us, saying
that the matter should be taken
through the intermediary Vice
President for Student Affairs,
Richard L. Cutler. The fact is,
though, that Dr. Cutler stated that
the decision to have police on cam-
pus was not In his realm of au-
thority. Therefore, we believe it
only a legitimate demand that
students consult the real decision-
maker about matters which affect
their lives.
So, on Thursday, we went to
Pierpont's office and confronted
him. After he refused to listen to
our proposals, we decided to re-
main in his office until a meeting
could be arranged.
On Friday, at noon, Student
Government Council President Ed
Robinson, '67, went in our behalf
to arrange an open meeting with
Pierpont, Cutler, SGC, VOICE-
SDS, Leonard Greenbaum's SA-
CUA sub-committee on student re-
lations and interested parties.
While trying to arrange the meet-
ing, we decided to maintain a tok-
en presence in the office, yet al-
lowing it to function freely.
AT 5 P.M., ROBINSON returned
to the people sitting-in at Pier-
pont's office and informed us that
a meeting had been arranged for
next Monday at 2 p.m. (place to be
announced) where the issue of po-
lice on campus would be discussed.

ing UAC activities, we would like
to clarify certain aspects of pro-
posed plans for Homecoming '66.
Final judging for the Homecom-
ing Queen will not be "open to the
entire campus." Final judging will
be made by a panel of judges re-
presenting the major student or-
ganzations, the Administration
and the faculty.
It will be up to each of these
bodies to choose their own repre-
sentative. The only judges which
the Central Committee has direct-
ly invited are from the perform-
ing arts: Will Geer, Jack Rouse
and Bruce Fisher.
TALENT COMPETITION will
be held on Thursday night, Octo-
ber 20th, at First of Firstofall, to
determine the finalists. This event
will not be held in the League
Ballroom; the location will be an-
nounced in the near future. The
campus will be permitted to attend

this part of the Queen selection.
However, there will also be pre-
liminary judging prior to the tal-
ent competition to be conducted
in the weeks before Homecoming
which the campus will not be al-
lowed to observe, primarily for
reasons of efficiency and conven-
ieice. Final judging and selection
will be made at the Friday night
dance at the I-M Building.
--Judy Greenberg, '68
-Walt Heiser, '68
General Co-chairmen,
Homecoming 1966
AFT Attack
To the Editor:
THE DAILY (Sept. 3) ranges Jar
and wide. An article by Kathie
Glebe has come to my attention.
It provides a free-wheeling attack
on the American Federation of
Teachers (AFL-CIO) by Professor
Ralph Loomis of the English De-

partment, College of Engineering,
who is also the President of the
Michigan State Association of
University Professors.
We hesitate to characterize
Professor Loomis' fulminations as
confusion, misinformation or de-
liberate distortion.
FAR FROM placing the profes-
sor in a time-clock atmosphere,
the AFT seeks to elevate the fac-
ulty to. a position of equality vis
a vis the administration. In too
many instances, the administra-
tors and governing board, through
the power of the "purse", ,deter-
mine promotions, salaries, work-
load, etc.
The university teacher is a pro-
fessional, but he is an employee
as well. He can best assert his pro-
fessionalism by joining with his
colleagues into a powerful, pro-
gressive and democratic union en-
gaged in collective bargaining.

I

NjJ
b
f 2
:

-i

Students and faculty members
interested in a critical analysis of
the AAUP are invited to write for
free copies of Vol. I, No. 1 of
"Changing Education," 116 North
Rush Street, Chicago, Illinois.
60611.
Anytime Professor Loomis wish-
es to debate me on the AAUP vs.
AFT, I'd be only too happy to ac-
cept,
--Dr. Israel Kugler, President,
United Federation of
College Teachers, AFT
Peace Union
To the Editor:
I WISH TO introduce myself as
a member of the Student
Peace Union and state the purpose
of this letter: to present this or-
ganization to the readers of this
column, hopefully meeting stu-
dents who would be willing to or-
ganize a Student Peace Union
chapter at the University of Mi-
chigan.
What is the Student Peace Un-
ion? I believe that by quoting the
statement of purpose, we can best
realize what the SPU is and what
single purpose unifies its members: *
The Student Peace Union is
an organization of young people
who believe that neither war nor
the threat of war can any longer
be successfully used to settle in-
ternational disputes and that
neither human freedom nor the
human race can long survive In
a world committed to militarism.
Without committing any mem-
ber to a precise statement of po-
licy, the SPU draws together
young people for a study of al-
ternatives to war and engages in
education and action to end the
present arms race. The SPU
works toward a society which
will ensure both peace and free-
dom and which will suffer no in-
dividual or group to be exploited
by another. Because both East
and West have pursued foreign
policies which are not in the in-
terests of their own people or the
people of the world and because
both bear major responsibility
for the Cold War, the 'Student
Peace Union believes that the
peace movement must act Inde-
pendently of both East and
West, must apply the same stan-
dard of criticism to both, and
must seek new and creative
means of achieving a free and
peaceful society.
I welcome discussing the possi-
bility of organizing an SPU chap-
ter with any students and faculty
who believe they could agree to 4

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