FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Election Results Stir Concern Over White Ba
WASHINGTON (P) - Political
triumphs by segregationists who
weren't expected to win, plus
continuing racial violence, stirred
interest yesterday in the possi-
bility of a white backlash in the
A prominent backer of civ-
ily rights legislation, Chairman
Emanuel Celler, (D-N.Y.), of the
House Judiciary Committee, said
the backlash may not be the ma-
jor issue next November, "but it
will be an important one."
And Rep. Bob Wilson, (R-
Calif)., chairman of the GOP
Congressional Campaign Commit-
tee,. said of the backlash possibil-
ity: "If it takes the form of con-
cern for law and order, it could
very well become the dominant severe rioting broke out last year, "If anything," he said, "it is
issue, even surpassing Viet Nam." and has done nothing to fore- too slow," adding that he must
Gov. Edmund G. Brown, who stall future disturbances in pos- have misunderstood the questions
ordered the National Guard out sible trouble spots. It is obvious reporters, asked him on desegre-
to help handle Negro rioting in that new leadership is needed." gation.
San Francisco, said of the possi- No Discussion The talk of a possible backlash
lanta restaurant rather than bidding racial discrimination in ate after passing the House.1
serve Negroes. He had virtually the sale of dwellngs. Death came through refusal to
no campaign organization. The winning Marylander, George shut off debate on a motion toi
Negro leader Dr. Martin Lu- P. Mahoney, in opposing open- take up the measure.
ther King Jr. said the Maddox housing legislation, urged in his: Racial Disorders1
election showed "Georgia is a sick campaign: "Your home is your At that time there was specu-
state produced by the diseases of castle-protect it." lation that racial disorders hadt
a sick nation." Mahoney's principal opponent hurt the bill's chances. t
. King added that the result por- was Rep. Carlton P. Sickles, who: Earlier this week pollster Lout
tends "that the days ahead in favored open housing. Harris said a white backlashi
bility: "I don't know: I just do
my job; do the best I can. I4
hope it won't have any effect on
Democrat Brown is in a close
battle for re-election against the
challenge of Republican Ronald
Reagan. Any white backlash in
California could be expected tol
At the White House on Thurs-
day, press secretary Bill D. Moy-
ers was asked whethershe would
discuss the "backlash as a politi-
cal issue." He said he would not.
And at the Senate, Democratic
Leader Mike Mansfield of Mon-
tana said: "I don't think it's the,
issue it's been played up to be."
in November-when all members
of the House, over a third of the
Senate and 35 governors will be
elected-was spurred by the out-
come of Wednesday's Democratic
primary runoff in Georgia.
In that election Lester G. MaQ-
dox, an out-and-out segregation-
ist, upset former Gov. Ellis G.
Arnall for the Democratic nomi-
nation for governor.
race relations will be confusingly
dreary and the nights will be
darker than a thousand mid-
Maddox's triumph took on add-
ed significance in that it followed
the Democratic nomination for
governor of Maryland of a many-
hurt Brown. Mansfield said also there had
Reagan commented on Brown's been a "misunderstanding" about
situation this way: "It is obvious his quoted statement of Tuesday
that the governor has not prof- that desegregation of schools and
ited at all from the experience of hospitals has been pushed "too
Watts, a Los Angeles area where fast."
Sickles said in an election post'
mortem that undoubtedly many
national political leaders are con-
cerned about the white backlash.
He voiced concern that it might
affect future civil rights legisla-
Only last week a federal civil
rights bill with an open-housing
provision was killed in the Sen-
against the civil rights movement
could tear the Democratic party
apart in the North in the Novem-
Harris made the statement in
an interview on CBS television.
He said that two years ago 50
per cent of the white people be-
lieved Negroes were moving too
fast. And now, his figures said, 75
per cent of the whites think Ne-
groes are moving too fast, with
81 per cent of the whites think-
ing that racial demonstrations
hurt the Negro cause.
A current Gallup poll, distrib-
uted by the American Institute
of Public Opinion, says "Resis-
tance of whites* to measures for
improving the lot of Negroes has
reached the highest point since
the spring of 1962."
It said 52 per cent of all adults
in a new nationwide survey think
the Lyndon B. Johnson adminis-
tration is pushing racial integra-
tion too fast, 10 per cent say not
fast enough, 29 per cent "about
right" and 9 per cent report no
Maddox was known almost sole- times-loser whose principal plank
ly as the man who closed his At- was opposition to legislation for-
Blame increase on
Sweep Mission Near
SAIGON (R) - American of-
fensive operations, while boosting
Communist losses sharply last
week, swelled U.S. casualties to
a record weekly total of 970 men
killed, wounded or missing, brief-
ing officers disclosed yesterday.
The roll of American dead in
'five years of war rose to 6,400. Of,
these, 5.302 fell in combat. The
Pentagon disclosed Monday that
deaths from such nonhostile
causes as accidents, drownings
and disease totaled 1,008 through
For the fourth time this year,
weekly losses of the Americans
exceeded those of the South Viet-
namese. Though U.S. units in-
volved now have 315,000 men,
South Viet Nam's armed forces
still list more than twice that
Contributing to much of the
bloodshed was fighting between
U.S. Marines of Operation Prairie
and infiltrated Hanoi regulars in
the northern reaches of South
Viet Nam, a struggle under way
since Aug. 3.
The statistics came out on a
day of varied action:
-Viet Cong terrorists struck
twice. A blast in front of a police
station in Saigon's Chinese sec-
tion: killed a woman and child
'and wounded 13 persons. A land
mine destroyed a civilian bus,
killed two persons and wounded
nine on a road north of Qui
Nhon, a city on the central coast.
-A U.S. spokesman announced
American air squadrons flew 100
missions over North Viet Nam
Wednesday in the continuing ef-
fort to impede the movement of
Red troops and war supplies. Pi-
lots said they set two oil depots
afire and destroyed or damaged
16 bridges, 14 barges, 11 anti-
aircraft gun positions, and a tor-
pedo boat refuelling base.
-Field dispatches told of the
seizure of two Viet Cong prison
camps. U.S. forces overran one in
Phu Yen' Province, about 200
miles northeast of Saigon, which
they said looked like the Nazis'
Dachau "all over again." They
freed 10 Vietnamese suffering
from malnutrition, boils, pneumo-
nia and other ailments, left be-
hind by guards who dragged away
40 to 60 others.
::r:.::..Guard Units CHINA'S VOICE:
Albania Rejects Proposal for
UN Involvement in Viet Nam
-Negro Unemuploynet UNITED NATIONS (-Propo-
Chief Reason for sals by some of the smaller coun-
tries for a UN role in Viet Nam
San Francisco Riots peace efforts met with a resound-
ing no yesterday from Albania,
SAN FRANCISCO UP) - Rifle regarded as Communist China's
armed National Guardsmen,. un- voice in the United Nations.
der orders to "shoot to kill" if Nesti Nase, the Albanian for-
attacked, kept an uneasy peace eign minister, told the 119-na-
yesterdayn riot-torn Negro areas tion General Assembly that North.
of San Francisco. Viet Nam objected to any kind of
A heat wave, in which the vio- interference by the United Na-
lence first exploded Tuesday after tions.
a white policeman shot and killed "The Albanian delegation wish-'
a Negro youth, persisted in its es to stress the fact that any at-
third searing day. tempt of this kind would fail, be-
Police and military forces main- cause it would only be a new blow
tions, which is already greatly
tjeopardized," he said.
Albania is a virtual, outcast
among the Soviet bloc countries
and does not meet with them in
private conferences, but in gen-
eral votes, with them.
Nase reflected the split be-
tween Peking and Moscow with
a charge that the Viet Nam situ-
ation is growing worse because of
the policy "of another great
power, which strengthens every
day its rapprochement with the
Peking has accused the Soviet
Union of working behind the.
JOHNSON, GOVERNORS MEET
PRESIDENT LYNDON JOHNSON is shown above with-a group of governors with whom he dis-
cussed methods of stopping increasing inflation. He offered some guidelines for the governors to
apply at the state level, and indicated that he-wants to hold down federal expenditures, such as for
highways, schools, and hospitals. Michigan's Governor Romney used the meeting to take some jabs
at the administration, saying that it has been far too slow in recognizing the inflation problem and
taking proper steps to counteract the rising cost of living.
SAN FRANCISCO RIOTS:
White House To Study Cause
Of Negro Unemployment.
tained quiet and order in the bay-
bordering Hunters Point and in-
land Fillmore Negro district
through Wednesday night after
one brief but fierce outbreak by
snipers and rioters. It wac ick-
at the future of the United Na- scenes with the United States on
State Primaries' Finish,
ly quelled. E' t
Negro unemployment, which j
Mayor John F. Shelley called the
chief reason for the disorders, W) News A
drew quick official attention all
the Viet Nam Issue.
Nase charged also that the
United States is seeking "an
anti-Chinese holy alliance" which
would be joined by the major
powers of Europe and Asian
neighbors of China to complete
"what it is convenient to call an
iron ring around China."
He called for an unconditional
and immediate withdrawal of
American forces from South Viet
"This is the only just road to a
settlement of the Viet Nam ques-
tion," he added. "There is no
Reflecting the views of some of
the smaller nations, Foreign Min-
ister Per Hakkerup of Denmark
said it was conceivable that at
some stage the authority of the
United Nations could be used as
the control machinery for a Viet
Nam peace settlement.
"If the United Nations is called
upon to assume that role, I feel
convinced that many member
states will be, prepared to contrib-
ute personnel, equipment and
money," he said. "Denmark will
certainly be among them."
He expressed support for the
latest U.S. peace proposals on Viet
Nam, which he viewed as a con-
siderable approximation of the
three-point plan advocated by
Secretary-General U Thant, which
he also endorsed.
They differ mainly in that
Thant called for an unconditional
halt to the U.S. bombing of
North Viet Nam, and a more con-
cise spelling out of a role for
the Communist Viet Cong at the
been. in Congress 34 years-14
the way to the White - House.
The primary elections are all'
in the House
These steps against the appar- but concluded and the casualty'
ent motive for the Negro violence, toll in the present Congress
plus the firm police and military sn at 11. Eight House mem-
action, raised hopes that the riot- stands
ing may have run its course. bers and three senators lost re-
"The test is whether we have a nomination contests.
quiet night tonight," said Maj. The one remaining primary, in
Gen. Paul R. Teilh, field com- Hawaii tomorrow, is not apt to
mander of the Guard forces. change the figures. Democratic
Mayor Shelley sent a plea to, Reps. Spark M. Matsunaga and
President Johnson for federal' Patsy Mink have primary oppo-
funds to attack the "critical un- sition but are odds-on favorites.
employment situation" in the Ne-
gro areas. Looking back on the primaries
and 20 in the Sen-
chairman of the
Committee, had 36
years of service.
Both went down before younger
challengers in close races in
which their age appears to have
been a factor. Robertson ish79,
Age also was a factor in the
defeat of Rep. Joseph W. Martin
Jr., R-Mass., 81, who has been in
Congress for 42 years.
The other senators defeated in
primaries were Ross Bass of Ten-
nessee and Donald S. Russell of
South Carolina, both Democrats.
WASHINGTON UP)-The White
House has ordered an investiga-
tion into riot-torn San Francis-
co's unemployment problem, a
problem classified as one of the
A Labor Department source
Thursday estimated San Francis-
co's jobless rate at probably as
high as 5 per cent, compared with
the national rate of 3.9 per cent.
He said unemployment among
Negroes is at least double the
rate for whites.
San Francisco Mayor John F.
Shelley blamed the "critical un-
employment situation" as the
clief reason for Wednesday's
rioting among the city's Negroes.
Joseph A. Califano Jr., assist-
ant to President Johnson, joined
Labor Department and antipov-
erty officials to study Shelley's
plea that the White House sup-
'ply emergency funds to ease the move to the San Francisco area
jobless problem. I to work and later lose their jobs
The Labor Department estimat- don't want to leave because they'
ed the jobless rate at 4.8 per like the climate, one official said.
cent in the five-county area Figures for August are not yet
around San Francisco Bay, and available, but the Labor Depart-
said it is probably higher in San ment said that in July there were
Francisco itself. 61,100 persons drawing unemploy-
Labor Market ment insurance in the five coun-
The San Francisco labor mar-
ket includes the counties of San;
Francisco, Marin, Contra Costa,!
Alameda and San Mateo.
In addition, a spokesman said,
a special study last year showed
the jobless rate among Negro men,
was triple the white rate; andI
among Negro women, twice asI
high as among white women.
Officials said it is difficult to
pinpoint the causes of unemploy-
ment, but said some of it stems.
from the sharp drop in ship-I
building in postwar years.
In addition, many persons who
ties for a 4.6 per cent rate, and
that it moved up to 4.8 per cent
These figures usually indicate
the trend in total unemployment.,
White House press secretary
Bill D. Moyers said California is
working with Secretary of Labor
W. Willard Wirtz and director
Sargent Shriver of the Office of
Economic Opportunity in inves-
tigating the job situation in San
The Labor Department said in
announcing national jobless fig-
ures for August, the latest avail-
able, that unemployment among
Negroes across the country is se-
rious and growing worse.
The unemployment rate for
whites in August was the same as
in April, 3.4 per cent. The rate
for nonwhites-mostly Negroes-
increased from 7 per cent to 8.2
per cent during the same period.
"I plead in the name of God L e n nanS
and human decency for immedi- among voters to throw out pres-
te fundtassuage ent officeholders. In 1964, eight
at emergency fns to ssgeHouse members but no senator
this situation," Shelley declared. lost primary contests.
Johnson responded by ordering los em cotests y
White House assistant Joseph A.! House casualties this year were
Califano to work on Shelley's re- men caught in redistricting
quest with LabornSecretary W. squeezes which pitted them
Willard Wirtz and Sargent Shriv- against other members in situa-
er, director of the Office of Eco- tions where one incumbent had to
nomic Opportunity. lose.
Nine young Negro men were Perhaps the major surprises of
wounded by police shotgun fire the primaries were the losses by
in the fierce flare of violence Sen. A. Willis Robertson and Rep.
Wednesday on 3rd Street near Howard W. Smith in 'the Virginia
the Bayview Community Center. Democratic primary.
Most were leg wounds and none Robertson, chairman of the
was serious. Senate Banking Committee, has
Special Award Winner at Venice Film Festival
THE SAVAGE EYE
World News Rot
NEWMAN CENTER, 331 Thompson St.
By The Associated Press the size of its budget. It would industrials fell 8.29 points to'
GABERONES, Botswana-Afri- take over policies and functions 772.6. The Associated Press 60-
ca gained another nation today now carried on by almost 100,000 stock average was off 3.0 points
when the former British protec- persons in 35 separate units. at 279.2.
torate of Bechuanaland became * * Of 1,396 issues traded, 964 de-
independent Botswana. NEW YORK-The stock market clined and 223 advanced.
It will be the first black-ruled took another steep drop in moder- Volume rose to 6.11 million
country to border white-ruled ate trading yesterday. shares from 5.99 million Wednes-?
South Africa. The Dow Jones average of 30 day.
President of the new country
is Seratse Khama, formerly prime
minister of Bechuanaland. Kha-
ma's wife is a blond British typ-
ist he married 18 years ago while
a student in England.
WASHINGTON-A bill to set
up a Department of Transporta-
tion as the 12th Cabinet-level de-
partment-passed the Senate yes-
terday 64 to 2.
The new department would be
the fourth largest in the number
of its employes and the fifth in
_ [ j
3:10 TO YUMA
f (dir. Delmer Daves-1957)
* lin. Considered one of the. finest modern exam-
* pies of the American Western. Ford, a ruthless ;
* killer, is to be transported out of town on the ;
I 3:10 to Yuma but his gang has other plans.
1 TON IGHT
A fine swashbuckling adventure-comnedy, with
Beintondo as a legendary highway man of 18th
f'Dlh'France. A nsaln et FTenrv Levan and
P E T E R GRIFFITH -
classical guitarist and composer