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September 30, 1966 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-09-30

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Atoflgan a g
Seventy-Sixth Year

Publt Publish or Perish: Uodate the ystey


ere Opinionr Are Free: 420 MAYNARD ST. ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

The Intramural Program:
Improve It or Destroy It,

SUDDENLY, after ignoring the problem
for more than 20 years, the Univer-
sity community has become aware of the
great shortcomings of its intramural pro-
This rude awakening is occurring now
simply because, in the past 20 years, the
size of the student body has increased
300 per cent while no corresponding plans
to provide additional intramural facili-
ties were proposed. Yet, the inadequacies
in the program have become apparent to
participating students only in the last
two years.
These inadequacies will become more
apparent as time passes partially because
of the increasingly dilapidated condition
of existing facilities and partially because
of shortages pinpointed by the develop-
ment of North Campus and by the immi-
nent removal of Betsy Barbour and Wat-
erman gymnasiums.
MOST, IF NOT ALL, other Big Ten uni-
versities have considered their intra-
mural problems and provided solutions
for them. Iowa has a $6.5 million addi-
tion to their field house in the planning
stage for intramural purposes. Minne-
sota has a building program under way
which will eventually consist of three
separate facilities on three' different
canipuses Purdue and Michigan State
have already completed large intramural
plants which far exceed the University's.
While facilities' at other universities
grow, Michigan's decline. The last addi-
tion to men's indoor facilities was the
current Sports Bulding built in 1928 to
service a student body of 9000. The phys-
ical education facilities provided by Wat-
erman and Betsy Barbour gymnasiums
will crumble soon with the buildings.
This willresult in further overcrowding
of the Sports Building and further dam-
age to the already suffering physical edu-
cation program.
yET, DIRECTOR of Intramurals Earl
Rilskey has indicated that if space
were available, the IM program could be
expanded. "We could easily have twice as
many touch football teams as we do now,
if We had fields and officials," he has
said. Instead, the department recently
lost two fields due to the expansion of
Stadium Boulevard, resulting in the to-
tal elimination of softball as an intra-
mural sport.
Though areas where team competition
occurs are most seriously hurt by the
shortage of space, individual sporting in-
terests are beginning to suffer also. Dur-
ing the winter students must wait to
play basketball or paddleball for unrea-
sonable lengths of time, simply because
there are more participants than there
is space available. This problem could be
eased somewhat by opening the facilities
for longer periods of time. But the ten-
nis team uses the basketball courts from
noon until three o'clock every day, and
the building is closed on Saturday after-
noons because funds are not available to
keep it open.
AWARENESS of the total problem is
particularly painful because solutions
for it have not yet even reached the
planning stages-and, they cannot reach
the planning stage until some basic
structural changes are made.
Intramurals at the University fall un-
der the auspices of the Board in Control
of Intercollegiate Athletics, an autono-
mous organization whose purpose by defi-
nition is to minister the intercollegiate,
rather than the intramural, program at
the University.

Editorial Staff
Managing, Editor Editorial Director
LEONARD PRATT ........ Associate Managing Editor
JOHN MEREDITH........Associate Managing Editor
CHARLOTTE WOLTER .. Associate Editorial Directs!
ROBERT CARNEY......Associate Editorial Director
ROlBERT MOORE .........Magazine Editor
GIL SAMBERG........A....ssistant Sports Editor
BABETTE COHN...............Personnel Director
NIGHT EDITORS: Michael Heffer, Merle Jacob, Rob-
-ert Klivans, Laurence Medow, Roger Rapoport, Shir-
ley Rosick, Neil Shister.
CHARLES VETZNER ................Sports Editor
JAMES TINDALLE........ Associate Sports Editor
JAMES LaSOVAGE......Associate Sports Editor
SPORTS NIGHT EDITORS: Grayle Howlett, Howard
Kohn, Bill Levis, Bob McFarland, Clark Norton, Rick

Actually the board cannot be held offi-
cially responsible for the Intramural De-
partment because official jurisdiction
over the department has never been des-
ignated by the Regents. Rather the board
agreed to accept unofficial responsibil-
ity for the department after no one else
Unfortunately, with minor exceptions,
the board has been unable and or un-
willing to provide the necessary funds for
the intramural program. The new $6.7
million University Events Building will
draw on the board financially to such an
extent as to make allocation of "funds
for new intramural facilities impossible
for 20 years," in the words of Athletic
Director Fritz Crisler. Crisler has admit-
ted that "there is no point in even ques-
tioning the fact that intramural facili-
ties are inadequate."
T SEEMS THAT the Athletic Board can-
not be held responsible for the short-
comings of the intramural program be-
cause it does not have the funds to han-
dle the program. But the board may not
be entirely blameless. If the board is in-
capable of supporting the intramural
program properly, it should not have ac-
cepted the responsibility for the system
in the first place.
Clearly Crisler could have foreseen 10
years ago that the intramural program
would reach its present decadent state.
And, recognizing this, he should have
taken steps to see that solutions to the
problem were considered. If the board
still was unable to control the program
properly, Crisler should have transferred
the responsibility to another organiza-
tion, the Office of Student Affairs.
IT IS PROBABLE that Crisler did and
still does want to get rid of the re-
sponsibility for I-M's, and that he tried
to persuade the administration to take
over without success. If the board was
unwillingly saddled with intramural ad-
ministration, those who put the board in
this position are responsible for the pro-
gram's failure. If the administration
thought that it could bury the problem
of recreational facilities in Crisler's file
cabinet, it must now face the fact that
the problem has reached the stage where
it can no longer be buried.
The University will suffer for several
more years because of these past mis-
takes. Waterman and Betsy Barbour will
come down long before structures can
be built to replace them. The I-M and
physical education programs also will be
forced to service fewer and fewer stu-
dents because of inadequate facilities.
North Campus will remain without any
indoor facilities and the central campus
will suffer from the lack of recreational
space available to the dormitories and
quadrangles. But, as long as the admin-
istration postpones the inevitable, it will
become harder and more expensive to
make up for lost time.
JUST WHAT THEN, is the inevitable?
It is merely acceptance of the fact
that the I-M program is withering and
that a change in policy must be made
somewhere. Two possible alternatives
have been suggested. The first is that
the Intramural Department be transfer-
red to the Office of Student Affairs,
which could provide necessary funds and
manpower. The second is that the Intra-
mural Department could remain under
the auspices of the Board in Control of
Intercollegiate Athletics, but that funds
for new facilities could be made avail-
able from the University's general fund.
Underlying both alternatives, of course,

is the recognition by the administration
that student recreation is indeed impor-
tant. And if they are unwilling to recog-
nize this, if, for example, they conclude
that intramurals no longer have a place
in the trimestered University because
neither time nor money is available, the
Intramural Department should be killed
quickly and painlessly rather than dying
slowly and dishonorably.
FOR THESE and other reasons, if the
Regents do choose to act at all, they
should do so immediately. Perhaps there
are more than the two listed alterna-
tives. A study headed by director of stu-
dent-community relations William Steude
may shed light on other alternatives, per-
hans more accentable to administrators.

tically amiss in the academic
world. Teachers are hired on the
basis of their publications rather
than their teaching; publications
themselves are rated by number
rather than quality, and the best
class for any professor to have
is none at all.
When Woodrow Wilson Sayre
did not get tenure at Tufts, the
issue of "publish or perish" be-
came a national debate. As a de-
fense reaction, most schools ar-
gued that the polarity of pub-
lish or perish did not exist. Ac-
cording to them, there was al-
ways room for good teachers.
For example, Dean William Ha-
ber of the literary college said in
a speech last year that teachers
secured tenure at the University
only if they first proved that they
could teach and then proved that
they could publish. According to
Haber, the prime qualifier for the
lower faculty positions is that one
be a good teacher and in order
to rise in the hierarchy one has
to be not only a good teacher
but also a good researcher.
Thus, according to Haber's con-
cept, every full professor must be
both a scholar and a teacher, ex-
cept for special exceptions such
as noted atomic researchers.
AT FIRST GLANCE this seems
like a very equitable system, but
then one realizes that no such
system exists.
As Caplow and McGee point
out in "The Academic Market-
place" there is little knowledge of
a man's teaching abilities before
he is given a position. Basically;
they point out, selection at the
lower than tenure faculty level is
still based on promise as a re-
searcher. It is assumed that any
many with a PhD must be able
to teach. This is the basic fallacy
which has put many a boring
windbag on the teaching podium.
If teaching ability were really
the prerequisite for a faculty po-
sition, good researchers who could
not teach well would be out of
luck. Quite obviously this is not
the case. Somit and Tanenhaus
point out. in "American Poli-
tical Science: A Profile of a Dis-
cipline" that among political sci-
entists sampled, they ranked
teaching ability to be the least
important factor and the volume
*of publication to be the most im-
portant factor in securing faculty

AND IT SHOULD not be the
case that good researchers who
cannot teach well should be out of
luck. There is no more reason to
discriminate against those good
researchers who do not teach
than there is to discriminate
against the good teacher who does
not research. Rather a place
should be held for both of these
in the academic community.
Caplow and McGee recommend-
ed that the position of the lec-
turer be established with tenure so
that the universities could give
men who cared only for teaching
a secure place on the campus. Per-
haps their suggestion could be ex-
panded to devise a new academic
Basically one could have three,
different types of acadamician.
One would be the lecturer, whose
prime skill would be teaching, the
second would be the researcher
and the third would be the "pro-
fessor" who would be a combina-
tion of both researcher and teach-
er. In all three branches there
would be ranks of assistant, as-
sociate and full.
THE HIGHEST PAY, the first
choice of courses to teach, the
best graduate assistants, and the
best research equipment, would
be reserved for the full "profes-
sor" so as to give him the most
internal prestige. This would give
incentive for lecturers and re-
searchers to try to become pro-
fessors and making up their defi-
ciencies in either teaching or re-
At each level of the academic
scale the "professor" branch would
be higher than the researcher or.
lecturer with similar rank al-
though the researcher or lecturer
with higher rank would have more
prestige than a professor on a low-
4er level.
Although presently there are
professors who get appointments
for purely doing i'esearch without
any teaching, these positions are
rare and are usually reserver for
only people who are already proven
to be top talent. Thus the three
branch system would lend itself
to better development not only
of competent teachers but also of
THE THREE branch system
would also help to alleviate the
problem of research for research's
sake because people who liked only
teaching would not be forced to

publish or perish. It is a rather
sad reflection upon our present
system that Somit and Tanenhaus
discovered that only 29.3 per cent
of the political scientists polled
by them could disagree with the
statement that "much that passes
for scholarship in political science
is superficial."
Yet this figure is not very sur-
prising when one considers that
the volume of publication was per-
ceived by political scientists to be
more important than quality of.
publication according to Somit
and Tanenhaus' 10 category rank
order. Such perceptions lead to
floods of publications with little
to say. It is apparent that the law
of the academic jungle-publish or
perish - must be changed. And
certainly the concept publish
should not mean that quality
should be sacrificed for quantity.
THE ARGUMENT against hav-
ing pure teaching and research
positions is that maximum devel-
opment in either field is attained
only through the combination of
the two.
For example, Haber also claim-
ed that it was essential for a pro-
fessor to do research as well as
teach so that he would be up to
date on his field. Otherwise, Ha-
ber claimed, the teachers merely
vegetate and use the same class
notes year after year.
For the most part this is un-
mitigated rot. A person does not
have to publish to be up to date.
In fact one would think that a
teacher would be more up to date
if he devoted more of his time to
preparing his class notes and read-
ing books on his field than re-
searching some topic like the
Ann Arbor City Council sweep-
stakes of 1872.
as to how academicians should be
rated. As far as research goes, the
quality should be ascertained by
their colleagues, but as far as
teaching goes, students should
have the largest say. Before a
man.can ever' be appointed at the
lowest faculty level he should de-
liver a special lecture on a given
topic followed by a question and
answer period to a representative
body of students and faculty in
the discipline.
For men who are teaching on
campus and are up for promo-
tions, the student judgements
should especially weigh heavily.

After all, it would only seem logi-
cal that if a man is being rated
on his qualities as a teacher, the
students who have daily contact
with his efforts should be able
to judge what they have absorbed.
Under the present system there is
sometimes student rating of fac-
ulty members, but one is led to
the impression that this process
is rather haphazard and is not
taken seriously by tenure com-
BUT NOT ONLY is the method
of appointing academicians all
fouled up ,but the structure of
the courses taught are anachron-
The basic unit of education at
the University is still the lec-
ture. This form is basically inap-
propriate because there is not
enough interplay between the
teachers and the student's minds.
Rather the basic unit of instruc-
tion should be the seminar.
Many people will concede this
point theoretically but then re-
sort on the practical that stu-
dent-faculty ratiqs are too high
to permit so many seminars. An
answer to this problem could pos-
sibly be to eliminate lectures in
the form we know them and free
the ,teachers to lead more semi-
nature of lectures, one realizes
how unnecessary they are. Since
most professors do not substanti-
ally update their lectures, students
would be just as well off reading
collections of lecture notes as
listening to such classes.-
Another solution which might
be the wave of the future would be
to film yearly nationally promin-
ent lecturers talking on their dis-
ciplines. These films would be dis-
tributed across the nation.5
Thus, for example, .any school
might have economics 101 deliv-
ered by John Kenneth Galbraith
or by Milton Friedman depending
on the local department's orienta-
tion. Better yet one would have a
series of lectures with two con-
ing scholars battling their theor-
ies out on the screen.
IF ONE ADOPTED such a sys-
tem, there would be no need for
a multitude of lecturers at every
institution, and teachers could
devote their attentions to semi-
nars. The real learning process is
not to be able to parrot opinions

of one's instructor but rather be
able to develop and support ideas
one's own. Since ultimate truths
in fields such as political science
are rather limited, the give and
take of the seminar is an inte-
gral part in the development of
the perceptive student.
Another serious flaw is the aca-
demic world's lack of contact with
reality. For example, in political
science, Somit and Tanenhaus
point out that most professors
have limited themselves to the
academic world and have not
worked for the government.
They estimate from their sample
that only 30 per cent of the Ph.
D's go out of the academic com-
munity, and that once they do
they are generally considered out-
casts by the rest of the political
science profession. The result of
this separation between the ivory
campus towers and thehalls of
government is that political sci-
ence departments at their best
train more teachers but tend to
neglect those sudents who are in-
terested in actually going into
government. Since very few of the
professors have had working con-
tact in government, they can not
truly give their students a feel-
ing of what political reality is
problem would be to require all
political science teachers to have
a minimum of three years experi-
ence in government. At the very
least university positions should
be more open to non-Ph.D.'s who
have had practical experience in
government .Currently at major
institutions there is the tendency
not to hire teachers who do not
have a Ph.D., yet there are many
good lecturers who have worked
in government and do not have
ful as a sign of academic ex-
the degree. While the Ph.D. is use-
perience and endurance, it should
not be the only way to open a door
to a teaching career. Very often
practica lexperience is more than
equal to book learning.
It is time for a rigid reexamina-
tion of the academic hierarchy.
There are obvious faults in the
value system of the profession
which can only be rectified by
structural change. The irony of
it . all is that many professors
who tend to be in the vanguard in
their research methods tend to re-
tain a dogmatic aversion to aca-
demic reform.



Student Protests Hike in Housing Rates

To the Editor:
AS A FRESHMAN here at the
University of Michigan I am
writing my first protest letter to
any published medium. I hereby
loudly and vigorously protest'uni-
form housing rates.
In the first place those students
who live in triples are, in most
cases ,there by choice and the
basis for this choice is the cheap-
er rate. If they are not there by
choice at least the inconvenience
of not having a double or a sin-
gle whichever they would have
preferred is compensated by a
lower rate.
Privacy is a commodity which
has to be paid for and those who
wish a single room are willing to
pay the higher price. To say that
the difference between the com-
fort and convenience of a single
and that of a triple is slight, is
short of ridiculous if you have
ever tried to study in a triple.
I THINK that living on a cam-
pus supplies part of the liberal
education you receive at the Uni-
versity. Many students living in

dorms now who could live at
home will have to commute be-
cause of the price hike in a tri-
ple. This would defeat one of the
purposes of the standardization of
rates: to fill vacancies.
One last point, seniors and jun-
iors in many cases get first pick
of rooms in dorms now and this
is fine as long as we don't have
to pay the same rates. Anyway
it isn't the rooms that make the
difference when you are a senior
or junior but the difference in reg-
ulations between apartment. life
and dorm life. Upperclassmen just
don't like to live in dorms after
two years of dorm life regardless
of whether they lived in a triple,
double or a single
If worse comes to worse, and by
this I mean 'a standardization of
rates, why then, if there is no
difference between a single and a
triple, should the rates not be
standardized to the triple fee? At
least those of us who are poverty
stricken would not have to wor-
ry about where that extra $105
would come from.

Those of you against this meas-
ure please do not be passive but
express, your feelings and maybe
(I said MAYBE) the housing di-
rectors will consider the opinions
of the students.
On behalf of the 588 triple,
-Kathy Wilson, '70
posal to increase dorm fees is
still in the planning stages and
must be approved by the Re-
gents before it is put into effect.
Windshield Stripes
To the Editor:
AS IS POINTED out by the Na-
tional Safety Council, over 80
per cent of all motorcycle fatali-
ties result from collisions with
cars trucks, etc. The council does
not list the circumstances involv-
ed, but I strongly suspect that in
a large percentage the cars sim-
ply did not see the cycle coming.
As a rider for about 10 years,
I had two experiences. The first
one, I was clobbered by a car that
didn't see me. The second inci-
dent was turn-a-bout. I was driv-

ing the car and did not see the
rider. Fortunately, I got only a
broken leg. The rider who picked
himself up on the other side of
my car sustained only a cut knee.
WINDSHIELDS on motorcycles
not only keep you from wind-
burn, deflect a lot of bullet-like
bugs, enables you to ride comfort-
ably in zero Weather; they also
could save you serious injury,
perhaps even save your life.
After my leg healed, I painted
four three-inch vertical white
stripes on my shield. People used
to tell me they could see me com-
ing a half mile away. Consequent-
ly. I rode for many more years
without so much as a scare. As
you know, you do not look through
a shield, you look over it.
Paint a pin-up gal, put a tiger
on your shield. Just use plenty of
write paint. Motorcycles could be
ihe safest thing on the highway.
-William G. Northrup
'Beat the System'
To the Editor:
I WAS MOST disappointed by
your decision to initiate a
weekly question-and-answer col-
umn to be know as "Beat the
System." It is remarkable that
sophisticated college students

could in any way equate the rules
of a .society with a roulette wheel
in Las Vegas, where it actually
may be possible to "beat the sys-
This type of childish rebellious-
ness is representative of most col-
legiate thouaht. and tends to gloss
over the real issues of the day, as
well as over-emphasize the col-
lege student's apparent lack of
control over his environment.
THERE ARE TWO valid ways of
attaining pleasures forbidden by a
society: by legally changing the
rules of the society, or by leaving
it. Either method asserts the prim-
acy of majority opinion, and
tends to make life better for most
people within the society.
However, "beating the system,"
or, in other words, accepting only
those aspects of a society which
are personally pleasing and ig-
noring the rest, is an entirely sel-
fish and childish act, since so-
ciety as a whole does not gain
anything of value.
Whoever is in charge of this
column would do well to change
its emphasis and make it adhere
even more closely to "Action Line"
in the Detroit Free Press, which
is obviously being used at a pat-
-Robert Rubenstein, '69 LSA


Barry Goldwater:
Popular Music


(IVE ME a moment before you
Sstart to throw things, but I
would like to say a few words in
defense of today's popular music
of the Beatle variety. I'd like to
make a political point regarding
it along the way.
Now I don't hold any brief for
those moaning, weeping. wailing-
things in which some underfed,
obviously undervoiced child tries
to convince us that puppy love is
as fatal as a terminal carcinoma.
But in much of the remainder
there is certainly more musical
merit than there was to such non-
sense as the catch-phrase cute
songs of a generation past. If you
give it a chance, you might admit,
that the general style called rock-
and-roll is developing good musi-
cal discipline, sound "sounds" and
nvnt - - n Oh -r .. -ac lv .". .

aren't as bad among the younger
set as you might imagine from
some of their other performances.
I keey wonderng when some of
our young songsters are going- to
"dig some other facts of life.
For instance, in all the songs -
many of them deeply moving-
about how badly off people are
here in America, we might hope to
get a hint that things are a whop-
ping lot worse off everywhere -
that's right, everywhere-else in
the world.
This is not a plea for Pollyanna
music. It would be a sad day when
artists of any sort accept their
society and do not criticize it. It
is equally sad, however, when they
confuse the nature and origin of
the flaws.



1 N&U1 iv-,


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