SEPTEMBER 21, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
PACE TNR y y
SEPTEMBER 21, 196G. THE MICHIGAN DAILY
- ~ *asL~ss
State 'Healthy Forces
To Lead Red China
Back to Rational Path
MOSCOW (IP)-The Soviet Un-
ion directed a withering attack at
Communist China's "cultural rev-
olution" yesterday, branding it a
'tragedy for the Chinese people"
and accused Peking of warring on
all Communist nations in the
world who reject its line.
The Soviet government paper
Izvestia suggested that some day
"healthy forces" dof the Chinese
Communist party would lead the
country back to a more rational
The attack, phrased in harsh
terms, signalled a new stage in
the long Soviet-Chinese quarrel.
Moscow, after a long period of
restraint in the face of .taunts and The Unite
insults from Peking, once again Rahman r
is retorting in kind. is shown t
Izvestia denounced the. current
"great proletarian cultural revo-
lution"-or purge-in China as WAR I
inflicting unprecedented discredit
on the ideas of Marx and Lenin,
the founders of modern commun-e
Izvestia said the 11th plenary
session of the Chinese Communist
party Central Committee in Aug- WASHING
ust, which launched the Red namese Corn
Guards movement of teen-agers the ambush,
against all things considered eith- soon with m
er "bourgeois" or "revisionist", can tanks.
demonstrated that Peking planned Pentagons
an open political struggle" not on- terday the n
ly against the Soviet Union, but in the war t
also against all Communist coun- 450 and ma
tries which rejected Peking think- performance
ing. However, t
China's Communist leaders con- armored ope
stantly accuse the Soviet Union of mations of
"revisionism," or departure from through the
the revolutionary line of world abound in th
communism. The Chinese policy, But Viet T
said Izvestia, helps the enemies of regions-the
communism and arouses "decisive example-wh
protest" among the world's Com- chines canb
munist parties. used, to pro
The Izvestia attack came again- base perimet
st a background of continued Red fensive opera
Guards violence inChina against 'I suspect y
persons and customs formerly re- thusiasm for
spected. goes along,"
Last month the Soviet Union eral who ask
sent a diplomatic protest to Chi- fied,
na over harassment of the Soviet In the Uni
Embassy in Peking. Later, the so- has two arm
viet party Central Committee for- and 2nd, sta
mally condemned the Chinese lea- these are bei
dership for anti-Soviet attacks. the nation's
The Izvestia broadside, plunging mor would b
Moscow-Peking relations to a new in the event o
low level, said Peking had rejected This office
all Moscow attempts to try to battalions mi
reconcile differences, and had re- the armored
fused principles accepted by other east Asia ast
Communists to govern interparty The Army
relations. In effect, it accused Pe- 50-ton M48 t
king of using dictatorial methods 3rd Corps are
of Joseph Stalin in its relations Viet Nam. M
with other parties, north of the
d Nations General Assembly opened its 21st session yesterday with the election of Abdul
'azhwak (right) of Afghanistan as president of the session. Secretary General U Thant
o the left of the new president.
N VIET NAM:
a. To Raise Tank Numbers
Cost of Cars
DETROIT (P) - Ford Motor Co.
said yesterday its 1967 cars will
carry higher price tags, with new
safety features accounting for
much of the hike.
The Ford price boost averaged
$25 or about one percent, the
General Motors, Chrysler and
American Motors were expected
to fall in line soon with similar
The Ford price announcement
was a complicated one. The com-
pany made some items, optional
on last year's cars, standard this
time. To add to the confusion,
some of 1966 standard items were
made optional in 1967.
That made it a bit complicated
for the average buyer to figure out
the exact price of his new car, but
it appeared he would dig deeper
into his pocket this time for a
Ford said the price hikes "are
not sufficient to recover the con-
tinuing labor and material cost
increase it has been experiencing."
There was noimmediate com-
ment from the United Auto Work-
ers Union president Walter P. Reu-
ther who had expressed belief that
the industry should be able to
absorb virtually all the cost of its
added safety items without rais-
ing consumer prices.
The biggest increase in the Ford
line came in its Mercury Park
Lane four-door and two-door
hardtops where the ante was rais-
ed $365.37 per car.
From a consumer standpoint, it
was a $365 increase because his
new car came equipped with an
automatic transmission as stand-
ard equipment and he no longer
had the choice of buying a stick
From the company standpoint,
it was not a price increase because
the car had $365 more worth of
equipment on it.
Despite the over-all increases,
Ford did not concede that the au-
to price line, which the industry
contends it has held since 1957,
had been broken.
The report said: "For the eighth
consecutive year, Ford Motor Co.
passenger prices have been ad-
justed only to reflect a portion of
the added product value."
to induct this fiscal year under
his special training program.
Studies are under way to deter-
mine further revisions in accept-
ance standards to qualify the ad-
ditional 20,000 early next year,
the Pentagon said.
.* * ,
WASHINGTON-The State De-
partmentdenied yesterday that
American planes bombed Red Chi-
nese territory near the North Viet
Nam border Sept. 5
It was the second time in two
days the department denied Red
JACKSON, Miss-The defense
won an indefinite delay of trial
yesterday for 17 white men ac-
cused of conspiracy in the mur-
der of three -civil rights workers
at Philadelphia, Miss.
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. W) -1
The UN General Assembly opened
its 21st session yesterday on a
note of harmony by electing an
Asian diplomat as president. But
its attention was centered almost
immediately on the war in Viet
Nam, thusdpresaging days of
Ambassador Abdul Rahmanj
Pazhwak of Afghanistan, a veter-
an in the halls of the United Na-
tions, was elected as president un-
til the next assembly session.
Pazhwak, 47, was unopposed. He
played a leading role in helping
break the big debate over UN
peacekeeping debts that paralyzed
the 19th session.
He declared that "We cannot
help fervently hoping that, before
we conclude our work, clear signs
of peace may appear on the hori-
zon, paving the way to the long-
awaited start of constructive ne-
gotiations for a solution honor-
able for all."
Viet Nam is expected .toodomi-'
nate the 21st session, even though
it is not formally on the agenda.
Pazhwak, in his acceptance
speech, did not refer to Viet Nam ,
by name, but he referred to clouds
caused by war that would hang
over "any gathering of nations
concerned with the peace and se-
curity of the world."
UN Members Elect President,
Discuss Viet Nam Problems
Foreign Minister Amintore Fan- He said that whenever peace
fani of Italy, the president of the feelers are made "serious concen-
last assembly session, summoned tration on even the possibility of
all UN members to help in the possibilities should not be ruled
search for a peaceful solution in out."
Viet Nam. He urged the assembly to give
Surveyor II Follows Path
To Planned Lunar Landing
3 I I9,
himself for a new term. Among
those issues was concern over es-
calation of the war in Viet Nam.
Pazhwak said that Thant had
generously announced his door was
open to peace moves, and added:
"I must humbly suggest that all
the members of the assembly and
the reasonable leaders of all na-
tions leave their doors no less op-
With the U.S. delegation in the
big blue and gold assembly hall
were Vice President Hubert H.
Humphrey and Secretary of State
Women pickets carrying "Stop
the war in Viet Nam" signs greeted
Humphrey outside the mission. He
gave them a brief smile but made
"We're always interested in the
United Nations and -we want to
come here whenever we can."
Humphrey told a reporter outside
the assembly hall.
Andrei A. Gromyko, the Soviet
foreign minister, was present as
head of the Soviet delegation.
Rusk and Gromyko will confer for
the first time tomorrow.
The deepening rift between the
United States and the Soviet Un-
ion over Viet Nam. caused: many
delegates to be pessimistic for any
progress toward the spread of nu-
clear weapons, .the financing of
UN peace-keeping operations and
a host of other international prob-
lems on the assembly's agenda.
A U.S. spokesman took issue
with what he called the "gloom
and doom talk all over the place."
The United States was encour-
aged by the statement of U Thant
Monday expressing willingness to
serve as secretary-general until
the end of the year if a successor
is not found when his term ex-
pires Nov. 3.
In the U.S. view, this took the
heat off the issue of agreeing on a
successor, at least, temporarily.
TON (/P) - The Viet-
amunists, masters of
may be confronted
ore and'more Ameri-
sources reported yes-
umber of U.S. tanks
heater has grown to
y go higher pending
;hey foresee no classic
rations involving for-
t a n k s advancing
jungled areas that
Nam has some open
central highlands, for
ere the armored ma-
e used, and aredbeing
)tect convoys, defend
ers and help in of-
you will see more en-.
tanks as the war
said a ranking gen-
ed not to be identi-
ted States, the Army
ored divisions, the 1st
tioned in Texas, but
ng retained as part of
strategic reserve. Ar-
w relied upon heavily
of a European war.
x said, however, some
ight be drawn from
divisions for South-
the war progresses.
has about 300 of the
anks in the 2nd and
eas, the midsection of
Arines in the extreme
country have about
150. Along with these are about In the 3rd Corps Area, for ex-
600 armored personnel carriersI ample, U.S. military officials esti-
w h i c h join tanks in convoys mate there are 65,000 Communists
through enemy-infested areas. in 40 Viet Cong and nine North
The South Vietnamese also have Vietnamese battalions.
unspecified numbers of tanks pro-'
vided under U.S. military assist- The tank has its limitations in
ance. Viet Nam. It can bog in swamps,
- m i w'rice paddies, or muddy roads -
The armor buildup was indicat- leaving it a sitting duck for re-
n ieNecent daywth t2nd Bartai coilless rifles which the Commun-
in VietNamd of4thrmre2dBattinists possess. For these reasons,
of the old 34th Armored Regiment tanks probably will not be assign-
and the 11th Armored Cavalry Re- ed to the river-laced delta area.
Now that American infantry re-
giments have established bases,
more tanks are needed to spear-
head road-clearing operations. o l ~i
This would not only help move-
ment of military men and supplies
but aid in rebuilding South Viet By The Associated Press
Nam's economy by allowing the WASHINGTON - Thirteen De-
peasant farmer to get his rice to mocrats on the House Education
market without being robbed by and Labor Committee pledged yes-
the Viet Cong. terday their support of reforms
Sources said tanks may also play that would take control away from
bigger roles in search and destroy Chairman Adam Clayton Powell,
operations. Just north of Saigon D-N.Y. Backers of the move need
is some rather open country which at least three more votes.
remains stocked with Communist It would vest control over com-
bunkers and pillboxes that provide mittee staffing, finances and leg-
logical targets for the high inten- islation in the 21 Democratic
sity direct fire of tank weapons. members of the committee, mak-
"A year ago military strategists ing a majority of 11 the effective
thought tanks weren't needed be- leaders.
cause you can't use them in a* * *
guerrilla war," one official said. WASHINGTON - The Penta-
"Hunting Viet Cong with tanks is gon announced yesterday an ini-
like chasing a fox with a tractor." tial easing of military induction
Now, however, the war has tak- standards effective Oct. 1.
en on a quasi-conventional nature The action will cover half of the
with battalion-size units suscepti- 40,000 new men Secretary of De-
ble to armored attacks. fense Robert S. McNamara plans
consideration to the issues
by Secretary-General U
when he announced on
that he would not offer
PASADENA, Calif. ()---Survey-
or 2 raced through the heavens
yesterday on a path that should
cause it to gently hit the moon
right on target.
The camera-carrying spacecraft,
on a mission to scout a landing
site for astronauts, blasted off
beautifully from Cape Kennedy,
Fla., at 8:32 a.m. EDT-the last
possible second for a launch. It
soared into a near-perfect course.
Scientists at Pasadena's Jet
Propulsion Laboratory, controlling
the flight, expressed hope that its
63-hour flight will be as specta-
cularly successful as that of Sur-
The first Surveyor, overcoming
long-shot odds against a first
flight success, made history's first
soft landing on the moon and
then radioed earthward 11,237
closeup photographs of lunar ter-
The odds against Surveyor 2 are
even longer. It is programmed for
a trickier descent, at a 23-degree
slant; instead of vertically. And
the terrain in the target area is
Surveyor 2's landing site is Sin-
us Medii on Central Bay, a plain
in almost the exact center of the
moon as seen from earth-speck-
led with craters and ringed by
what appear to be jagged hills.
There is a chance it could land on
a slope or a boulder and topple.
If it brakes to a safe landing,
Surveyor's camera'eye is set to re-
volve around the landscape and
show experts on earth just how
rough and stable the surface is.
The site is one of nine potential
landing spots being considered for
Apollo astronauts before the end
of this decade. Surveyor 1 touched
down last June 800 miles west and
slightly south in the Sea of Storms.
Others in the seven-shot Surveyor
series will check other areas.
The launch came close to being
postponed. A valve controlling li-
quid oxygen prevented pressuriza-
tion of a tank aboard the Atlas-
The launch could only taket
place during a 36-minute period.
But the trouble was fixed and
with only seven-tenths of a minute
to spare, the towering rocket rum-
bled aloft. A minute later, ampli-
fying the suspense, the blockhouse
lost power. But the delay lasted
only a moment and did not affect
Within an hour after launch
Surveyor 2 aimed its solar panel
at the sun to absorb energy which
is converted to electrical power.
About six hours after launch a
delicate sensor locked on the bright
star Canopus and was used as a
reference point to guide the flight.
A mid-course correction, des-
igned to place the craft precisely.
on target, was planned for early
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